Madvillainy is the debut studio album by American hip hop duo Madvillain, a group consisting of MF Doom (MC) and Madlib (producer). It was released on March 23, 2004 on Stones Throw Records. The album was recorded between 2002 and 2004 and was produced entirely by Madlib, with the exception of "The Illest Villains" which was produced by both Madlib and Doom. Madlib created most of the album's instrumentals during a trip to Brazil, where the production was composed in his hotel room using minimal amounts of equipment: a Boss SP-303, a turntable, and a tape deck. Fourteen months before the album was officially released, an unfinished demo of the album was stolen and leaked onto the internet. Frustrated over the leak, the duo stopped working on the album and returned to it only after they released other solo projects.
|Studio album by|
|Released||March 23, 2004|
(Los Angeles, California)
The Bomb Shelter
|Singles from Madvillainy|
While Madvillainy achieved only moderate commercial success, it still became one of the label's best-selling albums. The album peaked at number 179 on the US Billboard 200, and attracted much attention from media outlets not usually covering hip hop music, including The New Yorker. Madvillainy received rave reviews from most music critics, who praised both Doom's lyricism and Madlib's production. The album has appeared in various publications' lists of the best albums, including NME magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.
In 1997, after the death of his brother DJ Subroc and the rejection of KMD's album Black Bastards by Elektra Records, rapper Zev Love X returned to music as the masked rapper MF Doom. In 1999, he released his debut solo album Operation: Doomsday on Fondle 'Em Records. According to Nathan Rabin of The A.V. Club, the album "has attained mythic status; its legend has grown in proportion to its relative unavailability". Soon after release of the album, in an interview with the Los Angeles Times, Madlib stated that he wanted to collaborate with two artists: J Dilla and Doom.
In 2001, after Fondle 'Em closed, Doom disappeared. During that time, he lived between Long Island, New York, and the Kennesaw suburb of Atlanta, Georgia. Coincidentally, Eothen "Egon" Alapatt, who was the manager of Madlib's label Stones Throw Records, had a friend in Kennesaw. He asked the friend to give Doom (who didn't know about Madlib and Stones Throw at the time) some instrumentals from Madlib. Three weeks later, the friend called back, telling him that Doom loved the instrumentals and wanted to work with Madlib. Soon, one of Doom's "quasi-managers" made an offer, asking for plane tickets to Los Angeles and $1,500. Despite the fact that label didn't have enough money after buying the tickets, they immediately agreed. According to Egon, soon after arrival, the manager went to him demanding money, while Doom visited Madlib:
The first thing his manager did was get me in my bedroom, which was also the office, and corner me about the 1,500 bucks. I realized that if she was in here, then Doom was with [Madlib], and the longer I kept up this charade with her, the longer they’ll vibe and maybe it all might work out.
Egon's plan was successful, and Doom and Madlib began working together. Soon after, Stones Throw Records managed to collect the money necessary to pay Doom and a contract to the label was signed, which was written on a paper plate.
Doom and Madlib started working on Madvillainy in 2002. Madlib created one hundred beats in a matter of weeks, some of which were used on Madvillainy, some were used on his collaboration album with J Dilla Champion Sound, while others were used for M.E.D.'s and Dudley Perkins' albums. Even though Stones Throw booked Doom a hotel room, he spent most of the time in Madlib's studio, based in an old bomb shelter in Mount Washington, Los Angeles. When the duo wasn't working on the album, they were spending free time together, drinking beer, eating Thai food, smoking marijuana, and taking psychedelic mushrooms. "Figaro" and "Meat Grinder" were among the songs recorded during this time.
In November 2002, Madlib went to Brazil to participate in a Red Bull Music Academy lecture, where he debuted the first music from the album by playing an unfinished version of "America's Most Blunted". Madlib also went crate digging during his time in Brazil, searching for obscure vinyl records he could sample later, with fellow producers Cut Chemist, DJ Babu, and J.Rocc. According to Madlib himself, he bought multiple crates full of vinyl records, two of which he later lost. He used some of these records to produce beats for Madvillainy. Most of the album, including beats for "Strange Ways", "Raid", and "Rhinestone Cowboy", was produced in his hotel room in São Paulo, using a portable turntable, a cassette deck, and a Boss SP-303 sampler. While Madlib was working on the album in Brazil, the unfinished demo was stolen and leaked on the internet, 14 months before its official release. Jeff Jank, Stones Throw's art director, remembers the leak in the interview with Pitchfork:
Those were the early days of internet leaks, and we thought it would completely ruin sales. People were approaching Doom and Madlib at shows to tell them how much they liked the album, so they were like, 'Fuck it, I'm done.' Madlib started on other stuff, and Doom, well, you never know what he's doing.
