Olafur Eliasson

Olafur Eliasson (Icelandic: Ólafur Elíasson; born 5 February 1967)[1] is an IcelandicDanish artist known for sculptures and large-scale installation art employing elemental materials such as light, water, and air temperature to enhance the viewer’s experience. In 1995 he established Studio Olafur Eliasson in Berlin, a laboratory for spatial research. In 2014, Eliasson and his long-time collaborator, German architect Sebastian Behmann founded Studio Other Spaces, an office for architecture and art. Olafur represented Denmark at the 50th Venice Biennale in 2003 and later that year installed The Weather Project, which has been described as "a milestone in contemporary art",[2] in the Turbine Hall of Tate Modern, London.

Olafur Eliasson
Olafur Eliasson 2015.jpg
Ólafur Elíasson in 2015.
Born
Ólafur Elíasson

5 February 1967
Copenhagen, Denmark
NationalityDanish–Icelandic
Known forInstallation art

Olafur has engaged in a number of projects in public space, including the intervention Green river, carried out in various cities between 1998 and 2001; the Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2007, London, a temporary pavilion designed with the Norwegian architect Kjetil Trædal Thorsen; and The New York City Waterfalls, commissioned by Public Art Fund in 2008. He also created the Breakthrough Prize trophy. Like much of his work, the sculpture explores the common ground between art and science. It is molded into the shape of a toroid, recalling natural forms found from black holes and galaxies to seashells and coils of DNA.[3]

Olafur was a professor at the Berlin University of the Arts from 2009 to 2014 and is an adjunct professor at the Alle School of Fine Arts and Design in Addis Ababa since 2014. His studio is based in Berlin, Germany.[4][5]

Life and careerEdit

 
Olafur Eliasson speaking about his exhibition The New York City Waterfalls.

Early life and educationEdit

Olafur Eliasson was born in Copenhagen in 1967 to Elías Hjörleifsson and Ingibjörg Olafsdottir.[6] His parents had emigrated to Copenhagen from Iceland in 1966, he to find work as a cook, and she as a seamstress.[6] He was 8 when his parents separated.[7] He lived with his mother and his stepfather, a stockbroker.[6] His father, then an artist, moved back to Iceland, where their family spent summers and holidays.[7] At 15 he had his first solo show, exhibiting landscape drawings and gouaches at a small alternative gallery in Denmark.[7] However, Olafur considered his "break-dancing" during the mid-1980s to be his first artworks.[8] With two school friends, he formed a group, calling themselves the Harlem Gun Crew, and they performed at clubs and dance halls for four years, eventually winning the Scandinavian championship.[6]

Olafur studied at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts from 1989 to 1995. In 1990, when he was awarded a travel budget by the Royal Danish Academy, Olafur went to New York where he started working as a studio assistant for artist Christian Eckart in Williamsburg, Brooklyn and reading texts on phenomenology and Gestalt psychology.[9]

Artistic careerEdit

Olafur received his degree from the academy in 1995, after having moved in 1993 to Cologne for a year, and then to Berlin, where he has since maintained a studio.[10] First located in a three-story former train depot right next door to the Hamburger Bahnhof,[6][9] the studio moved to a former brewery in Prenzlauer Berg in 2008.

In 1996, Olafur started working with Einar Thorsteinn, an architect and geometry expert 25 years his senior as well as a former friend of Buckminster Fuller.[11] The first piece they created called 8900054, was a stainless-steel dome 30 feet (9.1 m) wide and 7 feet (2.1 m) high, designed to be seen as if it were growing from the ground. Though the effect is an illusion, the mind has a hard time believing that the structure is not part of a much grander one developing from deep below the surface. Thorsteinn's knowledge of geometry and space has been integrated into Olafur's artistic production, often seen in his geometric lamp works as well as his pavilions, tunnels and camera obscura projects.[12]

For many projects, the artist works collaboratively with specialists in various fields, among them the architects Thorsteinn and Sebastian Behmann (both of whom have been frequent collaborators, Behmann working on the Kirk Kapital headquarters on Vejle Fjord in Denmark, completed in 2018),[13] author Svend Åge Madsen (The Blind Pavilion), landscape architect Gunther Vogt (The Mediated Motion), architecture theorist Cedric Price (Chaque matin je me sens différent, chaque soir je me sens le même), and architect Kjetil Thorsen (Serpentine Gallery Pavilion, 2007).[citation needed] Studio Olafur Eliasson, which the artist founded as a "laboratory for spatial research", employs a team of architects, engineers, craftsmen, and assistants (some 30 members as of 2008) who work together to conceive and construct artworks such as installations and sculptures, as well as large-scale projects and commissions.[14] Olafur is influenced by Bruce Nauman,[10] as well as James Turrell and Robert Irwin.[15]

