Monica Elizabeth Crowley[1] (born September 19, 1968) is the former Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs for the U.S. Department of the Treasury.[2][1] She has been a political commentator and lobbyist.[3] She was a Fox News contributor, where she worked (with a few breaks) from 1996 to 2017. She is a former online opinion editor for The Washington Times and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Monica Crowley
United States Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Public Affairs
In office
July 24, 2019 – January 20, 2021
PresidentDonald Trump
Preceded byTony Sayegh
Succeeded byCalvin Mitchell
Personal details
Monica Elizabeth Crowley

(1968-09-19) September 19, 1968 (age 55)
Fort Huachuca, Arizona, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
EducationColgate University (BA)
Columbia University (MA, PhD)

In December 2016, the Donald Trump administration announced that Crowley would be appointed a deputy national security advisor for the National Security Council. She withdrew a month later following reports that she had plagiarized portions of her 2012 book What the (Bleep) Just Happened? and her 2000 Ph.D. dissertation that Columbia concluded did not meet the level of "research misconduct."[4] On July 16, 2019, Trump announced Crowley's appointment as spokesperson for the Treasury Department. On July 24, 2019, she was sworn into office.[5]

Early life and education


Crowley was born at Fort Huachuca,[6] an Army base located outside Sierra Vista, Arizona, and grew up in Warren Township, New Jersey. Crowley graduated from Watchung Hills Regional High School in 1986.[7] She holds a BA in political science from Colgate University and a Ph.D. in international relations from Columbia University (2000). She plagiarized parts of her dissertation at Columbia that Columbia concluded did not meet the level of "research misconduct".[8][9]




External videos
  [Nixon Off the Record] | Booknotes interview with Crowley on Nixon off the Record', September 29, 1996, C-SPAN

In the mid-1990s, Crowley wrote a regular column for the New York Post.[10] She has also written for The New Yorker,[11] The Washington Times,[12] The Wall Street Journal,[13] the Los Angeles Times, and the Baltimore Sun.

Crowley was a commentator for National Public Radio's Morning Edition in the mid-1990s.[14] Since 2002, she hosts a nationally syndicated radio show, The Monica Crowley Show,[15] and she is a regular contributor to The John Batchelor Show.

In 1996, Crowley joined Fox News Channel, where she was a foreign affairs and political analyst and occasionally substituted for Sean Hannity on Fox News Channel's Hannity. In 2004, she joined MSNBC's Connected: Coast to Coast with co-host Ron Reagan. After a nine-month run, the last show aired on December 9, 2005. Crowley has also been a recurring guest on Imus in the Morning and has hosted the MSNBC broadcast The Best of Imus in the Morning. In 2007, she returned as a contributor to Fox News Channel. She was also a regular participant on The McLaughlin Group from late 2007 to 2011.

Crowley was an occasional panelist on Fox News Channel's late-night talk show; Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld. Since 2009, she has been a guest host for Bill O'Reilly on The O'Reilly Factor and his subsequent podcast and appeared opposite Alan Colmes on an episode of The O'Reilly Factor in a segment called "Barack and a Hard Place". She is also an occasional guest host on the daily (5:00 pm ET) Fox opinion show, The Five.

Crowley appeared in the TV series 24 in 2001, and in the Netflix original series House of Cards in 2013, portraying herself in both.[16] She has been a guest on The Colbert Report in 2005 (S1 • Episode 9)[17] and on Real Time With Bill Maher in 2003 (S1 • Episode 2).[18]

In election-day commentary in 2016 on Fox News, speaking of Republican candidate Donald Trump's impending upset victory, Crowley said, "This is a revolt of the unprotected class against the protected elite class."[19]



As a student, Crowley began writing letters to former President Richard Nixon, who hired her as a research assistant in 1990[20] when she was 22.[21][22] She was an editorial advisor and consultant on Nixon's last two books, and following Nixon's death, she published two books about him: Nixon off the Record: His Candid Commentary on People and Politics and Nixon in Winter.

In March 2017, Crowley joined the firm of Douglas Schoen as a part-time consultant, providing "outreach services" on behalf of Ukrainian industrialist and political figure Victor Pinchuk. Crowley registered as a foreign agent as required by the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938.[23][24]

Following Trump's election victory, it was announced in December 2016 that Crowley would join the Trump administration as a deputy national security advisor. Following this announcement,[25] on July 16, 2019 Trump announced Crowley's appointment as Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs in the Treasury Department.[2][1] Crowley replaced Tony Sayegh, who left the position in May, as the top spokeswoman for Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin.[26]



Journalistic plagiarism

External videos
  Booknotes interview with Crowley on Nixon off the Record, September 29, 1996, C-SPAN

Crowley has been shown to have committed extensive plagiarism, which she has denied. In 1999, Crowley was accused of plagiarism related to a column on Richard Nixon she wrote for The Wall Street Journal[13] which contained "striking similarities" (according to the Journal) to a piece written 11 years earlier by Paul Johnson.[8][27] When contacted by The New York Times for comment, Crowley responded, "I did not, nor would I ever, use material from a source without citing it."[27]

On January 7, 2017, CNN published a report documenting numerous instances of plagiarism in Crowley's 2012 book, What the (Bleep) Just Happened? The book includes about 50 examples of copying freely from published sources with no attribution given, including from Wikipedia.[28] In a statement, the Trump transition team called the plagiarism report "nothing more than a politically motivated attack" and stood by her.[29]

Two days later, on January 9, 2017, Politico reported that a dozen additional instances of plagiarism were in Crowley's 2000 Ph.D. dissertation on international relations at Columbia University.[8][30] In December 2019, an internal Columbia University investigation concluded that Crowley had engaged in “localized instances of plagiarism” but that the plagiarism did not meet the level of "research misconduct."[31]

Shortly after reports emerged that she plagiarized the book What the (Bleep) Just Happened?, the publisher of the book, HarperCollins, announced:[32]

The book, which has reached the end of its natural sales cycle, will no longer be offered for purchase until such time as the author has the opportunity to source and revise the material.

On January 16, 2017, Crowley withdrew from consideration for the role of senior director of strategic communications at the National Security Council in the Trump administration. "I have decided to remain in New York to pursue other opportunities," she said in a statement.[33] The Washington Times, where she served previously as online opinion editor, said the same day that it would be investigating her work at the paper for possible incidents of additional plagiarism by her.[34]

Crowley subsequently told Fox News host Sean Hannity, "What happened to me was a despicable, straight-up, political hit job" and said that it had been "debunked."[35] Andrew Kaczynski, the CNN reporter who first reported instances of plagiarism in Crowley's book, called her claims of innocence false and "complete BS,"[35] stating: "No one has yet to point out a single inaccuracy in our reporting or asked for a correction on it. Monica Crowley v. reality."[36]

Barack Obama conspiracy theories


Crowley has on multiple occasions spread conspiracy theories that President Barack Obama is secretly a Muslim.[37] In 2010, after Obama defended the right to build the Islamic community center Park51 in Lower Manhattan near the World Trade Center, Crowley suggested he had dual loyalties to Islam and the United States, and asked, "How could the enemy?" In 2013, she said that the Muslim Brotherhood had "found an ally" in Obama.[37]

In 2009, she noted that Obama used his full name, Barack Hussein Obama, during his swearing in as president (which presidents typically do), had early in his presidency ordered the closure of the Guantánamo Bay detention camp, and granted an interview to the media outlet Al Arabiya, saying this "tells you where his head is and, possibly, his sympathies. Just sayin'."[37]

In 2011, Crowley said that birther conspiracy theories about Obama raised legitimate concerns.[37]

In 2015, she shared an article which described Obama as an "Islamic community organizer" who was "conforming US policy to Islam and Sharia."[37]

Personal life


Crowley's brother-in-law was the late liberal political commentator Alan Colmes, who was married to Crowley's sister, Jocelyn Elise Crowley, a professor of public policy at Rutgers University.[38]


  • Nixon Off the Record: His Candid Commentary on People and Politics. New York: Random House. 1996. ISBN 9780679456810. OCLC 473225114.
  • Nixon in Winter. New York: Random House. 1998. ISBN 9780679456957. OCLC 37688321.
  • What the (Bleep) Just Happened?: The Happy Warrior's Guide to the Great American Comeback. New York: Broadside Books, an imprint of HarperCollinsPublishers. 2012. ISBN 9780062131157. OCLC 768800592.


