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Melbourne tram route 1

Melbourne tram route 1 is operated by Yarra Trams on the Melbourne tram network. It operates from the corner of Nicholson and Bell Streets in East Coburg to the corner of Victoria Avenue and Beaconsfield Parade at South Melbourne Beach. The 13.2 kilometre route is operated by Z3 and B2 class trams from Brunswick depot.[1][2]

Route 1
East Coburg - South Melbourne Beach
Icon for route 1.
B2 2130 in Swanston St on route 1 30-9-2013.jpg
B2 class tram on Swanston Street in September 2012.
Overview
SystemMelbourne
OperatorYarra Trams
DepotBrunswick
Vehicle
Began service13 September 1953
Route
Length13.2 km (8.2 mi)
TimetableRoute 1 timetable
MapRoute 1 Map
←   {{{system_nav}}}  Route 3 →

HistoryEdit

The line between East Coburg and South Melbourne Beach via Sturt Street was allocated Route 1 on 13 September 1953. However, route 1 had been used on a few different routes prior to this date. When route numbers were introduced into Melbourne's electric tramways as a trial on 19 December 1928, route 1 was allocated to the service between East Coburg and Elsternwick. Following this successful trial, route numbers were permanently allocated to all Swanston Street tram services, route 1 still being allocated to this service. Following the conversion of the Brunswick Street cable tram to electric traction on 26 October 1930, route 1 was reallocated to run between East Coburg and St Kilda Beach via South Melbourne. Trams from East Coburg initially turned left at Clarendon Street to terminate at St Kilda Beach, while trams from Collins Street terminated at South Melbourne Beach. On 13 September 1953, this was amended so that both tram services ran through the junction, resulting in South Melbourne Beach becoming the terminus of route 1.[3]

The origins of route 1 lie in separate tram lines. The section of track between Queensberry Street (Stop 4) and the junction to St Kilda Road (near Stop 14) is the oldest section of this route, dating back to the Brighton Road cable tram line which opened on 11 October 1888 by the Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company (MTOC). This track was converted to electric traction 3 August 1926. The section between Clarendon Street (Stop 24) and Beaconsfield Parade (Stop 32) also dates from the cable era as the South Melbourne line, which opened on 17 June 1890. This section was converted on 25 July 1937. The section north of Queensberry Street until East Coburg was constructed by the Melbourne, Brunswick & Coburg Tramway Trust (MBCTT). Construction of the electric tramway began in June 1914, and on 31 October 1916, East Coburg was connected to Melbourne at Queensberry Street, where the terminus of the Swanston Street cable trams were at the time. On 31 October 1925, the Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board (MMTB) constructed a tram line from St Kilda Beach via South Melbourne to St Kilda Road at City Road. Route 1 traverses the section of this line between Clarendon Street and St Kilda Road. As part of the City Road and St Kilda Road separation project, the northern most section of track along Sturt Street was relocated to Nolan Street (now Southbank Boulevard) on 16 March 1970.[3]

For a long time, the section between Moreland Road (Stop 129) and East Coburg was built by the MBCTT with a single track and crossing loops. The section between Moreland Road and Crozier Street (Stop 132) was eventually duplicated on 2 May 1927. A siding was constructed at the Bell Street terminus on 3 July 1928. The section of track north of Crozier Street was finally duplicated on 12 December 1966.[3]

Prior to short-working route rationalization by Yarra Trams in 2014, Route 1 had many short-working routes. From route 1's inception, route 2 and route 2A were used for services from South Melbourne Beach that terminated in the City (usually at Victoria St). Route 21 meanwhile was used for services from East Coburg terminating in the City (Flinders St or Arts Centre). From 1970 until 1997, route 4 was used for services from both directions terminating at South Melbourne depot. Nowadays, these short-workings have been replaced by either 1a or 1d (for short-workings and depot workings respectively).

Melbourne tram route 1 evolution
Dates Route Notes
During PMTT operation Malvern (Burke Road) to St Kilda Road (as PMTT) Wattletree Road/Glenferrie Road/High Street
19 December 1928 -
10 October 1930
East Coburg to Elsternwick
10 October 1930 -
13 September 1953
East Coburg to St Kilda Beach via South Melbourne
13 September 1953 - onwards East Coburg to South Melbourne Beach Rerouted through Southbank Boulevard from 16 March 1970

RouteEdit

DescriptionEdit

Route 1 commences at the corner of Nicholson and Bell Streets at Coburg, travelling south via Nicholson Street to Brunswick East where Nicholson Street becomes Holmes Street. It continues south to Albion Street where it doglegs into Lygon Street, continuing south through Carlton North and Carlton, turning west into Elgin Street and south into Swanston Street at Melbourne University.

