Toretsk

Toretsk (Ukrainian: Торецьк; Russian: Торецк), formerly Dzerzhynsk (Ukrainian: Дзержинськ; Russian: Дзержинск), is a city of oblast significance in Donetsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine.

Toretsk

Торецьк
Church of St. Macarius in Toretsk
Church of St. Macarius in Toretsk
Flag of
Flag
Coat of arms of
Coat of arms
Toretsk is located in Ukraine
Toretsk
Coordinates: 48°23′30″N 37°52′24″E / 48.39167°N 37.87333°E / 48.39167; 37.87333Coordinates: 48°23′30″N 37°52′24″E / 48.39167°N 37.87333°E / 48.39167; 37.87333
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Donetsk Oblast
Toretsk Municipality
Founded1810[2]
City rights1938[2][3]
Government
 • MayorVolodymyr Sliptsov[4]
Area
 • Total62 km2 (24 sq mi)
Elevation
179 m (587 ft)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total32 373[1]
Postal code
85200—85279
Area code(s)+380-6247
ClimateDfb
Websitehttp://toretsk-rada.gov.ua/

HistoryEdit

 
"Toretsk is a town of miners" inscription - one of the symbols of Toretsk

The settlement Shcherbynovka was founded in 1810[2] in Russian Empire.

A local newspaper is published here since September 1936[5].

In October 1938 the urban-type settlement Shcherbynovka became a city Dzerzhynsk, in honor of communist Felix Dzerzhynsky[2][3].

In 1989, the population was 50,538 people[3].

In 2013, the population was 35 296 people[6].

Starting mid-April 2014 pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Donetsk Oblast;[7][8] including former Dzerzhynsk.[9] On 11 July 2014 Ukrainian forces launched strikes against the separatists.[10] On 21 July 2014, Ukrainian forces secured the city from the pro-Russian separatists.[11][12][13] Toretsk is only a few kilometers away from the separatists-controlled Horlivka.[11]

Following the 2015 law on decommunization, the city council has decided on 16 October 2015 to rename the city to Toretsk.[14] The name was approved by the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian parliament) on 4 February 2016.[15]

Because of the War in Donbass the city has had its water supply cut multiple times.[16]

Nikolai Ryzhkov, a former Premier of the Soviet Union, was born in the city in 1929.

DemographicsEdit

As of the Ukrainian Census of 2001, the majority of residents identified as ethnic Ukrainians and spoke Russian as their first language:[17]

EthnicityEdit

First languageEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2019 року. Державна служба статистики України. Київ, 2019. стор.24
  2. ^ a b c d Дзержинск // Советский энциклопедический словарь. редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. 4-е изд. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1986. стр.387
  3. ^ a b c Дзержинск // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 1. М., "Советская энциклопедия", 1991. стр.386
  4. ^ Toretsk mayor suspected of infringing on territorial integrity of Ukraine, UNIAN (17 August 2016)
  5. ^ № 2683. Дзержинский шахтёр // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986 - 1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., «Книжная палата», 1994. стр.352
  6. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2013 року. Державна служба статистики України. Київ, 2013. стор.51
  7. ^ https://newrepublic.com/article/117387/putin-accidentally-helping-unite-eastern-and-western-ukraine
  8. ^ http://en.itar-tass.com/world/735082
  9. ^ http://www.ukrinform.ua/eng/news/ukrainian_aircraft_eliminated_nearly_1000_terrorists_on_july_11___selezniov_323670
  10. ^ http://www.kyivpost.com/content/ukraine/dzerzhynsk-under-heavy-artillery-fire-355718.html
  11. ^ a b [1]
  12. ^ https://www.kyivpost.com/content/ukraine/separatists-retreat-from-dzerzhynsk-357159.html
  13. ^ We Can Win After All, The Ukrainian Week (6 August 2015)
  14. ^ http://nikvesti.com/news/politics/76931
  15. ^ Decommunisation continues: Rada renames several towns and villages, UNIAN (4 February 2016)
    "Rada de-communized Artemivsk as well as over hundred cities and villages" (in Ukrainian). Pravda.com.ua. 4 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  16. ^ https://www.kyivpost.com/multimedia/photo/people-toretsk-cut-off-water-supply
  17. ^ [2]