Moulvibazar Sadar Upazila

Moulvibazar Sadar (Bengali: মৌলভীবাজার সদর, Sylheti: ꠝꠃꠟꠜꠤꠛꠣꠏꠣꠞ ꠡꠖꠞ) is an Upazila of Moulvibazar District[1] in the Division of Sylhet, Bangladesh.

Moulvibazar Sadar

মৌলভীবাজার সদর
ꠝꠃꠟꠜꠤꠛꠣꠏꠣꠞ ꠡꠖꠞ
Location of Moulvibazar Sadar
DivisionSylhet Division
DistrictMoulvibazar District
Government
 • MP (Maulvibazar-3)Nesar Ahmed (Awami League)
 • Upazila ChairmanMd Kamal Hossain (Awami League)
Area
 • Total344.34 km2 (132.95 sq mi)
Population
 • Total239,378
 • Density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Moulvibazari
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Postal code
3200
Websitemoulvibazarsadar.moulvibazar.gov.bd

HistoryEdit

 
Saifur Rahman Auditorium

In ancient times, the region was known as Chandrapur or Chandrarajya.[2] After the Conquest of Gour in 1303, many disciples of Shah Jalal such as Shah Mustafa migrated and settled in present-day Moulvibazar Sadar where they preached Islam to the local people. Mustafa would eventually succeed Raja Chandra Singh as the ruler of Chandrapur after marrying the Raja's daughter. Shah Farang and Shah Darang migrated to Bekhamura (Manumukh), Shah Kamaluddin to Kamalpur (Chowallish), Shah Wali Mahmud to Singkapon, Haji Ahmad Rasool to Ghorakhal (northeast of Hazari Bari), Shah Hilal to Hilalpur, and Babu Dawlat to Bibi Dawlat (Chhankhair).

In 1476, the Minister of Sylhet, Majlis Alam, and his father, Musa ibn Haji Amir, built the Goyghor Mosque. This mosque hosted shelter for the Afghan warrior, Khwaja Usman, in 1593 from the Subahdar of Mughal Bengal, Man Singh I.

In 1771, Moulvi Syed Qudratullah established a bazaar near the banks of the Manu River using his zamindari land. He started importing edible goods, such as fruits and vegetables opening up opportunities for people to purchase as well as sell. The location allowed easy access through river and land transport. The Sadar Upazila was first founded as Moulvibazar Thana in 1882. In 1912, there was an anti-British protest held in the village of Jagatshi, organised by Swami Dayananda. The anti-British Khilafat Movement in 1921 also spread to Moulvibazar and campaigners that were present included Chittaranjan Das, Hussain Ahmed Madani and Sarojini Naidu. In 1932, the Ali Amzad Government Girls' High School was opened as a public school.

During the Bangladesh Liberation War, armed resistance begun at the village of Srirainagar in Kanakpur on 27 March 1971. The Pakistani army was said to have made a surprise attack on the procession there in which two people were killed. The Naria massacre took place on 5 May in Upper Kagabala. On 20 December, a number of people were killed and wounded by mine explosions at the premises of the Moulvibazar Government High School. The thana was turned into an upazila in 1984. In 2005, the Saifur Rahman Stadium was established, acting as a multi-use arena fitting 15,000 people.

GeographyEdit

Moulvibazar Sadar is located at 24°28′40″N 91°46′00″E / 24.4778°N 91.7667°E / 24.4778; 91.7667. It has 40,573 households and total area 344.34 km². It is bordered by Balaganj in the north, Rajnagar and Kamalganj in the east, Srimangal in the south and Nabiganj in the west.

