New York, Ukraine

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New York[1] or Niu-York[2] (Ukrainian: Нью-Йорк, romanizedNiu-York, Ukrainian pronunciation: [ˈnʲʊ jɔ̈rk]) is an urban settlement in Toretsk urban hromada of Bakhmut Raion of Donetsk Oblast, at 37.9 km NNE from the centre of Donetsk city. From 1951 to 2021, the settlement was named Novhorodske (Ukrainian: Но́вгородське, romanizedNovhorodske).[3][4]

New York
Нью-Йорк
Niu-York
Ukrainian transcription(s)
 • NationalNiu-York
 • ALA-LCNʹi͡u-Ĭork
 • BGN/PCGNN’yu-York
 • ScholarlyNʹju-Jork
Panoramio - V&A Dudush - Novgorodskoye.jpg
Coat of arms of New York
New York is located in Ukraine
New York
New York
Location in Ukraine
New York is located in Donetsk Oblast
New York
New York
New York (Donetsk Oblast)
Coordinates: 48°18′56″N 37°53′2″E / 48.31556°N 37.88389°E / 48.31556; 37.88389Coordinates: 48°18′56″N 37°53′2″E / 48.31556°N 37.88389°E / 48.31556; 37.88389
Country Ukraine
Province Donetsk
Founded2nd half of 19th century
Elevation
106 m (348 ft)
Population
2021
 • Total9,917
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
85294-85297
Area code+380 6247

New York is administratively subordinated to Toretsk city, that is located about 10 km north of New York. Population: 9,917 (2021 est.)[5]

HistoryEdit

The settlement first appeared on maps in 1846 under its original name of New York and was then situated in the Yekaterinoslav Governorate of the Russian Empire. The wife of one of the founders was from the United States.[6][7] According to official data, in 1859, the village consisted of 13 households, 45 male residents, 40 female residents, and a factory and was formally named Oleksandrivske.[7][8] The precise origin of the settlement's name is unclear.[9]

German-speaking Mennonites bought the settlement in 1889, and in 1892, formed the colony of New York from seven settlements.[8][9] The town used to thrive through its industry, but it fell into decline after World War I.[9] In 1941, all Germans still living in New York were deported to Kazakhstan.[9][8] On 19 October 1951, by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR, the village was renamed Novhorodske.[3][7]

The town is situated near the frontline between the (and on the side of the) Ukrainian army and the Russia-backed Donetsk People's Republic of the war in Donbas.[9] This conflict, which started in mid-April 2014, has brought along both civilian and military casualties, as well as a collapse in home and property values. On 8 November 2016, a civilian was killed by shelling.[10] Local council head Mykola Lenko stated in July 2021 that five residents had been killed since the start of the conflict.[9]

On 3 February 2021, a request for renaming the settlement back to New York has been submitted by the Civil–military administration of Donetsk Oblast and was approved by the Ukrainian parliament's Committee on the Organization of State Power, Local Self-Government, Regional Development and Urban Planning (18 votes "for" and 1 "against").[11] On 1 July 2021, the parliament officially renamed the town back to its original name of New York (the resolution was supported by 301 people's deputies; Yevgeniy Shevchenko was the sole MP who voted "against", 13 MP's from Servant of the People and 12 from Opposition Platform — For Life abstained).[3][4]

In 2021, Ukrainian writer Victoria Amelina, whose husband had roots in New York, founded Ukrainian New York Literature Festival. The festival first took place in October 2021.[12]

DemographicsEdit

 
Dzerzhynsk phenol plant

Native language as of the Ukrainian Census of 2001:[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Лето в донбасском Нью-Йорке: не рай, но жить нужно". 25 July 2021.
  2. ^ According to the Resolution 55 of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
  3. ^ a b c Parliament renames Novhorodske village in Donetsk region to New York, Ukrinform (1 July 2021)
  4. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) People's deputies returned New York to Ukraine, Ukrayinska Pravda (1 July 2021)
  5. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  6. ^ "Ukrainian town renamed 'New York'".
  7. ^ a b c (in Ukrainian) "The last step remains." The Council Committee supported the renaming of one of the settlements in the Donbas to New York, NV (magazine) [uk] (3 February 2021)
  8. ^ a b c (in Ukrainian) Our dear New York. As a village in the Donetsk region, it fights for attention and investment, Hromadske.TV (13 February 2021)
  9. ^ a b c d e f New York on Ukraine's frontline: parliament backs town's name change, Reuters (2 July 2021)
  10. ^ "Сводные данные АТО – 09 ноября" [Summary information on ATO as of 9 November] (in Russian). NSDC. 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  11. ^ (in Ukrainian) New York will be returned to Ukraine. This was supported by the Council Committee, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 February 2021)
  12. ^ "New York, UA – How This Donbas Town Reclaimed an Old Name and Kicked off a Season of Change". 22 October 2021.
  13. ^ Розподіл населення за рідною мовою на ukrcensus.gov.ua

External linksEdit