As professor at the Berlin University of the Arts, Olafur Eliasson founded the Institute for Spatial Experiments (Institut für Raumexperimente, IfREX), which opened within his studio building in April 2009. Huffington Post named Eliasson one of "18 Green Artists Who Are Making Climate Change And Conservation A Priority."[16]

Selected works and projectsEdit

Beauty (1993)Edit

Nadine Wojcik, after attending the In real life exhibition in 2019, dubbed Beauty (1993) a "simple yet powerful water installation that evokes a rainbow via spotlights.”[2] Anna Souter called the work "a reminder of the intensely fragile beauty of the natural world and its elements. [...] it’s simply and superbly beautiful".[17]

Ventilator piecesEdit

Early works by Olafur consist of oscillating electric fans hanging from the ceiling. Ventilator (1997) swings back and forth and around, rotating on its axis.[18] Quadrible light ventilator mobile (2002–2007) is a rotating electrically powered mobile comprising a searchlight and four fans blowing air around the exhibition room and scanning it with the light cone.[19] In a 2008 review of the Take Your Time retrospective (at the Museum of Modern Art), Peter Schjeldahl dubbed Ventilator "a witty finesse of the MOMA atrium’s space-splurging grandiosity"

The weather projectEdit

 
The weather project at Tate modern

The weather project was installed at the London's Tate Modern in 2003 as part of the popular Unilever series. The installation filled the open space of the gallery's Turbine Hall.

Olafur used humidifiers to create a fine mist in the air via a mixture of sugar and water, as well as a semicircular disc (reflected by the ceiling mirror to appear circular)[20] made up of hundreds of monochromatic lamps which radiated yellow light. The ceiling of the hall was covered with a huge mirror, in which visitors could see themselves as tiny black shadows against a mass of orange light symbolizing the sun.[21] Many visitors responded to this exhibition by lying on their backs and waving their hands and legs. Art critic Brian O'Doherty described this as viewers "intoxicated with their own narcissism as they ponder themselves elevated into the sky."[22]

The Weather Project was highly successful.[15] Open for six months, the work reportedly attracted two million visitors, many of whom were repeat visitors.[6] O'Doherty was positive about the piece when talking to Frieze magazine in 2003, saying that it was "the first time I've seen the enormously dismal space—like a coffin for a giant—socialized in an effective way."[22] The Telegraph's Richard Dorment praised its "beauty and power".[23] It remains his most famous work[6][4] and ranked 11th in a poll by The Guardian of the best art since 2000, with Jonathan Jones describing Olafur as "one of the century’s most significant artists."[24]

Light installationsEdit

Olafur has been developing various experiments with atmospheric density in exhibition spaces. In Room For One Colour (1998), a corridor lit by yellow monofrequency tubes, the participants find themselves in a room filled with light that affects the perception of all other colours. Another installation, 360 degrees Room For All Colours (2002), is a round light-sculpture where participants lose their sense of space and perspective, and experience being subsumed by an intense light.[25] Olafur's later installation Din blinde passager (Your blind passenger) (2010), commissioned by the Arken Museum of Modern Art, is a 90-metre-long tunnel. Entering the tunnel, the visitor is surrounded by dense fog. With visibility at just 1.5 metres, museumgoers have to use senses other than sight to orient themselves in relation to their surroundings.[26] After attending the 2019 In real life exhibition, Souter deemed Your blind passenger one of Olafur's finest works, reporting that she felt "alone in the universe. [...] I thought I could see my own irises, flashing as a ring of blue in front of me, and I could hear my own heartbeat in my ears."[17] For Feelings are facts, the first time Olafur has worked with Chinese architect Yansong Ma as well as his first exhibition in China, Olafur introduces condensed banks of artificially produced fog into the gallery of Ullens Center for Contemporary Art, Beijing. Hundreds of fluorescent lights are installed in the ceiling as a grid of red, green, and blue zones.