Doom and Madlib decided to work on different projects. Madlib released Champion Sound with J Dilla, while Doom released two solo albums: Take Me to Your Leader, as King Geedorah, and Vaudeville Villain, as Viktor Vaughn. Nevertheless, after the release of these albums, they decided to return to Madvillainy. For the final version of the album, Doom altered his voice, described by Peanut Butter Wolf as going from "really hyper, more enthusiastic" to "a more mellow, relaxed, confident, less abrasive", and changed some lyrics to coincide with this change. Madlib was also asked by the label to change some instrumentals, but told them that he forgot the samples he used, in order to allow for them to remain on the album. Additionally, the label also requested the duo make a proper ending for the album, forcing them to rent a studio for the recording of "Rhinestone Cowboy". The beat used, however, was produced in Brazil.
Madvillainy was produced almost entirely by Madlib, except the first track, which he produced in collaboration with Doom. On the album, Madlib incorporates his distinctive production style, based on using samples, mostly obscure, from albums recorded in different countries. Aside from sampling records by American artists, namely from jazz and soul, Madlib also used Indian (for example, "Shadows of Tomorrow" samples "Hindu Hoon Main Na Musalman Hoon" by R. D. Burman) and Brazilian records ("Curls" samples "Airport Love Theme" by Waldir Calmon) for Madvillainy. In regards to Madlib's production on the album, he stated in an interview:
"I did most of the Madvillain album in Brazil. Cuts like "Raid" I did in my hotel room in Brazil on a portable turntable, my 303, and a little tape deck. I recorded it on tape, came back here, put it on CD, and DOOM made a song out of it."
The album consists of 22 songs, most of which are short, under 3 minutes, and contain no hooks or choruses. Sam Samuelson of AllMusic compared the album to a comic book, "sometimes segued with vignettes sampled from 1940s movies and broadcasts or left-field [marijuana]-toting skits". He also noted that some instrumentals on the album "[seem] to be so out of time or step with a traditional hip-hop direction". The A.V. Club compared the album to a buffet, where "Madlib and Doom are interested in throwing out ideas as fast as they have them, giving them as much attention as they need, and moving on to the next thing". Tim O'Neil of PopMatters praised Madlib's instrumentals and said that they "make the album a sonic feast".
Doom's lyrics on Madvillainy are free-associative. According to Stereogum, the album "is about using sound to craft semi-indecipherable vignettes that are situated somewhere between the real and the mythical". Despite originally featuring a more enthusiastic, excited delivery, the leak prompted Doom to go with a slower and more relaxed flow on the final version of the album. This move has been praised by various publications, including Pitchfork, which said that it was "ultimately better-suited" than the original.
Throughout the album, Doom uses a number of literary devices, including multi-syllable rhymes, internal rhymes, alliteration, assonance, and holorimes. Music critics also noted extensive use of wordplay and double entendres. PopMatters wrote, "You can spend hours poring over the lyric sheet and attempting to grok Doom’s infinitely dense verbiage. If language is arbitrary, then many of Doom’s verses exploit the essence of words stripped of meaning, random conglomerations of syllables assembled in an order that only makes sense from a rhythmical standpoint", the critic added. The Observer stated that "the densely telegraphic lyrics almost always reward closer inspection" and that Doom's "rhymes miss beats, drop into the middle of the next line, work their way through whole verses" allows for a smooth listen.
Back then, 2003, Doom didn't really have public image. Hip hop heads knew he wore a mask, that he'd been in KMD a decade earlier, but he really was a mystery. So, I really wanted to get a shot of him on the cover, just to make a definitive 'Doom cover'. Specifically, I was thinking of a picture of this man, who happened to wear a mask for some reason, as opposed to 'a picture of a mask'. I don't know if the distinction would occur to anyone else, but to me it was a big deal. I mean, who the hell goes around with a metal mask, what's his story?
