Mike Buchanan (politician)
Gordon Michael Alexander Buchanan (born 8 December 1957) is the leader of a political party, Justice for Men and Boys (and the Women Who Love Them) (J4MB), in the United Kingdom. He is also a media commentator for the men's rights movement.
|Leader of Justice for Men and Boys|
(and the Women Who Love Them)
|Assumed office |
6 February 2013
Gordon Michael Alexander Buchanan
8 December 1957
|Political party||Justice for Men and Boys (and the Women Who Love Them)|
|Website||Justice for Men and Boys|
(and the Women Who Love Them)
He also worked as a consultant for the Conservative Party, but left the party in 2009 after David Cameron announced his approval of all-women shortlists for selecting parliamentary candidates, accusing Cameron of being "relentlessly pro-female and anti-male" in his policies and comments.
Campaign for Merit in BusinessEdit
In April 2012, he began the 'Campaign for Merit in Business' arguing against increasing gender diversity in the boardroom (GDITB). The campaign submitted written evidence to a House of Lords European Union Sub-Committee on the Internal Market, Infrastructure and Employment which was investigating ‘Women on Boards’. The sub-committee also heard from the campaign's Research Director, Michael Klein. The sub-committee found that "[a] more balanced board [would] be able to tap into the wealth of available talent in the labour market, provide a broader spectrum of ideas, better reflect a company's customer base and improve corporate governance.", but went on to say, "that quotas should not be resorted to until all other options have been exhausted."
Later in the same year, Buchanan appeared before the Business, Innovation and Skills Committee's House of Commons inquiry, 'Women in the Workplace', describing himself as the campaign's Chief Executive, and stating that as of November 2012 the campaign consisted of ten members. In written evidence to the inquiry, he cited five longitudinal studies which he entitled 'Improving' Gender Diversity on Boards Leads to a Decline in Corporate Performance: The Evidence. In response to the committee's report the coalition Government said the report, "[reflected] the view of the Government and the Women's Business Council that there is a clear benefit from ensuring that those women who want to work, or want to work more hours, are able to contribute fully to the economy."
- Anti-Feminism League
Justice for Men and BoysEdit
The political party Justice for Men and Boys (and the Women Who Love Them) J4MB for short, which Buchanan leads, was founded on 6 February 2013, and registered with the Electoral Commission on 21 February 2013.
Buchanan has said he established the party because "the state is anti-male" and considers the male sex to be "pretty much subhuman". According to him, "legislation is routinely drafted to advantage women and disadvantage men" while "boys are being relentlessly disadvantaged by an ever more feminized education system". He has also formed such groups as the Anti-Feminism League and Men Shouldn’t Marry.
J4MB describes itself as "the only political party in the English-speaking world campaigning for the human rights of men and boys" and as being anti-feminist. "Feminism is a hatred, and it should be a badge of shame", Buchanan has said. According to him: "It’s a very well documented feminist objective of 40 years to destroy the nuclear family", and feminism "is a deeply vile, corrupting ideology and the idea it's a benign movement about gender equality is dangerous nonsense". He says: "All feminist narratives are one or more of the following – conspiracy theories, fantasies, lies, delusions or myths".
The party issues awards for "lying feminist of the month" to female journalists, "toxic feminist of the month" and "whiny feminist of the month". Its website includes a link to an article entitled "13 reasons women lie about being raped".
2015 general electionEdit
In its manifesto for the 2015 general election, the party explored twenty areas in which it believes the human rights of men and boys in the UK are being violated. In this document, the party advocated compulsory paternity tests, cutting funds intended to encourage women to enter science, and cutting the abortion limit for women whose pregnancy threatens their mental health from 24 to 13 weeks. Parents should be able to send their sons to schools with only male teachers because female teachers are assumed to favour girls in the awarding of marks. They also advocate that men should be able to retire earlier than women, because males work harder and die younger. The section on sexual abuse concentrates on female offenders, and the issue of rape and assaults annually committed against women in the UK is avoided. The higher level of male suicide is blamed on the state for favouring women over men.
