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National Stadium (Tokyo)

  (Redirected from National Olympic Stadium (Tokyo))

National Stadium (国立競技場, Kokuritsu kyōgijō) was a multi-purpose stadium in Kasumigaoka, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan. The stadium served as the main stadium for the opening and closing ceremonies, as well as being the venue for track and field events at the 1964 Summer Olympics. The Japan national football team's home matches and major football club cup finals were held at the stadium. The stadium's official capacity was 57,363, but the real capacity was only 48,000 seats.

National Stadium
Kokuritsu Kyōgijō
Yamazaki-nabisco-Cup final 2004.jpg
The stadium during a
J.League Cup match, 2004
Location10-2, Kasumigaoka-machi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
Public transitPrefSymbol-Tokyo.svg E25 Kokuritsu-Kyōgijō
East Japan Railway Company JB12 Sendagaya
OwnerJapan Sport Council
Capacity48,000
Field size105 m × 68 m (344 ft × 223 ft)
SurfaceGrass
Construction
OpenedMarch 1958; 61 years ago (1958-03)
Closed2014
Demolished2015
ArchitectMitsuo Katayama

Demolition was completed in May 2015, and the site will be redeveloped with a new larger-capacity National Olympic Stadium.[1] The new stadium is set to be the main venue for the 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics.

The original plans for the new stadium were scrapped in July 2015 by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who announced a rebid after a public outcry because of increased building costs. As a result, the new design was not ready for the 2019 Rugby World Cup, as originally intended.[2] A new design created by architect Kengo Kuma was chosen in December 2015 to replace the original design and is to be completed in November 2019.

HistoryEdit

The stadium was completed in 1958 as the Japanese National Stadium on the site of the former Meiji Shrine Outer Park Stadium. Its first major event was the 1958 Asian Games.

The venue was unscathed by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Yasuhiro Nakamori, international relations director for the Japanese Olympic Committee, told Around the Rings he attributed the lack of damage to Japan's stringent building codes.[3]

The National Stadium has also held a few number of music concerts in the past: The Three Tenors (Luciano Pavarotti, Plácido Domingo, and Jose Carreras) in 1996, SMAP in 2005, Dreams Come True in 2007, Arashi (15 concerts between 2008 and 2013),[4] L'Arc-en-Ciel in 2012,[5] Momoiro Clover Z in 2014,[6] AKB48 in 2014,[7] and finally, the Joint concert "Sayonara National Stadium Final Week Japan Night" in May 28 & 29, 2014,[8][9] which served as final goodbye to the stadium before being demolished, with artists such as Ikimono-gakari, Gospellers, Sukima Switch, Naoto Inti Raymi, Funky Kato, Sekai no Owari, Perfume, Man with a Mission, L'Arc-en-Ciel, among others.

Notable EventsEdit

TransportationEdit

Access to the stadium was from Sendagaya or Shinanomachi stations along the JR Chūō-Sōbu Line; from Kokuritsu Kyogijo Station on the Toei Oedo Line; and from Gaienmae Station on the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Demolition of Tokyo's old Olympic stadium completed, clearing way for new 2020 Olympic venue". espn.go.com. ESPN. 2015-05-13. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
  2. ^ Himmer, Alastair (17 July 2015). "Japan rips up 2020 Olympic stadium plans to start anew". news.yahoo.com. AFP. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Tokyo Olympic Venues Escape Earthquake Damage". Aroundtherings.com. 2011-03-11. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
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External linksEdit