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List of nature parks in Germany

  (Redirected from Nature parks (Germany))
Map displaying the nature parks in Germany

Ninety eight official nature parks (German: Naturparks) have been established in Germany under section 22, paragraph 4 of that country's Federal Nature Conservation Act (BNatSchG). They comprise about 25 percent of the total land area of Germany and are brought together under the Association of German Nature Parks.[1] Parks that overlap into neighbouring countries are led by Europarc. The oldest is Lüneburg Heath Nature Park, whose core area was established in 1921 as a nature reserve; by 2007 it had expanded to more than four times its original area. The largest nature reserve in Germany, with 3,750 square kilometres (1,450 sq mi) is the Nature Park of the Central and Northern Black Forest and the smallest is Siebengebirge with an area of 48 square kilometres (19 sq mi).

The 14 national parks of Germany, under paragraph 24 of the Federal Nature Conservation Act, are not listed here. See List of national parks of Germany.

Contents

Nature parksEdit

Name State
Year
Area (km²)
Summary Image
Altmühl Valley   Bavaria 1969 2962 The park is characterized by gently undulating plateaus and steep valleys with precipitous cliffs, and half of the park is wooded. The Altmühl flows through a spectacular valley from west to east.  
Arnsberg Forest   North Rhine-Westphalia 1961 482 The park includes the Arnsberg Forest in the west and the Warstein Forest in the east. It is an area of low, forested mountains with several ridges. It is bordered by the Möhne in the north and the valley cut by the Ruhr in the south.  
Augsburg-Western Woods   Bavaria 1974 1175 This park is bordered by the Danube, Wertach, Schmutter, Flossach and Mindel. The biggest part of the nature park is located in Augsburg (district) and extends to the edge of the districts Unterallgäu, Günzburg (district) and Dillingen (district). The gentle, hilly landscape of streams is fragmented by the gravel left behind by ice age Alpine glaciers and is nearly half forested.  
Aukrug   Schleswig-Holstein 1970 384 The park includes a flat and loamy ground moraine landscape with low hills and forests. In the south, the landscape is shaped by the Stör River, with moraines, heath, forest, and numerous ponds.  
Barnim   Brandenburg
  Berlin
1999 749 The park includes the Barnim heath habitats dating back to the ice age. It lies between the glacial valleys of Eberswalde in the north and Berlin in the south, and is more than half forested. The region is shaped by many individual lakes and meltwater gullies.  
Bavarian Rhön   Bavaria 1967 1245 The park includes the area of the Rhön Mountains and lies amongst many low mountain ranges. In the south it extends to the Franconian Saale, and in its treeless Long Rhön shares a part of the central region of the High Rhön. The gently undulating surface is partially offset by basalt hills.  
Bavarian Spessart   Bavaria 1963 1710 The park is underlain by Buntsandstein, gently inclined to the south. It includes the largest contiguous broadleaf/mixed forest in Germany, and is characterized by deep valleys, gentle slopes and heights.  
Bavarian Forest   Bavaria 1967 3008 The park lies between the Danube and the heights of the Bavarian Forest. The park, nearly half forested, includes the peaks of the mountains as well as the southwestern slope, and is crossed by deep valleys and bordered by the Bavarian Forest National Park.  
Bergisches Land   North Rhine-Westphalia 1973 1917 The park includes the northern part of the Rhenish Massif and the northern Siegerland and is a typical forested low mountain range. It rises gradually from west to east, and includes a densely populated valley.  
Bergstraße-Odenwald Geopark   Hesse
  Bavaria
  Baden-Württemberg
1960 3500 The park includes the wooded low mountains of the Odenwald and extends east to the Maintal. It is bordered by the rivers Rhine, Main and Neckar. The region has stone runs formed by huge granite blocks (Felsenmeer) and bizarre rock formations.  
Black Forest (Central/North)   Baden-Württemberg 2000 3750 The park is characterized by a varied landscape typical of the Black Forest with deeply incised valleys, rocks, streams and large, contiguous forested area. The crests themselves are treeless. In the south the Naturpark Schwarzwald Mitte/Nord blends into the Southern Black Forest Nature Park.  