The party stood for election for the first time at the 2015 general election, with two candidates in Nottinghamshire seats. Party leader Mike Buchanan stood in Ashfield against the Shadow Minister for Women and Equalities, Gloria De Piero. Buchanan came last with 153 votes out of 47,409 cast. Ray Barry stood in Broxtowe, against sitting Conservative MP Anna Soubry, and also came last with 63 votes out of 53,440 cast.
If Labour had formed a government in 2015, Buchanan said its leading female politicians would have been given "free rein to roll out yet more radical feminist agendas, teaching schoolboys to be feminists, ie brainwashing them into becoming lifelong unquestioning slaves to women".
The party co-hosted the 2016 International Conference on Men's Issues (ICMI16) in London, between 8 and 10 July 2016 in association with A Voice for Men. Conservative member of parliament Philip Davies, a member of the Justice Select Committee, spoke to the conference and asserted that the criminal justice system favours women's over men's rights. Davies was not paid for his appearance at the conference.
Jenny Earle, director of Prison Reform Trust’s programme for reducing women’s imprisonment in response said, "The evidence is not that women are treated more leniently. In fact they are twice as likely as men to receive a custodial sentence for a first offence, and the main offence for which women are imprisoned is theft and shoplifting".
Buchanan announced that he was not standing in the United Kingdom general election, 2017, although he had previously intended to be a candidate in Maidenhead against Theresa May, the Prime Minister.
The 2018 International Conference on Men's Issues (ICMI18), again in association with A Voice for Men, was due to have taken place at St Andrew's Stadium, the home of Birmingham City Football Club, between 6 and 8 July 2018. However, in early November 2017 the club in a statement said that "after certain details concerning the organisers came to light, the Club investigated further and concluded this is not something we want to be associated with" and that it had been "misled at the time of booking". Buchanan initially said he still intended for the conference to go ahead at St Andrew’s as he felt he had "a perfectly good and legally binding contract". He has since decided to seek a new venue either in Birmingham or London. He announced on his party's website on 1 December 2017, that a contract had been signed with a new venue in London, for a conference on 20–22 July 2018. Three days after the conference finished openDemocracy revealed the venue was the ExCeL.
Electoral Commission and financeEdit
The Electoral Commission report on expenditure by political parties in the UK General Election 2015 noted that, for political parties with financial returns of less than £250,000, Justice for Men and Boys was one of the top ten highest spending with a total expenditure of £11,423.
The party's full accounts since inception are as follows:
Campaign against male genital mutilationEdit
Buchanan campaigns against male genital mutilation (MGM) claiming that it breaches the Offences against the Person Act 1861, he includes "the non-therapeutic [e.g. religious] circumcision of male minors" in his definition of MGM and is critical of the media focus on female genital mutilation arguing that, "[t]he foreskin is a biological equivalent to the clitoral hood, not the hymen."
Conviction for obstructing the highwayEdit
In July 2018 the High Court in London upheld Buchanan's conviction for obstructing the highway. Buchanan was arrested in June 2016 during a protest against male circumcision and convicted in October 2016. Rejecting Buchanan's appeal the judge, Lord Justice Hickinbottom, said, "Buchanan had been perfectly legitimately protesting on the pavement. But he had then walked alone into the road and stood in front of cars as they tried to pass at the end of the working day. Standing there clearly put him at risk of serious injury - and he understood that risk, and was determined to take it - but it also put others at risk of injury or risked damage to property." The court also added a further £2,424 to his court bill of £3,603, bringing it to a total of £6,027.
