Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt

The Schirn Kunsthalle is a Kunsthalle in Frankfurt, Germany, located in the old city between the Römer and the Frankfurt Cathedral.[3] The Schirn exhibits both modern and contemporary art.[4] It is the main venue for temporary art exhibitions in Frankfurt.[4] Exhibitions included retrospectives of Wassily Kandinsky, Marc Chagall, Alberto Giacometti, Bill Viola, and Yves Klein. The Kunsthalle opened in 1986 and is financially supported by the city and the state. Historically, the German term "Schirn" denotes an open-air stall for the sale of goods, and such stalls were located here until the 19th century. The area was destroyed in 1944 during the Second World War and was not redeveloped until the building of the Kunsthalle. As an exhibition venue, the Schirn enjoys national and international renown, which it has attained through independent productions, publications, and exhibition collaborations with museums such as the Centre Pompidou, the Tate Gallery, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, the Hermitage Museum, or the Museum of Modern Art.

Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt
The Kunsthalle from above in the northwest
Map
Established28 February 1986; 38 years ago (1986-02-28)
LocationRömerberg, Altstadt, Museumsufer, Frankfurt
Coordinates50°06′37″N 8°41′01″E / 50.11028°N 8.68361°E / 50.11028; 8.68361
TypeKunsthalle, Art museum
Visitors
  • 401,514 (2017)[1]
  • 308,137 (2018)[2]
DirectorSebastian Baden
ArchitectsBJSS
OwnerSchirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt am Main GmbH, City of Frankfurt
Public transit access
  • U4 U5 Dom/Römer (1 min)
  • 11, 12, 14 Römer/Paulskirche (3 min)
Websiteschirn.de
The Kunsthalle and preserved Ancient Roman ruins (with a hypocaust), seen from the east, before the beginning of the Dom-Römer-Project

History and Architecture edit

 
Rotunda inside the Schirn

The Kunsthalle Schirn was designed and built beginning in 1983 by the Architekturbüro BJSS [de] (Dietrich Bangert, Bernd Jansen, Stefan Jan Scholz, and Axel Schultes).[5] The opening took place on 28 February 1986.[6] The Kunsthalle has an overall exhibition space of more than 2,000 m2 (22,000 sq ft).[7]

The Schirn is located in Frankfurt's historic city center. Faced with light sandstone, it consists of several interlocking structures, each of which features a geometric floor plan. The most prominent structural element is an approximately 140-meter-long and 10-meter-wide 6-story hall, the actual exhibition building, which runs from east to west.[8] Bangert designed the longhouse to resemble the Uffizi building in Florence.[9]

Additional structural elements are arranged somewhat to the west of the middle of this longhouse along an imaginary transverse axis: to the south, facing Saalgasse, a multistory cube with a rectangular floor plan (ca. 18 x 25 m), and adjoining it, parallel to the longhouse, an elongated rectangular expansion. The second most prominent structural element besides the main exhibition building follows on the north side of the main axis: the sky-domed rotunda, approximately twenty meters in diameter, which constitutes the monumental main entrance. It is the Schirn's highest structure and consists of a single open space, through which one enters the Schirn.

After passing through the rotunda, a chasm cut into the building runs along the old Bendergasse. A further semicircular structural element follows to the north, beyond Bendergasse, which with a somewhat more than twofold radius features the same center of circle as the rotunda. This structure, separated from the main exhibition building by Bendergasse, houses the Schirn Café.[10] A rectangular opening has been incorporated into the east end of this structural element in which an approximately three-story tall, oversized table with no specific purpose once stood at the street level, which was demolished within the scope of the Dom-Römer Project, the reconstruction of Frankfurt's historic city center, in August 2012.[8]

The Schirn has had a new interior since 2012 that was designed by the Kuehn Malvezzi architectural office. It bathes the foyer in alternating colors of light with the aid of modern RGB lighting technology.[11]

The name "Schirn" derives from the history of its location. The word originally denoted an "open sales booth."[8] The site on which the Schirn Kunsthalle is currently situated was Frankfurt's densely populated historic city center until it was destroyed during the Second World War, on 22 March 1944.[12] The sales booths of the city's butchers' guild stood in the narrow alleys between today's Schirn and the Main River until the mid-19th century.

