Kashiwazaki, Niigata

Kashiwazaki (柏崎市, Kashiwazaki-shi) is a city located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. As of November 30, 2020, the city had an estimated population of 81,836 in 34,883 households,[1]and a population density of 187 persons per km². The total area of the city was 442.03 square kilometres (170.67 sq mi).

Kashiwazaki

柏崎市
Kashiwazaki City Hall
Kashiwazaki City Hall
Flag of Kashiwazaki
Flag
Official seal of Kashiwazaki
Seal
Location of Kashiwazaki in Niigata
Location of Kashiwazaki in Niigata
Kashiwazaki is located in Japan
Kashiwazaki
Kashiwazaki
 
Coordinates: 37°22′18.9″N 138°33′32.4″E / 37.371917°N 138.559000°E / 37.371917; 138.559000Coordinates: 37°22′18.9″N 138°33′32.4″E / 37.371917°N 138.559000°E / 37.371917; 138.559000
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu) (Hokuriku)
PrefectureNIigata
Government
 • MayorMasahiro Sakurai
Area
 • Total442.03 km2 (170.67 sq mi)
Population
 (November 30, 2020)
 • Total81,836
 • Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeSakura
• FlowerLilium auratum
• BirdSwan
Phone number0257-23-5111
Address5-50, Chūōchō, Kashiwazaki-shi, Niigata-ken 945-8511
WebsiteOfficial website

GeographyEdit

Kashiwazaki is located in a coastal region of south-central Niigata Prefecture. Part of the city is within the borders of the Sado-Yahiko-Yoneyama Quasi-National Park. The highest elevation is the summit of Mount Gozu at 912 meters.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

ClimateEdit

Kashiwazaki has a Humid climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm, wet summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Kashiwazaki is 13.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2360 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 1.4 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Kashiwazaki has been gradually declining for the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 108,331—    
1970 94,990−12.3%
1980 95,892+0.9%
1990 99,265+3.5%
2000 97,896−1.4%
2010 91,451−6.6%

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Kashiwazaki was part of ancient Echigo Province and developed as a post station on the Hokuriku-dō highway. Under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, parts of what is now Kashiwazaki were under the control of Shiiya Domain, a minor fudai feudal domain ruled by a junior branch of the Hori clan,[4] while other parts were tenryō territory under direct control of the shogunate, or were exclaves of Kuwana Domain (Ise Province), Kaminoyama Domain (Mutsu Province), Nagaoka Domain (Echigo Province) or Yoita Domain (Echigo Province). Pre-modern Kashiwazaki was located within the holdings of Kuwana Domain. The modern town of Kashiwazaki was established on April 1, 1889, within Kariwa District, Niigata with the establishment of the municipalities system. During the Meiji period, the discovery of petroleum in the area led to an economic boom and increase in population. Kashiwazaki was elevated to city status on 1 July 1940. (It was the fifth city created within Niigata Prefecture).

On November 1, 1968, Kashiwaza absorbed the village of Kurohime, followed by the town of Kitajō on May 1, 1971 (both from Kariwa District). The city annexed part of the town of Kakizaki (from Nakakubiki District) on April 1, 1989 and the towns of Nishiyama and Takayanagi (both from Kariwa District) on May 1, 2005.

2007 earthquakeEdit

On July 16, 2007, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake hit off the coast of Kashiwazaki, killing 11 people,[5] and injuring more than 700, causing massive power outages, a tsunami warning, and other disasters. The quake forced the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant to shut down for 10 months as of May 2008.[6][7]

GovernmentEdit

Kashiwazaki has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 26 members. The city contributes two members to the Niigata Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Niigata 2nd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy and IndustriesEdit

Kashiwazaki has traditionally been a center for commercial fishing, machinery, glassware and lumber processing. The city is home to the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant, the largest nuclear generating station in the world by net electrical power rating.

Bourbon, a major confectionery company in Japan, is headquartered in Kashiwazaki.[8]

EducationEdit

Colleges and universitiesEdit

Primary and secondary educationEdit

Kashiwazaki has 27 public elementary schools and 12 public middle schools operated by the city. There are five public high schools operated by the Niigata Prefectural Board of Education. The prefecture also operates two special education schools for the handicapped.

TransportationEdit

 
Yoneyama Ōhashi Bridge

RailwayEdit

  JR East - Shin'etsu Main Line

  JR East - Echigo Line

HighwayEdit

Sister city relationsEdit

Local attractionsEdit

  • Shimoyachi Site, a National Historic Site.
  • Kashiwazaki is host to many cultural events every year, including the Kaze no Jin festival in May, En Ma Ichi in June, DonGALA in July, and Gion, also in July.

Notable people from KashiwazakiEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kashiwazaki city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ "Kashiwazaki climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Kashiwazaki weather averages". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  3. ^ "Kashiwazaki population statistics". citypopulation.de. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  4. ^ 椎谷藩 [Shiiya Clan]. asahi-net.or.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  5. ^ Alex K. Tang, PE and Anshel J. Schiff, ed. (2007). Kashiwazaki, Japan Earthquake of July 16, 2007. Reston, VA: ASCE, Technical Council on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering. ISBN 9780784410622. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
  6. ^ Kwok, Vivian Wai-yin (July 17, 2007). "Japanese Stocks Hit By Aftershocks Of Quake". Forbes. Archived from the original on June 9, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  7. ^ McErlain, Eric (July 17, 2007). "More on the Japan Quake and the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Plant". NEI Nuclear Notes. Nuclear Energy Institute. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  8. ^ "BOURBON: Company Profile: Manufacturing Quality Headquarters". Bourbon Corporation Japan. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  9. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on March 10, 2016. Retrieved July 1, 2016.

External linksEdit