The former businessman has made a number of appearances in the media including: arguing against more women on corporate boards (Daily Politics); discussing sexism with Caroline Criado-Perez (This Morning); discussing Justice for Men and Boys' 2015 election manifesto (Sunday Politics, East Midlands); considering the question "does absence of refusal to have sex amount to consent?" (The Big Questions); discussing politics with a feminist (Sunday Politics, East Midlands); discussing junior barrister Charlotte Proudman's rebuke of Alexander Carter-Silk, a senior City solicitor for complimenting her on her LinkedIn profile photograph (Sky News); appearing on a documentary about sexism (BBC Three); discussing whether you can be a successful working mother (Sky News); discussing Nottinghamshire Police's decision to become the first police force within the UK to begin recording misogyny as a hate crime (Victoria Derbyshire); discussing the gender pay gap, citing a blog by William Collins (The Roundtable); discussing the #MeToo phenomenon (Sunday Morning Live); discussing the allocation of chores between genders, advocating Catherine Hakim's preference theory (Sky News); and discussing Swayne O'Pie's campaign to establish a Minister for Men (comparable to the Minister for Women) (RT UK).
Amongst the views he expressed are: "the number of qualified men for major corporate boards hugely outnumbers the number of qualified women"; "all the [major political] parties are institutionally pro-female and anti-male"; explaining why the UK legal definition of rape states that a woman can not legally rape a man, "the Sexual Offences Act 2003 was drawn up by radical feminists"; "men will support women as stay-at-home partners or parents and women won't"; "Charlotte Proudman clearly suffers from an all too common mental health condition 'whiny feminist disorder'"; "feminism is a female supremacy movement driven by misandry, the hatred of men, it's a vile ideology"; "this whole narrative about work being fulfilling, and exciting, and interesting, and looking after children being stressful and mundane, it's a feminist narrative that just doesn't make sense for the vast majority of women"; "I don't think any sane person believe that wolf-whistling is evidence of mysogny, only feminists could believe such a ridiculous thing [...] because it's the sign of a man's admiration for a woman"; "Martin Fiebert [list of] hundreds of studies show that women are at least as physically aggressive towards oppostite sex partners as men"; "[w]e know that both male and female teachers have an in-built bias towards marking girls better than boys"; and "[f]eminism is not about gender equality it is about ever more privileging of women and always has been".
- Buchanan, Mike (2007). Profitable buying strategies: how to cut procurement costs and buy your way to higher profits. London Philadelphia: Kogan Page. ISBN 9780749452384.
- Self-published books
Buchanan has also published several books through his own publishing company, LPS Publishing.
- Buchanan, Mike (8 August 2012). "Socialism's Trojan Horse: "Improved" gender diversity in the boardroom". The Commentator.
- Buchanan, Mike (6 March 2013). "Comment: Why Britain needs a pro-male party". Politics.
- Buchanan, Mike (9 March 2015). "Cameron's naive crusade for boardroom gender diversity will only hurt Britain". International Business Times.
- Buchanan, Mike (24 March 2015). "Male suicide scandal: UK men are paying for a system that drives thousands of them to death". International Business Times.
- Dalby, David (Acting Returning Officer) (9 April 2015). Notice of election agents' names and offices, Ashfield District Council: Election of a Member of Parliament for Ashfield Constituency (PDF). Ashfield District Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 November 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
- "Mr Gordon Michael Alexander Buchanan". companycheck.co.uk. Company Check. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- "Buchanan, Mike, 1957-". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
Email from pub., Mar. 14, 2008:(b. 8 Dec. 1957; Gordon Michael Alexander Buchanan)
- "Link Procurement Services Ltd". companycheck.co.uk. Company Check. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- "Legal Procurement Services Ltd". companycheck.co.uk. Company Check. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Ross, Jamie (4 January 2015). "An anti-feminist party is standing in the general election". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
- Nianias, Helen (14 January 2015). "'Feminists hate men': Meet Mike Buchanan, the leader of Britain's new Justice for Men and Boys party". The Independent. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Buchanan, Mike (6 March 2013). "Comment: Why Britain needs a pro-male party". Politics. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- "Written evidence submitted by Campaign for Merit in Business". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). WIW 27. United Kingdom: House of Commons, Business, Innovation and Skills Committee's 'Women in the Workplace' Inquiry. 12 October 2012.
