Oslobođenje (Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: Ослобођење; Bosnian pronunciation: [oslobod͡ʑěːɲe]; English: Liberation) is a daily newspaper in Bosnia and Herzegovina based in the capital city Sarajevo. Founded on 30 August 1943, in the midst of World War II, on a patch of territory liberated by Partisans, in what was otherwise a German-occupied country, the paper gained recognition over the years for its high journalistic standards and is recipient of numerous domestic honors and international awards in a branch.
|Owner(s)||Sarajevo Tobacco Factory and Sarajevska Pivara (majority owners)|
|Founded||30 August 1943|
|Political alignment||Centre-left, liberal|
|Headquarters||Branilaca Sarajeva 25|
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
History and profileEdit
Oslobođenje was founded on 30 August 1943 in Donja Trnova near Ugljevik, as an anti-Nazi newspaper. During the Bosnian war and the Siege of Sarajevo, the Oslobođenje staff operated out of a makeshift newsroom in a bomb shelter after its 10-story office building had been destroyed. The war left five staff members dead and 25 wounded.
In 1993, it was awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought. The editors of Oslobođenje, Kemal Kurspahić and Gordana Knezević, were named International Editors of the Year for 1993 by the World Press Review in New York, for their "bravery, tenacity, and dedication to the principles of journalism." Duo also received the Courage in Journalism Award in 1992 from the International Women's Media Foundation in Washington, D.C.. Kurspahić was also recipient of the Nieman Fellowship for Journalism at Harvard University in 1994, among other honors. Immediately after the war ended in 1995, editor-in-chief Mehmed Halilović accepted the University of Missouri [Mizzou] Honor Medal from the School of Journalism in Columbia, Missouri for continuous publication of the daily newspaper throughout the 1992–95 siege of Sarajevo. During the war, its staff, consisting of Bosniaks, Bosnian Serbs, and Bosnian Croats, managed to print the paper every day, with one exception.
Awards and recognitionEdit
- The Paper of the Year in 1989 (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia)
- The Paper of the Year Award in 1992 (BBC and Granada TV - Great Britain)
- Freedom Award in 1993 (Dagens nyheter-Stockholm and Politiken Copenhagen)
- Oscar Romero Award 1993 (The Rothko Chapel - Houston, Texas)
- Nieman Foundation's Louis M. Lyons Award for conscience and integrity in journalism in 1993 (Harvard University - USA)
- Achievements in Journalism Award in 1993 (Inter Press Service, Rome - previously the International Journalism Award)
- University of Missouri Honor Medal in 1995 by the School of Journalism for continuous publication of the daily newspaper throughout the 1992-1995 siege of Sarajevo.
- Andrei Sakharov Award for Human Rights 1993 (European Parliament - Strasbourg, France)
- Kadri Ackarbasic. International Journal of Rule of Law, Transitional Justice And Human Rights. Association Pravnik Sarajevo. p. 90. GGKEY:B0XLC3UWS4H. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "AJR "From the Battleground To the Suburbs"". AJR. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- "Kemal Kurspahic, Gordana Knezevic | 1992 Courage in Journalism Award - IWMF". www.iwmf.org. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
- "Kemal Kurspahic, journalist for the Bosnian independent daily Oslobodjenje, to speak at Cornell Thursday, April 1". Cornell Chronicle. 29 March 1999. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
- Davor Marko (2012). "Citizenship in Media Discourse in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia" (PDF). European Research Council. Archived from the original (Working papers) on 24 September 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "IPS – Inter Press Service News Agency » IPS International Achievement Award". Inter Press Service. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
-  Archived July 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine