Melbourne tram route 109 is operated by Yarra Trams on the Melbourne tram network from Box Hill to Port Melbourne. The 19.3 kilometre route is operated out of Kew depot with A and C class trams.
|Began service||19 December 1993|
|Predecessors||Route 42, 111|
|Night-time||Friday & Saturday|
|Timetable||Route 109 timetable|
|Map||Route 109 map|
The origins of route 109 lie in separate tram lines, a cable tram from Spencer Street to the Yarra River, a horse tram from the Yarra River to Kew Cemetery, an electric line from Kew Junction to Box Hill (extended over the years), as well as the Port Melbourne railway line.
A cable line was opened by the Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company from Spencer Street to Brunswick Street along Collins Street, MacArthur Street, Gisborne Street and Victoria Parade on 2 October 1886, and extended to the west side of the Yarra River along Victoria Parade and Victoria Street on 22 November 1886. A connecting horse tram was built from the east side of the Yarra River to Kew Cemetery, along Barkers Road, High Street South and High Street, opening on 28 December 1887.
The Prahran & Malvern Tramways Trust (PMTT) opened a line from High Street to Burke Road along Cotham Road on 30 May 1913. On 1 November 1914 the PMTT received permission to convert the horse tram line to electric traction, and the new electric line was opened on 24 February 1915. The PMTT extended the Cotham Road line to Union Road, Mont Albert along Whitehorse Road, on 30 September 1916.
In 1929 the Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board (MMTB) started converting the Collins Street cable lines to electric traction, with the last cable tram running down Collins Street on 14 September 1929, and the first electric tram on 8 December 1929. At the same time the MMTB built a new electric line down the centre of Victoria Parade to replace the cable line, which opened on 15 September 1929. For the next six decades the Melbourne to Mont Albert tram was numbered 42, celebrated by a 1982 theatrical production, Storming Mont Albert by Tram, which was performed on a specially-chartered Route 42 tram from the Mont Albert terminus to the city and return.
The line was extended south-west to Port Melbourne along Spencer Street and the former Port Melbourne railway line on 21 December 1987 following the conversion of the railway (along with the St Kilda line) to light rail. The broad gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) track was re-gauged to standard gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) and the overhead voltage was reduced from 1500 V DC to 600 V DC with light rail platforms built adjacent to or near the former stations platforms. Initially services operated as route 111 between Carlton Gardens and Port Melbourne. On 19 December 1993, routes 42 and 111 were combined as route 109. When Station Pier was refurbished in 1999, tram tracks were laid to allow for route 109 to be extended onto the pier, but have never been connected.
The line was extended from its original terminus at Mont Albert to Box Hill along Whitehorse Road for 2.2 kilometres on 2 May 2003. In January 2016, route 109 began operating through the night on Fridays and Saturdays as part of the Night Network.
Route 109 runs from Box Hill, travelling west on Whitehorse Road through the suburbs of Mont Albert, Surrey Hills, Balwyn and Deepdene. Entering Kew at Burke Road, Whitehorse Road becomes Cotham Road. It continues west, through Kew Junction and then south west along High Street, High Street South and turns west into Barkers Road.
It crosses the Yarra River into Victoria Street, Richmond and continues west, at Hoddle Street Victoria Street becomes Victoria Parade, it passes through St Vincent's Plaza, passing St Vincent's Hospital, the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital and turns south onto Gisborne Street, continues south west along MacArthur Street and turns west into Collins Street, entering the CBD, passing Melbourne Town Hall and City Square.
It turns south into Spencer Street, passing Southern Cross station, then crosses the Yarra River and enters Southbank on Clarendon Street before traversing the suburbs of South Melbourne and Port Melbourne on a right-of-way using the former Port Melbourne railway line and terminates at Port Melbourne railway station near Station Pier.
Route 109 is operated out of Kew depot with A and C1 class trams. For a period from 2002, some services were also operated by Southbank depot.
|Box Hill - Port Melbourne|
via Mont Albert, City & Southbank
Free tram zone covers stops 124 to 8, fare zone 1 from
stop 57 to 10, 124A to 129, fare zone 2 from stop 57 to 47
|Note: Green denotes free tram zone|
When cruise ships are berthed at Station Pier, Transit Systems Victoria operate a parallel bus service as route 109 between Station Pier and the Arts Centre.
- ^ Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company Limited Running Journal volume 9 no 3 page 16
- ^ Milestones, 1911 - 1920 Yarra Trams
- ^ History of the Mont Albert Tramway Transit Australia June 2003 pages 154-159
- ^ Milestones, 1921 - 1930 Yarra Trams
- ^ Storming Mont Albert by Tram - Melbourne Moomba Festival Theatre Works: St Kilda
- ^ Jones, Colin (1993). Watch for Trams. Kenthurst: Kangaroo Press. p. 118. ISBN 0 86417 544 2.
- ^ Milestones, 1981 - 1990 Yarra Trams
- ^ The Met Fleetline issue 221 December 1993 page 264
- ^ National Bus Company Australian Bus Panorama issue 9/5 January 1994 page 31
- ^ Melbourne News Trolley Wire issue 256 February 1994 page 23
- ^ Station Pier Tramway Extension Transit Australia February 2002 pages 54/55
- ^ Box Hill Extension Opening Yarra Trams 2 May 2003
- ^ Mont Albert - Box Hill Tramway Extension Opens Transit Australia July 2003 pages 179-186
- ^ Mont Albert - Box Hill tram extension opened Railway Digest June 2003 page 11
- ^ Night Tram Public Transport Victoria
- ^ Kew Depot Vicsig
- ^ Kew Depot Transit Australia October 2002 page 274
- ^ Melbourne's longest routes The Bellcord issue 52 December 2021 page 4
- ^ 109 Express Port Melbourne to Arts Centre Public Transport Victoria
Media related to Melbourne tram route 109 at Wikimedia Commons