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Matthew 13 is the thirteenth chapter in the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament section of the Christian Bible. Verses 3 to 52 of this chapter form the third of the Five Discourses of Matthew, called the Parabolic Discourse, based on the parables of the Kingdom.[1]

Matthew 13
P103-Mat-13 55-56-POxy4403-II-III.jpg
Gospel of Matthew 13:55-56 on Papyrus 103, from ca. AD 200.
BookGospel of Matthew
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part1



Matthew 13 presents seven parables and two explanations of his parables. At the end of the chapter, Jesus is rejected by the people of his hometown, Nazareth.

The chapter contains the following parables, in respective order:

  1. Parable of the Sower
  2. Parable of the Tares
  3. Parable of the Mustard Seed
  4. Parable of the Leaven
  5. Parable of the Hidden Treasure
  6. Parable of the Pearl
  7. Parable of Drawing in the Net

The following explanations of the first two parables are included:

  1. Explanation of the Parable of the Sower
  2. Explanation of the Parable of the Tares

The four first parables (on to Matthew 13:34) "were spoken in presence of the multitude, and the other three again within the circle of the disciples".[2] German liberal Protestant theologian David Strauss thought this chapter was "overwhelming with parables".[3] At the beginning of the chapter, Jesus sits in a ship or a boat on the Sea of Galilee and addresses the crowd who stand on the shore or the beach.[4] The Textus Receptus has inserted the definite article, (Greek: τὸ πλοῖον, to ploion), suggesting that there was a boat kept waiting for him,[5] but other texts do not include the definite article and the Pulpit Commentary therefore argues that it was "wrongly inserted".[6]


The parable of the tares

Originally written in Koine Greek, this chapter is divided into 58 verses.

Textual witnessesEdit

Some early manuscripts containing this chapter are:

Old Testament referencesEdit


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Preaching Matthew's Gospel by Richard A. Jensen 1998 ISBN 978-0-7880-1221-1 pages 25 & 158
  2. ^ Meyer, H., Meyer's NT Commentary on Matthew 13, accessed 13 January 2017
  3. ^ Meyer, H., Meyer's NT Commentary on Matthew 13, accessed 13 January 2017
  4. ^ Matthew 13:2
  5. ^ Bengel, J. A., Bengel's Gnomon on Matthew 13, accessed 13 January 2017
  6. ^ Pulpit Commentary on Matthew 13, accessed 13 January 2017
  7. ^ Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. p. 839. Retrieved February 28, 2019.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Matthew 12
Chapters of the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew
Succeeded by
Matthew 14