AdministrationEdit

 
Moulvibazar War Cemetery
 
The Welcome Square of Moulvibazar

The upazila has 12 Union Parishads and 1 pourashava. In total, there are 192 mouzas and 434 villages. The UPs and pourashava are as follow:

PourashavaEdit

The pourashava is made up of 9 wards:

  • Ward 1: North Samoli, Banani, Shoiyarpur, Forest Office, Girzapara, Kashinath, Shamshernagar
  • Ward 2: Borobari, Bonosree, Raghunandanpur, East Court, Circuit House, Mission Area, Shonapur, West Borshijura
  • Ward 3: Arambag, Kalimabad, Noyagaon, Chubra, West Court
  • Ward 4: Madhyapara, Shantibag, Muslim Quarter
  • Ward 5: Berry Lake Char, Lakeview, Shahbag, Golbag, Paschim Bazar,
  • Ward 6: Borohat, Kushumbag, Baroikona, Boliyarbag, Upazila Complex
  • Ward 7: Dargah Mahalla, Kazirgaon, New Hospital, East Gavindasri, Sultanpur
  • Ward 8: Darzi'r Mahal, Dhorkapon, Gavindasri, Sabuzbag
  • Ward 9: Borkapon, Daarok, Sheikh-er Gaon, Khindur, North Mustafapur

AkhailkuraEdit

  • Akhailkura, Amoya, Dhanpur, Durgapur
  • Banesree, Basudevsree, Bekamura
  • Omarpur, West Sreepati
  • Kazir Bazar, Karma Chetta, Kamargaon
  • Golapganj, Chandpur, Sampasi, Sabaspur, nowarai, kamargaon
  • Jumapur, Jagatpur, Jamalpur, Haor East Seoyaijuri
  • Kadipu, Kandigaon, Khairpur, Khoishwra, Khargaon
  • Mirpur, Majlispur, Mubarakpur, Noarai
  • Paguriya, Palpur, Parashi Mahal, Patantola, Roypur, Rasulpur
  • Sanandapur, Sumarai (Jamonia), South Kakerkona

AmtailEdit

This union has 9 wards with a total of 51 villages:

  • Ward 1 (Shojjopasha): Basuriya, Jajuya, Shujjopasha, Shatahol
  • Ward 2 (Khushhalpur): Khushhalpur, Sampadpur, Bogargaon
  • Ward 3 (Amtail): Amtail, Dhora, Khojabandpur, Haripur, Khilgaon
  • Ward 4 (Maskandi): Maskandi, Govindpur, Ishipur, Bolrampur, West Maskandi
  • Ward 5 (Ghagutiya): Ghagutiya, Shonkapon
  • Ward 6 (Aatgaon): Aatgaon, Barhaal, Potka, Pongdhorai
  • Ward 7 (Oloha): Oloha, Joduroloha, Srichandraraghu, Mukundpur, Patuli, Ronkeli, Bhabanipur, Chamatkar, Baraharmanik, Ataishohal, Pangjanaki, Chandibar
  • Ward 8 (Jagatshi): Barahartilak, Jagatshi, Barahar, Durgapur, Poran Sena, Adpasha, Fultail, Debaijagatshi, Binshona, Lamajagatshi
  • Ward 9 (South Chamatkar): South Chamatkar, Shah Mamodpur, Kodupur, Dughor, Mallikpur, Ponglilai

ChandnighatEdit

This union has 33 areas/villages:

  • Sompashi, Ataishpaika, Badesompashi, Matabpur, Kittarmahal, Pahar Borshijura, Samerkona
  • Mamruzpur, Noorpur, Ashiya, Shabiya, Rayshar, Boliyarbhag, Muktarchek, Borotila, Bagghor
  • Godadhorbhag, Chandnighat, Dheupasha, Guzarai, Borshijura, Matarkapon, Gozimara, Nichhinpur
  • Kushirai, Islampur, Balikandi, Dokkhin Mulaim, Maijpara, Hasanpur, Salami Tila, Bashtola

EkatunaEdit

This union has 9 wards with a total of 43 areas/villages:

  • Ward 1: Biraimabad, Borkapon, Karamullahpur, Burikona, Chandor Mahal
  • Ward 2: Khwajargaon, Narainpur, Ghonshyampur, Nabinagar, Dighor Dishalok
  • Ward 3: Dishalok, Boiridolon, Kaniya, Borobari, Sadatpur
  • Ward 4: Uluail, Matabopur, Bade Uluail, Lalapur, Banesree
  • Ward 5: Ekatuna, Kochua, Digomborpur
  • Ward 6: Mallaik Sarai, Uttor Mulaim, Salamatpur, Khilgaon, Doshhaal
  • Ward 7: Dokkhinbali, Donashree, Tilkor, Nidhirmahal
  • Ward 8: Singkapon, Gondehori, Boroman, Kuisar, Bangaon, Sajiuri
  • Ward 9: Rayashree, Monuhorkona, Dokkhin Singkapon, Kamar Kapon, Dhoriboroman

