Świętochłowice [ɕfjɛntɔxwɔˈvit͡sɛ] (listen) (German: Schwientochlowitz; Silesian: Śwjyntochlowicy) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. It is also the central district of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union metropolis, with a population of 2 million, and is located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Rawa River (tributary of the Vistula).
|• Mayor||Daniel Beger|
|• City||13.31 km2 (5.14 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
41-600 to 41-608
|Area code(s)||+48 32|
It is situated in the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999, previously in Katowice Voivodeship, and before then, of the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship. Świętochłowice is one of the cities of the 2.7 million conurbation - Katowice urban area and within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people. The population of the city is 54,525 (2008).
The city is known since the 13th century, and received Magdeburg rights between the 13th and 14th century. In the 19th and first part of the 20th century the area rapidly industrialized (based on the numerous local resources, including coal and zinc). It was part of Germany until 1922, when, although 51.9% of plebiscite voted to stay with Germany, the town was assigned to Poland. Świętochłowice was the site of the Zgoda labour camp.
Świętochłowice is situated the middle of a highly populated area of Upper Silesia and is part of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, the largest urban center in Poland and one of the largest in Europe.
Climate and soilEdit
Świętochłowice is situated in Silesian-Krakowian climate-zone. The annual precipitation totals to about 700 mm (28 in). The wettest month is July and the driest February. The average temperature is approximately −2.5 °C (27 °F) in January and 18 °C (64 °F) in July.
Brunate and swamp soils predominate in Świętochłowice.
Świętochłowice has five administrative subdivisions:
- Śląsk Świętochłowice - football, speedway
- Naprzód Lipiny - football
- Czarni Świętochłowice - football
Sportspeople of Świętochłowice in Olympic GamesEdit
- 1928 - Amsterdam
- 1936 - Berlin
- 1952 - Helsinki
- 1956 - Melbourne
- gymnastics - Małgorzata Błaszczyk-Wasilewska
- 1960 - Rome
- football - Roman Letner
- 1964 - Tokyo
- 1976 - Montreal
- 1976 - Innsbruck
- ice-hockey - Kordian Jajszczok
- 1980 - Moscow
- fencing - Barbara Wysoczańska
- Jacob Sonderling (1878–1964), German-American
- Arthur Goldstein (1887–1943), German journalist and communist politician
- Ewald Cebula (1917–2004), Polish footballer
- Krzysztof Hanke (born 1957), Polish actor and satirist
- Salomon Morel (1919–2007), Polish commandant of Zgoda labour camp
- Teodor Peterek (1910–1969), Polish footballer
- Paweł Waloszek (1938–2018), Polish motorcycle speedway rider
Twin towns - sister citiesEdit
Świętochłowice is twinned with: