Michael D. Shellenberger (born June 16, 1971) is an American author and journalist who writes about politics, the environment, climate change, and nuclear power. He is a co-founder of the Breakthrough Institute and the California Peace Coalition.[1] Shellenberger founded the pro-nuclear non-profit Environmental Progress in 2016.[2]

Michael Shellenberger
Shellenberger in 2017
Born (1971-06-16) June 16, 1971 (age 53)
Colorado, U.S.
EducationEarlham College (BA)
University of California, Santa Cruz (MA)
Political partyDemocratic (before 2022)
Independent (2022–present)
MovementEcomodernism
SpouseHelen Lee
Children2
AwardsStevens Institute of Technology’s Center for Science Writings Green Book Award (2008)
Writing career
SubjectEnergy, global warming, human development
Website
Official website

Shellenberger disagrees with most environmentalists over impending threats and the best policies for addressing them.[3][4][5] He argues that global warming is "not the end of the world,"[5] and that GMO, industrial agriculture, fracking, and nuclear power are important tools in protecting the environment.[4] His writing on climate change and environmentalism has been criticized by environmental scientists and academics, who have called some of his arguments "bad science" and "inaccurate".[16] Response to his work from journalists has been mixed.[21] In a similar manner, many academics criticized Shellenberger's positions and writings on homelessness, and he has received a mixed reception from writers and journalists on the topic.[25] Shellenberger ran unsuccessfully for governor of California in 2018 and 2022.

Early life and education

edit

Shellenberger was born and raised in Colorado to Mennonite parents.[26]

He is a 1989 graduate of Greeley Central High School.[27] He earned a BA degree from the Peace and Global Studies program at Earlham College in 1993.[28] Subsequently, he earned an MA degree in anthropology from the University of California, Santa Cruz in 1996.[29]

Career

edit

After graduation, Shellenberger moved to San Francisco to work with Global Exchange, where he founded a number of public relations firms, including "Communication Works," "Lumina Strategies" and "American Environics" with future collaborator Ted Nordhaus.[30][31][32][33] Shellenberger co-founded in 2003 the Breakthrough Institute with Nordhaus.[34] While at Breakthrough, Shellenberger wrote a number of articles with subjects ranging from positive treatment of nuclear energy and shale gas[35][36][37][38] to critiques of the planetary boundaries hypothesis.[39] He worked to burnish the reputations of prominent clients including Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez.[40]

In February 2016, Shellenberger left Breakthrough and founded Environmental Progress,[41] which is behind several public campaigns to keep nuclear power plants in operation.[42][43][44][45][46] Shellenberger has also been called by conservative lawmakers to testify before the U.S. Congress about climate change and in favor of nuclear energy.[47]

In December 2022, Shellenberger was one of the authors who released sections of annotated internal Twitter Files authorized by new owner Elon Musk.[48]

As of December 2022, he is a writer for The Free Press.[49]

In October 2023, Shellenberger was among the signatories of the Westminster Declaration,[50] warning the public of theoretical increasing censorship by governments, media companies and NGOs, that signatories alleged would endanger freedom of speech and undermine the foundational principles of democracy.

As of November 2023, Shellenberger is the CBR Chair of Politics, Censorship and Free Speech at the University of Austin.[51] "By exposing students to historical and recent manifestations of censorship, the Chair will facilitate the responsible exercise of free speech in a pluralistic society."[51] University of Austin is not a school recognized by the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics.[52]

In that same month he was the key note speaker at a Genspect conference. In this speech he emphasized on the current increase of gender dysphoria being the result of the gender affirming culture: “We are creating, through ideological means and social media, gender dysphoria. … These are ideologically driven failures of civilization”.[53]

Shellenberger is the co-founder of "Public", a newsletter on Substack that covers "… stories on the most important issues of the day, from censorship and cities to mental health and addiction to energy and the environment."[54] In January 2022, the San Francisco Chronicle credited Public with breaking the story that illegal drug abuse was being tolerated at a recently-opened San Francisco social services facility.[55] In December the same year, having become became de-facto a federally prohibited supervised injection site and failing at its mission of linking people to housing and treatment, the facility closed.[56][57] In 2023, Public was credited by the Wall Street Journal for publicly identifying three scientists at the Wuhan Institute of Virology who were allegedly working on Coronaviruses and had taken ill near the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic.[58]

On April 3, 2024, Shellenberger published the “Twitter Files – Brazil,” resulting in dozens of news stories in Brazil, a formal Congressional inquiry, and two Congressional hearings, at which Shellenberger testified.[59][60][61][62]

Writing and reception

edit

The Death of Environmentalism: Global Warming in a Post-Environmental World

edit

In 2004, Nordhaus and Shellenberger co-authored "The Death of Environmentalism: Global Warming Politics in a Post-Environmental World."[63] The paper argued that environmentalism is incapable of dealing with climate change and should "die" so that a new politics can be born.

The paper was criticized by members of the mainstream environmental movement.[64] Carl Pope, the former executive director of the Sierra Club, called the essay "unclear, unfair and divisive," stating it contained multiple factual errors and misinterpretations. However, Adam Werbach, another former Sierra Club president, praised the paper's arguments.[65] John Passacantando, the former Greenpeace executive director, said in 2005 that Shellenberger and Nordhaus "laid out some fascinating data, but they put it in this over-the-top language and did it in this in-your-face way."[66] Michel Gelobter, as well as other environmental experts and academics, wrote The Soul of Environmentalism: Rediscovering transformational politics in the 21st century as a response that criticized "Death" for demanding increased technological innovation instead of addressing the systemic concerns of people of color.[13]

Matthew Yglesias of The New York Times said that "Nordhaus and Shellenberger persuasively argue...environmentalists must stop congratulating themselves for their own willingness to confront inconvenient truths and must focus on building a politics of shared hope rather than relying on a politics of fear." Yglesias added that the "Death" paper "is more convincing in its case for a change in rhetoric."[67]

Break Through: From the Death of Environmentalism to the Politics of Possibility

edit

In 2007, Shellenberger and Nordhaus published Break Through: From the Death of Environmentalism to the Politics of Possibility. The book is an argument for what its authors describe as a positive, "post-environmental" politics that abandons the environmentalist focus on nature protection for a new focus on technological innovation to create a new economy. They were among 32 of Time magazine's Heroes of the Environment (2008) after writing the book[64][11] and received the 2008 Green Book Award from science journalist John Horgan.[3]

The Wall Street Journal wrote that "(i)f heeded, Nordhaus and Shellenberger's call for an optimistic outlook —- embracing economic dynamism and creative potential —- will surely do more for the environment than any U.N. report or Nobel Prize."[68]

However, environmental scholars Julie Sze and Michael Ziser questioned Shellenberger and Nordhaus's goals in publishing Break Through, claiming the "evident relish in their notoriety as the 'sexy'(,) cosmopolitan 'bad boys' of environmentalism (their own words) introduces some doubt about their sincerity and reliability." Sze and Ziser asserted that Break Through failed "to incorporate the aims of environmental justice while actively trading on suspect political tropes," such as blaming China and other nations as large-scale polluters. Furthermore, Sze and Ziser claim that Shellenberger and Nordhaus advocate technology-based approaches that miss entirely the "structural environmental injustice" that natural disasters like Hurricane Katrina make visible. Ultimately, "Shellenberger believes that community-based environmental justice poses a threat to the smooth operation of a highly capitalized, global-scale Environmentalism."[6]

Joseph Romm, a former US Department of Energy official now with the liberal think tank Center for American Progress, argued that "(p)ollution limits are far, far more important than R&D for what really matters -- reducing greenhouse-gas emissions and driving clean technologies into the marketplace."[69] Environmental journalist David Roberts, writing in Grist, argued that while the BTI and its founders garner much attention, their policy is lacking, and ultimately they "receive a degree of press coverage that wildly exceeds their intellectual contributions."[70][71] Reviewers for the San Francisco Chronicle,[72] the American Prospect[73] and the Harvard Law Review[74] argued that a critical reevaluation of green politics was unwarranted because global warming had become a high-profile issue and the Democratic Congress was preparing to act.

An Ecomodernist Manifesto

edit

In April 2015, Shellenberger joined a group of scholars and Stewart Brand in issuing An Ecomodernist Manifesto. It proposed dropping the goal of "sustainable development" and replacing it with a strategy to shrink humanity's footprint by using natural resources more intensively through technological innovation. The authors argue that economic development is necessary to preserve the environment.[75][76]

According to The New Yorker, "most of the criticism of [the Manifesto] was more about tone than content. The manifesto's basic arguments, after all, are hardly radical. To wit: technology, thoughtfully applied, can reduce the suffering, human and otherwise, caused by climate change; ideology, stubbornly upheld, can accomplish the opposite."[77] At The New York Times, Eduardo Porter wrote approvingly of ecomodernism's alternative approach to sustainable development.[78] In an article titled "Manifesto Calls for an End to 'People Are Bad' Environmentalism", Slate's Eric Holthaus wrote "It's inclusive, it's exciting, and it gives environmentalists something to fight for for a change."[79]

An Ecomodernist Manifesto was met with critiques similar to Gelobter's evaluation of "Death" and Sze and Ziser's analysis of Break Through. Environmental historian Jeremy Caradonna and environmental economist Richard B. Norgaard led a group of environmental scholars in a critique, arguing that Ecomodernism "violates everything we know about ecosystems, energy, population, and natural resources," and "Far from being an ecological statement of principles, the Manifesto merely rehashes the naïve belief that technology will save us and that human ingenuity can never fail." Further, "The Manifesto suffers from factual errors and misleading statements."[10]

Environmental and Art historian T.J. Demos agreed with Caradonna, and wrote in 2017 that the Manifesto "is really nothing more than a bad utopian fantasy," that functions to support oil and gas industry and as "an apology for nuclear energy." Demos continued that "What is additionally striking about the Ecomodernist document, beyond its factual weaknesses and ecological falsehoods, is that there is no mention of social justice or democratic politics," and "no acknowledgement of the fact that big technologies like nuclear reinforce centralized power, the military-industrial complex, and the inequalities of corporate globalization."[9]

Apocalypse Never: Why Environmental Alarmism Hurts Us All

edit

In June 2020, Shellenberger published Apocalypse Never: Why Environmental Alarmism Hurts Us All, in which the author argues that climate change is not the existential threat it is portrayed to be in popular media and activism. Rather, he posits that technological innovation, if allowed to continue and grow, will remedy environmental issues. According to Shellenberger, the book "explores how and why so many of us came to see important but manageable environmental problems as the end of the world, and why the people who are the most apocalyptic about environmental problems tend to oppose the best and most obvious solutions to solving them."[80]

In his book, Shellenberger argues that people shouldn't need to be worried about climate change causing crop failure, famine and consequent mass deaths because he believes that when it comes to food production, humans will be able to produce more food despite the effects of climate change. Shellenberger cites an editorial that is published by a group led by Eric Holt-Giménez to support his statement, however Holt-Giménez later told Snopes that Shellenberger "has either misunderstood our editorial, or is purposefully mischaracterizing our points." Instead Holt-Giménez criticized the industrial farming that Shellenberger advocates, and says that such practices are using a model of overproduction that generates poverty. He explained that people typically don't become hungry because there is not enough food, but that instead they become hungry when they are too poor to afford to buy the food that is produced.[81]

Before publication, the book received favorable reviews from climate scientists Tom Wigley and Kerry Emanuel, and from environmentalists such as Steve McCormick,[82] but reviews after publication were mixed.[3] For example, Emanuel said that while he did not regret his original positive review, he wished that "the book did not carry with it its own excesses and harmful baggage."[83][84]

The book has received positive reviews and coverage from conservative and libertarian news outlets and organizations, including Fox News, the Heartland Institute, the Daily Mail, Reason, The Wall Street Journal, National Review, and "climate 'truther' websites".[3][4][17][18][85] In National Review, Alex Trembath generally praised the book, writing that "despite the flaws", "Shellenberger ... do[es] a service in calling out the environmental alarmism and hysteria that obscure environmental debates rather than illuminate them. And they stand as outliers in those debates for precisely the reason that they claim: Abjuring environmentalist orthodoxy carries heavy social and professional penalties, so few are willing to do so." However, Trembath criticized some of the book as "nuclear fetishism".[17] In The Wall Street Journal, John Tierney wrote that "Shellenberger makes a persuasive case, lucidly blending research data and policy analysis with a history of the green movement and vignettes of people in poor countries suffering the consequences of “environmental colonialism.”"[18] In the Financial Times, Jonathan Ford wrote that the book "provide[s] a corrective to many of the green assumptions that dominate the media. And if they make the world a little more questioning of the next polar bear story, that is no bad thing."[19] In the Scientific American, John Horgan said that "Apocalypse Never will make some green progressives mad. But I see it as a useful and even necessary counterpoint to the alarmism being peddled by some activists and journalists, including me", but Horgan criticized the book for arguing too "aggressively for nuclear power" and added that "my main gripe with Shellenberger isn't that he's too optimistic; it's that he's not optimistic enough."[3] The book also received a positive review from Die Welt.[20]

In contrast, in reviewing Apocalypse Never for Yale Climate Connections, environmental scientist Peter Gleick argued that "bad science and bad arguments abound" in the book, writing that "what is new in here isn't right, and what is right isn't new."[8] In a review for the Los Angeles Review of Books environmental economist Sam Bliss said that while "the book itself is well written", Shellenberger "plays fast and loose with the facts" and "Troublingly, he seems more concerned with showing climate-denying conservatives clever new ways to own the libs than with convincing environmentalists of anything."[11] Similarly, environmental and technological social scientists Taylor Dotson and Michael Bouchey have argued that as an "Environmental activist" and "ecomodernist", Shellenberger's writing in his books and on his foundation's website "bombards readers with facts that are disconnected, out of context, poorly explained, and of questionable relevance," and ultimately, his "fanatic, scientistic discourse stands in the way of nuclear energy policy that is both intelligent and democratic."[15]

A 2020 Forbes article by Shellenberger, in which he promoted Apocalypse Never, was analyzed by seven academic reviewers and one editor from the Climate Feedback fact-checking project. The reviewers conclude that Shellenberger "mixes accurate and inaccurate claims in support of a misleading and overly simplistic argumentation about climate change."[7] Zeke Hausfather, Director of Climate and Energy for The Breakthrough Institute, wrote that Shellenberger "includes a mix of accurate, misleading, and patently false statements. While it is useful to push back against claims that climate change will lead to the end of the world or human extinction, to do so by inaccurately downplaying real climate risks is deeply problematic and counterproductive."[7] The Forbes article was later deleted for violating Forbes' policy against self-promotion. In response, Shellenberger called the deletion censorship and The Daily Wire, Quillette, and Breitbart News re-published all or parts of the article.[4]

San Fransicko: Why Progressives Ruin Cities

edit

In 2021, Shellenberger published San Fransicko: Why Progressives Ruin Cities, a criticism of progressive social policies.[86]

Benjamin Schneider, writing in the San Francisco Examiner, described the book's thesis as "[P]rogressives have embraced 'victimology,' a belief system wherein society’s downtrodden are subject to no rules or consequences for their actions. This ideology, cultivated in cities like San Francisco for decades and widely adopted over the past two years, is the key to understanding, and thus solving, our crises of homelessness, drug overdoses and crime."[22]

Wes Enzinna, writing in The New York Times, charged that Shellenberger "does exactly what he accuses his left-wing enemies of doing: ignoring facts, best practices and complicated and heterodox approaches in favor of dogma."[23] Olga Khazan, writing in The Atlantic, said that "The problem—or opportunity—for Shellenberger is that virtually every homelessness expert disagrees with him. ('Like an internet troll that's written a book' is how Jennifer Friedenbach, the executive director of San Francisco's Coalition on Homelessness, described him to me.)". However, Khazan also noted that "some experts agree with some of Shellenberger's critiques of Housing First. Though they stop short of endorsing Shellenberger or his views".[5] Tim Stanley, writing in The Daily Telegraph, described it as a "revelatory, must-read book", but added "There is much in the argument for liberal readers to contest."[24]

Reporting on alleged U.S. government crash retrieval of non-human crafts

edit

Shellenberger has claimed in interviews to have spoken to whistleblowers who alleged that the U.S. government possess at least 12 crafts of non-human origin, with six being in good shape. He stated that the sources are among those who also talked to David Grusch, who testified to Congress in July 2023 about the topic.[87][88][89]

Politics

edit
 
Michael Shellenberger speaking at Alliance for Responsible Citizenship Forum 2023, 30 October 2023

Shellenberger worked with left-wing groups in the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1990s but has since renounced the Democratic Party. On Twitter, he frequently criticizes "wokeism" and critical race theory.[5] Of his politics, Shellenberger has said, "I'm a liberal in my compassion for the vulnerable. I'm a libertarian in my love of freedom. And I'm a conservative in that I believe you need civilization to protect both of those things."[88] A self-described ecomodernist, Shellenberger believes that economic growth can continue without negative environmental impacts through technological research and development, usually through a combination of nuclear power and urbanization.

Along with employees and researchers, Shellenberger is credited by NPR and Politico for possibly preventing the closure of Diablo Canyon nuclear generating station.[90][91]

Shellenberger has publicly said "that he wants to end access to all gender-affirming surgeries".[92] He was the keynote speaker for Genspect's 2022 conference in Denver.[93] In 2023, Environmental Progress published "The WPATH Files", a leaked collection of internal discussions among people who maintain the medical standards of transgender health care.[94] The documents revealed discussion over whether very young people could reasonably consent to gender affirming care.[95][96] Critics accused Shellenberger of working with Genspect to release out of context and biased information about transgender people.[92]

Endorsements

edit

In the 2021 California gubernatorial recall election, he backed recalling Newsom and endorsed former Mayor of San Diego Kevin Faulconer.[97]

2018 California gubernatorial election

edit

Shellenberger was a Democratic candidate for governor in the 2018 California gubernatorial election, placing ninth in a field of twenty-seven candidates with 0.5% of the vote, with 31,692 votes (the winner was Gavin Newsom with 2,343,792 votes).

2022 California gubernatorial election

edit

Shellenberger ran as an independent in the 2022 gubernatorial election on a platform calling for homelessness reform via removal of encampments and mandatory treatment for drug addiction and mental illness,[98] advocating for water desalination as an answer to California's water shortage,[99] and increasing use of nuclear power, specifically by keeping the Diablo Canyon Power Plant open and building new power plants.[100] Shellenberger placed third in a field of twenty-six with 4.1% of the vote. A HuffPost profile called Shellenberger a "Centrist": "Shellenberger instead is closer in character to figures like New York Mayor Eric Adams (D), a moderate critic of certain left-wing dogmas".[101] The same article noted his support for "abortion rights, universal health care, gun safety regulation, a $15 minimum wage, collective bargaining rights, and alternatives to incarceration for drug-related crimes".[101] The Wall Street Journal wrote that Shellenberger is a proponent of school choice initiatives.[102]

Awards and accolades

edit

Shellenberger received the Dao Journalism Award from the National Journalism Center conservative political organization for reporting on Twitter Files. The reward was shared with Bari Weiss and Matt Taibbi.[103][104]

In 2008 Nordhaus and Shellenberger won a Green Book Award for Break Through.[105]

Personal life

edit

Shellenberger resides in Berkeley, California, with his wife, sociologist Helen Lee.[101]

Raised by Mennonite parents[26] and a congregationalist mother, in adulthood, Shellenberger became irreligious and an existentialist. However, while writing his book Apocalypse Never, he returned to the Christian faith, seeing the religion as a solution to society's "intense hatred and anger".[106] He describes himself as a Protestant.[88]

