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Cornwall Airport Newquay (IATA: NQY, ICAO: EGHQ) is the main commercial airport for Cornwall, England, located at Mawgan in Pydar, 4 NM (7.4 km; 4.6 mi) northeast of the major town of Newquay on Cornwall's north coast. Its runway was operated by RAF St Mawgan before 2008, and is now owned by Cornwall Council.

Cornwall Airport Newquay

Ayrborth Tewynblustri Kernow

RAF St Mawgan
Cornwall Airport logo.png
Newquay Cornwall airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic/Military
OperatorCornwall Airport Ltd.
ServesNewquay and Cornwall
LocationMawgan in Pydar, Cornwall
Elevation AMSL390 ft / 119 m
Coordinates50°26′27″N 004°59′43″W / 50.44083°N 4.99528°W / 50.44083; -4.99528Coordinates: 50°26′27″N 004°59′43″W / 50.44083°N 4.99528°W / 50.44083; -4.99528
Websitecornwallairportnewquay.com
Map
EGHQ is located in Cornwall
EGHQ
EGHQ
Location in Cornwall
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
12/30 2,744 9,003 Grooved
Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers456,888
Passenger change 17-18Decrease-1.0%
Aircraft Movements41,172
Movements change 17-18Increase10.9%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

The airport handled 461,300 passengers in 2017, a 24.2% increase over the previous year.[2] Newquay has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction. The Cornwall Air Ambulance is based at the airport. Since 2012, the airport has hosted the Aerohub enterprise zone.

The runway is able to take the largest and fastest of civil and military aircraft, having been built and maintained for decades as an RAF maritime operations base. The US Navy were present with the USN AWD storage facility and Joint Maritime Facility. With the end of the Cold War and changes in American political priorities, the Americans pulled out of all involvement with the base by the end of 2009. The last RAF flying squadron based at St Mawgan was 203(R) Squadron which moved out in 2008, but the RAF continues to use part of the site.

HistoryEdit

Military useEdit

The airfield was opened in 1933 as a civilian facility, but was requisitioned at the outbreak of World War II and named RAF Trebelzue to support other bases in the Cornwall area. The base was renamed RAF St Mawgan 1943, after expansion. The facility was then handed to the USAAF and a number of improvements took place, including the building of a new control tower and expansion of the current runway. The airfield was put under maintenance in 1947, and reopened as a Coastal Command base in 1951.

Since 1951, the base has seen various squadrons based; including 22 Sqn., 203 Sqn. 220 Sqn. (later renamed 201), 228 Sqn. (later renamed 206), both Long Range Reconnaissance Squadrons, 42 Sqn., 7 Sqn., 2625 Sqn (Royal Auxiliary Air Force) and 1 Sqn. (RAF Regiment). 2625 Sqn was disbanded on 1 November 2006, whilst 1 Sqn relocated to RAF Honington. The others relocated or closed. In 2005, RAF St Mawgan was one of the bases shortlisted to house the new Joint Combat Aircraft (JCA) in 2013, but in November 2005, it was announced by Minister of State for the Armed Forces Adam Ingram that the operation would be based from Scotland. Helicopter maintenance (HMF) also ceased here in late 2006.[citation needed]

Flying operations at RAF St Mawgan (on the opposite side of the runway to the civil terminal) ceased in December 2008.

Transition to fully civilian airportEdit

 
Looking over the ramp at some of the airlines that serve NQY in Summer 2007

In 2006 the airport introduced a £5 per passenger airport development fee, payable by all departing passengers via an ATM type machine prior to passing security.[3] This resulted in Monarch Airlines axing its route from the airport (to Málaga) and in Ryanair reducing the number of flights, though this was later restored. In 2015, it was announced that the £5 development fee would be scrapped in March 2016.

In 2008, the airport closed from 1 to 19 December, to allow time for the takeover of the airfield navigation services (i.e. Air Traffic Control) from RAF St Mawgan and to fully meet CAA standards. Following further inspections by the CAA, flights recommenced on 20 December 2008.[4]

By virtue of a Statutory Instrument issued on 22 September 2009, Newquay Airport is subject to current airport bylaws, per Section 63 of the Airports Act 1986.[5]

An extension opened in 2006 increased the terminal's size by 20%, allowing the airport to handle up to 450,000 passengers a year. In January 2008, Cornwall County Council approved plans for an expanded arrivals hall and departure lounge; a new retail outlet; a business lounge; and new airfield structures. In May 2008, the new arrivals and baggage reclaim area was opened; unlike the old arrivals hall, this allowed domestic and international flights to be processed simultaneously. It also added a gate to the departures lounge.

