Marstrand

Marstrand (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈmâʂːtrand])[2] is a seaside locality situated in Kungälv Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden. It had 1,320 inhabitants in 2010.[1] The town got its name from its location on the island of Marstrand. Despite its small population, for historical reasons Marstrand is often referred to as a city. The town has expanded to the neighbouring island of Koön, which has bridge access to the mainland.

Marstrand
Aerial view of Marstrand
Aerial view of Marstrand
Marstrand is located in Västra Götaland
Marstrand
Marstrand
Marstrand is located in Sweden
Marstrand
Marstrand
Coordinates: 57°53′N 11°35′E / 57.883°N 11.583°E / 57.883; 11.583Coordinates: 57°53′N 11°35′E / 57.883°N 11.583°E / 57.883; 11.583
CountrySweden
ProvinceBohuslän
CountyVästra Götaland County
MunicipalityKungälv Municipality
Area
 • Total0.88 km2 (0.34 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total1,319
 • Density1,507/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Arms; incorporated with Kungälv Municipality in 1971

HistoryEdit

Historical affiliations

  Kalmar Union 1397–1537
  Denmark-Norway 1537–1658
  Sweden 1658–1775
Marstrand Free Port 1775–1794
  Sweden–Norway 1814–1905
  Sweden 1905–present

Marstrand has held city privileges since 1200. The most striking feature of Marstrand is the 17th-century fortress Carlsten, named for King Carl X Gustav of Sweden.

During the last quarter of the 18th century Marstrand had free port status granted by King Gustav III. Religious liberty established by the same sovereign allowed the first Swedish congregation of Jews to be established there in 1775[3] and Scandinavia's first synagogue to be set up in the fortress in 1780.

Administratively Marstrand with immediately surrounding islands was a municipality of its own until the local government reform of 1971 when it was merged into Kungälv Municipality.

SportsEdit

SailingEdit

Being an island makes Marstrand popular for sailing and boat races.

Marstrand is the host venue for Match Cup Sweden, part of the World Match Racing Tour. The event draws international sailing teams to Marstrand. DS-37 boats are raced two at a time. Points accrued count towards the World Match Racing Tour and a place in the final event, with the overall winner taking the title ISAF World Match Racing Tour Champion. Match racing is well suited to Marstand. Highlights of the events are broadcast on Eurosport television and via the official World Match Racing Tour website.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  2. ^ Jöran Sahlgren; Gösta Bergman (1979). Svenska ortnamn med uttalsuppgifter (in Swedish). p. 17.
  3. ^ Pages by the Swedish Tax Authority on historical congregations

External linksEdit