Bourtanger Moor-Bargerveen   Lower Saxony
  Netherlands
2006 140 The park includes the Bourtanger Moor, the largest contiguous raised bog in Europe. It has a variegated landscape and is characterized by heath regions, farming land, expanses of water and peat digs.  
Dahme-Heideseen   Brandenburg 1998 594 The park is characterized by the lake-dominated landscape of the River Dahme and numerous streams. The region is littered with sandy valley plains, moors, distinctive terminal moraines and wind-generated inland dunes.  
Diemelsee   Hesse
  North Rhine-Westphalia
1965 334 The park is part of the Rothaar Mountains and is characterized by large, contiguous areas of forest. In the southeast and east it is bounded by the Waldecker Plain, in the north and northwest by the high plain of Paderborn and the Arnsberger Wald.  
Drömling   Saxony-Anhalt 1990 278 The park is a marsh, which previously comprised mainly wetlands. The landscape today is characterized by drainage and cultivation carried out in the 18th century and includes vast grasslands and dense forestry as well as a dense system of ditches.  
Düben Heath   Saxony
  Saxony-Anhalt
1992 788 The park includes the greater part of the Düben Heath (Dübener Heide) with about two thirds of it forested. The landscape is characterized by a varied hilly heath formed in the ice age. It lies between the riverbeds of Elbe and Mulde.  
Dümmer   Lower Saxony
  North Rhine-Westphalia
1972 472 The park includes the Dammer Berge, the Dümmer, the Stemweder Berg and numerous moors. The high ground in the area is crisscrossed by shallow dips created by the glaciers of the Saalian Stage and the moraines they left behind.  
Ebbegebirge   North Rhine-Westphalia 1964 777 This nature park lies within the diverse Ebbegebirge, with two thirds of it covered by forest. It contains several dams such as the Biggertalsperre and numerous rivers such as the Lenne.  
Eichsfeld-Hainich-Werratal   Thuringia 1990 870 The park is characterized by the hills of the Hainich and the plateaus of the Eichsfeld. The river Werra has shaped and cut deeply into the area in the southwest of the landscape.  
Elbhöhen-Wendland   Lower Saxony 1968 750 The park includes two rather different major landscapes, the forested Drawehn ridge and the banks of the river Elbe. It is characterized by a varied relief with numerous slopes and valley on the Drawehn and the wide glacial valley of the Elbe (the Elbe-Urstromtal).  
Elm-Lappwald   Lower Saxony 1976 470 The park includes the northern portion of the mid-German Harz mountains and the forested ridges of the Lappwald, Dorm and Elm, as well as the Helmstedter Mulde in the east. It is characterized by undulating hills. The chalk deposits of the local mountains are rich in fossils.  
Feldberg Lake District   Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 1997 345 The park is some 38 percent forested and dominated by hills, valleys and sandy plains. The western part of the region formed in the ice age, with ground moraines, terminal moraines, sandurs, and glacial valleys, belongs to Müritz National Park.  
Fichtel Mountains   Bavaria 1971 1028 The park includes the wooded highlands of the Fichtel Mountains and the adjacent agricultural lands of the plateaux. It is bounded by the Thuringian Forest, Franconian Forest, Upper Palatine Forest and the Ore Mountains. The region is characterized by extensive rock formations and pillars such as the Luisenburg Rock Labyrinth.  
Fläming   Saxony-Anhalt 2005 824 The park includes the region between the Elbe and, in the north, the neighbouring High Fläming Nature Park. The gentle hills of the southern Fläming gradually lower themselves towards the city of Wittenberg.  
Franconian Heights (Frankenhöhe)   Bavaria 1974 1105 This nature park is part of the cuesta in the southwest of Germany and descends steeply towards both west and east towards the Hohenlohe Plain and the Tauberland, respectively. To the southeast and the Central Franconian Basin the descent is more gentle.  
Franconian Forest   Bavaria 1971 1022 The park is immediately adjacent to the Thuringian Forest and the Thuringian Slate Mountains-Upper Saale Nature Parks. It consists of an undulating plateau, overlooked by individual mountain tops with more than half its area forested.  