References

edit
  1. ^ Haring, Bruce (June 4, 2022). "Bill Maher And Guests Talk Tough About The Decline Of Western Civilization In 'Real Time' Debate". Deadline. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
  2. ^ "Pro-nuke activist from Berkeley to run for California governor". SFGATE. November 30, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Horgan, John (August 4, 2020). "Does Optimism on Climate Change Make You Pro-Trump? Apocalypse Never, a book by iconoclastic environmentalist Michael Shellenberger, triggers polarized responses". Scientific American. Retrieved January 31, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d "Los Angeles Review of Books". October 6, 2020. Retrieved June 29, 2022. Shellenberger has a history of anti-green contrarianism. He thrust himself into the limelight in 2004, when he and Ted Nordhaus wrote an essay titled "The Death of Environmentalism." Thirty-three at the time, Shellenberger was already portraying himself as an environmentalist who had realized that environmentalism's problem was environmentalism itself... The story Shellenberger has stuck with is that the things environmentalists resist — nuclear, GMOs, fracking, industrial agriculture, and so on — are actually good for the environment.
  5. ^ a b c d e Khazan, Olga (June 2, 2022). "The Revolt Against Homelessness". The Atlantic.
  6. ^ a b Ziser, Michael; Sze, Julie (2007). "Climate Change, Environmental Aesthetics, and Global Environmental Justice Cultural Studies". Discourse. 29 (2/3): 384–410. doi:10.1353/dis.2007.a266843. JSTOR 41389785. S2CID 143411081.
  7. ^ a b c "Article by Michael Shellenberger mixes accurate and inaccurate claims in support of a misleading and overly simplistic argumentation about climate change". Climate Feedback. July 6, 2020. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  8. ^ a b Gleick, Peter H. (July 15, 2020). "Book review: Bad science and bad arguments abound in 'Apocalypse Never' by Michael Shellenberger". Yale Climate Connections. Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  9. ^ a b Demos, TJ (2017). Against the Anthropocene: Visual Culture and Environment Today. MIT Press. pp. 46–49. ISBN 9783956792106.
  10. ^ a b Caradonna, Jeremy L.; Norgaard, Richard B.; Borowy, Iris (2015). "A Degrowth Response to an Ecomodernist Manifesto". Resilience.
  11. ^ a b c Bliss, Sam (October 6, 2020). "The Stories Michael Shellenberger Tells". Los Angeles Review of Books. Retrieved January 31, 2021.
  12. ^ Kallis, Giorgos; Bliss, Sam (January 4, 2019). "Post-environmentalism: origins and evolution of a strange idea". Journal of Political Ecology. 26 (1): 466–85. doi:10.2458/v26i1.23238. S2CID 202259917.
  13. ^ a b Gelobter, Michel; Dorsey, Michael; Fields, Leslie; Goldtooth, Tom; Mendiratta, Anuja; Moore, Richard; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Shepard, Peggy M.; Torres, Gerald (May 27, 2005). "The Soul of Environmentalism Rediscovering transformational politics in the 21st century". Grist. Archived from the original on July 11, 2005.
  14. ^ Adamson, Joni; Slovic, Scott (2009). "Guest Editors' Introduction the Shoulders We Stand on: An Introduction to Ethnicity and Ecocriticism". MELUS. 34 (2): 5–24. doi:10.1353/mel.0.0019. ISSN 0163-755X. JSTOR 20532676. S2CID 143615564.
  15. ^ a b Dotson, Taylor; Bouchey, Michael (2020). "Democracy and the Nuclear Stalemate". The New Atlantis. 62 (62): 15, 26. JSTOR 26934424 – via JSTOR.
  16. ^ [6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]
  17. ^ a b c Trembath, Alex (July 23, 2020). "Alternatives to Climate Alarmism". National Review. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
  18. ^ a b c Tierney, John (June 21, 2020). "'Apocalypse Never' Review: False Gods for Lost Souls". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  19. ^ a b Ford, Jonathan (September 18, 2020). "Are cooler heads needed on climate change?". Financial Times. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  20. ^ a b Stein, Hannes (June 20, 2020). "Die Illusionen der Öko-Romantiker". Die Welt. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  21. ^ [3][17][18][19][20]
  22. ^ a b Schneider, Benjamin (October 13, 2021). "Owning the Progressives: A new book takes aim at San Francisco's social policies". The San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved October 25, 2021.
  23. ^ a b Enzinna, Wes (November 23, 2021). "The San Francisco Homeless Crisis: What Has Gone Wrong?". The New York Times. Retrieved November 30, 2021.
  24. ^ a b Stanley, Tim (December 5, 2021). "'San Fransicko': a must-read exposé of the misery caused by an ultra-liberal policy experiment". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved December 5, 2021.
  25. ^ [22][23][5][24]
  26. ^ a b "Two Environmentalists Anger Their Brethren". Wired. September 2007.
  27. ^ "Greeley Central High School graduate waxes philosophic on energy". Greeley Tribune. February 17, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2022.
  28. ^ "PAGS Graduates in the Media, Academics". Richmond, IN: Earlham College. Archived from the original on March 8, 2021. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  29. ^ "Michael Shellenberger's Biography". justfacts.votesmart.org. Vote Smart. Retrieved June 22, 2022.
  30. ^ Armstrong, David (August 5, 1997). "Progressive PR". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  31. ^ Holmes, Paul (August 3, 2002). "Fenton Veterans Launch PR Firm for Progressive Clients". PRovoke Media. Retrieved November 7, 2021.
  32. ^ Collier, Robert (August 21, 2004). "Venezuelan politics suit Bay Area activists' talents". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  33. ^ Franke-Ruta, Garance (January 18, 2006). "Remapping the Culture Debate". The American Prospect. Archived from the original on December 25, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  34. ^ Barringer, Felicity (February 6, 2005). "Paper Sets Off a Debate on Environmentalism's Future". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  35. ^ Totty, Michael (April 17, 2010). "Nuclear's Fall—and Rise". The Wall Street Journal.