GiyasnagarEdit

This union has 9 wards with a total of 29 villages:

  • Ward 1: Fazilpur, Bhujbol, Radhakantapur
  • Ward 2: Karimnagar, Srimangal, Shongori, Goala, Doriya'r Mahal
  • Ward 3: Anikelibor, Gaurargaon
  • Ward 4: Banika, Barabhim, Nizbhag, Kaliyargaon, Anikelibuda, Surukeli
  • Ward 5: Muhammadpur, Ranbhim, Ranguriya, Dashrail, Bubasara
  • Ward 6: Giyasnagar, Shahapur
  • Ward 7: Gomra, Premangar
  • Ward 8: Niteshwar
  • Ward 9: Kodupur, Akbarpur, Moulvi Cha Bagan

KamalpurEdit

  • Basudevsri, North Poilbhag, Khalishpur, Karmachita, Fazilpur, Troilokkhobijoy
  • Surapur, Umarpur, North Baranti, North Nandipur, Nalihuri, Troipoti
  • Goyghor, Raypur, Goalgaon, Montola, Kamalpur, Islampur
  • Ajmani, Sampasi, Abdalpur, Ainpur, South Poilbhag, Sunampur
  • Doyalnagar, Nandipur, Palkapon, South Baranti, Pabiura, Chimatvamani
  • Maij Barmotni, Radhanagar, Shorbonalihuri, Abda, West Poilbhag

KanakpurEdit

Kanakpur Union has 49 villages:

  • Haridatta, Shaoniya, Abda, Bachandar, Satyapur, Barhal, Halgar
  • Rakha, Nagra, Audatta, Ballabhdatta, Bhadgaon, Binshona, Rangdas
  • Kobiraji, Dojbali, Poilpara, Chondibhandar, Buddhimontopur, Khagrakandi, Bagmara
  • Maijpara, Kandipara, Bidya'r Mahal, Islampur, Damiya, Fatehpur, Durlabhpur
  • Dattabinshona, Banidhupi, Dvipiya, Thekshaliya, Harmahal, Dhoupasha, Khasharikona
  • Doliya, Srirampur, Srirainagar, Poton, Bajekrati, Kanakpur
  • Shariya, Goyghor, Noldariya, Rajapur, Borkapon, Raypur, Mamkarpur, Nandiura

KhalilpurEdit

This union has 9 wards with a total of 28 villages:

  • Ward 1: Afrozganj, Notunbosti, Sherpur, Brahmangram
  • Ward 2: Hamorkona
  • Ward 3: Daudpur, Nadampur, Mobarakpur
  • Ward 4: Aainpur, Bagarai, Srichandrapur
  • Ward 5: Kalargaon, Shahabad, Nasirpur, Fatehpur
  • Ward 6: Chanpur, Aalapur, Lamua, Betori
  • Ward 7: Khalilpur
  • Ward 8: Khanjanpur, Katarai, Gorarai, Halimpur
  • Ward 9: Keshavchar, Satiya, Dewannagar, Baro Baua

ManumukhEdit

This union has 9 wards with a total of 24 villages:

  • Ward 1: West Shadhuhati, Rafinagar
  • Ward 2: East Shadhuhati
  • Ward 3: Pangmadhpur, Shorabpur, Badefatehpur
  • Ward 4: Sarkar Bazar, Muzaffarabad, Bahadurpur
  • Ward 5: Karimpur, Ghorakhal, Islampur
  • Ward 6: Baurbhag
  • Ward 7: Nadampur, Notpara, Shumarai, Kakoirkona, Araihal
  • Ward 8: Bajrakona, Sridharpur
  • Ward 9: Manumukh Bazar, Channpur, Paygambarpur, Seowaijuri