Franconian Switzerland-Veldenstein Forest   Bavaria 1968 2346 The park includes varied valleys and plateaus of the Franconian Jura, with some bizarrely shaped rock formations. Erosion has created numerous caves in the area. In the central area lies Franconian Switzerland.  
German-Luxembourg   Rhineland-Palatinate
  Luxembourg
1958 432 The park includes the western side of the South Eifel. It is characterized by a hilly, gently rolling landscape with deeply incised valleys and craggy rocks. The park is part of the international German-Luxembourg Nature Park.  
Habichtswald   Hesse 1962 474 The park includes the Habichtswald, a forested low mountain range, which is located in the northern part of the extensive West Hesse Highlands. To the south and southwest, the landscape gradually descends into the valley of the river Eder.  
Harz   Lower Saxony
  Saxony-Anhalt
1960 2335 The park includes the Harz mountains, except for some of the highest portions, which belong to Harz National Park. It is characterized by densely forested areas and short, steep valleys which alternate with mountain ridges and solitary mountains.  
Haßberge   Bavaria 1974 804 The park is characterized by the hilly landscape of the Haßberge. The long ridge slopes steeply towards the west but more gently towards the east due to the makeup of the geological rock layers. In the south, it is bordered by the valley of the river Main.  
Hessian Rhön   Hesse 1963 700 The park includes the northwestern Rhön as well as parts of its foreland. The border with the Bavarian Rhön Nature Park runs through the high, elongated plain. The landscape of low mountains is characterized by wooded summits and high areas free of forest.  
Hessian Spessart   Hesse 1962 729 The park is characterized by oak and beech forests, deep valleys, gentle slopes, and the Spessart, which continues into Bavaria in the south. In the north it borders the Kinzig.  
Hirschwald   Bavaria 2006 278 The park was once the hunting ground of a prince-elector and is the smallest nature park in Bavaria. It is one of the oldest and largest forested areas in the entire region. It is characterized by riparian forests and steep slopes towards Vils and the river Lauterach.  
Hohe Mark   North Rhine-Westphalia 1964 1040 The park includes the wooded ridges of the Haltern Hills - the Hohe Mark (together with its western foothills the Rekener Berge and Die Berge), Haard and Borkenberge - with their gentle summits and which are located in the southern Münsterland. The region is characterised by a varied and changing landscape. It is bordered by the Haard and the Borkenberge hills.  
High Fläming   Brandenburg 1997 827 The park includes two different regions: in the north the flat lowlands of the Belziger Landschaftswiesen and in the south the hilly and wooded landscape of the High Fläming. The region is characterized by large, contiguous forest areas and a network of springs and burns.  
High Vogelsberg   Hesse 1958 384 The park includes the central range of the Vogelsberg, a former shield volcano complex with the largest basalt mass in Europe. It is characterized by broadleaf/mixed forest, some 34%, as well as grasslands and wetlands.  
Hohes Venn – Eifel   Rhineland-Palatinate
  North Rhine-Westphalia
  Belgium
1960 1751 The park includes the Eifel with the High Eifel and the High Fens. The southern High Eifel is characterized by forested ridges which are intersected by the rivers Prüm and Kyll. The foreland of the Fens has gentle hills.  
Holstein Switzerland   Schleswig-Holstein 1986 753 The park includes a multitude of lakes, such as the Lake of Plön, which were created during the last ice age and lie within the Schleswig-Holstein Uplands, crisscrossed by the rivers Schwentine and Kossau.  
Homert   North Rhine-Westphalia 1965 550 The park lies between valley of the Ruhr in the northeast and the valley of the Lenne in the southwest. This varied, forested region is characterized by hills and ridges, river valleys, bizarre cliff and rock formations.  
Hütten Hills   Schleswig-Holstein 1970 219 The park includes the Hütten Hills, the northernmost hill country in Germany, and is largely part of the Schleswig Geestland. This landscape was created by rubble left behind by the glaciers during the last ice age.  