Directors edit

Christoph Vitali [de] was the director of the Schirn from 1985 to 1993, and during that same period the chief executive of the Kulturgesellschaft Frankfurt mbH.[13] He established the Schirn as an exhibition venue. His successor was Hellmut Seemann [de].[14] The Austrian Max Hollein was the director from 2001 to 2016.[15] In 2006 Hollein also took over the directorship of the Städel Museum and the Liebieghaus.[16] With exceptional exhibitions, provocative titles, and improved financial resources he has increased the number of visitors to the Schirn threefold.[17] Since 2022, Sebastian Baden is director of the Schirn, succeeding Philipp Demandt [de].[18]

Exhibitions edit

As of 2022, more than 250 exhibitions have been presented at the Schirn since its opening.[19][20] These have included major survey exhibitions on, for example, Viennese Art Nouveau, Expressionism, Dada and Surrealism, on "Esprit Montmartre," women Expressionists, "German Pop," on the history of photography, and on subjects such as shopping, art and consumption, visual art of the Stalin era, the Nazarenes, and new Romanticism in contemporary art. As of 2022, more than 9.5 million people have visited the Schirn.[20]

Modern art exhibitions edit

Monograph exhibitions have been presented on artists such as Yves Klein,[21] Wassily Kandinsky,[22] Alberto Giacometti,[23] Henri Matisse,[24] James Ensor,[25] James Lee Byars,[26] Yves Klein,[27] László Moholy-Nagy,[28] Georges Seurat,[29] Odilon Redon,[30] Phillip Guston,[31] Jean-Michel Basquiat,[32][33] Edvard Munch,[34] Théodore Géricault,[35] Frida Kahlo[36][37] and Helene Schjerfbeck.[38]

Recent exhibitions:

Some of the exhibitions with the most visitors in the history of the Schirn are:

Contemporary art exhibitions edit

Contemporary artists such as Peter Doig,[57] Bill Viola,[58] Jeff Koons,[59] Doug Aitken,[60] Thomas Hirschhorn,[61] Carsten Nicolai,[62] Jonathan Meese,[63] John Bock,[64] Terence Koh,[65] Aleksandra Mir,[66] Eberhard Havekost,[67] Mike Bouchet [fr],[68] Julian Schnabel,[69] Yoko Ono[70] and Tobias Rehberger[71] have been presented in solo exhibitions.

Museumsufer edit

Schirn is part of the Museumsufer.

Museumsufer Frankfurt
 

Museums of the Museumsufer, Frankfurt am Main
South Bank
1
Hindemith Kabinett im Kuhhirtenturm (de)
2
Icon Museum (de) (Museum of Orthodox sacred Art)
3
Portikus (Exhibition hall for contemporary art)
4
Museum Angewandte Kunst (Applied Arts)
5
Museum der Weltkulturen (Ethnological Museum)
6
Deutsches Filmmuseum (de) (German Film Museum)
7
German Architecture Museum
8
Museum für Kommunikation
9
Städel (Fine Arts Museum)
10
Liebieghaus (Classical sculpture collection)
11
Museum Giersch (Art and culture of Rhine-Main)
North Bank
12
Jewish Museum Frankfurt
13
Frankfurt Archaeological Museum (de)
14
Historical Museum, Frankfurt
15
Caricatura Museum Frankfurt
16
Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (Art exhibition venue)
17
Museum für Moderne Kunst (Modern Art Museum)
18
Frankfurter Judengasse Museum (Preserved foundations from the Ghetto)
19
Deutsches Romantik-Museum / Goethe House
External
20
Naturmuseum Senckenberg (Westend, Frankfurt)
21
Eintracht Frankfurt Museum (Waldstadion)
22
German Leather Museum (Offenbach)
23
Klingspor Museum (Offenbach)

