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Melbourne tram route 75 is operated by Yarra Trams on the Melbourne tram network. It operates from Vermont South to Central Pier, Docklands, serviced by A and B class trams from Camberwell depot.[1][2] At 22.8 kilometres, it is currently the longest line in the network.[3][4]

Route 75
Vermont SouthCentral Pier
Icon for route 75.
YarraTramsLogoNew.svg
B2 2031 (Melbourne tram) in Flinders St on route 75, February 2009.jpg
B class tram on Flinders Street
in February 2009
Overview
SystemMelbourne
OperatorYarra Trams
DepotCamberwell
VehicleA Class
B2 Class
Night-timeFriday & Saturday
Route
LocaleMelbourne, Australia
StartVermont South Shopping Centre
ViaBurwood (Burwood Highway)
Camberwell (Camberwell Road)
Hawthorn (Riversdale Road)
Richmond (Bridge Road)
City (Flinders Street)
EndCentral Pier, Docklands
Length22.8 km (14.2 mi)
Service
Journey time60-85 minutes
OperatesDaily
Zone(s)Free Zone: Stops D2-D6, 1-8
Myki Zone 1: Stops 9-40
Zone 1/2 overlap: Stops 41-75
Annual patronage9.3 million
TimetableRoute 75 timetable and map
Route map

Melbourne trams route 75 map.png

← Route 72  {{{system_nav}}}  Route 78 →

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
B class tram at Vermont South in August 2005

The origins of route 75 lie in separate tram lines, Australia's first cable tram from Bourke Street to Hawthorn Bridge and a horse tram from Hawthorn Bridge to Auburn Road, which was converted to an electric line and extended over many years to its current terminus at Vermont South.

The first cable tram line opened by the Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company was from Bourke Street to Hawthorn Bridge along Spencer Street, Flinders Street, Wellington Parade and Bridge Road opened on 11 November 1885.[5][6] On 27 January 1889 a horse tram from Hawthorn Bridge to Auburn Road, travelling Burwood Road, Power Street and Riversdale Road was opened.

The Hawthorn Tramways Trust closed the horse tramway for conversion to electric traction on 31 January 1916, with the electric line opening in two stages; Power Street to Auburn Road along Riversdale Road opening on 7 May 1916, and from Hawthorn Bridge to Riversdale Road along Burwood Road and Power Street on 21 June 1916.

The Riversdale Road line was extended by the Hawthorn Tramways Trust to Bowen Street, Camberwell along Riversdale Road and Camberwell Road, passing through Camberwell Junction, opening on 31 May 1916, it was extended again to Boundary Road (now Warrigal Road) along Camberwell Road and Norwood Road (now Toorak Road) on 10 June 1916.[7]

The Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board (MMTB) converted the Bourke Street to Hawthorn Bridge cable line to electric traction in three stages, closing the line on 29 June 1927. Reopening with electric trams running from Lonsdale Street, a short electric extension to the previous cable terminus of Bourke Street, to Swanston Street on 14 July 1927, from Swanston Street to Simpson Street on 17 September 1927, and Simpson Street to Hawthorn Bridge on 4 December 1927.[8]

The lines City terminus was extended slightly north to terminate at La Trobe Street, when the MMTB opened the La Trobe Street line on 15 January 1951.[9]

On 19 July 1978, the route was extended 3.4 kilometres from Warrigal Road to Middleborough Road, Burwood East,[10][11][12][13] on 8 July 1993 to Blackburn Road,[14][15] and on 25 July 2005 to its current terminus at Vermont South.[16][17][18]

During the 1999 election campaign, the State Opposition committed to extend route 75 to Knox City Shopping Centre. However the line was only extended to Vermont South with a connecting route 732 bus operated by Ventura Bus Lines.[19] The Public Transport Users Association has campaigned for the line to be extended to its originally proposed terminus.[20]

On 26 January 2014, the tram was permanently changed to the Docklands precinct, terminating at Central Pier Docklands and no longer serving Spencer Street.[21][22] In January 2016, route 75 began operating through the night on Fridays and Saturdays as part of the Night Network.[23]

Melbourne tram route 75 evolution
Dates Route Notes
9 December 1934 - 12 February 1965 Hartwell to City (Batman Avenue)
12 February 1965 - 18 July 1978 Hartwell to City (Lonsdale/Spencer Street) via Flinders Street
19 July 1978 - 7 July 1993 East Burwood (Middleborough Road) to City (Lonsdale/Spencer Street) via Flinders Street
8 July 1993 - Dec 1993 East Burwood (Blackburn Road) to City (Lonsdale/Spencer Street) via Flinders Street
Dec 1993 - 24 July 2005 East Burwood (Blackburn Road) to City (La Trobe/Spencer Street) via Flinders Street
25 July 2005 - 25 January 2014 Vermont South to City (La Trobe/Spencer Street) via Flinders Street
26 July 2014 - onwards Vermont South to Etihad Stadium Docklands via Flinders Street and
Harbour Esplanade

RouteEdit

DescriptionEdit

Route 75 runs Central Pier Docklands along Flinders Street and continues past Flinders Street station, St Paul's Cathedral, and Federation Square, entering East Melbourne east along Wellington Parade and into Richmond continuing east on Bridge Road.