The photo was created by photographer Eric Coleman at Stones Throw's house in Los Angeles, and edited by Jank. While working on the Madvillainy album cover, Jank drew inspiration from King Crimson's In the Court of the Crimson King artwork, however, following its completion, he noticed the artwork eerily resembled Madonna's Madonna artwork. Despite this, Jank stuck with the original artwork, labeling it as the "rap version of Beauty and the Beast". A small orange square was added to the final version of Madvillainy, due to Jank's thinking that the artwork "needed something distinctive", comparing it to the orange "O" on the Madonna cover.
Release and promotionEdit
Two singles from Madvillainy were released before the album release: "Money Folder" b/w "America's Most Blunted", and "All Caps" b/w "Curls". The first single peaked at #66 on the Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. Madvillainy was released on March 23, 2004. Despite Stones Throw Records being a relatively small label, the album achieved moderate commercial success, which was big for the label. According to Pitchfork, "after two years of hectoring Stones Throw for making unsalable records, distributor EMI couldn't keep Madvillainy in stock." The album peaked at number 179 on Billboard 200 and sold approximately 150,000 copies, making it one of the label's best-selling albums. Its success allowed Stones Throw to open an office in Highland Park, Los Angeles.
Four videos were filmed for the album: "All Caps" (directed by James Reitano), "Rhinestone Cowboy" and "Accordion" (both directed by Andrew Gura), and "Shadows of Tomorrow" (directed by System D-128). "All Caps" and "Rhinestone Cowboy" appear on the DVD Stones Throw 101 along with a hidden easter egg video for "Shadows Of Tomorrow" as a hidden feature. An impromptu video for "Accordion" was filmed in 2004 but was not released until 2008's In Living the True Gods DVD.
An instrumental version of the album was released in 2004 only in vinyl format and digitally through various online stores, with the tracks "The Illest Villains", "Bistro", "Sickfit", "Do Not Fire!", and "Supervillain Theme" being omitted. It was re-released in 2012 on vinyl with picture sleeve.
In 2014, in honor of the 10th anniversary of Madvillainy, Stones Throw released special edition of the album on vinyl. The album re-entered Billboard 200 chart, peaking at number 117, higher than it did originally. The same year Madvillainy was also released on Compact Cassettes, as part of the Cassette Store Day.
Several remixes of the album were released. Two remix EPs of Madvillainy were released on Stones Throw in 2005. The remixes were done by Four Tet and Koushik. Madvillainy 2: The Madlib Remix was released on Stones Throw in 2008, containing a complete remix of the album by Madlib as a part of a Madvillain box set. According to Stereogum, it was Madlib's "attempt to get Doom excited enough to work on a true follow-up", recorded after he got tired of waiting for Doom to record the official sequel.
|The Village Voice||A−|
Madvillainy received rave reviews from music critics and became one of the most critically acclaimed projects of both artists. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 93, based on 20 reviews; it was the year's best-reviewed rap album and third highest reviewed album overall, according to the website. It also was the second most acclaimed rap album at the time of its release, behind Outkast's Stankonia. Sam Samuelson of AllMusic wrote that album's strength "lies in its mix between seemingly obtuse beats, samples, MCing, and some straight-up hip-hop bumping" and that "MF Doom's unpredictable lyrical style fits quite nicely within Madlib's unconventional beat orchestrations". Will Hermes of Entertainment Weekly called it "indie rap blowing session by two guys near the top of their game". Alternative Press praised Madvillainy as "all invention and no indulgence", while HipHopDX dubbed it an "experimental, eclectic, raw, spontaneous" classic. Mojo praised the album, calling it "a symphony of such densely constructed chaos" and noting that "Madvillainy's very opacity is part of its brilliance".
Pitchfork called Madvillainy "inexhaustibly brilliant, with layer-upon-layer of carefully considered yet immediate hip-hop, forward-thinking but always close to its roots", noting that "the samples are smart and never played-out, and the production and rhymes reveal a determined sense of cooperation, as MF Doom spouts off his most brilliant lyrical change-ups and production-conscious playoffs". Q called Madlib "the most innovative beatsman since Prince Paul", who created "an oddball, cartoon-heavy backdrop for MF Doom's mellifluous wordplay". Rolling Stone gave Madvillainy praised Madlib's tracks, "fuzzy and crackling with dust", and MF Doom, whose flow is "a particularly elegant slur, with syllables speading over a beat, not crisply adhering to it". Eric Henderson of Slant Magazine called it "a chameleonic masterpiece that alone validates the artistry of sampler culture". Robert Christgau, writing for The Village Voice, praised the album as "a glorious phantasmagoria of flow". Blender's Jody Rosen called it a "torrid album that marries old-school rap aesthetics to punk-rock concision."
