Maria Beatrice of Savoy

Maria Beatrice of Savoy (Maria Beatrice Vittoria Giuseppina; 6 December 1792 – 15 September 1840) was a Duchess of Modena by marriage to Francis IV, Duke of Modena.

Maria Beatrice of Savoy
Maria Beatrice Vittoria of Savoy.jpg
Portrait by Adeodata Malatesta
Duchess consort of Modena and Reggio
Tenure14 July 1814 – 15 September 1840
Born(1792-12-06)6 December 1792
Turin, Piedmont-Sardinia
Died15 September 1840(1840-09-15) (aged 47)
Castello del Catajo, Lombardy-Venetia
(m. 1812; died 1840)
Italian: Maria Beatrice Vittoria Giuseppina
FatherVictor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
MotherMaria Theresa of Austria-Este
ReligionRoman Catholicism


Early lifeEdit

She was the eldest daughter of Victor Emmanuel, Duke of Aosta and his wife Maria Teresa of Austria-Este. Her father became King of Sardinia unexpectedly in 1802 when Charles Emmanuel IV abdicated.

Her maternal grandparents were Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este. Ferdinand was the third son of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Austria. Maria Beatrice was the eldest daughter of Ercole III d'Este and Maria Theresa, Princess of Carrara.

In December 1798, Maria Beatrice left Turin with her parents and uncles to escape the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. They fled to Parma, then Florence, and finally settled at Sardinia, the last dominion held by Kingdom of Sardinia. Maria Beatrice spent most of her time at Cagliari in the following thirteen years.


On 20 June 1812, Maria Beatrice married her maternal uncle Francis, Archduke of Austria-Este; due to their close relation, a special dispensation was received for their marriage from Pope Pius VII.

The couple left Sardinia on 15 July 1813 for Zakynthos Island, and then sailed to Trieste off the east shore of Adriatic Sea, finally reaching Vienna by land.

Duchess of ModenaEdit

In 1814, Maria Beatrice's husband became Francis IV, Duke of Modena, Reggio, and Mirandola on 14 July 1814, thereby elevating Maria Beatrice to the rank of Duchess of Modena. On the invasion of Joachim Murat during The Hundred Days, they fled Modena until 15 May 1815.

On the outbreak of revolution, Maria Beatrice had to flee Modena again with her family on 5 February 1831, but with Austrian military assistance the Ducal family was able to return within a year.

Maria Beatrice died of a heart condition on 15 September 1840 at Castello del Catajo. Her remains were kept in the Chiesa di San Vincenzo in Modena. She was a Lady of the Austrian Order of the Starry Cross.

Jacobite claimsEdit

Through her father, she inherited the Jacobite claim to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland, but like other non-Stuart pretenders, she never asserted her claim. Had she gained the throne she would have been Mary III & II.[1]


Her marriage beget four children:



  1. ^ Maria Beatrice (Mary III & II) and her granddaughter Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (Mary IV & III) were numbered in such a way because some Jacobites regard Elizabeth I of England as illegitimate, and therefore consider Mary, Queen of Scots, to have been the rightful Queen Mary II of England from the death of Mary I
Maria Beatrice of Savoy
Born: 6 December 1792 Died: 15 September 1840
Preceded by — TITULAR —
Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland
Reason for succession failure:
Glorious Revolution
Succeeded by