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "834.025 Besucher in Schirn, Städel und Liebieghaus – Das Jahr in Zahlen". Städel Museum (in German). Archived from the original on 16 December 2022. Retrieved 16 December 2022.
  2. ^ "Besucherzahlen der Frankfurter Museen 2018". Stadtkind Frankfurt (in German). 20 November 2019. Archived from the original on 16 December 2022. Retrieved 16 December 2022.
  3. ^ Schulze, Rainer (7 August 2009). "Schirn: Der Tisch des Anstoßes steht zur Disposition". FAZ.NET (in German). Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  4. ^ a b Schülke, Jasmin. ""Die Kunsthalle muss auch aus sich herausgehen" – Neuer Schirn-Direktor". Journal Frankfurt (in German). Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  5. ^ Bangert, Dietrich; Jansen, Bernd; Scholz, Stefan Jan; Schultes, Axel (25 June 2013). "Kunsthalle Schirn, Dom-Römerberg-Bereich". Archiv DAM (in German). Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  6. ^ Göpfert, Claus-Jürgen (18 May 2018). "Kunsthalle Schirn schließt für Sanierung". Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  7. ^ "Museums in Frankfurt". european-museums.com. Archived from the original on 16 December 2022. Retrieved 16 December 2022.
  8. ^ a b c Heeg, Laura (28 June 2018). "10 Fakten zur SCHIRN". Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (in German). Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  9. ^ "Kunsthalle Schirn auf frankfurt-interaktiv.de". Frankfurt Interaktiv (in German). 12 August 2022. Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  10. ^ Vogt, Jacqueline (1 January 1970). "Lokaltermin "Badias": Kunst, Kohl und Koriander". FAZ.NET (in German). Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
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  13. ^ "Vitali, Christoph". Frankfurter Personenlexikon (in German). Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
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  20. ^ a b Bauschmann, Bernd. "Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt neu ausgerichtet". Frankfurt-Live (in German). Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  21. ^ Berggruen, Olivier (2004). Yves Klein (in German). Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz. ISBN 978-3-7757-1446-4.
  22. ^ Kandinsky, Wassily; Ebert-Schifferer, S. (1989). Wassily Kandinsky : die erste sowjetische Retrospektive (in German). Frankfurt a.M: Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt. OCLC 257092460.
  23. ^ Schlicht, Esther; Giacometti, Alberto; Nauman, Bruce; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2016). Giacometti-Nauman (in German). Frankfurt, Germany. ISBN 978-3-86442-180-8. OCLC 964456877.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  24. ^ Matisse, Henri; Berggruen, Olivier; Hollein, Max; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt; Sammlung Berggruen (2002). Henri Matisse : drawing with scissors : masterpieces from the late years. Munich: Prestel. ISBN 3-7913-2799-2. OCLC 51780929.
  25. ^ Bown-Taevernier, Sabine; Pfeiffer, Ingrid; Ensor, James; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt; Ausstellung James Ensor – 2006 Frankfurt, Main (2005). James Ensor [anlässlich der Ausstellung James Ensor, Schirn-Kunsthalle Frankfurt, 17. Dezember 2005 – 19. März 2006] (in German). Ostfildern-Ruit. ISBN 978-3-7757-1702-1. OCLC 181469708.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  26. ^ Byars, James Lee; Ottmann, Klaus; Hollein, Max; Michely, Viola Maria; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2004). James Lee Byars : Leben, Liebe und Tod = life, love, and death (in German). Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz. ISBN 3-7757-1368-9. OCLC 55600341.
  27. ^ Hollein, Nina; Klein, Yves; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2004). Yves Klein – into the blue. Ostfildern-Ruit, Germany. ISBN 3-7757-1515-0. OCLC 61183347.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  28. ^ Moholy-Nagy, László; Pfeiffer, Ingrid; Hollein, Max; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2009). László Moholy-Nagy retrospective (in German). Munich: Prestel. ISBN 978-3-7913-5002-8. OCLC 496103229.
  29. ^ Seurat, Georges; Kunsthaus Zürich; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2009). Georges Seurat (in French). Ostfildern, Germany: Hatje Cantz Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7757-2535-4. OCLC 495780253.
  30. ^ Stuffmann, Margret; Redon, Odilon; Bernauer, Markus; Schirn-Kunsthalle (2007). Odilon Redon, Wie im Traum : [diese Publikation erscheint anlässlich der Ausstellung Odilon Redon, Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, 28. Januar bis 29. April 2007] (in German). Frankfurt: Schirn Kunsthalle. OCLC 315758036.
  31. ^ Guston, Philip; Currid, Brian; Grindell, Nick; Werthern, Wilhelm von; Pfeiffer, Ingrid; Hollein, Max; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt; Sammlung Falckenberg; Louisiana (2013). Philip Guston : das grosse Spätwerk = Late works (in German). [Köln]. ISBN 978-3-942680-46-2. OCLC 862102293.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  32. ^ Bukuts, Carina (16 February 2018). "Basquiat". Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt. Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  33. ^ Brown, Kate (21 February 2018). "Boom! Discover How the Young Basquiat Used His Art to Explode Onto the '80s New York Scene". Artnet News. Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  34. ^ Bühler, Katharina; Heeg, Laura; Munch, Edvard; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt; Ausstellung Edvard Munch der Moderne Blick 2011 – 2012 Paris u.a. (2012). Edvard Munch, der moderne Blick eine Einführung in die Ausstellung – ab 12 Jahren ; [zur Ausstellung Edvard Munch. Der Moderne Blick, Schirn-Kunsthalle Frankfurt, 9. Februar bis 13. Mai 2012] (in German). Frankfurt, M. ISBN 978-3-89946-178-7. OCLC 800577310.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  35. ^ Géricault, Théodore; Chenique, Bruno; Fornari, Bruno; Hollein, Max; Quétel, Claude; Schrader, Kristin; Wedekind, Gregor; Stockman, Russell; Wharry, David; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt; Museum voor Schone Kunsten (2013). Géricault : images of life and death. Frankfurt. ISBN 978-3-7774-2068-4. OCLC 861608565.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  36. ^ Kahlo, Frida; Billeter, Erika; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt; Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (1993). The world of Frida Kahlo : the blue house. Frankfurt am Main, Houston: Schirn Kunsthalle ; Museum of Fine Arts. OCLC 30367307.
  37. ^ Heeg, Laura; Schätz, Olga; Rasch Druckerei und Verlag GmbH & Co.KG; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt; Rasch Druckerei und Verlag (2020). Fantastische Frauen surreale Welten von Meret Oppenheim bis Frida Kahlo : eine Einführung in die Ausstellung (in German). Frankfurt am Main. ISBN 978-3-89946-292-0. OCLC 1141153102.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  38. ^ Köchling, Carolin; Schjerfbeck, Helene; Hollein, Max; Konttinen, Rita; Lahelma, Marja; Bonsdorff, Anna-Maria von; Solomon-Godeau, Abigail; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2014). Helene Schjerfbeck [Schirn-Kunsthalle Frankfurt, 2. Oktober 2014 – 11. Januar 2015] (in Norwegian). Bielefeld. ISBN 978-3-7356-0009-7. OCLC 879492001.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  39. ^ Schirn Presse Chagall Record Number of Visitors
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  41. ^ Braun, Adrienne (9 November 2022). "Marc Chagall in der Schirn Frankfurt: Einblicke in das Leben des Publikumslieblings". stuttgarter-zeitung.de (in German). Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  42. ^ Koch, Yvonne (3 November 2022). "Deshalb lohnt sich ein Besuch der Chagall-Ausstellung in der Schirn in Frankfurt". hessenschau.de (in German). Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  43. ^ Voermann, Ilka (2023). Chagall : world in turmoil. [S.l.]: Hirmer. ISBN 978-3-7774-4082-8. OCLC 1331705591.
  44. ^ Niki de Saint Phalle (in German). Berlin: Hatje-Cantz-Verlag Ostfildern. 2022. ISBN 978-3-7757-5299-2. OCLC 1309080128.
  45. ^ "Nike de Saint Phalle". Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (in German). Archived from the original on 16 December 2022. Retrieved 16 December 2022.
  46. ^ "Ausstellung in Schirn Frankfurt: Die unentdeckten Seiten des Lyonel Feininger". hessenschau.de (in German). 3 November 2023. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  47. ^ Pfeiffer, Ingrid (October 2023). Lyonel Feininger (in German). München: Hirmer. ISBN 978-3-7774-4177-1.
  48. ^ Kandinsky, W.; Kulturgesellschaft Frankfurt (1989). Wassily Kandinsky: die erste sowjetische retrospektive : gemalde, zeichnungen und graphik aus sowjetischen und westlichen museen (in German). Schirn Kunsthalle. Archived from the original on 3 August 2023. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  49. ^ a b c d Raupach, Marco (9 June 2014). "Neuer Rekord in der Schirn: 186.512 bei Esprit Montmartre » Museumsreport". Museumsreport (in German). Archived from the original on 16 December 2022. Retrieved 16 December 2022.
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  55. ^ "Schirn Kunsthalle presents a major exhibition dedicated to unknown sides of Edvard Munch". Artdaily. 14 December 2022. Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  56. ^ Voss, Julia (1 January 1970). "Esprit Montmartre in Frankfurt: Unsere Freundin und Schwester, die Prostituierte". FAZ.NET (in German). Archived from the original on 14 December 2022. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  57. ^ Doig, Peter; Shiff, Richard; Nesbitt, Judith; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2008). Peter Doig. Köln: DuMont Buchverlag. ISBN 978-3-8321-9088-0. OCLC 605653328.
