The Narayanhiti Palace Museum is a public museum in Kathmandu, Nepal located east of the Kaiser Mahal and next to Thamel. The museum was created in 2008 from the complex of the former Narayanhiti Palace (or Narayanhiti Durbar) (Nepali: नारायणहिटी दरवार) following the 2006 revolution. Before the revolution, the palace was the residence and principal workplace of the monarch of the Kingdom of Nepal, and hosted occasions of state.
|Narayanhiti Royal Palace|
|Town or city||Kathmandu|
|Construction started||1963 AD|
|Client||Dhokal Singh Basnyat, King Mahendra, Bir Shumsher JBR|
|Owner||Government of Nepal|
|Structural system||Brick and Mortar|
|Size||38 acres (15 ha) or 753 ropanis|
|Design and construction|
The name, ''Narayanhiti'' is made up of two words ‘Narayana’ and ‘Hiti’. Narayan is the Hindu god Vishnu, whose temple is opposite the palace. Hiti means “water spout” in Newar Language, which is to the east of the main entrance in the precincts of the palace, a landmark that features prominently in local legends.
Ownership of the palace site changed multiple times prior to being occupied by the monarchy. The Shreepali Basnet family occupied the site during the early Shah period. After Dhokal Singh Basnyat, ownership passed to Prime Minister Fateh Jung Shah; his father, Choutaria Pran Shah, also lived on the property. Fateh was killed in the Kot massacre on 19 September 1846 and his family was killed or exiled from Kathmandu.
The property and palace was taken over by Colonel Ranodip Singh Kunwar, the brother of Jung Bahadur Rana, who moved into Choutaria's residence after minor renovations. After Ranodip became prime minister in 1877, the complex was renovated and expanded into a lavish multi-wing palace. Ranodip was assassinated during the coup d'état on 22 November 1885 in the palace's southern wing.
Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana succeeded Ranodip as Prime Minister and took over the palace. In 1886, Bir Shumsher ordered the old palace demolished, and a new one constructed by architect Jogbir Sthapit as a residence for King Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah, his son-in-law. This moved the royal residence from Hanuman Dhoka Durbar to Narayanhiti.
The palace was damaged in the 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake, killing two infant daughters of King Tribhuvan. Colonel Surya Jung Thapa, an engineer, oversaw repairs and renovations which added a new portico and grand staircase.
King Mahendra ordered the palace to be demolished and replaced in 1963. The new palace was designed by American architect Benjamin Polk, who was living in India. Nepalese architecture styles were used to create a national symbol. Construction ended in 1969. Griha Pravesh (a housewarming party) was performed on 27 February 1970 for the wedding of Crown Prince Birendra.
Revolution and reuse as a museumEdit
The Nepalese monarchy was abolished following the 2006 revolution. The last king, Gyanendra, vacated Narayanhiti on 11 June 2008. The former palace was used to house the new Narayanhiti Palace Museum. The royal crown jewels were put on display in October 2018.
Design and layoutEdit
The current Palace was ordered to renovate by King Mahendra under the design of American architect Benjamin Polk.
Gates and boundary wallsEdit
Courtyards and FountainsEdit
Hindu Temple SpireEdit
This is the iconic central tower that rises above the palace in the front. The tower is an extension of the Hindu temple beneath it.
Cost of buildingEdit
The Palace stands on the floorspace 3,794 m² (40838.28 sq ft) and is divided into three parts, the guest wing, the state wing and the private wing. Narayanhiti Palace has 52 rooms called sadan and are named after 75 Districts of Nepal. Interior of the palace is based on Late Victorian style
Reception Hall of Narayanhiti palace is named after Kaski District as Kaski Sadan. The hall is decorated with two full size taxidermy Bengal tiger in charging posture hunted by King Mahendra and King Birendra along with life-size portraits of the Shah Monarchs throughout the stairs by artist Amar Chitrakar. Gaurishankar Gate opens to Kaski Sadan and it is in Kaski Sadan where Shah Monarchs of Nepal gave audience to politicians and perform oath ceremony of Prime Minister and heads of constitutional bodies for Kingdom of Nepal.
The Throne RoomEdit
The throne room Gorkha Baithak is the center of the palace. It is right above Kaski Baithak. Construction of Gorkha Baithak is based on Hindu temple architect style with a 48 feet Chandelier hanging on a 60 feet high Pagoda style ceiling standing on four concrete columns representing Nāga, decorated with garish Hindu deities Astha Matrikas and Ashta Bhairava. It is under this high ceiling where Throne of Kingdom of Nepal was placed. It is this room where the monarch, on special occasions, gave the royal Royal Proclamation. To the right of the Gorkha Baithak, is Dolpa Sadan and was used as the room for the uninvited guests of royal family to view proceedings of Gorkha Baithak through a one-way viewing mirror.
clarification needed] of the Narayanhiti durbar was where the king used to award decorations. It was used for [clarification needed] and [clarification needed] during [clarification needed] by the royal family and for high level government and military officials.[
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