Kellerwald-Edersee   Hesse 2001 406 The park is characterized by a low mountain range as well as gentle valleys and hills. It includes part of the Kellerwald and stretches to the Edersee. It is dissected by the Eder river. The Naturpark comprises one of the largest protected beech forests in Europe.  
Kyffhäuser   Thuringia 1990 305 The park is characterized by the geologically very different regions of the Kyffhäuser, the Windleite and the Hainleite. To the south the nature park borders the Goldene Aue. It is completely forested and show several cliffs reaching 100 meters.  
Lahn-Dill Highlands   Hesse 2007 874 The park includes the region Lahn-Dill Highlands. In the northwest the park borders the Rothaar Mountains, in the southwest it borders the Westerwald and in the south the Taunus. The park is more than half forested and partly streaked with rocky landscapes. To the northwest it is bordered by the Rothaar Mountain Nature Park.  
Lauenburg Lakes   Schleswig-Holstein 1960 474 The park includes the Lauenburg lakes such as the Ratzeburger See and the Schaalsee; roughly a quarter of the park is forest. It is characterized by terminal moraine heights and in the south by gently undulating sandur plains.  
Lower Lusatian Heath   Brandenburg 1996 484 The park is characterized by ground moraine and terminal moraine ridges, as well as glacial valleys and sandy areas, dating from the Wolstonian Stage. In the north vast contiguous forested areas extend on sandy plateaus.  
Lower Lusatian Ridge   Brandenburg 1997 586 The park includes ridge of the Niederlausitzer Landrücken, a typical terminal moraine landscape from the ice age. The region is crossed by the northwesterly extending Glogau-Baruther Urstromtal, an ancient ice-parallel meltwater channel, toward which the park slopes steeply downward.  
Lower Saale Valley   Saxony-Anhalt 2005 408 The park includes the lower Saale valley and is characterized by ice age deposits and round hills of porphyry. The lowlands are interrupted by rocky mountain ridges with steep bluffs and slopes.  
Lüneburg Heath
(Lüneburger Heide)
  Lower Saxony 1921 1130 The park includes the Lüneburg Heath, that includes typical vast heath regions; the Wümme has its source there, and runs through the park. The hilly landscape was formed by ice age glaciers. Large areas of the region are covered by pine forest.  
Maas-Schwalm-Nette   North Rhine-Westphalia
  Netherlands
1965 435 The park spans the border with the Netherlands; the borderland is characterized by vast forests. The region has quite varied terrain, crossed by the eponymous rivers Schwalm and Nette and including the areas Süchtelner Höhen and Hardter Wald.  
Märkische Schweiz   Brandenburg 1990 205 The park includes a varied hilly area, the Buckow Forest, and numerous lakes which were created by the glaciers of the last ice age. The region is dissected by valleys, and the nature park is divided by the Buckower Rinne, which was cut by meltwater of glaciers.  
Mecklenburg Switzerland and Lake Kummerow   Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 1997 673 The nature park is only sparsely forested, it comprises several lakes including Lake Malchin, Lake Kummerow and Lake Teterow. The Peene river flows through the park. The region is characterized by hill chains in the centre of the park and valleys formed by glaciers of the ice age.  
Mecklenburg Elbe Valley   Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 1998 426 The park includes the pristine river-formed landscape of the Elbe and its tributaries. The landscape is characterized by inland dune regions with specialized vegetation and the steep Elbe riverbed slopes. The region is criss-crossed by forests and heath.  
Meißner-Kaufungen Forest   Hesse 1962 421 The park includes parts of the Kaufunger Wald, the Söhre and of the Hoher Meißner. It is characterized by a varied hilly mountain landscape bordering the Münden Nature Park to the north, and lies between Werra and Fulda.  
Münden   Lower Saxony 1959 374 The park includes the northern part of the Kaufungen Forest, the Bramwald and the Dransfeld Municipal Forest. Its southern border adjoins the Meißner-Kaufung Forest Nature Park. It is characterized by hills and plateaus and vast, contiguous forested areas.  
Nassau   Rhineland-Palatinate 1963 590 The nature park lies in the Rhenish Massif and is dissected from east to west by the deeply incised, winding Lahn. Several tributary valleys steeply climb to the heights of the Westerwald.  