- Mike Buchanan (et al), Chief Executive, Campaign for Merit in Business (20 November 2012). "Business, Innovation and Skills Committee's 'Women in the Workplace' Inquiry (Q60)". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). HC 754 i. United Kingdom: House of Commons. col. 75401. Video.
- "Campaign for Merit in Business (CMB) - written evidence" (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). United Kingdom: House of Lords, EU Sub-Committee on the Internal Market, Infrastructure and Employment: Women on Boards Inquiry. 16 July 2012. pp. 171–173.
- "Michael Klein - written evidence" (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). United Kingdom: House of Lords, EU Sub-Committee on the Internal Market, Infrastructure and Employment: Women on Boards Inquiry. 16 July 2012. pp. 302–307.
- UK Parliament (2012). Women on Boards: Fifth report (PDF). London: Stationery Office. p. 4. ISBN 9780108476235.
- "Supplementary written evidence submitted by Campaign for Merit in Business: 'Improving' gender diversity on boards leads to a decline in corporate performance: the evidence". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). WIW 27a. United Kingdom: House of Commons, Business, Innovation and Skills Committee's 'Women in the Workplace' Inquiry. 12 October 2012.
- Ahern, Kenneth R.; Dittmar, Amy K. (February 2012). "The changing of the boards: The impact on firm valuation of mandated female board representation". The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 127 (1): 137–197. doi:10.1093/qje/qjr049. SSRN 1364470.
- Bøhren, Øyvind; Strøm, R. Øystein (November – December 2010). "Governance and politics: Regulating independence and diversity in the board room". Journal of Business Finance & Accounting. 37 (9–10): 1281–1308. doi:10.1111/j.1468-5957.2010.02222.x. SSRN 1733385.
- Matsa, David A.; Miller, Amalia R. (July 2013). "A female atyle in corporate leadership? Evidence from quotas". American Economic Journal: Applied Economics. 5 (3): 136–169. doi:10.1257/app.5.3.136. SSRN 1636047.
- Adams, Renée B.; Ferreira, Daniel (November 2009). "Women in the boardroom and their impact on governance and performance". Journal of Financial Economics. 94 (2): 291–309. doi:10.1016/j.jfineco.2008.10.007. SSRN 1107721.
- Berger, Allen N.; Kick, Thomas; Schaeck, Klaus (October 2014). "Executive board composition and bank risk taking". Journal of Corporate Finance. 28: 48–65. doi:10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2013.11.006. Pdf.
- UK Parliament (2013). Government response to the House of Commons Business, Innovation and Skills Committee report of session 2013-14: Women in the Workplace (PDF). London: Stationery Office. p. 3. ISBN 9780101870122.
- Buchanan, Mike (9 January 2012). "Militant Feminism: an assault on women?". fightingfeminism.wordpress.com. Anti-Feminism League via WordPress. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Buchanan, Mike (8 April 2013). "Fighting feminism – let's get political". fightingfeminism.wordpress.com. Anti-Feminism League via WordPress. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Buchanan, Mike (28 December 2014). Justice for Men and Boys (and the Women who Love them): General Election Manifesto 2015 (PDF). Justice for Men and Boys. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- "Justice For Men & Boys, Registration summary (PP2034)". electoralcommission.org.uk. Electoral Commission. 21 February 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2017. Pdf.