Madvillainy also attracted positive reviews from several publications with infrequent coverage of hip hop music. David Segal of The Washington Post called the album "hysterical, [...] perplexing, arresting, thought-provoking or just plain silly". Kelefa Sanneh of The New York Times called it "a delirious collaboration" and hailed MF Doom as a rapper who "understands the deformative power of rhyme" and "delivers long, free-associative verses full of sideways leaps and unexpected twists". Sasha Frere-Jones of The New Yorker praised the album, noting that "the point of Madvillainy is largely poetic—celebrating the language of music and the music of language" and that while album's beats are based on samples of records, it's "hard to say which ones, even in a general way".
Musically Meditated Reviews celebrated the 15th anniversary of the album’s release with a 9/10. “Doom is truly that unique. No one sounds like this. No one ever will or they will be obviously biting him. He turns villainous in his art on this album and has never really gone back to anything other than being a villain to this day. TO THIS DAY!!!”
Several publications included Madvillainy in their lists of the best albums of the year. Pitchfork ranked it number six on their list of the 50 best albums of 2004, stating that "the collaboration brings out the best in both men, without copying anything in their catalogs". Prefix ranked the album first on its list of the 60 best albums of 2004, stating that "when Doom and Madlib combine, they form like Voltron". PopMatters positioned it at number nine on their list of the 100 best albums of 2004, commending MF Doom's "royal, pop culture-laden flow" and Madlib's "beat-mining expertise". Spin ranked it number 17 on their list of the 40 best albums of 2004, praising Madlib's production, "thick, woozy slabs of beatnik bass", that "keeps things hotter than an underground volcano lair". Washington City Paper ranked Madvillainy number one on their list of the top 20 albums of 2004. Stylus Magazine named it the second best album of 2004. In The Village Voice's annual poll Pazz & Jop, which combined votes from 793 critics, Madvillainy was ranked number 11 on the list of the best albums of 2004. The Wire and AllMusic also included the album in their unordered lists of the best albums of the year.
Numerous publications included Madvillainy in various lists of the best albums. Clash positioned it at number 47 in their list of top 100 albums of Clash's lifetime, calling it "slapdash and dilapidated, wholly unconcerned with making sense", "defined by its flippancy and attitude to professionalism". The magazine also listed it on their list of ten best hip hop albums ever, calling it "one of this decade’s finest hip-hop albums" that "elevated the profile of both [artists] to whole new levels". Complex placed the album in their list of 100 best albums available on Spotify, calling it "dusty, weeded up, 22-song masterpiece that stood alone and brought us all into its own little world" and stating that "Madlib and MF Doom's classic wasn't meant for the radio, but it was too good to be kept to the underground". The magazine also listed it among 25 albums of the decade that deserve classic status, describing it as "a classic record that had a goofy cartoony unpredictability, balanced with moments of oddball sincerity" and 71st on the list "The 100 Best Albums of the Complex Decade". The A.V. Club featured the album on the list "The Best Music of the Decade", referring to the album as "an instant masterpiece". Fact ranked it number 14 at their list of 100 best albums of the 2000s and praised it as "a perfect synergy between raw beats and incredible rhymes". The magazine also named it the second best album on their list of 100 best indie hip hop records ever made, stating that it was "arguably the signature moment from the signature rapper and signature producer of the entire movement". Heavy.com ranked the album number 9 on their list "The Top 10 Hip-Hop Albums of the Decade", stating that "MF Doom has never sounded better than he did when he teamed up with Madlib for this little ditty of WTF hip hop". Slant Magazine placed the album at number 39 on the list "The 100 Best Albums of the Aughts", calling it the "undisputed pinnacle of aughts underground rap". Stylus Magazine ranked the album number 13 on its list "The Top 50 Albums: 2000-2004". Fact ranked the album 14th on its "The 100 Best Albums of the 2000s" list, praising it as "a perfect synergy between raw beats and incredible rhymes that in the minds and hearts of many, neither party has yet to surpass". The Guardian included the album in their list of 1000 albums to hear before you die, describing it as "a colourful window into Dumile's world", while praising its "busy unpredictability and stoned comic-book mythos". HipHopDX included the album in two lists: top 10 albums of 2000s and the 30 best underground hip hop albums since 2000, describing it as "the super rap album, reaching unforeseen creative heights" that "elevated [Doom and Madlib] into Gods for many core Hip Hop heads". Rolling Stone featured it on their list of 40 one album wonders.
