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Nagaoka (長岡市, Nagaoka-shi) is a city located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. It is the second largest city in the prefecture, after the capital city of Niigata. As of 12 October 2018, the city had an estimated population of 271,444 in 107,374 households [1] and a population density of 300 inhabitants per square kilometre (780/sq mi). The total area of the city was 891.06 square kilometres (344.04 sq mi).[2]

Nagaoka
長岡市
Special city
Nagaoka City Hall
Nagaoka City Hall
Flag of Nagaoka
Flag
Official seal of Nagaoka
Seal
Location of Nagaoka in Niigata
Location of Nagaoka in Niigata
Nagaoka is located in Japan
Nagaoka
Nagaoka
 
Coordinates: 37°26′46.3″N 138°51′4.5″E / 37.446194°N 138.851250°E / 37.446194; 138.851250Coordinates: 37°26′46.3″N 138°51′4.5″E / 37.446194°N 138.851250°E / 37.446194; 138.851250
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu) (Hokuriku)
PrefectureNiigata
Government
 • MayorTatsunobu Isoda
Area
 • Total891.06 km2 (344.04 sq mi)
Population (October 2018)
 • Total271,444
 • Density300/km2 (790/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeZelkova serrata
• FlowerAzalea
• FishNishiki koi
Phone number0258-35-1122
Address1-4-10 Otedori, Nagaoka-shi, Niigata-ken 940-8501
WebsiteOfficial website

Contents

GeographyEdit

 
Nagaoka in winter from the sky

Nagaoka is in the center of Niigata prefecture and the surrounding Chūetsu region of Japan, between longitude 138°E and latitude 37°N. It is 80 minutes from Tokyo by way of the Joetsu Shinkansen or three hours on the Kan-Etsu Expressway and is considered a strategic traffic point in the region.. Nagaoka was an inland city until January 1, 2006, when the city merged with four municipalities-two were touching the Sea of Japan. The Shinano River flows through the city from south to north and industrial development is on both banks of the river. The Higashiyama mountain range lies to the east.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

From the north, following Nagaoka's border counterclockwise:

Sado Island is connected by sea and air routes.

ClimateEdit

Nagaoka has a Humid climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm, wet summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Nagaoka is 12.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2336 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.3 °C.[3]

Climate data for Nagaoka, Niigata (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
4.7
(40.5)
8.7
(47.7)
16.4
(61.5)
21.6
(70.9)
25.3
(77.5)
28.6
(83.5)
30.8
(87.4)
26.2
(79.2)
20.1
(68.2)
13.7
(56.7)
7.7
(45.9)
17.3
(63.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
1.4
(34.5)
4.3
(39.7)
10.8
(51.4)
16.3
(61.3)
20.5
(68.9)
24.2
(75.6)
26.0
(78.8)
21.5
(70.7)
15.3
(59.5)
9.3
(48.7)
4.2
(39.6)
12.9
(55.3)
Average low °C (°F) −1.2
(29.8)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.7
(33.3)
5.8
(42.4)
11.6
(52.9)
16.6
(61.9)
20.7
(69.3)
22.1
(71.8)
17.9
(64.2)
11.4
(52.5)
5.6
(42.1)
1.3
(34.3)
9.3
(48.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 299.7
(11.799)
168.8
(6.646)
144.4
(5.685)
96.8
(3.811)
109.0
(4.291)
132.2
(5.205)
225.5
(8.878)
148.4
(5.843)
173.8
(6.843)
194.5
(7.657)
291.7
(11.484)
340.1
(13.39)
2,324.9
(91.532)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 236
(92.9)
189
(74.4)
80
(31.5)
4
(1.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
89
(35)
600
(236.2)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 47.3 65.8 109.0 166.2 184.7 144.7 143.7 192.4 131.3 129.7 89.2 57.7 1,461.7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Nagaoka peaked at around 1995 and has declined steadily since.

