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Raif Dizdarević (born 9 December 1926) is a Bosnian politician who served as Yugoslavia's first Bosniak president. Dizdarević participated in the armed resistance as a Yugoslav Partisan during World War II.

Raif Dizdarević
Raif Dizdarević (političar).jpg
11th President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia
In office
15 May 1988 – 15 May 1989
Prime MinisterBranko Mikulić
Ante Marković
Preceded byLazar Mojsov
Succeeded byJanez Drnovšek
President of the Assembly of SFR Yugoslavia
In office
Preceded byDraža Marković
Succeeded byDušan Alimpić
2nd President of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
April 1978 – April 1982
Prime MinisterMilanko Renovica
Preceded byRatomir Dugonjić
Succeeded byBranko Mikulić
Personal details
Born (1926-12-09) 9 December 1926 (age 92)
Fojnica, Drina Banovina, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Political partyLeague of Communists of Yugoslavia (SKJ) (1943–91)


Early lifeEdit

Dizdarević was born into a Bosnian Muslim family in 1926.[1] His nephew was Srđan Dizdarević, who died in 2016.

Political careerEdit

After the war, as a member of the Communist Party and ally of Josip Broz Tito, he was elevated into high political functions. From 1945 he was a member of the Department of State Security.

  • Diplomat, serving on embassies in Bulgaria (1951–1954), the Soviet Union (1956–1959), and Czechoslovakia (1963–1967)
  • 1972: Assistant Federal Secretary for Foreign Affairs, with Miloš Minić as Minister
  • 1978–82: Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 1982–83: Chairman of Federal Assembly
  • 1984–88: Minister of Foreign Affairs of Yugoslavia
  • 1988–89: Chairman of the Collective Presidency of Yugoslavia, following the resignation of Hamdija Pozderac . During his time as head of state, Yugoslavia had a foreign debt of over $21 billion USD and an annual inflation rate of 217 percent.[2] In March 1989, Dizdarević had to cancel a foreign trip to Brazil, Uruguay and Senegal amid unrest in the Albanian-majority province of Kosovo.[3]

Later lifeEdit

Dizdarević, who tried to keep the Yugoslav federation together, lost his political influence with the start of the Yugoslav wars. Later he lived in Sarajevo and published his memoirs. His son Predrag lives in the United States, while his daughter Jasminka lives in Belgrade, Serbia.[4] He published a memoir book Od smrti Tita do smrti Jugoslavije ("From the death of Tito to the death of Yugoslavia", ISBN 978-9958-10275-2 ) and a book of memories on events and personalities Vrijeme koje se pamti' ("Times to be remembered", ISBN 9958-703-81-5).

External linksEdit


  1. ^ New Times. Newspaper "Trud,". 1984. ISSN 0206-1473. Retrieved 2015-01-07.
  2. ^ "Yugoslavia's President Says Crisis Harms the Country's Reputation". Retrieved 2015-01-07.
  3. ^ Yugoslav crisis hits president's foreign tour. The Glasgow Herald - 11 March 1989.
  4. ^ "Znameniti Fojničani: Raif Dizdarević". Retrieved 2015-01-07.
Political offices
Preceded by
Lazar Mojsov
President of the Presidency of SFR Yugoslavia
15 May 1988 – 15 May 1989
Succeeded by
Janez Drnovšek
Preceded by
Ratomir Dugonjić
President of the Presidency of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina
April 1978 – April 1982
Succeeded by
Branko Mikulić