Green riverEdit

In 1998, Olafur discovered that uranin, a readily available nontoxic powder used to trace leaks in plumbing systems, could dye entire rivers a sickly fluorescent green. Olafur conducted a test run in the Spree River during the 1998 Berlin Biennale, scattering a handful of powder from a bridge near Museum Island. He began introducing the environmentally safe dye to rivers in Moss, Norway (1998), Bremen (1998), Los Angeles (1999), Stockholm (2000) and Tokyo (2001) — always without advance warning.[7] He first achieved international prominence with Green river, which initially made Stockholm pedestrians concerned that the city's water had been tainted.[27]

A Riverbed Inside the MuseumEdit

At Denmark's Louisiana Museum of Modern Art in 2014-2015, Olafur created a riverbed installation. He compiled natural rocks, dirt, and water to transform the gallery space into a landscape and titled the piece, “A Riverbed Inside the Museum.” Olafur captures physical phenomena in a way that appears both real and slightly artificial, while contained in a constructed space that invites viewers to participate. A Riverbed Inside the Museum becomes an immersive experience, using all five senses, in which the individuals can either follow or curiously step away from. Freedom exists in both of these actions, allowing the participant to discover a paradox or enter a void, questioning their true freedom and will happening within a designed system.

Iceland photographsEdit

In regular intervals, Olafur presents grids of various color photographs, all taken in Iceland. Each group of images focuses on a single subject: volcanoes, hot springs and huts isolated in the wilderness.[28] In his very first series he attempted to shoot all of Iceland’s bridges. A later series from 1996 documented the aftermath of a volcanic eruption under the Vatnajökull. Often these photographs are shot from the air, in a small rented plane traditionally used by mapmakers.[7] Arranged in a grid, the photographs recall the repetitive images of the German photographers Bernd and Hilla Becher.[7]

Your black horizonEdit

This project, a light installation commissioned for the Venice Biennale by Thyssen-Bornemisza Art Contemporary in collaboration with British architect David Adjaye, was shown from 1 August to 31 October 2005 on the island of San Lazzaro in the lagoon near Venice, Italy. A temporary pavilion was constructed on the grounds of the monastery to house the exhibit, consisting of a square room painted black with one source of illumination – a thin, continuous line of light set into all four walls of the room at the viewers eye-level, serving as a horizontal division between above and below. From June 2007 through October 2008, the pavilion was reopened on the island of Lopud, Croatia near the city of Dubrovnik.

Your mobile expectations: BMW H2R projectEdit

Olafur was commissioned by BMW in 2007 to create the sixteenth art car for the BMW Art Car Project. Based on the hydrogen-powered[7] BMW H2R concept vehicle, Olafur and his team removed the automobile's alloy body and instead replaced it with a new interlocking framework of reflective steel bars and mesh. Layers of ice were created by spraying approximately 530 gallons of water during a period of several days upon the structure. On display, the frozen sculpture is glowing from within. Your mobile expectations: BMW H2R project was on special display in a temperature controlled room at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art from 2007 to 2008[29] and at the Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich, in 2008.

The New York City WaterfallsEdit

 
Waterfall under the Brooklyn Bridge. The bridge in the background is the Manhattan Bridge.

Olafur was commissioned by The Public Art Fund to create four man-made waterfalls, called The New York City Waterfalls, ranging in a height from 90–120 ft., in New York Harbor. The installation ran from 26 June through 13 October 2008. At $15.5 million, it was the most expensive public arts project since Christo and Jeanne-Claude's installation of The Gates in Central Park.[30]

The Parliament of RealityEdit

Dedicated on 15 May 2009, this permanent sculpture stands at Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, NY. The installation is based on the original Icelandic parliament, Althingi, one of the world's earliest democratic forums. The artist envisions the project as a place where students and visitors can gather to relax, discuss ideas, or have an argument. The parliament of reality emphasizes that negotiation should be the core of any educational scheme. The man-made island is surrounded by a 30-foot circular lake, 24 trees, and wild grasses. The 100-foot-diameter (30 m) island is composed of a cut-bluestone, compass-like floor pattern (based upon meridian lines and navigational charts), on top of which 30 river-washed boulders create an outdoor seating area for students and the public to gather. The island is reached by a 20-foot-long stainless steel lattice-canopied bridge, creating the effect that visitors are entering a stage or outdoor forum. Frogs gather in this wiry mesh at night, creating an enjoyable symphony.