Neckar Valley-Odenwald   Baden-Württemberg 1980 1292 The park includes the heavily forested low mountain landscape of the Odenwald, with deeply incised valleys. Bordering landscapes are the Bauland (a mostly unwooded area with good soils) in the east, the Bergstraße in the west and the deeply incised Neckar valley in the south.  
Northern Upper Palatinate Forest
(Oberpfälzer Wald)
  Bavaria 1975 1380 The park includes the hilly low mountain landscape of the northern Upper Palatinate Forest. In the west this gives way to forests, fields, meadows, and pastures. In the east are the higher altitudes of the Bavarian Forest.  
Nossentiner/Schwinzer Heath   Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 1994 365 The park is at least 60 percent forested and contains nearly 60 partly infilled lakes and includes a wide flat landscape, with only a few hills rising above. The region is characterized by sandy land, which in places forms wind-formed dunes.  
Nuthe-Nieplitz   Brandenburg 1999 623 The park is characterized by the wet lowlands of the rivers Nuthe and Nieplitz and beech forests close to their natural state. The central area of the region was formed as a glacial meltwater feeder channel (Zwischenurstromtal) by a melting glacier at the end of the last glacial period.  
Ore Mountains/Vogtland   Saxony 1990 1495 The park includes the Erzgebirge and the Vogtland and forms a diversified landscape. A forested area runs along an undulating plateau in the Vogtland, which rises gently to the south. Deeply sunken valleys run across the Erzgebirge.  
Palatine Forest   Rhineland-Palatinate 1958 1798 With a forested area of 76 percent the park forms the largest contiguous forest in Germany. It is characterized by a varied and impressive landscape of Buntsandstein rocks found nowhere else in Germany.  
Rhine-Taunus   Hesse 1968 808 The park includes the western part of the Taunus and extends over the Idsteiner Becken to the Rhine. It is characterized by a roughly 60 percent forested low mountain landscape, which falls away steeply toward the water gap of the Rhine Gorge.  
Rhine-Westerwald   Rhineland-Palatinate 1962 446 The park is part of the Niederwesterwald, which in turn is part of the Rhenish Massif. The Wied River crosses the nature park in a valley that is broad in some places and gorge-like in others. Some 45 percent is forested.  
Rhineland[2]   North Rhine-Westphalia 1978 1052 The park is characterized by a diverse landscape and lies between the plain of the Rhine at the edge of the Cologne Bay and the Erft. The Ville mountain ridge crosses the park parallel to the Rhine.  
Rothaar Mountains   North Rhine-Westphalia 1963 1355 The park includes the Rothaar Mountains (Rothaargebirge) and is roughly 65 percent spruce and beech forest. The region ist distinguished by a diverse hilly mountain landscape between Upper Ruhr and Lahn rivers. The park is bordered to the west and northwest by Naturpark Ebbegebirge and Naturpark Homert, to the north by Naturpark Diemelsee and to the southeast by Naturpark Lahn-Dill-Bergland.  
Saale-Unstrut-Triasland   Saxony-Anhalt 1991 710 The park includes part of the middle Saale valley and the lower Unstrut valley as well as the adjoining plateaus. It is characterized by gentle hills and mostly open landscape with viticulture and orchards.  
Saar-Hunsrück   Rhineland-Palatinate
  Saarland
1980 1938 The park includes the Hunsrück, its Schwarzwalder Hochwald and the Osburger Hochwald. The region is characterized by a low mountain landscape with deeply incised valleys, forested mountain ridges, meadows and rocks.  
Schlaube Valley   Brandenburg 1995 228 The park includes in its north the heath habitat Reicherskreuzer Heide, and is characterized by ground and terminal moraines as well as thrust moraines, sandur plains and inland dunes. The region contains numerous meltwater channel systems generated in the last glacial period, notably the Schlaube, Dorche, Oelse and Demnitz.  
Schönbuch   Baden-Württemberg 1972 156 The park includes the Schönbuch and forms the largest contiguous forested area in the Stuttgart region. To the south it is confined by Ammer- and Neckar valleys. The eastern border is the Filder plateau and in the west the plain of the Gäu.  