At Hawthorn Bridge it crosses the Yarra River into Hawthorn and continues east on Burwood Road, it briefly travels south on Power Street before turning east into Riversdale Road, traversing Hawthorn and Hawthorn East. At Camberwell Junction it crosses Burke Road and travels south east along Camberwell Road.

It enters Toorak Road and heads east, at Warrigal Road Toorak Road becomes the Burwood Highway, it continues east, past Deakin University and through Burwood East, to its terminus in Vermont South.[19]

OperationEdit

Route 75 is run from Camberwell depot[24] and is predominantly run with B class trams, although A class trams are occasionally used. During the Australian Open, almost all services are run with A-class trams.

Controversy over accessibilityEdit

 
A new accessible stop at Stanley Road

During the extension of the route from Burwood to Vermont South, all new stops were constructed as wheelchair accessible, low-floor platforms, with many other stops along the route converted to accessible platforms.[25]

There has been controversy in the local newspaper, as even though the platforms are wheelchair accessible, the route is operated with high floor trams with steps.[26] The upgrade has been criticised as a waste of money, because passengers using wheelchairs and other mobility-impaired passengers are still limited from accessing trams on the route.

Route mapEdit

Route 75
Vermont South - Central Pier
via Burwood, Hawthorn, Richmond & City
Free tram zone covers stops D2 to 8, fare zone 1
applies from stop 9 to 75, fare zone 2 applies from stop 41 to 75
Suburb
Street
Stop
No.
Vermont South
Connections
75
 
 
 
Vermont South Shopping Centre
 
732, 736, 742
Knox Transit Link
74
 
Stanley Road
73
 
 
 
Springvale Road
72
 
Lakeside Drive
71
 
Sevenoaks Road
70
 
Blackburn Road
69
 
Keats Street
  703, 735, 736
68
 
Benwerrin Drive
  735
67
 
 
 
Old Burwood Road
66
 
Middleborough Road
  733
65
 
Starling Street
64
 
Station Street
  732
63
 
Deakin University
  676
62
 
Elgar Road
 
201, 281
767, 768
61
 
Presbyterian Ladies College
60
 
Roslyn Street
59
 
Somers Street
58
 
Warrigal Road
  766, 903
57
 
 
 
Fairview Avenue
56
 
Barkly Street
55
 
Through Road
54
 
Oberwyl Road
53
 
Highfield Road
 
 
 
 
 
  Burwood station
52
 
Summerhill Road
 
Camberwell Road
51
 
Toorak Road
50
 
Fordham Gardens
 
  Hartwell station
49
 
Tyrone Road
48
 
Orrong Crescent
47
 
Maple Crescent
46
 
Christowel Street
45
 
Bowen Street
44
 
Trafalgar Road
43
 
Camberwell Civic Centre
  612
42
 
Camberwell Primary School
41
 
Riversdale Road
Zone 1+2
Zone 1
 
 
 
Riversdale Road
Tram 70
 
 
 
Burke Road
Tram 72
40
 
Camberwell Junction
 
 
Camberwell tram depot
39
 
 
 
Camberwell tram depot
  302, 304, 624
38
 
Hastings Road
37
 
Tooranga Road
36
 
 
 
Auburn Road
  624
35
 
Robinson Road
34
 
Kooyongkoot Road
33
 
Berkeley Street
 
 
 
Glenferrie Road
Tram 16
32
 
Glenferrie Road
31
 
Fordholm Street
30
 
Through Street
29
 
 
 
Riversdale Junction
 
 
Swan Street
Tram 70
 
Power Street
28
 
Wattle Road
 
Burwood Road
27
 
Power Street
 
 
 
 
 
  Hawthorn station
26
 
Hawthorn station
  609
25
 
St James Park
 
 
Church Street
Tram 48
 
   Balwyn North
23
 
Hawthorn Bridge
22
 
 
 
Yarra Boulevard
21
 
Burnley Street
20
 
Coppin Street
19
 
Richmond Town Hall
 
 
 
