Nový Jičín

Nový Jičín (Czech pronunciation: [ˈnoviː ˈjɪtʃiːn]; German: Neutitschein) is a town in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 23,000 inhabitants. The town is situated on the spurs of the Carpathian Mountains about 30 km (19 mi) from Ostrava. The historic centre of Nový Jičín is well preserved and historically significant and is protected by law as urban monument reservation.

Nový Jičín
Town
Masarykovo Square with the Marian column and the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary
Masarykovo Square with the Marian column and the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary
Flag of Nový Jičín
Coat of arms of Nový Jičín
Nový Jičín is located in Czech Republic
Nový Jičín
Nový Jičín
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°35′40″N 18°0′37″E / 49.59444°N 18.01028°E / 49.59444; 18.01028Coordinates: 49°35′40″N 18°0′37″E / 49.59444°N 18.01028°E / 49.59444; 18.01028
Country Czech Republic
RegionMoravian-Silesian
DistrictNový Jičín
First mentioned1313
Government
 • MayorStanislav Kopecký
Area
 • Total36.52 km2 (14.10 sq mi)
Elevation
285 m (935 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total23,260
 • Density640/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
741 01
Websitewww.novyjicin.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Villages of Bludovice, Kojetín, Loučka, Straník and Žilina are administrative parts of Nový Jičín.

EtymologyEdit

There are two theories as to how the name "Jičín" came about. According to local legends, it could be derived from the brave daughter of a local castle owner named Jitka (Jitčín, later amended to Jičín). Another theory derives the name from the Slavic word for wild boar "div" (Dičín, later amended to Jičín).[2]

The town is called Nový ("new") to distinguish it from Starý Jičín ("Old Jičín").

HistoryEdit

 
Žerotínský Castle

The first written mention of Nový Jičín is from 1313, however it was probably founded around 1280. It was established as the economic centre of the Starý Jičín estate. It was a property of lords of Kravaře and later of lords of Zierotin.[2]

In 1620 Frederick V promoted the town to a royal town. The town was decimated by Thirty Years' War and by large fires in 1768 and 1773.[2]

In the 19th century the Jewish population returned to the town and large textile factories were established. The town is still today called the "city of hats".[2]

Until 1918 the town was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district with the same name, one of the 34 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Moravia.[3] The German population was expelled in 1945.

EconomyEdit

The town is noted for its hatting industry.

TransportEdit

The town lies on the European route E462. It lies about 8 kilometres from the station on the high-speed railway line. The largest airport in the region, Leoš Janáček Airport Ostrava is about 15 kilometres from Nový Jičín.[4]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Nový Jičín is twinned with:[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ a b c d "Historie" (in Czech). Město Nový Jičín. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  3. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  4. ^ "Základní údaje o městě" (in Czech). Město Nový Jičín. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  5. ^ "Partnerská města – základní informace" (in Czech). Město Nový Jičín. Retrieved 2020-08-18.

External linksEdit