Swabian-Franconian Forest   Baden-Württemberg 1979 904 The park is divided into five small regions: Welzheim Forest, Murrhardt Forest, Mainhardt Forest, Waldenburg Hills and Löwenstein Hills. The region is characterized by bizarre rock formations and steep slopes in the Keuper group.  
Siebengebirge   North Rhine-Westphalia 1959 48 The park includes the Siebengebirge and it is the only nature park in Germany that is designated in its entirety as a nature preserve. The region is characterized by a unique rocky landscape of volcanic origin, showing the results of erosion of volcanic rocks and exposure of intrusive rocks.  
Solling-Vogler   Lower Saxony 1966 527 The park includes both the low mountain ranges Solling and Vogler and the mountain ridge of the Burgberge that lies between them. On the west it borders on the Weser falley. The park is characterized by narrow crests, steep slopes, deeply incised valleys and large forested areas.  
Soonwald-Nahe   Rhineland-Palatinate 2005 736 The park features a diverse landscape in a small area. It comprises the Hunsrück plateaus, the quartzite crests of the Soonwald showing deeply incised streams and the Nahe River valley. The region is characterized by extensive deciduous forests.  
Southern Black Forest   Baden-Württemberg 1999 3330 Two thirds of the park is covered by forest and deeply incised by valleys of the Black Forest. In the west and south it comes close to the Rhine, in the east to the Swabian Alb - Wutach area and in the north to the Middle Black Forest.  
Stechlin-Ruppiner Land   Brandenburg 2001 683 The park is up to 62 percent forested, and borders the Naturpark Uckermärkische Seen. The region is characterized by long chain of lakes, some of them with very clear water, a rare feature in Middle Europe. The large beech forests are ecologically important.  
Steigerwald   Bavaria 1971 1280 The park is characterized by a gentle low mountain landscape, covered with beech and partly with bright oak groves. The northern border is formed by a big loop of the Main and the southern limit by the river Aisch.  
Steinhuder Meer   Lower Saxony 1974 310 The park includes the largest inland lake in northwestern Germany, the Steinhuder Meer, and is mostly bare of trees. The region is characterized by moorland, which takes up roughly a quarter of the park. The region was formed as a huge glacial ice-parallel meltwater channel (Urstromtal) during the Wolstonian Stage.  
Steinwald   Bavaria 1970 246 The park includes the Steinwald and is embedded between Fichtel Mountains and Upper Palatinate Forest. It shows a multitude of different landscapes. The western portion is characterized by a landscape of basalt domes with stone runs and bizarre rock formations resembling castles.  
Sternberg Lake District   Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2005 540 The park includes the middle Warnow valley and the Sternberg lakes. The region is characterized by forested sandur plains, the glacial meltwater valleys (Urstromtäler) of the Warnow and Mildenitz rivers, glacial lakes and terminal moraines.  
Stromberg-Heuchelberg   Baden-Württemberg 1980 328 The park includes the Stromberg hills and the Heuchelberg mountain ridge. It is characterized by a well wooded hilly landscape. Geologically, it belongs to the Keuper mountains. The north slopes are mostly forested, the south slopes are used by viticulture.  
Südheide   Lower Saxony 1963 500 The park lies in the southern Lüneburg Heath and is characterized by large forest and heath areas. The landscape dates from the ice age and is characterized by undulating to gentle hilly terrain and large contiguous forested area.  
Szczecin Lagoon   Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2005 537 The park extends south from lagoons by the Baltic Sea to the mountains of the Brohmer Berge, and is characterized by the partly flat and partly hilly terminal moraine landscape, a coast with lagoons. It comprises vast and contiguous forests of Ueckermünder Heide.  
Taunus Nature Park formerly Hochtaunus Nature Park   Hesse 1962 1202 The park includes the main range of the Taunus proper, an undulating to craggy, forested low mountain range with the river Lahn to the North. The Hochtaunus is dominated by coniferous trees, the Hintertaunus by deciduous forest.  