It passes south through the CBD on Swanston Street, via Melbourne Central station and Flinders Street stations. After crossing the Yarra River it continues south along St Kilda Road, passing The Arts Centre and National Gallery of Victoria before turning west into Southbank Boulevard, quickly turning south onto Sturt Street, passing the Melbourne Recital Hall and Victorian College of the Arts. It briefly travels south on Eastern Road and Heather Street to Park Street, South Melbourne where it travels west to Montague Street Albert Park, and travels south, turning west into Bridport Street and continuing to its terminus in Victoria Avenue at Beaconsfield Parade.

OperationEdit

Route 1 is operated out of Brunswick depot by Z3 and B2 class trams.[2] Brunswick shared operation of the route with South Melbourne depot until 2 April 1995.[4]

Route mapEdit

Route 1
East Coburg - South Melbourne Beach
via Brunswick, City & South Melbourne
Free tram zone covers stops 8 to 13, fare zone 1 applies from stop 135 to 112, 14 to 32
Suburb
Street
Stop
No.
East Coburg
Connections
135
 
 
 
Bell Street
  513, 527, 903
134
 
Merribell Avenue
133
 
Harding Street
132
 
Crozier Street
131
 
Rennie Street
  512
130
 
The Avenue
 
 
Moreland Road
Tram 6
 
  Moreland
129
 
 
 
Moreland Road
  6;   510
 
Holmes Street
128
 
Mitchell Street
127
 
Albion Street
  503
126
 
Stewart Street
125
 
Blyth Street
  508
124
 
Victoria Street
123
 
Albert Street
122
 
Glenlyon Road
  506
121
 
Weston Street
120
 
Brunswick Road
  504
119
 
 
 
Park Street
118
 
Pigdon Street
117
 
Richardson Street
116
 
Fenwick Street
115
 
Melbourne Cemetery
114
 
Princes Street
  546
113
 
 
 
Lytton Street
 
Elgin Street
112
 
Lygon Street
  200, 207
1
 
Melbourne University
 
3/3a, 5, 6, 16
64, 67, 72
;  
401, 402
403, 546
3
 
Lincoln Square
4
 
Queensberry Street
 
 
Victoria Street
No Service
7
 
 
 
RMIT University
 
 
 
 
La Trobe Street
Tram 30, City Circle
 
 
 
 
 
Melbourne Central station
8
 
Melbourne Central station
10
 
Bourke Street Mall
 
 
 
Bourke Street
Tram 86, 96
 
 
 
Collins Street
Tram 11, 12, 48, 109
11
 
Collins Street
 
 
 
Flinders Street
Tram 70, 75, City Circle
 
 
 
 
 
Flinders Street station
13
 
Flinders Street station
14
 
 
 
Arts Precinct
 
3/3a, 5, 6, 16
64, 67, 72
;  
216, 219
220
 
 
St Kilda Road
Tram 3/3a, 5, 6, 16, 64, 67, 72
 St Kilda Road  
 
 
Southbank Boulevard
17
 
Sturt Street
  216, 219, 220
 
Sturt Street
18
 
Grant Street
19
 
Miles Street
South Melbourne
Sturt Street
20
 
 
 
Kings Way
 
 
 
 
Kings Way
Tram 58
 
Eastern Road
22
 
Dorcas Street
 
Park Street
23
 
Moray Street
24
 
Clarendon Street
 
 
 
 
Clarendon Street
Tram 12
25
 
Cecil Street
 
 
 
St Kilda Light Rail
Tram 96 (No connecting stop)
26
 
Ferrars Street
Albert Park
Park Street
27
 
 
 
Montague Street
 
Montague Street
28
 
Bridport Street
 
Victoria Avenue
29
 
Cardigan Street
30
 
Richardson Street
  606
31
 
Graham Street
32
 
Beaconsfield Parade
Suburb
Street
Stop
No.
South Melbourne Beach
Connections
Not all stops are shown, refer to timetable for full list of stops
Green denotes free tram zone

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Facts & figures Yarra Trams
  2. ^ a b Route 1 Yarra Trams
  3. ^ a b c "Gunzel". www.classicaustraliantv.com. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Melbourne Trams" Trolley Wire issue 261 May 1995 page 17

External linksEdit