Eudes III (1166 – July 6, 1218), commonly known in English as Odo III, was duke of Burgundy between 1192 and 1218. Odo was the eldest son of duke Hugh III and his first wife Alice, daughter of Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine.
|Duke of Burgundy|
|Reign||1192 - 1218|
|Died||6 July 1218|
|Spouse||Theresa of Portugal|
Alice of Vergy
|Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy|
|House||House of Burgundy|
|Father||Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy|
|Mother||Alice of Lorraine|
Odo did not follow his father's aggressive policies towards France and proved a worthy ally of king Philip II of France in his wars against John Lackland and the Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV of Germany. He fought bravely against the latter in the Battle of Bouvines, where he lost, according to contemporary chroniclers, two horses beneath him. According to William the Breton he was of the phlegmatic temperament.
Odo was also an important figure in the Crusade against the Cathars. When Philip II refused to get involved, the Odo stepped forward with the support of the local bishops and his vassals and organized the campaign of 1209 against the Cathar strongholds. Before leaving on crusade against the Cathars, Odo pledged the castle of Ile-d'Ouche and the village of Crimolois to the Knights Templar to assist them in the defense of the Catholic faith.
Marriages and issueEdit
He married in 1194 Theresa of Portugal (1156–1218), the daughter of Afonso I of Portugal, and Matilda of Savoy. She was repudiated in 1195, having produced no children.
In 1199, he married Alice of Vergy (1182–1252), the daughter of Hugh, Seigneur de Vergy, by Gillette de Trainel. This marriage produced:
- Joan (1200–1223), married Raoul II of Lusignan (died 1250), Seigneur d'Issoudun and Count of Eu.
- Alice (1204–1266) married Robert I (died 1262) Count of Clermont and Dauphin of Auvergne
- Hugh IV (1213–1272), his successor in the duchy
- Beatrice (born 1216), married Humbert III of Thoire (died 1279)
|Ancestors of Odo III, Duke of Burgundy|
- ^ Bouchard 1988, p. 459.
- ^ DRM_peter. "The Battle of Bouvines (1214) » De Re Militari". Retrieved 2022-12-05.
- ^ a b Barber 2000, p. 110.
- ^ Schenk 2012, p. 201.
- ^ a b c Bouchard 1988, p. 261.
- ^ a b Adamo 2014, p. 60.
- Adamo, Phillip C. (2014). New Monks in Old Habits: The Formation of the Caulite Monastic Order, 1193-1267. Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies.
- Barber, Malcolm (2000). The Cathars: Dualist Heretics in Languedoc in the High Middle Ages. Pearson Education Limited.
- Bouchard, Constance Brittain (1988). Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy, 980-1198. Cornell University Press.
- Schenk, Jochen (2012). Templar Families: Landowning Families and the Order of the Temple in France, c. 1120-1307. Cambridge University Press.