Census Year Population
1970 279,395
1980 289,234
1990 290,923
2000 292,887
2010 282,674

HistoryEdit

 
Picture of annual event of the Nagaoka castle - Going into the castle for New Year greeting
 
Ukiyo-e of the Battle of Hokuetsu (Boshin War) by Utagawa Kuniteru II

The area of present-day Nagaoka was part of ancient Echigo Province. Under the Tokugawa shogunate, a castle town was constructed by Hori Naoyori lord of Nagaoka Domain in 1616. However, as the initial castle was located in an area prone to flooding by the Shinano River, a new castle was built at the site of present-day Nagaoka Station in 1617. Nagaoka flourished as under the reign of the 13 generations of the Makino clan during the Edo period. In the Boshin War of 1868 during the Meiji Restoration, Nagaoka Domain was a member of the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei against the imperial forces, and the city was reduced to rubble during the Battle of Hokuetsu. A gift of one hundred sacks of rice from a neighboring province was sold to finance a new school during the reconstruction of Nagaoka, from which the anecdote of Kome Hyappyo was born.

With the Meiji period creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889, the towns of Nagaoka and Nagaoka-honmachi were established. The two towns were merged on November 1, 1901 with the towns of Senju, Kusouzu, Ara, and village of Ouchi to form the modern town of Nagaoka, which was then raised to city status on April 1, 1906.

Municipal timelineEdit

GovernmentEdit

Nagaoka has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 34 members. The city contributes six members to the Niigata Prefectural Assembly.

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

The manufacturing industry prospered in Nagaoka following World War II, due in part to favorable location and good transportation infrastructure. Current industrial production includes precision instruments and machine tools.

  • Nippon Seiki, a manufacturer of automotive instruments, is headquartered in Nagaoka.
  • TDK-Lambda, a manufacturer of switched-mode power supplies, has a plant in Nagaoka.
  • Schlumberger, an oilfield services company has a location in Nagaoka.

EducationEdit

Universities and collegesEdit

Primary and secondary educationEdit

The city of Nagaoka operates 61 public elementary schools and 27 public middle schools. There is also one public middle school operated by the national government. Nagaoka also has nine public high schools operated by the Niigata Prefectural Board of Education and three private high schools. The prefecture also operates three special education schools in the city.

TransportationEdit

 
Nagaoka Station

RailwayEdit

 East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Joetsu Shinkansen

  JR East - Joetsu Line

  JR East - Shin'etsu Main Line

  JR East - Echigo Line

  JR East - Iiyama Line

BusEdit

Local bus service in Nagaoka is managed by Echigo Kotsu. The bus terminal located at the east entrance of Nagaoka Station serves as the hub for the route network. Service extends to all parts of the city as well as many outlying suburban areas and villages. A bus service connecting Nagaoka Station to Niigata, Niigata Station runs at intervals of approximately 30 minutes. Additionally, long-distance bus services are available to all major cities in the prefecture as well as Tokyo.

RoadEdit

ExpresswayEdit

Nagaoka JCT is a strategic interchange which connects two expressways, Hokuriku Expressway and Kan-Etsu Expressway.

  •   Hokuriku Expressway - Ōzumi PA - Nagaoka JCT - Nagaoka-kita Bus stop - Naganoshima-Mitsuke IC
  •   Kan-etsu Expressway - Echigo-Kawaguchi IC/SA - Ojiya IC - Koshiji-Nagaokaminami IC - Nagaoka IC - Nagaoka JCT

Japan National RouteEdit

Sister citiesEdit

Nagaoka is twinned with the following five cities:[6]

It also has a "Friendship city" relationship with the following city:[6]

Local attractionsEdit

Places of interestEdit

National Historic SitesEdit

FestivalsEdit

Video: 100 shots of shakudama (12 inches shell) fireworks at the Nagaoka Festival Fireworks 2015
  • Nagaoka Festival and Grand Fireworks Festival (August)
  • Nagaoka Aki Matsuri (Autumn Festival) and Kome Hyappyo Festival (October)

Notable people from NagaokaEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit