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Kerry Andrew Emanuel (born April 21, 1955) is an American professor of meteorology currently working at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge. In particular he has specialized in atmospheric convection and the mechanisms acting to intensify hurricanes. He was named one of the Time 100 influential people of 2006.[1] In 2007, he was elected as a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.[2] He was elected a Member of the American Philosophical Society in 2019.

Kerry Emanuel
Kerry Emanuel by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Emanuel in 2016
Born (1955-04-21) April 21, 1955 (age 64)
NationalityUnited States
Alma materMassachusetts Institute of Technology
Known forDynamics, hurricanes
AwardsCarl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal
Scientific career
InstitutionsMassachusetts Institute of Technology
ThesisInertial stability and mesoscale convective systems (1978)
Doctoral advisorJule Charney

He hypothesized in 1994 about a superpowerful type of hurricane which could be formed if average sea surface temperature increased another 15C more than it's ever been (see "hypercane").

In a March 2008 paper published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, he put forward the conclusion that global warming is likely to increase the intensity but decrease the frequency of hurricane and cyclone activity.[3] Gabriel Vecchi, of NOAA said of Emanuel's announcement, "While his results don't rule out the possibility that global warming has contributed to the recent increase in activity in the Atlantic, they suggest that other factors—possibly in addition to global warming—are likely to have been substantial contributors to the observed increase in activity."[4]

In 2013, with other leading experts, he was co-author of an open letter to policy makers, which stated that "continued opposition to nuclear power threatens humanity's ability to avoid dangerous climate change."[5]

Along with Daniel H. Rothman, Emanuel co-founded the MIT Lorenz Center, named for Edward N. Lorenz.[6][7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Jeffery Kluger (30 April 2006). "Kerry Emanuel". Time. Retrieved 19 January 2009. I didn't expect to get people's attention with this paper," he says, "but the timing, so close to Katrina, may have helped wake them up some.
  2. ^ Elizabeth A. Thomson (1 May 2007). "Five from MIT elected to National Academy of Sciences". Massachusetts Institute of Technology News Office. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
  3. ^ Emanuel, Kerry (2008). "The Hurricane-Climate Connection" (PDF). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 89 (5): ES10–ES20. Bibcode:2008BAMS...89S..10E. doi:10.1175/BAMS-89-5-Emanuel. Retrieved 2009-01-19. The weight of available evidence suggests that multidecadal variability of hurricane season tropical Atlantic SST and Northern Hemispheric surface temperature... is controlled mostly by time-varying radiative forcing owing to solar variability, major volcanic eruptions, and anthropogenic sulfate aerosols and greenhouse gases, though the response to this forcing may be modulated by natural modes of variability.
  4. ^ Eric Berger (2008-04-12). "Hurricane expert reconsiders global warming's impact". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-04-21.
  5. ^ "Top climate change scientists issue open letter to policy influencers -". CNN. 3 November 2013.
  6. ^
  7. ^

Selected publicationsEdit

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