NME ranked the album number 411 on their list of the 500 greatest albums of all time, describing it as "stoner humour and mind-bending beats from a hip-hop dream team" and stating that "MF Doom and Madlib might not have invented underground rap, but they damn well perfected it". Pitchfork ranked the album at number 13 in their list of the top 100 albums of 2000–2004, commenting, "While Madlib's special power played tricks on your ears – a sample you were sure was the sound of cars rolling by on the street might sound like the hiss of a record on a different day ("Rainbows") – MF Doom unfurled his clever lyrics like a roll of sod on earth... and the album curved in on itself like a two-way mirror."Pitchfork also ranked Madvillainy as the 25th best album of the 2000s, describing it as "a preternaturally perfect pairing of like-minded talents" who "have each been responsible for tons of great, grimy underground hip-hop". Tiny Mix Tapes considered the album the fourth best of the 2000s. Rhapsody named the ranked the album 1st on its "Hip-Hop's Best Albums of the Decade" list. PopMatters positioned it at number 49 on their list of the 100 best albums of the 2000s and praised MF Doom, who "free-associates culture high and low, from Hemingway to Robh Ruppel, across tongue-tied internal rhymes", and Madlib's "fusion breaks, psych soul, and Steve Reich", and called the album "the best chemistry of either’s career, and one of the best of hip-hop, period". In 2016 Q listed Madvillainy among the albums that didn't appear in their list of the best albums of last 30 years, stating that "underground hip-hop's cracked geniuses, Madlib and MF Doom, unite on a labyrinth of weed-stained vignettes that combine invention and accessibility". Spin ranked it number 123 on their list of the 300 best albums of the past 30 years (1985–2014), calling it "a genius cross-pollination of seemingly divergent styles". The magazine also positioned the album at number eight on the list of the 50 best hip hop debut albums since Reasonable Doubt. Stylus Magazine ranked the album number 13 on their list of the top 50 albums of 2000–2005, praising Madlib's production, based on "an endless supply of funk, soul, and jazz samples", and stating that the album was "displaying the future of hip-hop".
Legacy and influenceEdit
Madvillainy influenced a generation of artists. Among some of them are rappers Joey Badass, the late Capital STEEZ, Bishop Nehru, Tyler, The Creator, Earl Sweatshirt, Danny Brown, Kirk Knight, producer and rapper Flying Lotus, producer and DJ Cashmere Cat, neo soul collective Jungle, indie rock band Cults, and Radiohead singer Thom Yorke. According to Earl Sweatshirt, Madvillainy influenced his generation the same way Wu-Tang Clan influenced the rappers of 1990s with their album Enter the Wu-Tang (36 Chambers). In 2009 a video of Mos Def working on his album The Ecstatic in a studio was released. In the video he praised Doom, saying that "he rhymes as weird as I feel", and recited some of Doom's lines, including the ones from Madvillainy. He added:
Dude, I swear to God, when I saw that Madvillain record, I bought it on vinyl. I ain't have a record player. I bought it on vinyl just to stare at the album. I stared at it and I just kept going, 'I understand you'.
In 2015, in honor of the release of All-New, All-Different Marvel comics line and to pay homage to classic and contemporary hip hop albums, Marvel released variant covers inspired by these albums. One of them was variant cover of The Mighty Thor comics, based on Madvillainy cover. It used grayscale image of Jane Foster's face behind the metal mask, with a picture of Mjolnir in a small orange square on top right corner and "THE MIGHTY THOR" text in pixelated font on top left.
