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Melbourne tram route 109 is operated by Yarra Trams on the Melbourne tram network. It operates from Box Hill to Port Melbourne. The 13.9 kilometre route[citation needed] is operated by A and C class trams from Kew depot.[1][2]

Route 109
Box HillPort Melbourne
Icon for route 109.
YarraTramsLogoNew.svg
C Class Tram, Melbourne - Jan 2008.jpg
Overview
SystemMelbourne
OperatorYarra Trams
DepotKew
VehicleA class
C class
PredecessorsRoute 42, 111
Night-timeFriday & Saturday
Route
LocaleMelbourne, Australia
StartBox Hill
ViaCollins Street
EndPort Melbourne
Service
Journey time55-75 minutes
OperatesDaily
Zone(s)Free Zone: 1-8, 123, 124
Myki Zone 1: Stops 9-47, 124A-129
Zone 1/2 overlap: Stops 47-58
TimetableRoute 109 timetable
MapRoute 109 map
Route map

Melbourne trams route 109 map.png

← Route 96  {{{system_nav}}}   →

The route runs along a light rail track between Southbank and Port Melbourne, using the right-of-way of the former Port Melbourne railway line, the second railway in Australia, which opened in 1854, which was converted to light rail in 1987. It is one of the most patronised routes in Melbourne, with over 15.6 million trips in 2015.[3]

HistoryEdit

The origins of route 109 lie in separate tram lines, a cable tram from Spencer Street to the Yarra River, a horse tram from the Yarra River to Kew Cemetery, an electric line from Kew Junction to Box Hill (extended over the years), as well as the Port Melbourne railway line.

A cable line was opened by the Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company from Spencer Street to Brunswick Street along Collins Street, MacArthur Street, Gisborne Street and Victoria Parade on 2 October 1886, and extended to the west side of the Yarra River along Victoria Parade and Victoria Street on 22 November 1886.[4] A connecting horse tram was built from the east side of the Yarra River to Kew Cemetery, along Barkers Road, High Street South and High Street, opening on 28 December 1887.

The Prahran & Malvern Tramways Trust (PMTT) opened a line from High Street to Burke Road along Cotham Road on 30 May 1913.[5] On 1 November 1914 the PMTT received permission to convert the horse tram line to electric traction, and the new electric line was opened on 24 February 1915.[5] The PMTT extended the Cotham Road line to Union Road, Mont Albert along Whitehorse Road, on 30 September 1916.[5]

In 1929 the Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board (MMTB) started converting the Collins Street cable lines to electric traction, with the last cable tram running down Collins Street on 14 September 1929, and the first electric tram on 8 December 1929.[6] At the same time the MMTB built a new electric line down the centre of Victoria Parade to replace the cable line, which opened on 15 September 1929.[6] For the next six decades the Melbourne to Mont Albert tram was numbered 42, celebrated by a 1982 theatrical production, Storming Mont Albert by Tram, which was performed on a specially-chartered Route 42 tram from the Mont Albert terminus to the city and return.[7]

The line was extended south-west to Port Melbourne along Spencer Street and the former Port Melbourne railway line on 21 December 1987 following the conversion of the railway (along with the St Kilda line) to light rail.[8][9] The broad gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) track was re-gauged to standard gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) and the overhead voltage was reduced from 1500 V DC to 600 V DC with light rail platforms built adjacent to or near the former stations platforms. Initially services operated as route 111 between Carlton Gardens and Port Melbourne. On 19 December 1993, routes 42 and 111 were combined as route 109.[10]

The line was extended from its original terminus at Mont Albert to Box Hill along Whitehorse Road, about 2.2 kilometres (1.4 mi), at the cost of $28 million, on 2 June 2003.[11][12] In January 2016, route 109 began operating through the night on Fridays and Saturdays as part of the Night Network.[13]

RouteEdit

DescriptionEdit

 
The Port Melbourne terminus, with the Port Melbourne railway station building in the foreground

Route 109 runs from Box Hill, travelling west on Whitehorse Road through the suburbs of Mont Albert, Surrey Hills, Balwyn and Deepdene. Entering Kew at Burke Road, Whitehorse Road becomes Cotham Road. It continues west, through Kew Junction and then south west along High Street, High Street South and turns west into Barkers Road.

It crosses the Yarra River into Victoria Street, Richmond and continues west, at Hoddle Street Victoria Street becomes Victoria Parade, it passes through St Vincent's Plaza, passing St Vincent's Hospital, the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital and turns south onto Gisborne Street, continues south west along MacArthur Street and turns west into Collins Street, entering the CBD, passing Melbourne Town Hall and City Square.

It turns south into Spencer Street, passing Southern Cross station, then crosses the Yarra River and enters Southbank on Clarendon Street before traversing the suburbs of South Melbourne and Port Melbourne on a right-of-way using the former Port Melbourne railway line and terminates at Port Melbourne railway station, near Station Pier.

OperationEdit

Route 109 is operates from Kew depot[14] and is run by A and C class trams.

