Apostle Peter paying the temple tax with coin from the fish's mouth by Augustin Tünger, 1486.
|Book||Gospel of Matthew|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||1|
The chapter opens six days after the events of the previous chapter, which take place in Caesarea Philippi, near the southwestern base of Mount Hermon. Matthew in verse 16:21 states that Jesus must go to Jerusalem, and the narrative takes forward this journey. With Peter, James and John, he goes to a high mountain, traditionally understood as Mount Tabor, where he is transfigured.
Some early manuscripts containing this chapter are:
- Codex Vaticanus (AD 325-350; complete)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360; no verse 21)
- Codex Bezae (c. 400; complete)
- Codex Washingtonianus (c. 400; complete)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (c. 450; extant verses 1-25)
- Codex Purpureus Rossanensis (6th century)
- Codex Sinopensis (6th century; extant verses 2-24)
- Papyrus 44 (6th/7th century; extant verses 1-3, 6-7)
Coin in the fish's mouthEdit
The Bible does not specify the species of the fish caught by Peter, but Tilapia is sometimes referred to as "St. Peter's fish".
- Catholic Encyclopedia: Location of the Transfiguration, accessed 27 January 2017
- Daniel J. Scholz 2009 Introducing the New Testament ISBN 0-88489-955-1 page 86
- Steven L. Cox, Kendell H Easley, 2007 Harmony of the Gospels ISBN 0-8054-9444-8 page 349
- Herbert Lockyer, All the Miracles of the Bible (Zondervan, 1988) page 219.
- Keener, Craig S., 2009, The Gospel of Matthew: A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, ISBN 0-8028-6498-8, page 445.
- Hendin, David. "The coin in the fish's mouth". Coins Weekly. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
- Lewis, Peter E.; Bolden, Ron (2002). The Pocket Guide to Saint Paul: Coins Encountered by the Apostle on His Travels. Wakefield Press. p. 21. Retrieved 19 February 2016.