The expansion of the airport was criticised in 2007 by a number of environmental groups. This opposition was based not only on environmental concerns (given that the majority of flights are short-haul and to destinations that could be served by rail), but also socio-economic concerns that airport expansion would lead to a greater demand for second homes in Cornwall, adding to already inflated local house prices.[6]

Civil airport operationEdit

The Irish low-cost carrier Ryanair pulled out of the airport in 2006, ceasing flights to London Stansted and Girona-Costa Brava Airport.[7] In November 2008, Newquay Airport released its draft master plan, outlining its plans for the airport until 2030.[8]

In July 2011, the airport's main carrier, Air Southwest, announced the end of all flights from Newquay effective 30 September 2011, leaving the airport with only three year-round scheduled routes.[9]

In May 2013, Flybe announced they would cease flying to Gatwick, leaving Newquay with year-round flights to just the Isles of Scilly and Manchester. On 2 December 2013, Flybe announced they had agreed a deal with Newquay which would secure the future of the Gatwick route until the end of October 2014, so that a public service obligation (PSO) subsidy could be finalized. Under the new deal Flybe was to operate two daily flights, with the afternoon service being dropped.[10]

Ryanair returned to the airport in April 2016, after the £5 development fee was scrapped.[11]

Aerohub enterprise zoneEdit

In August 2011, the UK government announced that the airport's bid to host an enterprise zone for aerospace businesses had been successful.[12] The Aerohub enterprise zone was launched in April 2012.[13] In September 2014, the UK's Homes and Communities Agency and the European Regional Development Fund agreed to fund the construction of a £6 million Aerohub Business Park.[14] Organisations attracted to Aerohub by 2014 included Classic Air Force and the Bloodhound Supersonic Car project.[13]

From 29 March 2013, Classic Air Force has operated from the airport using a variety of aircraft,[15] including the world's oldest flying British jet aircraft and the only flying Gloster Meteor T7.[16] Since April 2013, it has also operated a museum in the 70,000 square feet (6,500 m2) Hangar 404, which was previously used to service the Hawker Siddeley Nimrods of RAF St Mawgan.[15] It has now (April 2017) closed, though some of its exhibits remain elsewhere on the airfield under different ownership.

Testing of Bloodhound at speeds of over 200 miles per hour (320 km/h) was performed on the runway in 2017[17] in preparation for a 500 miles per hour (804 km/h) test run on its new specially created race track at Hakskeen Pan, South Africa in 2019, leading to an attempt on the land speed record in the future.[18]

Potential future usesEdit

In September 2013, the National Aeronautical Centre (NAC) at Aberporth Airport announced it would use Newquay as its second airport for testing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).[19] The NAC said it was attracted by the length of the runway and the facilities of Aerohub. The test flights would require 3,000 square miles (7,800 km2) of segregated airspace over the sea.[20] In March 2015, the airport reported that the establishment of this segregated area had not yet been agreed with the Department for Transport, who stated that negotiations with international bodies to create an appropriate regulatory framework for UAVs were still taking place.[21]

In July 2014, Newquay was one of eight airports shortlisted by the Civil Aviation Authority as a possible site for a UK commercial spaceport.[22] The shortlist was reduced to six airports in March 2015, with Newquay still a candidate.[23] The selection process was abandoned in May 2016 after the Department for Transport announced it would be creating regulatory conditions allowing any suitable location wishing to become a spaceport.[24]

In June 2019, the UK government and Cornwall Council announced they were prepared to invest up to £20m into the airport to create a Spaceport Cornwall as a base for Virgin Orbit. The system would launch satellite carrying rockets to space from under the wing of a converted Virgin Atlantic jumbo jet by the early 2020s dependant on the business case put forward.[25] On 5 November 2019, UK Space Agency announced that it will provide £7.35 million to establish Virgin Orbit operations at Spaceport Cornwall.[26]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter services to and from Newquay:[27]

AirlinesDestinations
Aer Lingus Regional Dublin
Seasonal: Cork
Eurowings Seasonal: Dusseldorf, Stuttgart
Flybe Leeds/Bradford, London–Heathrow,[28] London–Southend,[29] Manchester
Seasonal: Belfast–City, Birmingham, Edinburgh, Guernsey,[30] Jersey[31]
Isles of Scilly Skybus St Mary's
LoganairAberdeen, Newcastle upon Tyne (both begin 1 April 2020)
Seasonal: Glasgow (begins 22 May 2020), Norwich (begins 3 April 2020)[32]
Ryanair Alicante
Seasonal: Faro
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Copenhagen

Traffic statisticsEdit

Passengers and movementsEdit

Cornwall Airport Newquay passenger totals 2015–2018 (thousands)
 
Updated: 20 April 2019[2]
Traffic statistics at Cornwall Airport Newquay
Year
Passengers
handled
Passengers
handled
% change
Aircraft
movements
Aircraft
movements
% change
Freight
(tonnes)
Freight
% change
2015 251,987   22,848   0  
2016 371,500   47.4 30,417   33.1 2   nm
2017 461,300   24.2 37,113   22.0 12   500.0
2018 456,888   1.0 41,172   10.9 3   75.0