All tracks written by Daniel Dumile and Otis Jackson Jr., except where noted; all tracks produced by Madlib, except "The Illest Villains", produced by Madlib and Doom, and voice skits produced by Doom.
|1.||"The Illest Villains"||1:55|
|5.||"Raid" (featuring MED a.k.a. Medaphoar)||2:30|
|6.||"America’s Most Blunted" (featuring Lord Quas)||3:54|
|7.||"Sickfit" (Instrumental)||Jackson Jr.||1:21|
|10.||"Do Not Fire!" (Instrumental)||Jackson Jr.||0:52|
|12.||"Shadows of Tomorrow" (featuring Lord Quas)||2:36|
|13.||"Operation Lifesaver a.k.a. Mint Test"||1:30|
|15.||"Hardcore Hustle" (featuring Wildchild)||1:21|
|18.||"Eye" (featuring Stacy Epps)||1:57|
|19.||"Supervillain Theme" (Instrumental)||Jackson Jr.||0:52|
- "Accordion" contains a sample of "Experience" performed by Daedelus.
- "Meat Grinder" contains a sample of "Sleeping in a Jar", performed by The Mothers of Invention, and a sample of "Hula Rock", performed by Lew Howard & the All-Stars 
- "Bistro" contains a sample of "Second to None", performed by Atlantic Starr
- "Raid" contains a sample of "Nadis (Live at the Montreux Jazz Festival), performed by Bill Evans, a sample of "América Latina", performed by Osmar Milito e Quarteto Forma, and a sample of "Computer Games", performed by George Clinton
- "America's Most Blunted" contains a sample of "Ninety-Nine and a Half", performed by Fever Tree, and a snippet of "Creativity", performed by Jack Margolis
- "Sickfit" contains a sample of "Family Affair", performed by The Generation Gap
- "Rainbows" contains a sample of "Blue & Pants", performed by James Brown, and a sample of "Kelly", performed by William Loose, Stu Phillips, and Marvin Elling
- "Curls" contains a sample of "Airport Love Theme", performed by Waldir Calmon
- "Do Not Fire!" contains a sample of "Mithi Mithi Ankhiyon Se Dil Bhar De", performed by Kishore Kumar, and voice-over snippets of Dhalsim from Street Fighter II: The World Warrior, composed by Yoko Shimomura 
- "Money Folder" contains a sample of "Soul Turn Around", performed by Freddie Hubbard, and a voice clip from The Raven, spoken by Vincent Price
- "Shadows of Tomorrow" contains a sample of "Hindu Hoon Main Na Musalman Hoon", performed by R.D. Burman, and voice-over snippets from Space Is The Place, spoken by Sun Ra
- "Operation Lifesaver AKA Mint Test" contains a sample of "Prepare Yourself", performed by George Duke
- "Figaro" contains samples of "In The Beginning" and "Jeannine", both performed by Dr. Lonnie Smith
- "Hardcore Hustle" contains a sample of "Sing A Simple Song", performed by Diana Ross, The Temptations, and The Supremes
- "Strange Ways" contains a sample of "Funny Ways", performed by Gentle Giant, and a snippet of Symphony in Slang, directed by Tex Avery
- "Fancy Clown" contains a sample of "That Ain't The Way You Make Love", performed by Z.Z. Hill 
- "Eye" contains a sample of "So Good", performed by The Whispers
- "Supervillain Theme" contains a sample of "Adormeceu", performed by O Terço
- "All Caps", contains a sample of the opening credits of Ironside, composed by Quincy Jones, and an interpolation of "Sometimes I Rhyme Slow", performed by Nice and Smooth
- "Great Day", contains a sample of "How Can You Believe", performed by Stevie Wonder
- "Rhinestone Cowboy" contains samples of "Mariana Mariana" and "Molambo", both performed by Maria Bethânia
Credits are adapted from the album's liner notes.