- Fordy, Tom (15 January 2015). "An anti-feminist political party is depressing news for men and women". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Roy, Jessica (2 July 2014). "What I Learned as a Woman at a Men's-Rights Conference". Time. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
- Goldwag, Arthur (28 June 2014). "The First International Conference on Men's Issues: Day 1". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
- "'Let them eat cake' backlash after MP's anti-feminist comments". BBC News. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- Rampen, Julia (15 August 2016). "Could YOU be the next whiny feminist of the month? Meet the Justice for Men and Boys party". New Statesman. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- Lord, Christopher (16 February 2016). "Britain's anti-feminist movement gathers momentum". East West. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
- Grierson, Jamie (12 August 2016). "Pressure mounts on PM to respond to Philip Davies' 'feminist zealots' comments". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Hughes, Laura (12 August 2016). "Politically correct 'feminist zealots' want women to 'have their cake and eat it', claims Tory MP". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- Smith, Lydia (16 January 2015). "Justice for Men and Boys: The anti-feminist party standing in the general election". International Business Times. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
- "Election 2015: HS2 divides Broxtowe candidates". BBC News. BBC News. 13 April 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
- Bennett, Catherine (18 January 2015). "Justice for Men and Boys' hatred of feminism eclipses its remit to help men". The Observer. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- Fisher, Lucy (13 August 2016). "Feminists want to have their cake and eat it, says Tory MP". The Times. Retrieved 27 June 2017. (subscription required)
- Preston, James. "REACTION: Theresa May announces snap General Election". Maidenhead Advertiser. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- Witherden, Grace (28 September 2016). "'Men's rights' campaigner announces bid to oust Theresa May from Maidenhead seat". Maidenhead Advertiser. Baylis Media Ltd. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
- Staff writer (1 November 2017). "Questions for Birmingham over links to political party". Football365. 365 Media Group. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Hussain, Danny (2 November 2017). "Anti-feminist group BANNED from staging conference at St Andrew's stadium by Birmingham City FC". Birmingham Mail. Trinity Mirror. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Buchanan, Mike (9 November 2017). "ICMI18 – new venue being sought". j4mb.org.uk. Justice for Men and Boys. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Buchanan, Mike (1 December 2017). "The fourth International Conference on Men's Issues (ICMI18)". icmi18.wordpress.com. ICMI18 via WordPress. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
- Whyte, Lara (25 July 2018). ""Young men should be furious": inside the world's largest gathering of men's rights activists". openDemocracy. 50.50. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
- "Electoral Commission releases UK Parliamentary General Election campaign expenditure returns of less than £250,000". electoralcommission.org.uk. Electoral Commission. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- See also: "Justice For Men & Boys, Statement Of Individual Payment (SP0197849)". electoralcommission.org.uk. Electoral Commission. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- Stott, Tony (28 May 2014). Justice for men & boys (and the women who love them) Statement of accounts for the year ending 31 December 2013. Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017.
- Stott, Tony (8 July 2015). Justice for men & boys (and the women who love them) Statement of accounts for the year ending 31 December 2014. Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017.
- Stott, Tony (12 April 2016). Justice for men & boys (and the women who love them) Statement of accounts for the year ending 31 December 2015. Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017.
- Stott, Tony (12 March 2017). Justice for men & boys (and the women who love them) Statement of accounts for the year ending 31 December 2016. Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017.
- Stott, Tony (30 March 2018). Justice for men & boys (and the women who love them) Statement of accounts for the year ending 31 December 2017. Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 2 August 2018.
- Election 2015 - Ashfield, BBC News. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
- Election 2015 - Broxtowe, BBC News. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
- Julia Hartley-Brewer (host) and Mike Buchanan (guest) (30 June 2017). Interview about male genital mutilation (Radio). Julia Hartley-Brewer. talkRADIO. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
The default position of the law in England and Wales is perfectly simple: the non-therapeutic circumcision of male minors, or male genital mutilation, as we generally refer to it is a breach of the Offences against the Person Act 1861 being at least actual bodily harm and probably grievous bodily harm [...] It would require a parliamentary override to be legal and that has never existed.
- Buchanan, Mike (9 January 2017). "A futile attempt to enlighten a feminist about MGM and FGM". j4mb.org.uk. Justice for Men and Boys via WordPress. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Herbert, Tom (13 July 2018). "Ex-Tory Party consultant fined £6,000 for protesting against male circumcision". Metro. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
- Jo Coburn (host), Heather Rabbatts (guest), Mike Buchanan (guest) (28 January 2013). Women in business (Television). Daily Politics. BBC Two.