  58. ^ Viola, Bill; Ross, David A.; Hyde, Lewis; Whitney Museum of American Art; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Exhibition Bill Viola – 2000 Los Angeles, Calif. u.a. (1999). Bill Viola [anläßlich der Ausstellung "Bill Viola", organisiert vom Whitney Museum of American Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 2. November 1997 – 11. Januar 1998 ... The Art Institute of Chicago, 16. Oktober 1999 – 9. Januar 2000]. Ostfildern. ISBN 978-3-89322-972-7. OCLC 76006401.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  59. ^ Koons, Jeff; Ulrich, Matthias; Brinkmann, Vinzenz; Pissarro, Joachim; Hollein, Max; Liebieghaus; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2012). Jeff Koons : the painter & the sculptor. Ostfildern, Germany: Hatje Cantz. ISBN 978-3-7757-3371-7. OCLC 794364561.
  60. ^ Aitken, Doug; Hollein, Max; Matthias, Ulrich; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2015). Doug Aitken (in Dutch). Frankfurt. ISBN 978-3-903004-18-4. OCLC 926673222.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  61. ^ Hollein, Max; Steinweg, Marcus; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2003). Doppelgarage : eine Ausstellung von Thomas Hirschhorn in der Schirn-Kunsthalle Frankfurt (in German). OCLC 886382471.
  62. ^ Nicolai, Carsten; Hollein, Max; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2005). Carsten Nicolai : anti reflex (in Italian). Frankfurt: Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt. ISBN 3-88375-891-4. OCLC 57596746.
  63. ^ Meese, Jonathan; Hollein, Max; Schirn-Kunsthalle (2004). Jonathan Meese : Képi blanc, nackt : eine Installation von Jonathan Meese aus derSammlung Falckenberg in der Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, [16. Januar – 12. April 2004] (in German). Frankfurt am Main: Revolver – Archiv für aktuelle Kunst. ISBN 3-937577-14-9. OCLC 163145333.
  64. ^ Bock, John; Schlicht, Esther; Hollein, Max; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2007). John Bock Filme = John Bock films ; [anlässlich der Ausstellung "John Bock. Filme", Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, 7. Juni – 23 September 2007] (in German). Köln: W. König. ISBN 978-3-86560-261-9. OCLC 166214094.
  65. ^ Koh, Terence; Weinhart, Martina; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt; Ausstellung Terence Koh, Captain Buddha Frankfurt, Main (2008). Terence Koh, Captain Buddha [anlässlich der Ausstellung Terence Koh, Captain Buddha, Schirn-Kunsthalle Frankfurt, 28. Mai – 31. August 2008] (in German). Köln. ISBN 978-3-86560-466-8. OCLC 244068893.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  66. ^ Mir, Aleksandra; Ulrich, Matthias; Hollein, Max; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2009). Aleksandra Mir : triumph (in German). Köln: Walther König. ISBN 978-3-86560-576-4. OCLC 326587158.
  67. ^ Havekost, Eberhard; Häusler, Heide; Hollein, Max; Vergne, Jean-Charles; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2010). Eberhard Havekost : retina (in German). Köln: Verlag der Buchhandlung W. König. ISBN 978-3-86560-740-9. OCLC 610055359.
  68. ^ Bouchet, Mike; Ulrich, Matthias; Hollein, Hans; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2010). Mike Bouchet, Neues Wohnen (in German). Köln: Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König. ISBN 978-3-86560-760-7. OCLC 691853297.
  69. ^ Schnabel, Julian; Hollein, Max; Corral, María de; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía.; Mostra d'Oltremare S.p.A. (2004). Julian Schnabel : Malerei = paintings 1978–2003 (in German). Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz. ISBN 3-7757-1386-7. OCLC 54375457.
  70. ^ Pfeiffer, Ingrid; Hollein, Max; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2013). Yoko Ono : half-a-wind show : a retrospective. [Frankfurt am Main]. ISBN 978-3-7913-5283-1. OCLC 855362221.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  71. ^ Rehberger, Tobias; Ulrich, Matthias; Hollein, Max; Hondl, Susie; Barmann, Stefan; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2014). Tobias Rehberger : home and away and outside. Frankfurt. ISBN 978-3-86442-077-1. OCLC 875138206.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)

Further reading edit

  • "Schirn Kunsthalle, 1979–1986". Das Museumsufer Frankfurt. De Gruyter. 16 December 2019. pp. 54–59. doi:10.1515/9783035618969-007. ISBN 9783035618969. S2CID 243421145.
  • Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2016). 30 Jahre Schirn das Magazin zum Jubiläum (in German). Frankfurt am Main: Schirn Kunsthalle. OCLC 956685473.
  • Bachmann, Luise; Rohde, Pamela; Schlingmann, Freya; D'Atri, Dawn Michelle; Reinhardt, Sophie; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (2016). Aller guten Dinge sind dreissig : 30 Jahre Schirn (in German). Frankfurt: Schirn Kunsthalle. OCLC 958003857.
  • Gerlach, Laura J. (2007). Der Schirnerfolg die "Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt" als Modell innovativen Kunstmarketings ; Konzepte – Strategien – Wirkungen (in German). Bielefeld. ISBN 978-3-89942-769-1. OCLC 188190108.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)

External links edit