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Diller Scofidio + Renfro

Diller Scofidio + Renfro is an interdisciplinary design studio that integrates architecture, the visual arts, and the performing arts. Based in New York City, Diller Scofidio + Renfro is led by four partners – Elizabeth Diller, Ricardo Scofidio, Charles Renfro, and Benjamin Gilmartin – who work with a staff of architects, artists, designers, and researchers.

Diller Scofidio + Renfro
PartnersElizabeth Diller, Ricardo Scofidio, Charles Renfro, Benjamin Gilmartin
LocationStarrett-Lehigh Building
New York City, United States
BuildingsHigh Line, Alice Tully Hall at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts Redevelopment, Brown University Creative Arts Center, Institute of Contemporary Art, Blur, The Broad, Museum of Image and Sound, Culture Shed [1]
AwardsMacArthur Genius Award (Diller and Scofidio); National Design Award from the Smithsonian; Brunner Prize from American Academy of Arts and Letters; AIA President's Award; Centennial Medal of Honor from American Academy in Rome ; Lifetime Achievement Award National Academy of Design



The studio was founded by Elizabeth Diller and Ricardo Scofidio in 1979; Charles Renfro joined in 1997 and became partner in 2004. Benjamin Gilmartin became a partner in 2015. Elizabeth Diller attended The Cooper Union School of Art and received a Bachelor of Architecture from the Cooper Union School of Architecture. She is a Professor of Architecture at Princeton University School of Architecture and a visiting professor at the Bartlett School of Architecture. [2] In 2009, Elizabeth was selected by Time Magazine as one of the “100 Most Influential People in the World.” Ricardo Scofidio attended The Cooper Union School of Architecture and received a Master of Architecture from Columbia University. Mr. Scofidio is Professor Emeritus of Architecture at Cooper Union. Charles Renfro attended Rice University and received a Master of Architecture from Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation. Mr. Renfro has served as visiting professor at Rice University and Columbia University, among others.

From 1999-2004 the MacArthur Foundation honored the firm’s work with the 'genius' award, stating that they “have created an alternative form of architectural practice that unites design, performance, and electronic media with cultural and architectural theory and criticism. Their work explores how space functions in our culture and illustrates that architecture, when understood as the physical manifestation of social relationships, is everywhere, not just in buildings.”[3][4]


Diller Scofidio + Renfro's international body of completed architectural work includes the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts Redevelopment in New York, including the redesign of Alice Tully Hall, the renovation and expansion of the Juilliard School, the Hypar Pavilion Lawn and Restaurant,[5] the expansion of the School of American Ballet, renovations to the New York State Theater lobby, the canopy entry to Fashion Week at Lincoln Center, public spaces throughout the campus, Information Landscape, and the President's Bridge. The first mile of the High Line [6] (Lead designer James Corner Field Operations), an urban park situated on an obsolete elevated railway stretching 1.5 miles through the Chelsea neighborhood of New York City, has been completed, and the final third is currently in design.

Diller Scofidio + Renfro completed the Perry and Marty Granoff Creative Arts Center for Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island in 2011. The Institute of Contemporary Art, the first new museum to be built in Boston in 100 years, opened in 2006. Slither, a housing complex in Gifu, Japan was completed in 2003, and Blur, a pavilion built of fog on Lake Neuchâtel and commissioned by the Swiss Expo.02, was completed in 2002.

Projects in construction or in design include: the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) Expansion in New York City; The Broad, a major modern art museum [7] in Los Angeles; the Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive [8] at the University of California, Berkeley; the new Columbia University Medical Center Education Building [9] and Columbia Business School in New York City; the Museum of Image & Sound [10] on Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro; the new Stanford University Art & Art History Building;[11] and The Shed [12] and D Tower ("The Corset") residential tower [13] for Related Companies, both part of the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project in New York City. Diller Scofidio + Renfro recently won the international design competition for Zaryadye Park, a new 35-acre public space next to the Kremlin in Moscow, Russia.[14]

Installation and performance projectsEdit

Installation and performance projects recently completed include: The Art of Scent 1889-2010,[15] an exhibition of olfactory art at the Museum of Arts and Design; Open House,[16] an installation in Levittown in collaboration with Droog; How Wine Became Modern[17] for SFMOMA; Be Your Self with the Australian Dance Theatre; the Exit (Terre Natale) exhibition for the Fondation Cartier, also presented at the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP15) in Copenhagen; Traveling Music[18] for Evento 2009 in Bordeaux; Chain City for the 2008 Venice Biennale 11th International Architecture Exhibition; Arbores Laetae[19] for the 2008 Liverpool Biennial; Does the Punishment Fit the Crime? for the Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo Turin; and Action Painting for the Beyeler Museum in Basel.



In 1999, the MacArthur Foundation presented Elizabeth Diller and Ricardo Scofidio with Fellowships for their commitment to integrating architecture with issues of contemporary culture.[3][4] They were recently made fellows of the Royal Institute of British Architects and were inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 2012, Elizabeth Diller was elected into the American Academy of Arts and Letters and selected as an Aspen Institute Harman-Eisner Artist in Residence.[20] In 2013, she was honored with the Barnard Medal of Distinction.

Other prestigious awards and honors received by Diller Scofidio + Renfro include: the National Design Award from the Smithsonian; the Brunner Prize from the American Academy of Arts and Letters; an Obie for an off-Broadway theater production; the Centennial Medal of Honor from American Academy in Rome; the AIA President’s Award; the AIA Medal of Honor; and AIA Design Awards for numerous projects. In 2003, the Whitney Museum of American Art [21] held a retrospective of the studio’s work, recognizing the firm’s unorthodox practice. In 2009, Elizabeth Diller and Ricardo Scofidio were named among Time Magazine's 100 Most Influential People in the World[22] and the partners were featured in a one-hour segment with Charlie Rose. In 2010, Fast Company named Diller Scofidio + Renfro the most innovative design practice in the profession and among the 50 most innovative companies in the world.[23]


Books by Diller Scofidio + Renfro include Bodybuildings: Architectural Facts and Fictions; Back to the Front: Tourisms of War; Flesh: architectural probes; and Blur: the Making of Nothing. The studio's most recent book, Lincoln Center Inside Out: An Architectural Account, chronicles a decade of work redesigning a New York City icon. Diller Scofidio + Renfro is the subject of SCANNING: The Aberrant Architectures of Diller + Scofidio,[24] published by the Whitney Museum and including essays by Aaron Betsky, K. Michael Hays and Laurie Anderson; the monograph Diller + Scofidio (+Renfro): The Ciliary Function by Guido Incerti, Daria Ricchi and Deane Simpson; and Diller Scofidio + Renfro: Architecture After Images [25] by Edward Dimendberg

Selected projectsEdit


Installation and curatorial:


  • Moving Target, Charleroi, Belgium (1996)
  • EJM I and II, Performed Internationally (1998)
  • Jet Lag, Multimedia Theater Work, Premiered in New York, NY (1998)
  • Who's Your DADA?, MoMA, New York, NY (2006)
  • Traveling Music, Evento 2009, Bordeaux, France (2009)
  • Be Your Self, in collaboration with Australian Dance Theatre, Adelaide, Australia (2010)


  1. ^ a b "The Shed". DS+R. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  2. ^ "DILLER SCOFIDIO + RENFRO". DS+R. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Class of 1999 - MacArthur Foundation". Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Princeton - News - Princeton Architect, Four Ph.D. Alumni are Among This Year'sMacArthur Fellows". Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-11-20. Retrieved 2011-11-07.
  7. ^ "DILLER SCOFIDIO + RENFRO". DS+R. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-05. Retrieved 2013-04-25.
  9. ^ "DILLER SCOFIDIO + RENFRO". DS+R. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  10. ^ "DILLER SCOFIDIO + RENFRO". DS+R. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  11. ^ "DILLER SCOFIDIO + RENFRO". DS+R. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  12. ^ "The Shed". DS+R. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  13. ^ "DILLER SCOFIDIO + RENFRO". DS+R. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Diller Scofidio + Renfro's Winning Proposal for Zaryadye Park: "Wild Urbanism"". 19 November 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  15. ^ "The Art of Scent: 1889 - 2012". Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  16. ^ "Droog & Diller Scofidio + Renfro Present "Open House" - Core77". Core77. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  17. ^ "How Wine Became Modern". SFMOMA. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  18. ^ "Behance". Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-01-16. Retrieved 2013-04-25.
  20. ^ "Aspen Institute Arts Program Announces 2012 Harman-Eisner Artists in Residence - The Aspen Institute". Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-28. Retrieved 2013-04-25.
  22. ^ Rockwell, David (30 April 2009). "The 2009 TIME 100 - TIME". Retrieved 21 July 2018 – via
  23. ^ "32_Diller-Scofidio-Renfro". 12 July 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  24. ^ "Harvard Graduate School of Design". Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  25. ^ Dimendberg, Edward (21 July 2018). "Diller Scofidio + Renfro: architecture after images". Open WorldCat. Retrieved 21 July 2018.


  • Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Reimagining Lincoln Center and the High Line (dir. Muffie Dunn and Tom Piper, 2012, 54 minutes)

External linksEdit