March 1947

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The following events occurred in March 1947:

March 1, 1947 (Saturday)Edit

March 2, 1947 (Sunday)Edit

March 3, 1947 (Monday)Edit

March 4, 1947 (Tuesday)Edit

  • France and the United Kingdom signed the Treaty of Dunkirk, a pact of alliance and mutual assistance.
  • 517 leftists were arrested by the Greek government and immediately deported to the islands.[5]
  • Villarbasse massacre: The last execution in Italy took place in Turin when three Sicilians were shot by firing squad for clubbing ten people to death while committing a robbery.
  • Born: Jan Garbarek, saxophonist, in Mysen, Norway; Gunnar Hansen, actor and author, in Reykjavík, Iceland (d. 2015)

March 5, 1947 (Wednesday)Edit

  • The Judges' Trial began in Nuremberg. 15 German jurists and lawyers stood accused of Nazi war crimes. A sixteenth defendant, Carl Westphal, was indicted but had committed suicide before the trial began.
  • Born: Kent Tekulve, baseball player, in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Died: Alfredo Casella, 63, Italian composer, pianist and conductor

March 6, 1947 (Thursday)Edit

March 7, 1947 (Friday)Edit

First Pictures of Earth

March 8, 1947 (Saturday)Edit

March 9, 1947 (Sunday)Edit

  • Philippine President Manuel Roxas survived an assassination attempt when a barber from Manila tried to kill him with a hand grenade. Although he failed, a bystander was killed.[5]
  • Died: Carrie Chapman Catt, 88, American women's suffrage leader

March 10, 1947 (Monday)Edit

March 11, 1947 (Tuesday)Edit

  • During a hearing before the House Labor Committee, US Secretary of Labor Lewis B. Schwellenbach suggested that the Communist Party be outlawed in the United States, explaining that he could see no reason why they should be allowed to run for office when their purpose "is to destroy this Government."[10]
  • The Council of States in the US zone of Germany approved a restitution law that would return identifiable property to all racial, religious and political victims of Nazi Germany.[11]
  • BBC Television resumed broadcasting after a one-month shutdown due to the energy crisis, although it was initially restricted to evening hours only and would not resume full service until April 18.[12]
  • Born: Geoff Hunt, squash player, in Melbourne, Australia
  • Died: Victor Lustig, 57, Austrian-born con artist

March 12, 1947 (Wednesday)Edit

  • US President Harry S. Truman announced the Truman Doctrine, telling Congress that "it must be the policy of the United States to support free people who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures."
  • The Jewish refugee ship Shabtai Luzinsky ran the British blockade of the Palestine coast and beached north of Gaza undetected. Hundreds of local residents came down to the beach to mingle with the refugees, and were arrested by mistake while many of the 823 passengers were able to evade arrest.[13][5]
  • Born: Kalervo Palsa, artist, in Kittilä, Finland (d. 1987); Mitt Romney, businessman, politician and 2012 Republican Party nominee for President of the United States, in Detroit, Michigan
  • Died: Walter Samuel Goodland, 84, American politician and 31st Governor of Wisconsin; Taixu, 56 or 57, Chinese Buddhist modernist, activist and thinker

March 13, 1947 (Thursday)Edit

March 14, 1947 (Friday)Edit

March 15, 1947 (Saturday)Edit

March 16, 1947 (Sunday)Edit

  • During the wettest March in 300 years, dykes in East Anglia were breached in a gale, resulting in widespread flooding.[5]
  • The Paris newspaper strike ended after a month when the striking printers agreed to return to work on the same terms as before the strike.[18]
  • Margaret Truman, daughter of the president, made her radio debut as a singer with the Detroit Symphony Orchestra. An estimated 13 million people tuned in to the broadcast.[14]
  • Born: Baek Yoon-sik, actor, in Seoul, South Korea; Ramzan Paskayev, accordionist and folk musician, in Taraz, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union