Colour experiment paintings (2009–)Edit

For his ongoing series of Colour experiment paintings – which began in 2009 – Olafur started analyzing pigments, paint production and application of colour in order to mix paint in the exact colour for each nanometre of the visible light spectrum. In 2014, Olafur analyzed seven paintings by J. M. W. Turner to create Turner colour experiments, which isolate and record Turner’s use of light and colour.[31]

HarpaEdit

Olafur designed the facade of Harpa, Reykjavík's new concert hall and conference centre which was completed in 2011. In close collaboration with his studio team and Henning Larsen Architects, the designers of the building, Olafur has designed a unique facade consisting of large quasi bricks, a stackable twelve sided module in steel and glass. The facade will reflect the city life and the different light composed by the movements of the sun and varying weather. During the night the glass bricks are lit up by different colored LED lights. The building was opened on 13 May 2011, and garnered acclaim.[32]

Your rainbow panoramaEdit

 
Your rainbow panorama at ARoS Art Museum in Aarhus, Denmark.

Olafur's artwork Your rainbow panorama consists of a circular, 150 metres (490 ft) long and 3 metres (9.8 ft) wide corridor made of glass in every color of the spectrum. It has a diameter of 52 metres (171 ft) and is mounted on 3.5 metres (11 ft) high columns on top of the roof of the ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum in Aarhus. It opened in May 2011. Visitors can walk through the corridor and have a panoramic view of the city.[33] Construction cost 60 million Danish kroner and was funded by the Realdania foundation.[34]

Olafur's idea was chosen in 2007 among five other proposals in a bidding process by a panel of judges. At night the artwork is lit from the inside by spotlights in the floor.[citation needed]

MoonEdit

In November 2013, at the Falling Walls Conference, Olafur presented with Ai Weiwei, connected via web from Beijing, their collaboration Moon, an open digital platform that allows users to draw on enormous replica of the moon via their web browser. The platform is a statement in support of freedom of speech and creative collaboration.

ContactEdit

From December 17, 2014 to February 23, 2015, Fondation Louis Vuitton, Paris. The artworks appear as a sequence of events along a journey. Moving through passageways and expansive installations, visitors become part of a choreography of darkness, light, geometry, and reflections. Along the way, optical devices, models, and a meteorite reflect Olafur’s on-going investigations into the mechanisms of perception and the construction of space.

Ice Watch SeriesEdit

The relation between bodily reaction and art as well as the raising of awareness of climate change is explored in Ice Watch (2014-2018). With the installation of enormous ice blocks in various places of the world (Copenhagen in 2014, Paris in 2015 and London in 2018), Eliasson responds to major Climate Change conferences and reports. With his project beginning in 2014, he transports twelve ice-blocks from the Nuup Kangerlua fjord in Greenland to the streets of Copenhagen. The ice-blocks are placed in the shape of a circle. Each ice block weighs between 1.5 and 5 tonnes.[35][36] In November 2015, Eliasson together with geologist Minik Rosing again transported twelve enormous blocks of ice from Greenland to Place du Panthéon in Paris. The installation was timed with the UN Climate Change Conference that was held in Paris. The installation was once again repeated in 2018, when Eliasson divided a total of thirty ice-blocks between two locations in London: 24 blocks at the banks of the Tate Modern museum, and 6 blocks before the Bloomberg headquarters.[37]

Timothy Morton lists Ice Watch as an example of how art can help humans understand their relationship with nonhumans amidst ecological crisis, arguing that it "seriously stretched or went beyond prefabricated concepts, in a friendly and simple, yet deep way".[17]

Other projectsEdit

In 2005, Olafur and classical violin maker Hans Johannsson began work on the development of a new instrument, with the objective to reinterpret the traditions of 17th- and 18th-century violin making using today’s technology and a contemporary visual aesthetic.[38]

Commissioned by Louis Vuitton in 2006, lamps titled Eye See You were installed in the Christmas windows of Louis Vuitton stores; a lamp titled You See Me went on permanent display at Louis Vuitton Fifth Avenue, New York.[39] Each deliberately low-tech apparatus, of which there are about 400, is composed of a monofrequency light source and a parabolic mirror.[40] All fees from the project were donated to 121Ethiopia.org, a charitable foundation initially established by Olafur and his wife to renovate an orphanage.[40] Cynthia Zarin of The New Yorker described Your wave is (2006) as a "major work".[6]

In 2007, Olafur developed the stage design for Phaedra, an opera production at the Berlin State Opera.

