Nocera Inferiore (Neapolitan: Nucèrä Inferiórë or simply Nucèrë, IPA: [nuˈ(t)ʃɛːrə], locally [nuˈ(t)ʃæːrə]) is a town and comune in the province of Salerno, in Campania in southern Italy. It lies west of Nocera Superiore, at the foot of Monte Albino, some 20 km east-southeast of Naples by rail.

Nocera Inferiore
Comune di Nocera Inferiore
Flag of Nocera Inferiore
Coat of arms of Nocera Inferiore
Location of Nocera Inferiore
Map
Nocera Inferiore is located in Italy
Nocera Inferiore
Nocera Inferiore
Location of Nocera Inferiore in Italy
Nocera Inferiore is located in Campania
Nocera Inferiore
Nocera Inferiore
Nocera Inferiore (Campania)
Coordinates: 40°45′N 14°38′E / 40.750°N 14.633°E / 40.750; 14.633
CountryItaly
RegionCampania
ProvinceSalerno (SA)
FrazioniCicalesi, Merichi, Vescovado, Casolla, San Mauro
Government
 • MayorPaolo De Maio (D)
Area
 • Total20.94 km2 (8.08 sq mi)
Elevation
43 m (141 ft)
Population
 (1 January 2019)[2]
 • Total45,608
 • Density2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
DemonymNocerini
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
84014
Dialing code081
Patron saintSt. Priscus
Saint dayMay 9
WebsiteOfficial website
Locator map within the Province of Salerno
Cathedral-Basilica of Priscus of Nocera
Cathedral bell tower, made by Francesco Solimena
Cathedral dome Gloria del Paradiso
Il Monastery and Basilica of Sant'Anna
Basilica of Sant'Antonio
Il Sanctuary of Santa Maria dei Miracoli
Church San Bartolomeo
Palazzo vescovile
Adoration of the Magi, particular

History edit

The ancient city of Nuceria Alfaterna was situated nearby in Nocera Superiore. Some of the city's necropoli were located in the area of Nocera Inferiore.

Its post-Roman history until 1851 is in common with Nocera Superiore.

Post-Roman history edit

At an early date, the city became an episcopal see named Nuceria Christianorum ('Nocera of the Christians'), and in the 12th century, it sided with Innocent II against Roger of Sicily, suffering severely for its choice.

In the 13th century, and long after, the town had the name of Nocera dei Pagani ('Nocera of the pagans') because a colony of Muslim Saracens was introduced by Frederick II in the annexed territory of nowadays Pagani.[3] The town was described as "a genuine Muhammadan town with all its characteristic mosques and minarets."[4] It is said that, through their darker complexion and features, the townsfolk maintain the heritage of these Muslim settlers.[5]

In 1385 Pope Urban VI was besieged in the castle by Charles III of Naples.

By the end of the 15th century, until 1806, Nuceria had the epithet ("of the pagans", Nuceria Paganorum); the town was then divided into 7 boroughs, that later became 5 separate comuni: Nocera Inferiore, Nocera Superiore, Pagani, Sant'Egidio and Corbara. Today the town of Pagani lies about one 1.5 km to the west.

The origins of the name edit

The current name, Nocera Inferiore, derives from the Italianization of the dialectal toponym Nuceria and from the geographical position of the city that, in 1806, was born from the division of Nocera dei Pagani, sanctioning the birth of five municipalities, including the two Noceras, differentiated according to their height above sea level.

Main sights edit

One of the most beautiful places to visit in Nocera Inferiore is the medieval castle. Strategically located on the top of Santa Andrea's hill, this fortified structure was founded in the 9th century. In 1138 it was destroyed by the troops of Ruggero II. Helena, the widow of Manfred of Sicily, was imprisoned in the Castle and died here after the battle of Benevento (1268). Here also Urban VI imprisoned the cardinals who favoured the Antipope Clement VII.

The castle also had as guests the writers Dante Alighieri and Boccaccio.

Symbols edit

The city coat of arms shows a walnut tree with golden fruits. On the red frame of the shield is written "Urbs Nuceria" in Roman letters. On the top there is a castellated crown, whereas at the bottom there is a laurel branch with golden berries and an oak branch with golden acorns tied together with the Italian tricolour ribbon. The city coat of arms has been renewed recently by Antonio Pecoraro.

Since 2017 "Verrà dalla memoria" has been the anthemn of Nocera Inferiore. Lyrics were written by Teresa Staiano and music was composed by Father Carmine Ferraioli.

Monuments edit

Churches edit

Castle edit

  • Castello del Parco (10th century)

Buildings edit

  • Torre Guerritore (19th century)
  • Palazzo Vescovile (16th century)
  • Curia diocesana (18th century)
  • Palazzo ducale (16th century)
  • Caserma Bruno Tofano (18th century)
  • Palazzo Lanzara (17th century)
  • Palazzo del Liceo Classico (20th century)
  • Villa Piccolomini d'Aragona (20th century)

Museums edit

  • Art gallery of Sant'Antonio convent
  • Diocesan Museum San Prisco
  • Archaeology museums of Agro nocerino

Notable people edit

Twin towns/cities edit

Nocera inferiore is twinned with:

Transportation edit

Nocera is connected with Naples, Avellino and Salerno by a branch railway.

Notes and references edit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Nocera Inferiore" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 730.
  4. ^ Robert Browning (1984). The Poetical Works of Robert Browning: Volume II. Strafford, Sordello (reprint, annotated ed.). Clarendon Press. p. 300. ISBN 9780198123170.
  5. ^ Walter Scott (31 Aug 2013). Douglas, David (ed.). The Journal of Sir Walter Scott: Volume 2: From the Original Manuscript at Abbotsford (illustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 470–1. ISBN 9781108064309. In the latter village [Nocera Inferiore] the Saracens obtained a place of refuge, from which it takes the name. It is also said that the circumstance is kept in memory by the complexion and features of this second Nocera, which are peculiarly of the African caste and tincture.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Nocera Inferiore". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 730.

See also edit

External links edit

  Media related to Nocera Inferiore at Wikimedia Commons