  36. ^ Leonhardt, David (July 21, 2012). "Opinion | A Ray of Hope on Climate Change". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  37. ^ Shellenberger, Michael; Nordhaus, Ted (December 16, 2011). "Opinion | A Boom in Shale Gas? Credit the Feds". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 22, 2013.
  38. ^ Begos, Kevin (September 23, 2012). "Decades of Federal Dollars Helped Fuel Gas Boom". AP.
  39. ^ "Boundary conditions". The Economist. June 16, 2012.
  40. ^ Collier, Robert (August 21, 2004). "Venezuelan politics suit Bay Area activists' talents / Locals help build Chavez's image, provide polling data". SFGATE. Retrieved January 24, 2024.
  41. ^ Environmental Progress home page (accessed 1 July 2017)
  42. ^ McDonnell, Tim (February 3, 2016). "Closing This Nuclear Plant Could Cause an Environmental Disaster". Mother Jones. Foundation For National Progress. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
  43. ^ "Open letter: Do the right thing — stand-up for California's largest source of clean energy". Save Diablo Canyon. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
  44. ^ "State Nuclear Profiles: Illinois". U.S. Energy Information Administration. April 26, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2016.
  45. ^ "EP open letter to New York PSC". Environmental Progress. July 14, 2016.
  46. ^ "Open letter to South Korean president Moon Jae-in". Environmental Progress. May 7, 2017.
  47. ^ Shellenberger, Michael (January 15, 2020). "Full Committee Hearing - An Update on the Climate Crisis: From Science to Solutions". republicans-science.house.gov. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  48. ^ Folmar, Chloe (December 11, 2022). "American author Michael Shellenberger releases 'Twitter Files Part 4'". The Hill. Archived from the original on December 11, 2022. Retrieved December 17, 2022.
  49. ^ Fischer, Sara (December 13, 2022). "Bari Weiss reveals business plan for buzzy new media startup". Axios.com. Retrieved January 28, 2023.
  50. ^ https://westminsterdeclaration.org/
  51. ^ a b "Michael Shellenberger". University of Austin. Retrieved January 25, 2024.
  52. ^ "College Navigator". National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved February 19, 2024.
  53. ^ Ho, Soleil. "Michael Shellenberger is one of the most influential writers in S.F. Here's what he says about trans people". San Francisco Chronicle.
  54. ^ "About Public". public.substack.com. Michael Shellenberger. Retrieved November 30, 2023.
  55. ^ Moench, Mallory; Fagan, Kevin (January 26, 2022). "In controversial move, S.F. allows drug use at Breed's new Tenderloin treatment linkage center". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on January 26, 2022. Retrieved March 1, 2024.
  56. ^ Sjostedt, David (May 11, 2022). "'Tenderloin Linkage Center' Morphs into Safe Consumption Site, Despite Legal Risks". The San Francisco Standard. Retrieved August 13, 2023.
  57. ^ Moench, Mallory (December 7, 2022). "Mayor Breed's Tenderloin Center just closed. What does that mean for S.F.'s ongoing drug epidemic". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 1, 2024.
  58. ^ Gordon, Michael (June 20, 2023). "U.S.-Funded Scientist Among Three Chinese Researchers Who Fell Ill Amid Early Covid-19 Outbreak". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved January 23, 2024.
  59. ^ "Entrevista | 'Há dificuldade de diferenciar palavras de ações', diz ativista americano crítico de Moraes; ouça". Estadão (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved April 17, 2024.
  60. ^ Vieira, Thiago (April 16, 2024). "Michael Shellenberger: 'Petistas exigiram minha prisão'". Revista Oeste (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved April 17, 2024.
  61. ^ PODER360 (April 11, 2024). "Ao vivo: Michael Shellenberger fala à Comissão do Senado". Poder360 (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved April 17, 2024.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  62. ^ CNN, Da. "Jornalista do Twitter Files diz no Senado que Moraes "parece agir como legislador"". CNN Brasil. Retrieved April 17, 2024. {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  63. ^ Shellenberger, Michael; Nordhaus, Ted (2004). The Death of Environmentalism: Global Warming in a Post-Environmental World (PDF) (Report). Breakthrough Institute. Retrieved November 30, 2021.
  64. ^ a b Walsh, Bryan (September 24, 2008). "Ted Nordhaus and Michael Shellenberger - Heroes of the Environment 2008". Time Specials. Archived from the original on July 29, 2009. Retrieved November 20, 2022.
  65. ^ "Dead movement walking?". Salon.com. January 14, 2005. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
  66. ^ Barringer, Felicity (February 6, 2005). "Paper Sets Off a Debate on Environmentalism's Future". The New York Times.
  67. ^ Yglesias, Matthew (January 13, 2008). "Beyond Mother Nature". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 28, 2022.
  68. ^ Jonathan Adler, The Wall Street Journal, 27 November 2007, The Lowdown on Doomsday: Why the public shrugs at global warming
  69. ^ Joe Romm, Grist, 3 October 2007, Debunking Shellenberger & Nordhaus: Part I: The death of 'The Death of Environmentalism' Archived December 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  70. ^ Roberts, David (April 27, 2011). "Why I've avoided commenting on Nisbet's 'Climate Shift' report". Grist. Retrieved October 25, 2022.
  71. ^ Roberts, David (June 14, 2013). "Some thoughts on "Pandora's Promise" and the nuclear debate". Grist.
  72. ^ Robert Collier, San Francisco Chronicle, 7 October 2007, Review: Why get so heated about global warming?