In a 2008 review of the Take Your Time retrospective (at the Museum of Modern Art), Peter Schjeldahl described Olafur as far superior to other "crowd-pleasing installational artists" of his generation; he wrote that the retrospective has some filler but also "lovely, subtly disorienting effects". He praised the artist as avoiding excessive political activism and Matthew Barney's "implications of mystical portent". Schjeldahl interpreted the artist as raising awareness "of the neurological susceptibilities that condition all of what we see and may think we know.”[10]

Reviewing the same retrospective, Lauren Weinberg of Time Out praised Beauty (1993); the "discomfiting" works like 1997's Room for one colour and Ventilator; and the works involving the sense of smell, such as Moss wall (1994) and Soil quasi bricks (2003). She argued that Moss wall "evokes Scandinavia more powerfully than Eliasson’s dozens of photographs of rivers, caves and other natural features of Iceland, which fill one room of the show."[18]

His seventh solo exhibition, Volcanos and shelters at Tanya Bonakdar Gallery, is about nature and specifically Iceland. In The New York Times, Roberta Smith praised it as his "most gimmick-free [exhibition] in a while. The refreshing back-to-basics mood is a welcome break from the immersive complexities of his recent perception-altering environments.”[28]

Along with James Corner's landscape architecture firm Field Operations and architecture firm Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Olafur was part of the design team for New York's High Line park.[41] Olafur was originally supposed to create an outdoor-based artwork for the 2012 Summer Olympics; however, his proposed £1 million ($1.6 million) project Take A Deep Breath – which involved recording people breathing[42] – was rejected due to funding problems.[43]

In 2012 Olafur and engineer Frederik Ottesen founded Little Sun, a company that produces solar powered LED lamps.[44]

In 2014 it was announced that his work Kissing Earth, representing two globes, was to be placed in front of the newly built Rotterdam Centraal train station in The Netherlands. After protests by Rotterdam residents (notably on a Facebook page titled 'Pleurt op met je ballen', meaning roughly 'Sod off with your balls') and concerns over the expected costs the impopular project was cancelled in 2016. The square in front of the station remained empty.[45]

It was reported in October 2019 that Eliasson was commissioned by the German government to create a "pan-European work of art" for the German European Council presidency in the second half of 2020.[5]

Laura Cumming awarded the In real life survey four out of five stars, especially praising Your blind passenger. She found some of the art (like the ice boulders from Greenland) didactic but still wrote, "Each piece conveys the strange extremes of Iceland with all the condensed power of a sonnet".[46]

Olafur's AR Wunderkammer project, available through an app, is being used to place objects in the user's environment. These objects include burning suns, extraterrestrial rocks, and rare animals.[47]

According to The Guardian, the works by Olafur that he considers highlights are Five Dimensional Pavilion (1998), Model room (2003), Sphere (2003), Your Invisible House (2003), The Parliament of Reality (2006-09), the facades of Harpa (2005–11), Your Rainbow Panorama (2006-2011), the 2007 Serpentine Gallery Pavilion, Colour activity house (2010), The Triangular Sky (2013), and Cirkelbroen (2015).[48] He deemed Beauty (1993) and The presence of absence pavilion (2019) the highlights of the 2019–2020 In real life exhibition.[49]

CriticismEdit

Anna Souter reported that some in the art world find Olafur's work unsettling because "[m]ost people like Olafur Eliasson, and many curators and critics don’t like it when most people like the same things they do.”[17] Reviewing the Take Your Time exhibition, Weinberg questioned whether the light-oriented works were more significant than “a Pink Floyd laser show [...] his practice [after Ventilator] went in a more polished and pleasant, but less challenging, direction.”[18]

In a 2014 review of the exhibition Riverbed at Denmark's Louisiana, Svava Riesto and Henriette Steiner said that Olafur "cuts us off from the surroundings and imports a different and rough beauty"; they described the view of the stony landscape as "meticulously framed". However, they also speculated that Olafur aimed to make viewers see Louisiana differently and failed, creating a work that differs little from Louisiana: "The question about [...] how it really made us see things in new ways is still unanswered."[50]

