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Świętochłowice [ɕfjɛntɔxwɔˈvit͡sɛ] (About this soundlisten) (German: Schwientochlowitz; Silesian: Śwjyntochlowicy) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. The central district of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union - metropolis with the population of 2 million. Located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Rawa River (tributary of the Vistula).

Świętochłowice
Downtown
Downtown
Flag of Świętochłowice
Flag
Coat of arms of Świętochłowice
Coat of arms
Świętochłowice is located in Silesian Voivodeship
Świętochłowice
Świętochłowice
Świętochłowice is located in Poland
Świętochłowice
Świętochłowice
Coordinates: 50°17′31″N 18°55′04″E / 50.29194°N 18.91778°E / 50.29194; 18.91778Coordinates: 50°17′31″N 18°55′04″E / 50.29194°N 18.91778°E / 50.29194; 18.91778
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
Countycity county
Established14th century
Town rights1947
Government
 • MayorDaniel Beger
Area
 • City13.31 km2 (5.14 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
 • City53,150
 • Density4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
2,746,000
 • Metro
4,620,624
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
41-600 to 41-608
Area code(s)+48 32
Car platesSW
Websitewww.swietochlowice.pl

It is situated in the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999, previously in Katowice Voivodeship, and before then, of the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship. Świętochłowice is one of the cities of the 2.7 million conurbation - Katowice urban area and within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people.[1] The population of the city is 54,525 (2008).[2]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The city is known since the 13th century, and received Magdeburg rights between the 13th and 14th century. In the 19th and first part of the 20th century the area rapidly industrialized (based on the numerous local resources, including coal and zinc). It was part of Germany until 1922, when, although 51.9% of plebiscite voted to stay with Germany, the town was assigned to Poland. Świętochłowice was the site of the Zgoda labour camp.

LocationEdit

 
Świętochłowice within the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union.

Świętochłowice is situated the middle of a highly populated area of Upper Silesia and is part of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, the largest urban center in Poland and one of the largest in Europe.

PopulationEdit

Currently (2013) Świętochłowice has about 53,000 inhabitants and is thus the city county with the highest population density in Poland. The population of the entire urban area is about 3.5 million.

Climate and soilEdit

Świętochłowice is situated in Silesian-Krakowian climate-zone. The annual precipitation totals to about 700 mm (28 in). The wettest month is July and the driest February. The average temperature is approximately −2.5 °C (27 °F) in January and 18 °C (64 °F) in July.

Brunate and swamp soils predominate in Świętochłowice.

NeighborhoodsEdit

 
Subdivisions of Świętochłowice.

Świętochłowice has five administrative subdivisions:

SportEdit

The most popular sport in Świętochłowice is motorcycle speedway. The Skałka stadium is located in the Centrum.

Sport clubsEdit

Sportspeople of Świętochłowice in Olympic GamesEdit

PoliticsEdit

The President of Świętochłowice is Daniel Beger. He was elected in 2018.

Notable peopleEdit

International relationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2009-03-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Powierzchnia i ludność w przekroju terytorialnym w 2008 - Central Statistical Office in Poland ISSN 1505-5507 , 13.08.2008

External linksEdit