Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah

  (Redirected from Prithvi of Nepal)

Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah (Nepali: पृथ्वी बीर विक्रम शाह) (18 August 1875 – 11 December 1911) was King of Nepal from 1881 until 1911. Among the most notable events of his reign were the introduction of the first automobiles to Nepal, and the creation of strict water and sanitation systems for much of the country. King Prithvi's eldest child was Princess Royal Lakshmi Rajya Lakshmi Devi, who was married to Field Marshal Kaiser Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.[1] She was made the Crown Princess and was heir to Nepal's throne until she was in her late teens, when her brother King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah Dev was born. Until then King Prithvi only had four daughters and four from another wife.[2]

Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah
King of Nepal
Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah.jpg
Reign17 May 1881 – 11 December 1911
Coronation1 December 1881[citation needed]
PredecessorSurendra Bir Bikram Shah
SuccessorTribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah
Born18 August 1875
Basantapur, Nepal
Died11 December 1911 (aged 36) (Poisoned)
Kathmandu, Nepal
SpouseRaman Rajya Lakshmi Devi Shah
Divyeshwari Lakshmi Devi Shah
Kirti Rajya Lakshmi Devi Shah
Durga Rajya Lakshmi Devi Shah
IssuePrincess Lakshmi
Princess Rama
Princess Tara
King Tribhuvan
Princess Suman
DynastyHouse of Shah
FatherTrailokya Bir Bikram Shah
MotherLalit Rajeshwori Rajya Lakshmi Devi

Whilst King PrithiviBir was kept as a glorified prisoner and ceremonial monarch at Narayanhiti Royal Palace, his Sahebjyu brothers, who were his closest allies and confidants were exiled to Palaces across Nepal including in Palpa, Birgunj and Dhankuta from Hanuman Dhoka Royal Palace, Basantapur, to prevent any repeated attempts at regaining royal prerogatives. The royal Sahebjyus continued to lead honourable lives with full state benefits, controlled their various areas as dukedoms and often travelled to the court in Kathmandu to meet the King. However, due to some of their increasing influence in State matters, fears of a coup arose and thus, movement restrictions imposed on the family became much more severe following the end of Prime Minister Bir Sumsher's rule with Chandra Sumsher on the Prime Ministerial throne, especially in relation to getting an audience with their half brother HM King PrithiviBir at Narayanhiti Royal Palace, Kathmandu.

Much like his father, King PrithiviBir died under suspicious circumstances at a relatively young age and his son Tribhuvan ascended the throne


Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah Statue at Bhadrakali
Inscription of Statue of Prithvi Bir Bikram Bhadrakali



  1. ^ Nepal Mandal
  2. ^ "Freepages". Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah
Born: 18 August 1875 Died: 11 December 1911
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Surendra Bir Bikram Shah
King of Nepal
Succeeded by
Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah