Miss Universe 1994, the 43rd Miss Universe pageant, was held on 21 May 1994[a] at the Plenary Hall of the Philippine International Convention Center in Pasay, Philippines. 77 contestants competed during this year.
|Miss Universe 1994|
|Date||May 21, 1994[a]|
|Venue||Philippine International Convention Center, Pasay, Metro Manila, Philippines|
ABS-CBN (official broadcaster)
|Winner||Sushmita Sen |
|Congeniality||Barbara Kahatjipara |
|Best National Costume||Charlene Gonzales |
Best in Philippine Terno Gown
|Miss Universe 1994|
|Interview||Swimsuit||Evening Gown||Semifinal Average||Top 6 Question|
|India||9.253 (3)||9.562 (5)||9.722 (2)||9.792 (3)||9.692 (3)||9.667 (2)|
|Colombia||9.268 (1)||9.655 (2)||9.638 (3)||9.897 (1)||9.730 (1)||9.683 (1)|
|Venezuela||9.126 (7)||9.592 (3)||9.752 (1)||9.843 (2)||9.729 (2)||9.667 (2)|
|Slovak Republic||8.946 (10)||9.668 (1)||9.447 (6)||9.700 (6)||9.605 (4)||9.467 (5)|
|Philippines||9.225 (4)||9.587 (4)||9.425 (5)||9.720 (4)||9.577 (5)||9.433 (6)|
|United States||9.202 (5)||9.478 (6)||9.510 (4)||9.697 (7)||9.562 (6)||9.540 (4)|
|Italy||9.159 (6)||9.378 (8)||9.325 (7)||9.708 (5)||9.470 (7)|
|Sweden||9.000 (8)||9.423 (7)||9.078 (10)||9.643 (8)||9.381 (8)|
|Switzerland||8.973 (9)||9.298 (9)||9.197 (9)||9.623 (9)||9.373 (9)|
|Greece||9.256 (2)||9.027 (10)||9.288 (8)||9.618 (10)||9.311 (10)|
|Best National Costume|
Order of Announcements
- United States
- Slovak Republic
- Slovak Republic
- United States
List of contestantsEdit
- Argentina - Solange Magnano †
- Aruba - Alexandra Ochoa
- Australia - Michelle van Eimeren
- Austria - Bianca Engel
- Bahamas - Meka Knowles
- Belgium - Christelle Roelandts —(Ivory Ultra Mild beauty care & soap award)
- Bolivia - Cecilia O'Connor-d'Arlach
- Brazil - Valéria Melo Peris
- British Virgin Islands - Delia Jon Baptiste
- Bulgaria - Nevena Marinova
- Canada - Susanne Rothfos
- Cayman Islands - Audrey Elizabeth Ebanks
- Chile - Constanza Barbieri
- Colombia - Carolina Gómez Correa
- Cook Islands - Leilani Brown
- Costa Rica - Yasmin Camacho
- Curaçao - Jasmin Clifton
- Cyprus - Maria Vasiliou
- Denmark - Gitte Andersen —(Winner for Minolta Photo Contest Award & Philippine Airlines Ambassador to the World)
- Dominican Republic - Vielka Valenzuela
- Ecuador - Mafalda Arboleda
- Egypt - Ghada El-Salem
- El Salvador - Claudia Méndez
- Estonia - Eva-Maria Laan
- Finland - Henna Meriläinen
- France - Valerie Claisse
- Germany - Tanja Wild
- Great Britain - Michaela Pyke
- Greece - Rea Toutounzi
- Guam - Christina Perez
- Guatemala - Katya Schoenstedt
- Honduras - Jem Haylock
- Hong Kong - Mok Hoi-Yan
- Hungary - Szilvia Forian
- Iceland - Svala Björk Arnardóttir
- India - Sushmita Sen
- Ireland - Pamela Flood
- Israel - Ravit Yarkoni
- Italy - Arianna David
- Jamaica - Angelie Martin
- Japan - Chiaki Kawahito
- Korea - Goong Sun-young
- Luxembourg - Sandy Wagner
- Malaysia - Liza Koh
- Malta - Paola Camilleri
- Mauritius - Viveka Babajee †
- Mexico - Fabiola Pérez Rovirosa — (2nd Runner up for Best in Philippine Terno gown)
- Namibia - Barbara Kahatjipara
- Netherlands - Irene van der Laar
- New Zealand - Nicola Brighty
- Nigeria - Suzan Hart
- Northern Mariana Islands - Elizabeth Tomokane
- Norway - Caroline Saetre
- Panama - María Sofía Velásquez
- Paraguay - Liliana González
- Peru - Karina Calmet
- Philippines - Charlene Gonzales —(Ivory Ultra Mild beauty care & soap award)
- Poland - Joanna Brykczynska
- Portugal - Mónica Pereira
- Puerto Rico - Brenda Robles
- Republic of China - Joanne Wu —(2nd Runner- Up for Minolta Photo Contest)
- Romania - Mihaela Ciolacu
- Russia - Inna Zobova
- Singapore - Alien Sun
- Slovak Republic - Silvia Lakatošová (1st Runner up for Best in Philippine Terno gown)
- Spain - Raquel Rodríguez —(1st Runner-Up for Minolta Photo Contest)
- Sri Lanka - Nushara Pramali
- Swaziland - Nicola Smith
- Sweden - Domenique Forsberg
- Switzerland - Patricia Fässler
- Thailand - Areeya Chumsai —(Winner for Miss Kodak Smile Award)
- Trinidad and Tobago - Lorca Gatcliffe
- Turkey - Banu Usluer
- Turks and Caicos Islands - Eulease Walkin
- Uruguay - Leonora Dibueno
- United States - Lu Parker
- Venezuela — Minorka Mercado — (Winner for Best in Philippine Terno gown)
- Zimbabwe - Yvette D'Almeida-Chakras
Order of IntroductionEdit
The following table is the order of introduction in the Parade of Nations segment in the regional groups, randomly-ordered.
|Geographical Region / Continent||Order of Country / Territory Introduction|
|Central and North America|
|Europe and The British Isles|
|Mediterranean, Middle East, and Africa|
|Asia and The Land Down Under|
- Slovakia attended for the first time, after separating from Czechoslovakia. Silvia Lakatošova was the winner of Miss Czech and Slovak Republic in 1993, which was the national pageant together with the Czech Republic.
Last competed in 1992:
- Cook Islands
- Republic of China — Joanne Wu was allowed to wear Republic of China sash while she was off-staged. There were two sashes for her, one was written (Taiwan) R.O.C., and the other was written Republic of China as stated above.
- El Salvador - Eleonora Carrillo, Miss El Salvador 1994 couldn't take part due she was underage before February 1. Her 1st Runner up, Claudia Méndez replaced it for the event, although Carrillo competed the following year at the Miss Universe 1995 finishing in the Top 10.
Did not competeEdit
- Lithuania — Loreta Brusokaitė
Manila was announced as host city for the pageant in October 1993. It was the second time the pageant was held in the Philippines, after it was staged in Manila in 1974. It was staged at the Philippine International Convention Center in Manila, at approximately 8:00 in the morning (Philippine local time), to allow CBS in the United States to televise the pageant live in prime time.
Areas of competitionEdit
The delegates started arriving in Manila by mid-April and were involved in nearly four weeks of events and competitions. They also visited different locations and attractions throughout the Philippines.
Prior to the final telecast, all contestants competed in swimsuit and evening gown during the preliminary competition. They also participated in interviews with the judges.
During the final competition, the top 10 contestants (based on their preliminary scores) competed in the swimsuit, evening gown and interview. The top six contestants participated in a final round of on-stage interviews, and cut to the final top three before the runners-up were announced and the new Miss Universe named.
- The country expected to make 10 million PHP (US$357,000) profit out of the pageant, as well as the accompanying media exposure. The 150 million pesos ($5.3 million) spent on hosting the pageant was funded from the private sectors, with sponsors such as Nestlé, Kodak and Hertz. Some of the expected sponsorship money did not materialize, leading the shortfall to be covered by the government. By mid May, as the contestants were already in Manila, organizers confirmed that they were short of money and were unsure whether a profit would be made from the event.