March 17, 1947 (Monday)Edit

  • At the Moscow Conference, Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov demanded that Germany be made to pay $10 billion in war reparations over a 20-year period. The United States and Britain opposed the idea.[19]
  • The US Supreme Court upheld the right of the Civil Service Commission to fire communists and communist sympathizers from the government.[20]
  • Born: Yury Chernavsky, record producer, composer and songwriter, in Tambov, USSR

March 18, 1947 (Tuesday)Edit

March 19, 1947 (Wednesday)Edit

March 20, 1947 (Thursday)Edit

  • John Zevgos, former Communist minister of agriculture in the Greek government, was gunned down as he stood on a busy street corner in Thessaloniki. The assassin was identified as Christos Panu, who told the police he was a member of the Organization for the Protection of the People's Struggle (OPLA) and that his motive was revenge because Zevgos had told him to go to a Yugoslav camp, where he was imprisoned for six months because he did not accept "the communist line against Greece."[26][27]
  • Born: John Boswell, historian and Yale University professor, in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1994)
  • Died: Victor Goldschmidt, 59, Swiss geochemist; Heinrich Schwarz, 40, German SS officer and concentration camp commandant (executed by firing squad for war crimes)

March 21, 1947 (Friday)Edit

  • At the Dachau trials, General Jürgen Stroop and twelve others were sentenced to death for murdering prisoners of war.[5]
  • US Congress passed the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, setting a term limit for election and overall time of service to the office of President. The proposed amendment would be ratified on February 27, 1951.
  • Police in Harlem were called to a brownstone at 2078 Fifth Avenue after receiving a telephone call reporting that there was a dead man inside. The result was the discovery of one of the most notorious cases of compulsive hoarding in history, that of the Collyer brothers. Finding the front entrance blocked by a solid wall of boxes and debris, police used a ladder to enter a second-storey room where they found the emaciated, dehydrated body of former lawyer Homer Collyer. The remains of his younger brother Langley were only eight feet away but would not be found until April 8. Over 100 tons of debris would be removed from the Collyer home, which was demolished as unsafe within the year.[28]
  • The romantic comedy film The Egg and I starring Claudette Colbert and Fred MacMurray premiered in Los Angeles.

March 22, 1947 (Saturday)Edit

March 23, 1947 (Sunday)Edit

March 24, 1947 (Monday)Edit

March 25, 1947 (Tuesday)Edit

March 26, 1947 (Wednesday)Edit

  • J. Edgar Hoover told the House Un-American Activities Committee that communists had infiltrated the American film industry and were getting their "message" out to theater audiences.[31]
  • Meat rationing ended in Canada.[5]

March 27, 1947 (Thursday)Edit

  • MPAA President Eric Johnston testified for an hour before the House Un-American Activities Committee. He denied repeatedly that American movies were being used by communists to spread propaganda and rejected as impossible a suggestion that all actors and writers suspected of communist sympathies be fired from the industry.[31]
  • Born: Walt Mossberg, journalist, in Warwick, Rhode Island

