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Chapter 18 of the Gospel of Matthew contains the fourth of the five Discourses of Matthew, also called the Discourse on the Church.[1] It includes the parables of the Lost Sheep and the Unforgiving Servant which also refer to the Kingdom of Heaven. The general theme of the discourse is the anticipation of a future community of followers, and the role of his apostles in leading it.[2][3]

Matthew 18
Let the Little Children Come unto Jesus.jpg
Christ with children by Carl Heinrich Bloch.
BookGospel of Matthew
CategoryGospel
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part1

Verses 15-17 are of particular significance to Baptists in their support of the principle of autonomy of the local church (see Baptist beliefs).

Addressing his apostles in Matthew 18:18, Jesus states: "what things soever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and what things soever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven", see also Binding and loosing. The discourse emphasizes the importance of humility and self-sacrifice as the high virtues within the anticipated community. It teaches that in the Kingdom of God, it is childlike humility that matters, not social prominence and clout.[2][3]

Contents

StructureEdit

 
"Jesus teaches about greatness" by Julius Schnorr von Karolsfeld, 1860

The chapter can be divided into the following subsections:

TextEdit

Woe to the worldEdit

In Matthew 18:7, Jesus utters "an exclamation of pity at thought of the miseries that come upon mankind through ambitious passions" [5] - woe to the world (Greek: οὐαὶ τῶ κόσμῳ, Ouai tō kosmō).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Preaching Matthew's Gospel by Richard A. Jensen 1998 ISBN 978-0-7880-1221-1 pages 25 & 158
  2. ^ a b Matthew by Larry Chouinard 1997 ISBN 0-89900-628-0 page 321
  3. ^ a b Behold the King: A Study of Matthew by Stanley D. Toussaint 2005 ISBN 0-8254-3845-4 pages 215-216
  4. ^ BibleGateway.com texts of Matthew 18:11
  5. ^ Expositor's Greek Testament on Matthew 18, accessed 1 February 2017


Preceded by
Matthew 17
Chapters of the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew
Succeeded by
Matthew 19