- In the midst of power shortages around the time of the pageant, the Philippine government promised to ensure that the weekend of the pageant's coronation night would be "blackout-free".
- The pageant came under public attack from the Nationalist Movement of New Women, a branch of the National Democratic Front, which claimed that it was being used to promote sex tourism. The cost of the event was also criticised by the Philippine Congress, despite it being endorsed by President Fidel Ramos. A social function attended by the delegates held prior to the final broadcast was picketed by the women's group, who opposed the nature of the pageant and the lavish spending.
- During rehearsal on the day prior to the pageant, a small homemade bomb exploded outside the pageant venue where the contestants had earlier been rehearsing, though it caused minimal damage and there were no injuries were taken. As a result, more than 3000 Filipino police officers were involved in protecting the delegates, as well as dozens of policewomen assigned as personal or group bodyguards.
- During May there was also a probe by the Commission on Human Rights as to whether a police round-up of street children was intended to improve Manila's international image during the pageant events. This was also criticised by Miss Thailand, Areeya Sirisopha Chumsai, even though the same incident occurred in Thailand in the Miss Universe 1992 pageant.
- Miss Russia Inna Zobova was detained for 15 hours in a windowless room at an airport in Bangkok, Thailand en route to Manila due to a lack of transit visa.
- Miss Malaysia, Liza Koh, made a public apology on behalf of her country about the arrest of 1200 Filipina domestic helpers in Kuala Lumpur. As a result, the Malaysian Foreign Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi admonished her not to make any further political remarks.
- Miss Mauritius Viveka Babajee became a controversial figure due to her involvement in the 1994 Metro Manila Film Festival scandal where she was a presenter for the Best Actress award together with actress Gretchen Barretto, an award which was highly disputed among the Philippine media.
- Miss Philippines Charlene Gonzales, gained criticism for winning the Best National Costume award, as the judges were also criticized for allegedly favouring the host nation's delegate. Miss British Virgin Islands, Delia Jon Baptiste, publicly declared that Gonzales won the award, because of Filipino favouritism, and that the other delegates disagreed with the choice. Miss Venezuela Minorka Mercado, won the Philippine costume Terno award, followed by Slovakia, who was also celebrating her birthday, and Miss Mexico by their respective placements.
- Came with $500USD cash prize and 10,000PHP worth value of Philippine-made products.
- Came with sash and trophy, $200.00 USD cash prize and 10,000.00PHP worth value of Philippine products)
- When she was appearing the stage, Wu had to wear (Taiwan) R.O.C. sash.
- Came with, sash with trophy, $300.00 USD cash prize and 10,000.00PHP worth value of Philippine products)
- Came with sash and trophy, $500.00 USD cash prize and 10,000.00PHP worth value of Philippine products)
- http://www.pinoyexchange.com/forums/showthread.php? t=325916&page=147
- "Miss Indonesia to watch but not take part". Straits Times. 1994-05-19.
- "Philippines to host Miss Universe pageant". Reuters. 1993-10-24.
- "Philippines expects to profit from Miss Universe". Agence France-Press. 1994-03-16.
- Gosh, Nirmal (1994-04-27). "Row in Manila over cost of Miss Universe pageant". Straits Times.
- "Miss Universe organisers short of cash - official". Reuters. 1994-05-17.
- "Manila says no blackouts for Miss Universe pageant". Agence France-Presse. 1994-04-05.
- "Communist insurgents say Miss Universe promotes sex tourism". Agence France-Press. 1994-04-29.
- "Feminists picket Miss Universe social function". Agence France-Press. 1994-05-01.
- "Miss Universe pageant site bombed". Agence France-Press. 1994-05-20.
- "Manila deploys 3,000 policemen for beauties". Reuters. 1994-04-26.
- "Police roundup of Manila street children under probe". Straits Times. 1994-05-02.
- "Miss Thailand : Don't hide street kids". Straits Times. 1994-05-12.
- "Miss Russia held by Thais on way to Miss Universe". Reuters. 1994-04-28.
- "Hi, I am sorry". Straits Times. 1994-04-28.
- "Miss Malaysia told not to make political remarks". Straits Times. 1994-04-29.
- "Ms Universe pageant slammed for hometown verdict". Reuters. 1994-05-09.