- Phillip Schofield (presenter), Christine Bleakley (presenter), Caroline Criado-Perez (guest) and Mike Buchanan (guest) (15 January 2015). "Are men the real victims of sexism?". This Morning. Event occurs at 11.33am. ITV Network Ltd. ITV. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Marie Ashby (host), Maggie Throup (guest), Chris Williamson and Mike Buchanan (guest) (18 January 2015). Women in business (Television). Sunday Politics, East Midlands. BBC One via YouTube. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Nicky Campbell (host), Mike Buchanan (guest) et al. (1 March 2015). Does absence of refusal to have sex amount to consent? (Television). The Big Questions. BBC One. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Rob Pittam (reporter), Sarah Honeycombe (guest) and Mike Buchanan (guest) (12 April 2015). Election 2015: Feminist meets Justice for Men leader (Television). Sunday Politics, East Midlands. BBC One. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Jeremy Thompson (presenter) and Mike Buchanan (guest) (10 September 2015). News item: Charlotte Proudman's naming and shaming of Alexander Carter-Silk (Television). Sky News. Sky. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Tyger Drew-Honey (presenter), Mike Buchanan (guest) et al. (23 November 2015). Tyger Takes On... Am I Sexist? (Television). Tyger Takes On... BBC Three. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Harris, Sarah Ann (8 March 2016). "Kay Burley perfectly handles 'men's rights' campaigner Mike Buchanan when he calls her 'pathetic'". HuffPost. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Victoria Derbyshire (presenter), Loretta Trickett, criminologist (guest), Martha Jephcott, police trainer (guest) and Mike Buchanan (guest) (19 September 2016). Should sexism towards women be a hate crime? (Television). Victoria Derbyshire. BBC Two. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- David Foster (presenter), Jeni Klugman, MD Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security (guest), Shaista Aziz, writer and journalist (guest), Lanre Akinola editor African Business (guest) and Mike Buchanan (guest) (9 August 2017). How real is the gender pay gap? (Television). The Roundtable. TRT World via YouTube. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Emma Barnett (presenter), Sean Fletcher (presenter), Dawn Foster journalist (guest), Zoe Strimpel historian of gender and relationships (guest), Shyama Perera writer and broadcaster (guest) and Mike Buchanan (guest) (24 October 2017). Have we previously turned a blind eye to sexual harassment? (Television). Sunday Morning Live. BBC One. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Kay Burley (presenter), Nichi Hodgson (guest) and Mike Buchanan (guest) (10 May 2017). Gendered jobs: Is allocating chores by gender sexist? (Television). Sky News. Sky via YouTube. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Hakim, Catherine (2000). Work-lifestyle choices in the 21st Century: preference theory. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199242108.
- Martyn Andrews (reporter), Swayne O'Pie (retired teacher and lecturer), Elizabeth Hobson (gender studies of men's activism), Sarah Robertson (journalist and feminist) and Mike Buchanan (11 January 2018). Should there be a 'Minister for Men'? (Television). RT UK. RT UK via YouTube. 3.20 minutes in. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- See also:
- Andrews, Martyn (11 January 2018). "Campaigners call for 'minister of men' role to tackle perceived anti-male discrimination". RT UK. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- See also:
- Buchanan, Mike, ed. (2011). "Acknowledgements". The joy of self-publishing. Bedford, UK: LPS Publishing. pp. 12–13. ISBN 9781456604875.
- Lloyd, Matt (28 April 2013). "Battle of the sexes: Dad to stand for MP to challenge 'anti-male culture'". Birmingham Mail. Trinity Mirror. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- "About". lpspublishing.co.uk. LPS Publishing. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Murdoch, Simon (February 2019). "Societal misogyny and the manosphere: understanding the UK anti-feminist movement" (PDF). State of hate 2019: People vs the elite?. London: Hope Not Hate. pp. 40–41.