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Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1817–1886)

Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (German: Maria Theresia Beatrix Gaëtane, Erzherzogin von Österreich-Este, Prinzessin von Modena[1][2]) (14 July 1817, Modena, Duchy of Modena and Reggio[1][2] – 25 March 1886, Gorizia, Austria–Hungary[1][2]) was a member of the House of Austria-Este and Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Hungary, Bohemia, and Modena by birth. Henri was disputedly King of France and Navarre from 2 to 9 August 1830 and afterwards the Legitimist pretender to the throne of France from 1844 to 1883. Maria Theresa was the eldest child[1][2] of Francis IV, Duke of Modena and his niece-wife Maria Beatrice of Savoy.[1][2]

Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
Countess of Chambord
MariaTheresiavonOesterreich-Este1886-03.jpg
Portrait by Adeodato Malatesta
Born(1817-07-14)14 July 1817
Modena, Italy
Died25 March 1886(1886-03-25) (aged 68)
Gorizia, Austria–Hungary
Burial
Spouse
Full name
German: Maria Theresia Beatrix Gaëtane von Österreich-Este
French: Marie Thérèse Béatrice Gaetan de Autriche-Este
HouseHabsburg-Este
FatherFrancis IV, Duke of Modena
MotherPrincess Maria Beatrice of Savoy
ReligionRoman Catholicism
Coats of arms Maria Theresia of Austria-Este

LifeEdit

Maria Theresa married Henri, comte de Chambord, the posthumous son of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, younger son of Charles X of France, by his wife, Princess Caroline Ferdinande of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies, by proxy on 7 November 1846 in Modena and in person on 16 November 1846 in Bruck an der Mur.[1][2] Maria Theresa and Henri produced no children. Maria Theresa had been chosen as Henri's wife by his paternal aunt Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France. Marie-Thérèse sought to ally the exiled French Royal Family with the House of Austria-Este for several reasons: it was Roman Catholic and the only royal family not to have recognized the July Monarchy of Louis-Philippe of France. Henri had actually preferred Maria Theresa's youngest sister, Maria Beatrix.

After Henri's death on 24 August 1883, Maria Theresa and a minority of Henri's supporters held that Juan, Count of Montizón, as senior male descendant of Louis XIV, was his successor. Juan's wife was Maria Theresa's sister, Maria Beatrix.[1][2]

Maria Theresa was instrumental in building a crypt for the French Royal Family at the Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady on Castagnevizza in Görz (now in Nova Gorica, Slovenia).[3] It was her wish that the last of the Bourbons be gathered in one place together within the monastery at Castagnevizza.[3] Three years after the death of her husband Henri, Maria Theresa died on 25 March 1886 in Görz, then Austria and was interred with her husband in the crypt of the church of Franciscan Monastery of Castagnevizza in Görz, then Austria, now Kostanjevica in the Slovenian town of Nova Gorica. [3]

HonoursEdit

GalleryEdit

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Darryl Lundy (9 March 2007). "Maria Theresia Erzherzogin von Österreich-Este". ThePeerage.com. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-30.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Paul Theroff. "AUSTRIA: House of Habsburg-Lothringen". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 2008-11-30.
  3. ^ a b c Franciscan Monastery at Kostanjevica in Nova Gorica. "Tombs of the Bourbons". Franciscan Monastery at Kostanjevica in Nova Gorica. Archived from the original on 2008-09-25. Retrieved 2008-12-01.
  4. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Kaiserthumes Österreich (1868), p 110, Sternkreuz-Orden
Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1817–1886)
Cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Born: 14 July 1817 Died: 25 March 1886
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France
— TITULAR —
Queen consort of France and Navarre
Legitimist pretender to the French throne
7 November 1846 – 24 August 1883
Reason for succession failure:
July Revolution
Succeeded by
Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este
or
Marie Isabelle of Orléans