Church Street
Tram 78
18
 
Church Street
17
 
Bosisto Street
15
 
Epworth Hospital
East Melbourne
Wellington Parade
14
 
 
 
Punt Road
  246, 605
 
 
Wellington Parade Siding
13
 
Simpson Street
11
 
Jolimont station/MCG
 
  Jolimont station
10
 
Jolimont Road
9
 
Lansdowne Street
Zone 1
Free Tram Zone
 
 
 
Spring Street
Tram City Circle, 48
8
 
 
 
Spring Street
 
 
Flinders Street
Tram 70
6
 
Russell Street
  70,   605
 
 
 
Swanston Street
Tram 1, 3, 5, 6, 16, 64, 67, 72
5
 
Flinders Street station
  1, 3, 5, 6, 16, 64, 67, 72
 
  Flinders Street station
 
 
 
Elizabeth Street
Tram 19, 57, 59
4
 
Flinders Street station
3
 
Market Street
 
 
 
Market Street
Tram 58
2
 
King Street
1
 
Spencer Street
 
 
 
Spencer Street
Tram 12, 96, 109
D6
 
 
 
Flinders Street West
  232, 235, 237
 
McCrae Street
D5
 
The Goods Shed
D4
 
Docklands Park
 
 
 
Collins Street
Tram 11, 48
D3
 
Docklands Stadium/Bourke Street
 
 
La Trobe Street
Tram 30, 86, City Circle
D2
 
Central Pier
Suburb
Street
Stop
No.
Central Pier
Connections
Note: Green denotes free tram zone

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Facts & figures Archived 29 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine Yarra Trams
  2. ^ Route 75 Yarra Trams
  3. ^ Raj, Hari (16 May 2017). "www.theweeklyreview.com.au/live/jump-aboard-the-tram-routes-that-define-melbourne/". The Weekly Review. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  4. ^ Brown, Simon Leo (3 June 2016). "Election 2016: Track the views of voters along the 75 tram". ABC Radio Melbourne. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  5. ^ History of Trams in Melbourne, Yarra Trams, archived from the original on 29 September 2011, retrieved 10 October 2011
  6. ^ Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Company Limited Running Journal volume 9 no 3 page 16
  7. ^ Milestones, 1911 – 1920, Yarra Trams, archived from the original on 27 September 2011, retrieved 10 October 2011
  8. ^ Milestones, 1921 – 1930, Yarra Trams, archived from the original on 20 March 2012, retrieved 10 October 2011
  9. ^ Milestones, 1951 – 1960, Yarra Trams, archived from the original on 20 March 2012, retrieved 28 September 2011
  10. ^ "East Burwood opened" Trolley Wire issue 177 August 1978 page 25
  11. ^ "In Brief" Railway Gazette International September 1978 page 637
  12. ^ Jones, Colin (1993). Watch for Trams. Kenthurst: Kangaroo Press. p. 118. ISBN 0 86417 544 2.
  13. ^ Milestones, 1971 – 1980, Yarra Trams, archived from the original on 14 April 2012, retrieved 28 September 2011
  14. ^ "East Burwood Extension" Trolley Wire issue 254 August 1993 page 26
  15. ^ Milestones, 1991 – 2000, Yarra Trams, archived from the original on 14 April 2012, retrieved 28 September 2011
  16. ^ "Vermount South extension opens" Trolley Wire issue 304 February 2006 pages 18/19
  17. ^ Milestones, 2001 – 2011, Yarra Trams, archived from the original on 20 March 2012, retrieved 28 September 2011
  18. ^ History of Melbourne Trams Routes from 1950 to 2009 Archived 26 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine Yarra Trams
  19. ^ a b "732 Box Hill - Upper Ferntree Gully via Vermont South & Knox City & Mountain Gate". Public Transport Victoria.
  20. ^ "Submission to Infrastructure Australia on Victoria's transport infrastructure priorities" (PDF), Public Transport Users Association, p. 8, retrieved 3 November 2011
  21. ^ New timetable delivers more than 1,200 extra trams to Docklands effective from Sunday 26 January Archived 18 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Public Transport Victoria 10 January 2014
  22. ^ Route 75 is on the move Yarra Trams 21 January 2014
  23. ^ Night Tram Public Transport Victoria
  24. ^ "Camberwell Depot", Vicsig, retrieved 10 October 2011
  25. ^ Accessible tram stops on route 75, Yarra Trams, retrieved 29 January 2012[permanent dead link]
  26. ^ Rebecca Thistleton (27 September 2011). "Bridge Road trams still stop disabled". Melbourne Times Weekly. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012.

External linksEdit