MapEdit

Route 109
Box Hill - Port Melbourne
via Mont Albert, City & Southbank
Free tram zone covers stops 124 to 8, fare zone 1 from
stop 57 to 10, 124A to 129, fare zone 2 from stop 57 to 47
Suburb
Street
Stop
No.
Box Hill
Connections
58
 
 
 
Box Hill Central Shopping Centre
 
  Box Hill station
57
 
Nelson Road
56
 
Elgar Road
55
 
 
 
Hood Street
54
 
Inglisby Road
53
 
 
 
Union Road
  284, 612
51
 
Narrak Road
50
 
Wharton Street
49
 
 
 
Northcote Avenue
48
 
Balwyn Shopping Centre
47
 
Balwyn Road
  285
Zone 1+2
Zone 1
 
46
 
Balwyn Cinema
45
 
Hardwicke Street
44
 
 
 
Deepdene Park
43
 
Deepdene Shopping Centre
42
 
Burke Road
  72;  548
 
 
 
Burke Road
Tram 72
Kew
Cotham Road
41
 
 
 
Kew Traffic School
40
 
St George's Hospital
  548
39
 
Thomas Street
38
 
Marshall Avenue
37
 
Belmont Avenue
36
 
Glenferrie Road
 
 
Glenferrie Road
Tram 16
35
 
Charles Street
  609
34
 
High Street
 
 
High Street
Tram 48
Kew
High Street
33
 
Cotham Road
32
 
Kew Junction
  200, 207, 609
31
 
Stevenson Street
 
 
 
 
 
Church Street
Tram 48
Hawthorn
Barkers Road
29
 
 
 
 
High Street
 
 
Kew tram depot
 
 
27
 
Findon Crescent
25
 
 
 
River Boulevard
 
 
Victoria Gardens Siding
24
 
Victoria Gardens
23
 
Leslie Street
22
 
McKay Street
21
 
Church Street
 
 
Church Street
Tram 78
 
 Balaclava  
20
 
Lennox Street
19
 
North Richmond station
 
 
 
 
  North Richmond station
18
 
 
 
Hoddle Street
16
 
Wellington Street
15
 
Smith Street
13
 
 
Lansdowne Street
 
St Vincent's Plaza Siding
 
 
Brunswick Street
Tram 11
 
   West Preston
12
 
 
 
St Vincent's Plaza
 
 
Victoria Parade
Tram 30
 
Gisborne Street
11
 
Albert Street
 
Macarthur Street
10
 
Parliament station
 
 
 
 
  Parliament Station
 
 
 
Spring Street
Tram 48, City Circle
Wellington Parade  
   Nicholson Street
8
 
 
 
Spring Street
7
 
101 Collins Street
  605
 
 
 
Swanston Street
Tram 1, 3, 5, 6, 16, 64, 67, 72
6
 
Town Hall
  1, 3, 5, 6, 16, 64, 67, 72
 
 
 
Elizabeth Street
Tram 19, 57, 59
5
 
Elizabeth Street
3
 
William Street
 
 
 
William Street
Tram 58
1
 
Southern Cross station
 
  Southern Cross station
 
 
Spencer Street
Tram 96
 
   Bourke Street
 
 
 
 
Collins Street
Tram 11, 48
 
   Docklands
 
 
 
Flinders Street
Tram 70, 75, City Circle
 
 
 
Flinders Street Viaduct
 
Spencer Street
124
 
Batman Park
Southbank
Clarendon Street
124A
 
 
 
Casino/MCEC
 
 
Clarendon Street
Tram 12
 
Normanby Road
125
 
Clarendon Street Junction
 
 
St Kilda Light Rail
Tram 96
South Melbourne
Normanby Road
125A
 
 
 
Southbank tram depot
 
 
Southbank tram depot
126
 
Montague Street
Port Melbourne
Station Street
127
 
 
 
North Port
128
 
Graham Street
129
 
Beacon Cove
  236, PPC
Suburb
No.
Stop Name (Road Name)
Connections
Note: Green denotes free tram zone

Bus routeEdit

When cruise ships are berthed at Station Pier, Sita Buslines operate a parallel bus service as route 109 between Station Pier and the Arts Centre.[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Facts & figures Yarra Trams
  2. ^ Route 109 Yarra Trams
  3. ^ "Facts & figures". Yarra Trams. Archived from the original on 4 January 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  4. ^ Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company Limited Running Journal volume 9 no 3 page 16
  5. ^ a b c "Milestones, 1911 – 1920", Yarra Trams, retrieved 9 October 2011
  6. ^ a b "Milestones, 1921 – 1930", Yarra Trams, retrieved 9 October 2011
  7. ^ "Storming Mont Albert by Tram - Melbourne Moomba Festival". Performance Archive. Theatre Works: St Kilda. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  8. ^ Jones, Colin (1993). Watch for Trams. Kenthurst: Kangaroo Press. p. 118. ISBN 0 86417 544 2.
  9. ^ "Milestones, 1981 – 1990", Yarra Trams, retrieved 26 September 2011
  10. ^ "Melbourne News" Trolley Wire issue 256 February 1994 page 23
  11. ^ "Box Hill Extension Opening". Yarra Trams. 5 February 2003. Retrieved 9 October 2011.
  12. ^ "Trams return to Box Hill" Trolley Wire issue 293 May 2003 pages 11-14
  13. ^ Night Tram Public Transport Victoria
  14. ^ "Kew Depot", Vicsig, retrieved 9 October 2011
  15. ^ 109 Express Port Melbourne to Arts Centre Archived 10 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Public Transport Victoria

External linksEdit