Náměšť nad Oslavou

Náměšť nad Oslavou (Czech pronunciation: [ˈnaːmɲɛʃc ˈnat oslavou]) is a town in Třebíč District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,000 inhabitants. It lies on the Oslava River. The historic town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.

Náměšť nad Oslavou
Masarykovo Square
Masarykovo Square
Flag of Náměšť nad Oslavou
Coat of arms of Náměšť nad Oslavou
Náměšť nad Oslavou is located in Czech Republic
Náměšť nad Oslavou
Náměšť nad Oslavou
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°12′26″N 16°9′31″E / 49.20722°N 16.15861°E / 49.20722; 16.15861Coordinates: 49°12′26″N 16°9′31″E / 49.20722°N 16.15861°E / 49.20722; 16.15861
Country Czech Republic
RegionVysočina
DistrictTřebíč
First mentioned1234
Government
 • MayorVladimír Měrka
Area
 • Total18.62 km2 (7.19 sq mi)
Elevation
365 m (1,198 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total4,817
 • Density260/km2 (670/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
675 71
Websitewww.namestnosl.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Villages of Jedov, Otradice and Zňátky are administrative parts of Náměšť nad Oslavou.

HistoryEdit

 
Baroque bridge and the castle

Náměšť was founded in around 1220.[2] The first written mention of Náměšť is from 1234, when the castle was owned by the lords of Lomnice. In the 14th and 15th centuries, Náměšť was frequently conquered and destroyed by various armies. In 1304, Náměšť was destroyed by Cumans, in 1408 by army of Lacko of Kravaře, and during the Hussite Wars by armies of Sigismund and Albert II.[3]

From 1481 to 1563, Náměšť was owned by the lords of Lomnice again. In 1563, it was acquired by Jan Older of Zierotin, who had replaced the old Gothic castle with a new large Renaissance residence. Jan's successor Karl Older of Zierotin sold the manor to Albrecht of Wallenstein in 1628, who immediately sold it to the House of Werdenberg. The Werdenberg family owned it until 1733.[3]

From 1752 until the abolition of manorialism, Náměšť was in possession of the Haugwitz family.[2] The railway was built in 1866. In 1923, Náměšť nad Oslavou was promoted to a town.[3]

SightsEdit

The town is known for its Baroque bridge. It was built in 1737 and is decorated by twenty sculptures.[4] It has the richest sculptural decoration in Moravia and the second richest in the country after the Charles Bridge in Prague.[5]

Náměšť nad Oslavou Castle is the main landmark of the town and a national cultural monument. It is located on a hilltop above the town. It was built in 1572–1579. Today it is open to the public. It includes a castle park with valuable trees.[2][4]

The Church of Saint John the Baptist on the town sqaure was built in 1639. It replaced an old Romanesque structure. The neighbouring complex of the rectory with Chapel of Saint Anne was built in 1740–1745 in the Baroque style.[4]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Náměšť nad Oslavou is twinned with:[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ a b c "History of the castle". Náměšť nad Oslavou Castle. Retrieved 2021-11-05.
  3. ^ a b c "Historie města" (in Czech). Město Náměšť nad Oslavou. Retrieved 2021-11-05.
  4. ^ a b c "Kulturní promenáda městem a další památky" (in Czech). Městské kulturní středisko v Náměšti nad Oslavou. Retrieved 2021-11-05.
  5. ^ "Barokní most v Náměšti nad Oslavou – jeden z nejstarších mostů na Moravě" (in Czech). Czech Tourism. Retrieved 2021-11-05.
  6. ^ "Přátelství a spolupráce s městem Medzilaborce" (in Czech). Město Náměšť nad Oslavou. Retrieved 2021-11-05.

External linksEdit