TERRA.vita[3]   North Rhine-Westphalia
  Lower Saxony
1962 1140 The park includes parts of the Teutoburg Forest, the Wiehen Hills and the Weser hills. The park is characterized by a rich and varied low mountain landscape, crossed by many valleys.  
Teutoburg Forest / Egge Hills   North Rhine-Westphalia 1965 2711 The park includes the mountain ranges of the southern Teutoburg Forest and Egge Hills. The landscape is characterized by a rich and varied low mountainous landscape and densely forested.  
Thuringian Highlands/
Upper Saale
  Thuringia 1990 873 The park is characterized by deeply incised valleys, above all the Saale, which winds through its valleys among the mountain ridges. The undulating plateaus are partly covered with dense spruce forests.  
Thuringian Forest   Thuringia 1990 2082 The Nature Park compices almost the entire Thuringian Forest and the Thuringian Highland. The region is mostly forested and characterized by deeply incised valleys. The Rennsteig wends its walkway along the crest.  
Uckermark   Brandenburg 1997 897 The landscape of the park was shaped in the ice age; it is more than half forested. Terminal moraine hills and lakes alternate in a small area. Apart from rubble, the ice of the Wolstonian stage left sandur plain with many moors and small elongated lakes in glacial valleys.  
Upper Bavarian Forest   Bavaria 1965 1738 The park includes the northwestern Bavarian Forest and extends from the crest line to the Falkensteiner Vorwald. The landscape is characterized by wide and gently rolling mountain ridges with their valleys and villages.  
Upper Danube   Baden-Württemberg 1980 857 The park includes the highest areas of the Swabian Jura between Lake Constance and the Black Forest. The Jura plateau is covered by extensive woodland and descends gently to the south. The region's thick limestone layers are cut by the deeply incised Danube.  
Upper Palatinate Forest   Bavaria 1971 724 The park is nearly half forested and characterized by a vast undulating to hilly landscape with many small rivers and brooks. Essentially it includes the Upper and Lower Upper Palatinate Forest.  
Usedom   Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 1999 632 The park includes the island of Usedom, the water between Usedom and the mainland, and a small strip of mainland. Roughly 30 percent of the region is forested. The park has a great variety of landscaoe forms in a small area.  
Weser Uplands-Schaumburg-Hamelin   Lower Saxony 1975 1116 The park lies in the transition area from the low mountains to the North German plain and is divided by the River Weser. A gentle slope, covered by large, contiguous forests, alternate with small valleys.  
Westensee   Schleswig-Holstein 1969 260 The park includes domelike hills as well as the Westensee, which dates from the end of the last glacial period and is crossed by Eider River. The landscape is characterized by gentle hills and valleys, forests, lakes and moors.  
Westhavelland   Brandenburg 1998 1315 The park includes the largest contiguous wetland in inland Europe and is of international significance. Large portions of the region consist of inland dunes and sandur plains. The region is crossed by the river Havel and its tributaries.  
Wildeshausen Geest   Lower Saxony 1984 1554 The park includes the lowlands on both sides of the River Hunte. The thinly forested region is characterized by part of the northwest German Geest ridge and quiet river valleys and heath plains. The region gained its current geological configuration during the Wolstonian Stage.  
Zittau Mountains   Saxony 2007 133 The park includes the Zittau Mountains (the German side of the Lusatian Mountains), and lies in the tripoint with Poland and the Czech Republic. This smallest of German low mountain ranges is characterized by variously shaped mountains of sandstone, rock formations, volcanic peaks and incised valleys.  

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Verband Deutscher Naturparke
  2. ^ Until 12 December 2005 Naturpark Kottenforst-Ville.
  3. ^ The park was previously called Nördlicher Teutoburger Wald-Wiehengebirge.

Further readingEdit

  • Karl-Heinz Bochow, Klaus Bötig, et al.: Der große ADAC-Freizeitführer – Die letzten Paradiese – Unsere schönsten Natur- und Nationalparks in Deutschland. ADAC Verlag GmbH, München und Verlag Das Beste GmbH, Stuttgart, 1995. ISBN 3-87003-661-3.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit