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Nagaoka (長岡市 Nagaoka-shi) is a city located in the central part of Niigata Prefecture, Japan. It is the second largest city in the prefecture, after the capital city of Niigata. As of 1 June 2016[update], the city had an estimated population of 273,746 and a population density of 307 persons per km². Its total area was 891.06 square kilometres (344.04 sq mi).
Nagaoka City Hall
Location of Nagaoka in Niigata
|Region||Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu) (Hokuriku)|
|• - Mayor||Tatsunobu Isoda|
|• Total||891.06 km2 (344.04 sq mi)|
|Population (June 2016)|
|• Density||307/km2 (800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|• Tree||Zelkova serrata|
|• Fish||Nishiki koi|
|Address||1-4-10 Otedori, Nagaoka-shi, Niigata-ken 940-8501|
Nagaoka is located in the center of Niigata prefecture and the surrounding Chūetsu region of Japan, between longitude 138°E and latitude 37°N. It is 80 minutes from Tokyo by way of the Joetsu Shinkansen or 3 hours on the Kan-Etsu Expressway. Nagaoka was an inland city until January 1, 2006, when the city merged with four municipalities-two were touching the Sea of Japan. The current Nagaoka now touches the Sea of Japan on the north and after the merger, it is still considered a strategic traffic point in the region. The Shinano River flows through it from south to north and industrial development occurs on both banks of the river. The Higashiyama mountain range lies to the east.
From the north, following Nagaoka's border counterclockwise:
- Niigata Prefecture
However, Sado Island is connected by sea and air routes.
Nagaoka receives a high amount of precipitation throughout the year, with snowfall in winter, lasting usually from early December until late March or April.
|Climate data for Nagaoka, Niigata (1981-2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||4.3
|Daily mean °C (°F)||1.3
|Average low °C (°F)||−1.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||299.7
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||236
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||47.3||65.8||109.0||166.2||184.7||144.7||143.7||192.4||131.3||129.7||89.2||57.7||1,461.7|
|Source: Japan Meteorological Agency|
The area of present-day Nagaoka was part of ancient Echigo Province. Under the Tokugawa shogunate, a castle town was constructed by Hori Naoyori lord of Nagaoka Domain in 1616. However, as the initial castle was located in an area prone to flooding by the Shinano River, a new castle was built at the site of present-day Nagaoka Station in 1617. Nagaoka flourished as under the reign of the 13 generations of the Makino clan during the Edo period. In the Boshin War of 1868 during the Meiji Restoration, the city was reduced to rubble. A gift of one hundred sacks of rice from a neighboring province was sold to finance a new school during the reconstruction of Nagaoka, from which the anecdote of Kome Hyappyo was born.
The towns of Nagaoka and Nagaoka-honmachi were established with the creation of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. The two towns were merged on November 1, 1901 with the towns of Senju, Kusouzu, Ara, and village of Ouchi to form the modern town of Nagaoka, which was then raised to city status on April 1, 1906.
- April 1, 1906: The municipality of Nagaoka is established.
- August 1, 1945: Nagaoka is reduced to rubble by 125 B-29 bombers in the Bombing of Nagaoka in World War II. 1,470 lives are lost.
- January 1963: A record-breaking heavy snowfall hits Nagaoka.
- November 15, 1982: Joetsu Shinkansen service arrives at Nagaoka Station.
- July 12–13, 2004: A heavy downpour causes extensive flooding in Nagaoka.
- October 23, 2004: The Chūetsu earthquake strikes, causing extensive damage in Nagaoka and surrounding areas.
- February 2005: Nagaoka experiences the heaviest snowfall in 19 years.
- April 1, 2005: The town of Oguni (from Kariwa District), the village of Yamakoshi (from Koshi District), the town of Nakanoshima (from Minamikanbara District), and the towns of Koshiji and Mishima (both from Santō District), were absorbed into Nagaoka. Prior to the merger, the size of Nagaoka was 262.45 km² and the population was 192,292.
- January 1, 2006: The city of Tochio, the towns of Teradomari and Yoita, and the village of Washima (all from Santō District) were absorbed into Nagaoka.
- March 31, 2010: The town of Kawaguchi (from Kitauonuma District) was absorbed into Nagaoka.
The manufacturing industry prospered in Nagaoka following the war, due in part to favorable location and good transportation infrastructure. Current industrial production includes precision instruments and the machine tools.
- Nippon Seiki, a manufacturer of automotive instruments, is headquartered in Nagaoka.
- TDK-Lambda, a manufacturer of switched-mode power supplies, has a plant in Nagaoka.
- Schlumberger, an oilfield services company has location in Nagaoka.
Universities and collegesEdit
- Nagaoka University of Technology
- National Institute of Technology, Nagaoka campus
- Nagaoka University
- Nagaoka Institute of Design
Primary and secondary educationEdit
The city of Nagaoka operates 61 public elementary schools and 27 public middle schools. There is also one public middle school operated by the national government. Nagaoka also has nine public high schools operated by the Niigata Prefectural Board of Education and three private high schools. The city also has three special education schools.
- JR East - Joetsu Shinkansen
- JR East - Joetsu Line
- JR East - Shin'etsu Main Line
- JR East - Echigo Line
- JR East - Iiyama Line
Local bus service in Nagaoka is managed by Echigo Kotsu. The bus terminal located at the east entrance of Nagaoka Station serves as the hub for the route network. Service extends to all parts of the city as well as many outlying suburban areas and villages.
A bus service connecting Nagaoka Station to Niigata, Niigata Station runs at intervals of approximately 30 minutes. Additionally, long-distance bus services are available to all major cities in the prefecture as well as Tokyo.
Ōzumi PA - Nagaoka JCT - Nagaoka-kita Bus stop - Naganoshima-Mitsuke IC
Echigo-Kawaguchi IC/SA - Ojiya IC - Koshiji-Nagaokaminami IC - Nagaoka IC - Nagaoka JCT
Japan National RouteEdit
Nagaoka is twinned with the following four cities.
- Fort Worth, Texas, United States (November 9, 1987)
- Trier, Germany (April 1, 2006)
- Romainmôtier-Envy, Switzerland (April 1, 2006)
- Honolulu, Hawaii, United States (March 2, 2012)
It also has a "Friendship city" relationship with the following city.
- Bamberg, Germany (since 10 October 1995)
Places of interestEdit
- Kome Hyappyo Monument
- Tsuginosuke Kawai Monument in Yukyuzan Park
- Haibu Nagaoka Stadium
- The Niigata Prefectural Museum of Modern Art
- Niigata Prefectural Museum of History
- Yukyuzan Park
- National Government Echigo Hillside Park
- Nagaoka Lyric Hall
- Nagaoka City Local Museum
Kawai Tsuginosuke Memorial Museum
Yamamoto Isoroku Memorial Museum
Bull wrestling in Yamakoshi
Ryōkan's grave (Ryusenji)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:Nagaoka Festival.|
- Nagaoka Festival and Grand Fireworks Festival (August)
- Nagaoka Aki Matsuri (Autumn Festival) and Kome Hyappyo Festival (October)
Notable people from NagaokaEdit
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- Ryō Hirohashi (voice actor)
- Tomoko Hoshino (actress)
- Etsu Inagaki Sugimoto (writer)
- Inoue Enryō (Buddhist philosopher and founder of Toyo University)
- Yuki Kondo (mixed martial artist)
- Jūshirō Konoe (actor)
- Koharu Kusumi (Morning Musume)
- Haruo Minami (Enka singer)
- Nobuhiro Watsuki (manga artist)
- Isoroku Yamamoto (Commander of the Japanese Navy during the first four years of World War II)
- Sister cities. Retrieved 26 March 2013. (in Japanese)