Simon I (1076 – 13 or 14 January 1139) was the duke of Lorraine from 1115 to his death, the eldest son and successor of Theodoric II and Hedwig of Formbach and a half-brother of Emperor Lothair III.
|Simon I, Duke of Lorraine|
|Duke of Lorraine|
|Reign||1115 - 1138|
|Predecessor||Theodoric II, Duke of Lorraine|
|Successor||Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine|
|Died||13 January 1139|
|Spouse||Adelaide of Leuven|
|Issue||Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine|
Agatha of Lorraine
|House||House of Metz|
|Father||Theodoric II, Duke of Lorraine|
|Mother||Hedwig of Formbach|
He had stormy relations with the episcopates of his realm: fighting with Stephen of Bar, bishop of Metz, and Adalberon, archbishop of Trier, both allies of the count of Bar, whose claim to Lorraine against Simon's father had been quashed by Henry V's father Henry IV. Though Adalberon excommunicated him, Pope Innocent II lifted it. He was a friend of Bernard of Clairvaux and he built many abbeys in his duchy, including that of Sturzelbronn in 1135. There was he interred after his original burial in Saint-Dié.
Children of Simon and AdelaideEdit
- Matthias, his successor in Lorraine
- Robert, lord of Floranges (near Thionville)
- Agatha of Lorraine, married Reginald III, Count of Burgundy (Renaud III), the first Free Count
- Hedwige, married Frederick III, count of Toul
- Bertha, married Margrave Hermann III of Baden
- Mathilde, married Gottfried I, Count of Sponheim
- Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Line 45-26
- Bogdan, Henry (2007). La Lorraine des ducs (in French). Perrin.
- (in German) genealogie-mittelalter.de