  1. ^ a b c "President Donald J. Trump Announces Intent to Appoint Personnel to Key Administration Posts". Retrieved July 23, 2019 – via National Archives.
  2. ^ a b Bowden, John (July 16, 2019). "Trump taps Monica Crowley to be Treasury spokeswoman". The Hill. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  3. ^ "Trump's pick for national security role now lobbying for Ukrainian tycoon". Politico. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  4. ^ Kaczynski, Andrew; Acosta, Jim (January 16, 2017). "Monica Crowley bows out of Trump administration post following plagiarism revelations". CNNMoney. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  5. ^ "Monica Crowley". U.S. Department of the Treasury. Archived from the original on October 27, 2020. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
  6. ^ "Monica Crowley, Conservative Commentator & Author". Archived from the original on June 26, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
  7. ^ "Watchung Hills Regional High School. Hall of Frames" (PDF). Retrieved July 15, 2023.
  8. ^ a b c Caton, Alex; Watkins, Grace (January 9, 2017). "Trump Pick Monica Crowley Plagiarized Parts of Her Ph.D. Dissertation". Politico. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
  9. ^ Baker, Olivia (January 11, 2011). "Following plagiarism accusations, Columbia will not say if it will rescind former Trump pick's Ph.D." Columbia Daily Spectator.
  10. ^ "Monica Crowley". New York Post. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  11. ^ Crowley, Monica (July 29, 1996). "Nixon Unplugged (abstract)". The New Yorker. pp. 42–.
  12. ^ "Monica Crowley". The Washington Times. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  13. ^ a b Noah, Timothy (August 23, 1999). "Nixon's Monica Stonewalls About Plagiarism!". Slate. ISSN 1091-2339. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  14. ^ "Monica Crowley". WABC Radio. Archived from the original on January 2, 2012. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  15. ^ "TRN Entertainment Announces Continuation of the Weekend Monica Crowley Show – Talk Radio Network". Retrieved February 20, 2012.
  16. ^ "Monica Crowley | Career Overview in TV Shows". Metacritic. Retrieved January 16, 2024.
  17. ^ "The Colbert Report S1 • Episode 9 Monica Crowley". Metacritic. Retrieved January 16, 2024.
  18. ^ "Real Time With Bill Maher S1 • Episode 2 Monica Crowley et al". Metacritic. Retrieved January 16, 2024.
  19. ^ Bauder, David (November 9, 2016). "Election coverage an unexpected thrill ride on TV". Associated Press. Retrieved January 12, 2017.
  20. ^ "Monica Crowley on Working for President Nixon". Richard Nixon Foundation. July 18, 2012. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021 – via YouTube.
  21. ^ Romano, Carlin (August 27, 1996). "Taking good notes helped Monica Crowley, 27". Boca Raton News. Boca Raton, Florida. Knight Ridder. p. 9A. Retrieved October 9, 2009 – via Google News.
  22. ^ Crowley, Monica (1998). Nixon in Winter: The Final Revelations. I.B.Tauris. pp. 2–. ISBN 978-1-86064-266-1.
  23. ^ Gramer, Robbie (March 14, 2017). "One-Time Trump National Security Pick Registers As Foreign Agent for Ukrainian Oligarch". Foreign Policy.
  24. ^ Short-Form Registration Statement Pursuant to the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, as amended, received by United States Department of Justice National Security Division/FARA Registration Unit 03/10/2017 4:46:57 PM.
  25. ^ "Fox News Terminates Monica Crowley's Contract as She Reportedly Takes Trump Job". Mediaite. December 15, 2016.
  26. ^ Ellefson, Lindsey (July 17, 2019). "Former Fox News Contributor Monica Crowley Tapped to Be Assistant Treasury Secretary". The Wrap. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
  27. ^ a b Barringer, Felicity (August 16, 1999). "Media Talk; Journal Article on Nixon Conjures Deja Vu". The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
  28. ^ Kaczynski, Andrew (January 7, 2017). "Trump pick Monica Crowley plagiarized multiple sources in 2012 book". CNNMoney. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  29. ^ Morin, Rebecca (January 7, 2017). "Report: Trump's NSC comms pick plagiarized tracts in 2012 book". Politico.
  30. ^ Hartmann, Margaret (January 9, 2017). "Trump National Security Pick Monica Crowley Plagiarized Ph.D. Dissertation Too". New York. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
  31. ^ Rappeport, Alan (December 20, 2019). "Columbia Inquiry Found Plagiarism in Monica Crowley's Dissertation". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  32. ^ Kaczynski, Andrew (January 10, 2017). "HarperCollins pulls Trump pick Monica Crowley's book amid plagiarism revelations". Retrieved January 10, 2017.
  33. ^ Trudo, Hanna (January 16, 2017). "Monica Crowley not taking role in Trump administration". Politico. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  34. ^ Stephen Dinan, Monica Crowley to forgo post in Trump White House, The Washington Times (January 16, 2017).
  35. ^ a b Meera Jagannathan, Monica Crowley claims plagiarism allegations were ‘a despicable, straight-up, political hit job', New York Daily News (March 8, 2017).
  36. ^ Andrew Desiderio, CNN Calls B.S. on Monica Crowley Claiming Her Plagiarism Was Debunked', Daily Beast (March 10, 2017).
  37. ^ a b c d e Kaczynski, Andrew; McDermott, Nathan (July 25, 2019). "Treasury pick Monica Crowley spread Obama smears: 'Can he be both loyal to Islam and loyal to the United States?'". CNN. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  38. ^ Sabloff, Nicholas (November 12, 2008). "Monica Crowley, Sister Of Alan Colmes' Wife Jocelyn". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 17, 2009.