Louise Hornby argued that Ice Watch has "poignancy" but also “funnels time and melting ice through the spectator’s own experience [...] The imperative to watch asserts the central agency of the experiencing subject", which is unfitting because the "glaciers will melt, whether or not we see them”.[36] Souter expressed a lukewarm view of the In real life exhibition in Hyperallergic, writing that Room for one colour was more powerful at London's National Gallery than at Tate Modern and that Your uncertain shadow (colour) (2010) "feels like little more than a clever, visual trick."[17]

ExhibitionsEdit

Olafur had his first solo show was with Nicolaus Schafhausen in Cologne in 1993, before moving to Berlin in 1994.[6] In 1996, Olafur had his first show in the United States at Tanya Bonakdar Gallery. The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA) organized Olafur's first major survey in the United States Take Your Time: Olafur Eliasson, from September 2007 to February 2008.[51] Curated by the director of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, Madeleine Grynsztejn (then Elise S. Haas Senior Curator of Painting and Sculpture at SFMOMA), in close collaboration with the artist, the major survey spanned the artist's career from 1993 and 2007. The exhibit included site-specific installations, large-scale immersive environments, freestanding sculpture, photography, and special commissions seen through a succession of interconnected rooms and corridors. The museum's skylight bridge was turned into an installation titled One-way colour tunnel.[52] Following its San Francisco debut, the exhibit embarked on an international tour to the Museum of Modern Art, and P.S.1. Contemporary Art Center, New York, 2008; the Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, Texas, 2008–2009; the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, 2009; and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney 2009–2010.[citation needed]

He has also had major solo exhibitions at, among others, Kunsthaus Bregenz, Musée d’Art Moderne, Paris, and ZKM (Center for Art and Media), Karlsruhe (2001); Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt (2004); Hara Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (2006); the Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, Ishikawa (2009); the Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin (2010) and the Langen Foundation, Museum Insel Hombroich, Neuss (2015).[citation needed] Olafur has also appeared in numerous group exhibitions, including the São Paulo Biennial and the Istanbul Biennial (1997), Venice Biennale (1999, 2001 and 2005), and the Carnegie International (1999), Palace of Versailles (2016), The Parliament of Possibilities at Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art (2016-2017).[citation needed]

From July 2019 to January 2020, Tate Modern will show the exhibition In real life.[53]

CollectionsEdit

Olafur's work is held in the following permanent collections:

AwardsEdit

The Spiral Pavilion, conceived in 1999 for the Venice Biennale and today on display at Kunsthalle Bielefeld, brought Olafur Eliasson the Benesse Prize by the Benesse Corporation.[57] In 2004, Olafur won the Nykredit Architecture Prize[58] and the Eckersberg Medal for painting.[59] The following year he was awarded the Prince Eugen Medal for sculpture [60] and in 2006, the Crown Prince Couple's Culture Prize.[61] In 2007, he was awarded the first Joan Miró Prize by the Joan Miró Foundation.[62]

In 2010, Olafur was the recipient of a Quadriga award. He returned his award one year later after it was revealed that Vladimir Putin would be recognized in 2011.[63] In October 2013, he was honored with the Goslarer Kaiserring.[64][65] That same year, Olafur and Henning Larsen Architects were recipients of the Mies van der Rohe Award for their Harpa Concert Hall and Conference Center in Reykjavik, Iceland.

In 2014, Olafur was the recipient of the $100,000 Eugene McDermott Award in the Arts at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). The prize is considered an investment in the recipient’s future creative work, rather than a prize for a particular project or lifetime of achievement. The awardee becomes an artist in residence at MIT, studying and teaching for a period of time.[66]

On the occasion of a state visit to Germany in June 2013, the President of Iceland, Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, visited Studio Olafur Eliasson in Berlin.[67]

Brazilian filmmaker Karim Aïnouz's documentary piece, Domingo,[68] shot from his encounter with Olafur during the 17th Videobrasil Festival, had its world premiere at Rio International Film Festival] in 2014,[69] and was released on DVD in 2015.