MostafapurEdit

Mostafapur Union has 33 villages:

  • Hilalpur, Shompashi, Ghorua, Bahar Mordan, Kuchar Mahal, Gandarvpur, Lamajagannathpur, Pagoliya
  • Mostafapur, West Mostafapur, Kamarshuta, North Jagannathpur, Goalabari, Shonapur, Jagannathpur
  • Kotar Mahal, Harinarayanpur, Goyghor, Sribour, Fotehpur, Baurghoriya, Khojar Mahal, Birbali
  • Badeshompashi, Ekagopal, Jinaikaist, Jagatshi, Changaon, Folaun, Komla Kolosh, Mutukopur, Ajmeru, Ramabollav

NazirabadEdit

  • Agonshi, Aatghor, North Aatghor, Purarchak Aatghor, Daparpar, East Aatghor, Kollanpur, Jotorpur, Dashpara
  • Majhpara, Baidyagyati, Sripur, Boroiuri, Haji Miskeen, Chhikarail, Shungori, Doshkahaniya
  • Baroikhali, Damdoshi, Dughor, Biraimpur, Ghorachhao, Bhugorkangshail, Ramkona, Hussainpur, Jyakandi
  • Sholpo Jyakandi, Komlakolosh, Kongaon, Lambadharpur, Govindupur, Mordonhaal, Betuyakhali, Manikhao
  • Naraipasha, East Naraipasha, West Naraipasha, North Naraipasha, Noyagaon, Nazirabad, Ratgaon, Shitashri

Upper KagabalaEdit

  • Binnigram, Bhuigaon, Adorshogram, South Upper Kagabala, Upper Kagabala, Bortola, Gowauri, Nij Athangiri
  • Athangiri, Dhondash, Churahun, Milonpur, Sheikh'er Ijra, Daulatpur, Mohammadpur, North Kagabala
  • Uishongkor, Aatkandi, Noriya, Mitipur, Ilashpur, Pudnapur, Birgaon (Rotonpur), Nimarai, Brahmankandi
  • Agiun, Rampur, Shimuliya, Lokhairkandi, Shatbag, East Kagabala, South Kagabala

Upazila ChairmanEdit

The current Upazila Chairman of Moulvibazar Sadar Upazila is Md Kamal Hussain of Awami League. He has been the Upazila Chairman since March 2019 and is also the 2nd Joint General Secretary of Moulvibazar District unit of Awami League. He studied at Moulvibazar Government College.

DemographicsEdit

 
Moulvibazar Government High School

As of the 1991 Bangladesh census, Moulvibazar Sadar has a population of 239,378. It has now grown to 281,593 according to later censuses. Males constitute 51.56% of the population, and females 48.44%. It's over-18 population is 126,303. There are over 45,000 Hindus, 150 Buddhists, 17 Christians and 319 of other faiths.[1]

EducationEdit

According to Banglapedia, Ali Amzad Government Girls' High School, founded in 1932, is a notable secondary school. Moulvibazar Sadar has an average literacy rate of 48.6%.[3] The literacy rate for the urban areas is 65.2% while in the rural areas it is 45.7%.[1] The Upazila has 5 colleges as well as vocational, primary teacher, nurse, youth, blind welfare training institutes. It also has a co-operative institute, a horticulture research institute. There are 17 primary schools and 7 community and satellite schools, in addition to 16 kindergartens. In total, there are 42 madrasas.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Wadud, Shah Abdul (2012). "Maulvibazar Sadar Upazila". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. ^ শের সওয়ার, চাবুক মার (in Bengali). Shaptahik. 2009.
  3. ^ "Population Census Wing, BBS". Archived from the original on 27 March 2005. Retrieved 10 November 2006.
  4. ^ "Bangladeshi restaurant boss Bajloor Rashid made MBE". BBC News. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Honour for food industry captain". Kent: This Is Kent. 6 January 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  6. ^ "Saifur Rahman's life sketch". The Daily Star. 5 September 2009. Archived from the original on 7 October 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2019.