  73. ^ Kate Sheppard, American Prospect, 11 October 2007, Life After the Death of Environmentalism Archived February 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  74. ^ Douglas Kysar, Harvard Law Review, June 2008, The Consultants' Republic Archived January 31, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  75. ^ "An Ecomodernist Manifesto". Ecomodernism.org. Retrieved April 17, 2015. A good Anthropocene demands that humans use their growing social, economic, and technological powers to make life better for people, stabilize the climate, and protect the natural world.
  76. ^ Porter, Eduardo (April 14, 2015). "A Call to Look Past Sustainable Development". The New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2015. On Tuesday, a group of scholars involved in the environmental debate, including Professor Roy and Professor Brook, Ruth DeFries of Columbia University, and Michael Shellenberger and Ted Nordhaus of the Breakthrough Institute in Oakland, Calif., issued what they are calling the "Eco-modernist Manifesto."
  77. ^ "Is the "Ecomodernist Manifesto" the Future of Environmentalism?". The New Yorker. June 2, 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
  78. ^ Eduardo Porter, The New York Times, April 14, 2015. / 'A Call to Look Past Sustainable Development."
  79. ^ Eric Holthaus (20 April 2015). "Manifesto Calls for an End to "People Are Bad" Environmentalism." Slate.
  80. ^ Shellenberger, Michael (June 30, 2020). Apocalypse Never: Why Environmental Alarmism Hurts Us All. New York City, NY: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-300169-5.
  81. ^ "Shellenberger's Optimistic, Viral Take on Climate Future Challenged by Scientists He Cites". Snopes. August 4, 2020. Retrieved June 15, 2023.
  82. ^ "Apocalypse Never". Reviews. HarperCollins. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  83. ^ Emanuel, Kerry (July 29, 2020). "MIT climate scientist Kerry Emanuel on energy and Shellenberger's 'Apocalypse'" Yale Climate Connections". Yale Climate Connections. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  84. ^ Readfearn, Graham (July 4, 2020). "The environmentalist's apology: how Michael Shellenberger unsettled some of his prominent supporters". the Guardian. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  85. ^ Gillespie, Nick (July 8, 2020). "Michael Shellenberger: Environmental Alarmism Is Wrong and Harmful". Reason. Retrieved July 12, 2022.
  86. ^ Shellenberger, Michael (2021). San Fransicko: Why Progressives Ruin Cities. HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 978-0-06-309362-1.
  87. ^ Entin, Brian (June 11, 2023). "Skeptics, believers discuss whistleblower's claims". NewsNation. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  88. ^ a b c "Interview with Michael Shellenberger". Interviews with Max Raskin. Retrieved September 7, 2023.
  89. ^ Norvell, Scott (June 8, 2023). "More Sources Step Up To Buttress Whistleblower Claims That America Is Hiding Alien Spacecraft". The New York Sun. Archived from the original on July 27, 2023. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  90. ^ Berliner, Uri (August 30, 2022). "Why even environmentalists are supporting nuclear power today". National Public Radio. Retrieved January 15, 2024.
  91. ^ Kahn, Debra (June 8, 2022). "The environmental apostate who backed nuclear before it was cool". Politico. Retrieved January 15, 2024.
  92. ^ a b Gingerich, Mia (April 3, 2024). "San Fransicko author Michael Shellenberger laid out a plan to attack the scientific consensus behind gender-affirming care. Some mainstream outlets took the bait". Media Matters for America. Retrieved April 5, 2024.
  93. ^ Ho, Soleil (November 20, 2023). "Michael Shellenberger is one of the most influential writers in S.F. Here's what he says about trans people". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 5, 2024.
  94. ^ Hughes, Mia (March 4, 2024). "The WPATH Files" (Press release). Environmental Progress. Retrieved March 21, 2024.
  95. ^ McArdle, Megan (March 8, 2024). "When treating transgender youth, how informed is informed consent?". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 18, 2024.
  96. ^ Lees, Nathalie (March 5, 2024). "Leaked discussions reveal uncertainty about transgender care". The Economist. Retrieved March 18, 2024.
  97. ^ Tavlian, Alex (August 24, 2021). "Down the stretch come endorsement: Elder, Kiley, Faulconer tout new backers". The Sun.
  98. ^ "In governor's race, challengers attack Newsom's record on homelessness". Los Angeles Times. April 13, 2022. Retrieved May 10, 2022.
  99. ^ "Arizona and California have been transformed by climate change | Masada Siegel". The Independent. May 6, 2022. Retrieved May 10, 2022.
  100. ^ "California governor warms up to nuclear reactors". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. May 4, 2022. Retrieved May 10, 2022.
  101. ^ a b c Marans, Daniel (April 4, 2022). "Why Centrist Michael Shellenberger Is Challenging California Gov. Gavin Newsom". HuffPost. Retrieved May 10, 2022.
  102. ^ Finley, Allysia (May 9, 2022). "Opinion | Can Michael Shellenberger Beat Gavin Newsom?". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved May 10, 2022.
  103. ^ "Twitter Files Awarded Inaugural Dao Prize for Excellence In Investigative Journalism" (Press release). Young America's Foundation. GlobeNewswire. November 2, 2023. Retrieved February 19, 2024.
  104. ^ Alexander, Cockburn (November 3, 2023). "Twitter Files triumphant at the Dao Prize". Cockburn's Gossip. Retrieved February 19, 2024.
  105. ^ "Stevens' Center for Science Writings honors environmental critics with Green Book Award" (Press release). Stevens Institute of Technology. April 28, 2008. Retrieved February 20, 2024.
  106. ^ "Michael Shellenberger tells Joe Rogan he returned to Christianity in response to societal 'hatred, anger'". The Christian Post. April 10, 2023.
edit