Personal lifeEdit

Olafur is married to Danish art historian Marianne Krogh Jensen, whom he met when she curated the Danish Pavilion for the 1997 São Paulo Art Biennial.[6] They adopted both their son (in 2003) and their daughter (in 2006) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The family lives in a house designed by architect Andreas Lauritz Clemmensen[70] in Hellerup near Copenhagen;[6] Olafur commutes to Berlin.[9] Olafur speaks Icelandic, Danish, German, and English.[6] He also has a younger half-sister named Victoria Eliasdottir who is a chef.[4]

On 22 September 2019, Eliasson was appointed as Goodwill Ambassador by the United Nations Development Programme "to advocate for urgent action on climate change and sustainable development goals."[71] In the context of his appointment, Eliasson emphasized the need to stay positive: "I also think it's important not to lose sight of what is actually going quite well. There is reason for hope. I believe in hope as such and I'm generally a positive person. And when you think about it: it has never been better to be a young African girl, for instance."[72]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Olafur Eliasson Bio (German)
  2. ^ a b Wojcik, Nadine (2019-07-11). "Olafur Eliasson: When nature becomes art | DW | 11.07.2019". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
  3. ^ "Breakthrough Prize: Trophy". Breakthrough Prize. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  4. ^ a b c Cooke, Rachel (2019-08-19). "Olafur Eliasson: 'I brought a frozen chicken into art school'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  5. ^ a b "Olafur Eliasson will create 'pan-European' work of art for Germany's EU presidency next year". www.theartnewspaper.com. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Cynthia Zarin (November 13, 2006), Seeing Things: The art of Olafur Eliasson The New Yorker.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Dorothy Spears (September 2, 2007), Thinking Glacially, Acting Artfully New York Times.
  8. ^ Joachim Bessing, "Experiencing Space," 032c issue 8 (Winter 2004/05).
  9. ^ a b c Christopher Bagley (July 2007), From the Archives: Olafur Twist Archived 2016-04-25 at the Wayback Machine W.
  10. ^ a b c Peter Schjeldahl (28 April 2008), Uncluttered. An Olafur Eliasson retrospective. The New Yorker.
  11. ^ Michael Kimmelman (March 21, 2004), The Sun Sets at the Tate Modern New York Times.
  12. ^ Marc Spiegler (6 September 2007), Let There Be Light, BLOUINARTINFO, retrieved 23 April 2008
  13. ^ Connolly, Kate (2018-06-09). "The art of building: Eliasson goes from Tate sun to Danish fjord". The Guardian. London. p. 41.
  14. ^ City of New York (January 15, 2008). "Mayor Bloomberg and Public Art Fund Announce Major Public Art Project by Artist Olafur Eliasson" [press release], section "About the Artist". Retrieved 2016-07-16.
  15. ^ a b Kimmelman, Michael (2004-03-21). "ART; The Sun Sets at the Tate Modern". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
  16. ^ Brooks, Katherine (2014-07-15). "18 Green Artists Who Are Making Climate Change A Priority". HuffPost. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  17. ^ a b c d e Souter, Anna (2019-08-05). "The Sprawling Ecologies of Olafur Eliasson". Hyperallergic. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
  18. ^ a b c Weinberg, Lauren (2009-05-10). "Olafur Eliasson at Museum of Contemporary Art | Art review". Time Out Chicago. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
  19. ^ Olafur Eliasson: Quadrible light ventilator mobile (2002–07) Archived 2011-07-12 at the Wayback Machine Arken Museum of Modern Art.
  20. ^ http://telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/3606332/A-terrifying-beauty.html
  21. ^ Holzwarth, Hans W. (2009). 100 Contemporary Artists A-Z (Taschen's 25th anniversary special ed.). Köln: Taschen. p. 156. ISBN 978-3-8365-1490-3.
  22. ^ a b "Public Spectacle: Mark Godfrey and Rosie Bennett talk to Brian O'Doherty," Frieze, issue 80, Jan./Feb. 2004, p. 56.
  23. ^ Dorment, Richard (2003-11-12). "A terrifying beauty". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
  24. ^ Searle, Adrian; Jones, Jonathan; O'Hagan, Sean; Judah, Hettie (2019-09-17). "The best art of the 21st century". The Guardian. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
  25. ^ Ólafur Eliasson: Colour memory and other informal shadows, January 24 – May 2, 2004 Archived April 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art.
  26. ^ Olafur Eliasson – Din blinde passager at ARKEN Archived 2011-07-12 at the Wayback Machine Arken Museum of Modern Art.
  27. ^ "Why did Olafur Eliasson turn these rivers green? – Public Delivery". Public Delivery. 2021-02-11. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
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  29. ^ Olafur Eliasson: Your Tempo, September 8, 2007 – January 13, 2008 San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
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Further readingEdit

External linksEdit