Busiest routes to and from Cornwall Airport Newquay (2018)[2]
Rank Airport Total
passengers
Change
2017 / 18
1 London–Gatwick 173,446   6.7%
2 Manchester 83,413   3.6%
3 Dublin 29,156   21.3%
4 Alicante 27,163   27.5%
5 Birmingham 23,521   13.6%
6 Leeds 23,034   17.0%
7 Faro 20,868   0.8%
8 St Mary's 18,431   8.1%
9 Frankfurt–Hahn 17,617   8.1%
10 Doncaster Sheffield 7,502   5.6%
11 London–Stansted 5,535   74.2%
Busiest routes to and from Cornwall Airport Newquay (2017)[2]
Rank Airport Total
passengers
Change
2016 / 17
1 London–Gatwick 162,574   9%
2 Manchester 86,526   29%
3 Leeds 27,741   763%
4 Birmingham 27,230   15%
5 Dublin 24,028   10%
6 London–Stansted 21,495   2%
7 Alicante 21,298   3%
8 Faro 20,698 New route
9 St Mary's 20,046   4%
10 Frankfurt–Hahn 16,302   4%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nats | Ais - Home". Nats-uk.ead-it.com. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e "UK airport data: Tables 3, 9, 12 and 13.pdf". UK Civil Aviation Authority. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  3. ^ [1] Archived 20 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Newquay Cornwall Airport reopens to commercial flights under new civilian licence - DN - Defence Notes - Shephard Media". www.shephardmedia.com. Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  5. ^ The Airports Byelaws (Designation) Order SI 2576/2009
  6. ^ Groundswellcornwall.org, Newquay Airport The Case Examined Archived 21 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine, revised October 2007. Accessed 9 February 2008.
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ [3] Archived 7 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Air Southwest is to cease flights". BBC News. 14 July 2011. Archived from the original on 15 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  10. ^ "Government funding secures Cornwall to London air link". www.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 1 February 2016. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  11. ^ "Ryanair announce new flights for 2016". Cornwall Airport Newquay. Archived from the original on 25 September 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Newquay airport named as enterprise zone". BBC News Online. 17 August 2011. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  13. ^ a b "Aerohub at Newquay Cornwall continues to attract businesses". Airport World. 27 November 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  14. ^ "Aerohub business park at Newquay Airport to gain £6m investment". BBC News Online. 5 September 2014. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  15. ^ a b FlyPast. Stamford, Lincolnshire: Key Publishing Ltd. March 2013. p. 6.
  16. ^ "Gloster (Armstrong Whitworth) Meteor T7". Classic Air Force. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
  17. ^ "BLOODHOUND Dynamic testing – Run reports". BLOODHOUND SSC. 16 October 2017. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  18. ^ "BLOODHOUND 500 – SOUTH AFRICA 2019". 15 December 2017. Archived from the original on 24 July 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  19. ^ "UAV testing in Aberporth expanding to use Newquay Cornwall Airport". BBC News Online. 11 September 2013. Archived from the original on 13 February 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  20. ^ "Drones to fly out of Newquay testing site". BBC News Online. 11 September 2013. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  21. ^ Gallacher, Neil (6 March 2015). "Newquay Airport: Government 'to oppose drone testing'". BBC News Online. Archived from the original on 6 March 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  22. ^ Sample, Ian (15 July 2014). "Space race: eight sites shortlisted for UK's first commercial spaceport". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 17 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
  23. ^ Amos, Jonathan (3 March 2015). "UK ministers issue spaceport shortlist". BBC News Online. Archived from the original on 3 March 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  24. ^ McArdle, Helen (20 May 2016). "UK spaceport competition axed in favour of licensing model". The Herald - Scotland. Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  25. ^ Amos, Jonathan (4 June 2019). "Investment offer to take Cornwall and Virgin into orbit". BBC News Website - Science & Environment. Archived from the original on 14 June 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  26. ^ https://spacenews.com/u-k-government-to-fund-spaceport-improvements-for-virgin-orbit/
  27. ^ newquaycornwallairport.com - Flights Archived 2016-06-19 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 4 October 2019
  28. ^ "Cornwall Airport Newquay gains Heathrow connection". Cornwall Airport Newquay. Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  29. ^ "Cornwall Airport Newquay to grow capital links in 2019". Cornwall Airport Newquay. Archived from the original on 18 October 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  30. ^ "New flights to Cornwall this summer as Blue Islands add third new route". Blue Islands. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  31. ^ Ltd. 2019, UBM (UK). "Blue Islands adds Jersey – Newquay route in S19". Routesonline. Archived from the original on 25 February 2019. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  32. ^ https://www.loganair.co.uk/new-flights-to-cornwall-airport-newquay/

External linksEdit

  Media related to Newquay Cornwall Airport at Wikimedia Commons