March 28, 1947 (Friday)Edit

March 29, 1947 (Saturday)Edit

March 30, 1947 (Sunday)Edit

March 31, 1947 (Monday)Edit

  • A curfew was imposed in Bombay after 47 had been killed in rioting.[5]
  • Francisco Franco announced in a broadcast from Madrid that he had presented a bill to the Spanish Cortes providing for a new monarch to succeed him in the event of his death or incapacitation. The person would have to be of Royal blood, at least 30 years of age, a Spaniard and a Catholic, and would require the approval of two-thirds of the Cortes in a vote. If no one met the requirements a regent could be proposed.[33]
  • The Bishop of London blamed Britain's high divorce rate on the influence of American movies. In an article for the British medical magazine The Practitioner, Dr. J. C. Wand wrote that Hollywood teaches that love is an "overwhelming impulse without rhyme or reason, which must at all costs be obeyed even if it implies stealing someone else's husband or someone else's fiance."[34]
  • Born: César Gaviria, 28th President of Colombia, in Pereira, Colombia; Eliyahu M. Goldratt, physicist and business theorist, in Mandatory Palestine (d. 2011)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "19 Killed in Palestine Attacks; Bombs Demolish British Club". The Pittsburgh Press. March 2, 1947. p. 1.
  2. ^ "Was War Am 1. März 1947". chroniknet. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  3. ^ Gowran, Clay (March 3, 1947). "British Hold 60 in Palestine Terrorist Hunt". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. p. 1.
  4. ^ "Power Famine Ends in Britain After 3 Weeks". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. March 3, 1947. p. 12.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "1947". MusicAndHistory.com. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  6. ^ "India (Government Policy)". Hansard. March 6, 1947. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  7. ^ "Fugitive Vichy Leader is Sentenced to Death". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. March 8, 1947. p. 9.
  8. ^ "Austrians Smash Nazi Underground". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh. March 8, 1947. p. 1.
  9. ^ Neddenriep, Kyle (April 4, 2016). "Net-cuttinh tradition has Indiana roots". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  10. ^ "Ban on Reds Proposed by Schwellenbach". The Pittsburgh Press. March 11, 1947. p. 1.
  11. ^ "U. S. Zone Germans Back Restitution". The New York Times. March 12, 1947. p. 7.
  12. ^ Abramson, Albert (2003). The History of Television, 1942 to 2000. McFarland & Company. p. 22. ISBN 9780786412204.
  13. ^ Silverstone, Paul H. "Shabtai Luzinsky — Susanna". Aliyah Bet Project. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  14. ^ a b c Yust, Walter, ed. (1948). 1948 Britannica Book of the Year. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. p. 4.
  15. ^ a b Mercer, Derrik, ed. (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 653. ISBN 9-780582-039193.
  16. ^ "Accident Details - 1947 (25)". PlaneCrashInfo.com. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  17. ^ "Sweden Again Rations Coffee, Tea and Cocoa". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. March 16, 1947. p. 5.
  18. ^ "French Newspaper Strike Ended". Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate. City of Newcastle. March 17, 1947. p. 3.
  19. ^ Fulton, William (March 18, 1947). "Reds Demand Ten Billions from Germany". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. p. 1.
  20. ^ "Court Upholds U.S. in Firing of Reds, Fellow Travelers". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn. March 17, 1947. p. 1.
  21. ^ Fulton, William (March 19, 1947). "Molotov Discloses Pact to Back Soviet Demand for Reparations". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. p. 1.
  22. ^ "Was War Am 18. März 1947". chroniknet. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  23. ^ "Duty Free". Today I Found Out. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  24. ^ "Shannon Becomes World's First Free Air Field Today". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. April 21, 1947. p. 13.
  25. ^ "US2417786 - 1947-03-18". Espacenet. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  26. ^ "Greek Leader of Reds Killed by Second Red". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. March 21, 1947. p. 10.
  27. ^ "Killing of Greek Communist". The Advertiser. Adelaide. March 22, 1947. p. 1.
  28. ^ Bryk, William (October 5, 1999). "The Collyer Brothers of Harlem". StrausMedia. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  29. ^ "Boycott of U.K. Urged by Irgun". The Montreal Gazette. March 24, 1947. p. 1.
  30. ^ "Communist Party On Trial for Life". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn. March 24, 1947. p. 1.
  31. ^ a b Strand, William (March 28, 1947). "Warns Movies to Curb Reds or U. S. Will". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. p. 1.
  32. ^ "Was War Am 30. März 1947". chroniknet. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  33. ^ "Spain To Have King When Franco Dies". The Advertiser. Adelaide. April 2, 1947. p. 1.
  34. ^ "Bishop Raps Movie Sex". The Decatur Daily Review. Decatur, Illinois. April 1, 1947. p. 4.