- Peanut Butter Wolf – executive producer
- Allah's Reflection – additional vocals (track 17)
- Dave Cooley – mixing, mastering, recording
- James Reitano – illustration
- Egon – project coordination
- Miranda Jane – project consultant
- Eric Coleman – photography
- Jeff Jank – design
|US Billboard 200||179|
|US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums||80|
|US Billboard Top Independent Albums||10|
|US Billboard Top Heatseekers Albums||9|
|US Billboard 200||117|
|US Billboard Top Catalog Albums||17|
|US Billboard Top Vinyl Albums||3|
- Hultkrans, Andrew (19 April 2011). "MF Doom, 'Operation: Doomsday' (Metal Face)". Spin. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- Fields, Kiah (20 April 2016). "Today In Hip Hop History: MF Doom Releases Debut 'Operation: Doomsday' 17 Years Ago". The Source. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- Rabin, Nathan (26 April 2011). "MF Doom: Operation Doomsday: Lunchbox". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- Weiss, Jeff. "Searching for Tomorrow: The Story of Madlib and Doom's Madvillainy". Pitchfork. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- Jackson, Otis (2016). "Madlib Lecture". Red Bull Music Academy (Interview). Interviewed by Jeff "Chairman" Mao. New York City. Retrieved 2016-08-18.
- "Madvillain - Madvillainy 2LP". Stones Throw. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- Pemberton, Rollie; Sylvester, Nick (March 25, 2004). "Madvillain: Madvillainy". Pitchfork. Retrieved November 14, 2009.
- Thurm, Eric (11 March 2014). "A decade on, Madvillainy is still a masterpiece from hip-hop's illest duo". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- Mason, Andrew (May 8, 2005). "Mad Skills". Scratch. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- George, Lynell (16 July 2007). "Hot on the beat's trail". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- "The 100 Best Albums of the 2000s". Complex. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- Balfour, Jay. "Madvillain "Madvillainy" In Review: 10-Year Anniversary". HipHopDX. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "Today in Hip-Hop: MF Doom and Madlib Drop 'Madvillainy'". XXL. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Garrett, Charles Hiroshi, ed. (2013). The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195314281.
He is best known for his unique approach to beatmaking and remixing which includes aggregating diverse material together from far-flung musical traditions.
- Oliver, Matt. "Shadows Of Today: Ten Years Of 'Madvillainy'". Clash. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- O'Neil, Tim. "Madvillain: Madvillainy". PopMatters. Archived from the original on 4 December 2004. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- Behrens, Sam (24 March 2014). "Madvillainy Turns 10". Stereogum. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- Samuelson, Sam. "Madvillainy – Madvillain". AllMusic. Retrieved November 14, 2009.
- J-23 (March 16, 2004). "Madvillain - Madvillainy". HipHopDX. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- Breihan, Tom. "New Madvillain Album in the Works". Pitchfork. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Frere-Jones, Sasha (12 April 2004). "Doom's Day". The New Yorker. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- Edwards, Paul (2009). How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC. Chicago Review Press. p. 84. ISBN 9781556528163.
- Dart, Chris (20 May 2016). "Deconstructing the greatest rap songs of all time, syllable by syllable". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Downing, Andy (14 December 2005). "Doom doesn't live up to often brilliant recordings". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Guest, Tim (May 23, 2004). "Madvillain: Madvillainy". The Observer. Archived from the original on June 1, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- "UNCOVERED: The Story Behind Madvillain's "Madvillainy" (2004) with art director Jeff Jank". Ego Trip. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "Madvillain | Money Folder & Most Blunted". Stones Throw Records. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "Madvillain | Curls & All Caps". Stones Throw Records. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles Sales". Billboard. December 27, 2003. p. 49.
- Kangas, Chaz (21 March 2014). "March 23, 2004: The Most Important Day in Indie Rap History?". Village Voice. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "Top 200 Albums, the week of April 10, 2004". Billboard. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- Ferguson, Jordan. J Dilla's Donuts. 33⅓. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781623563608.
[...] Their album Madvillainy quickly became one of Stones Throw's highest-selling albums and most critically acclaimed.
- "Stones Throw | Stones Throw 101". Stones Throw Records. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "Stones Throw | Stones Throw 102: In Living the True Gods". Stones Throw Records. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "Stones Throw to release Madvillainy Instrumentals with full picture sleeve". Fact. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "MADVILLAIN - MADVILLAINY". Stones Throw Records. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- Caulfield, Keith. "Billboard 200 Chart Moves: 'Frozen' Exits Top 10 After 39 Weeks". Billboard. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- Kaye, Ben (24 August 2014). "Cassette Store Day to return in 2014, with releases from Julian Casablancas, Karen O, and Foxygen". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "MF Doom Discography". Stones Throw Records. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- "Madvillainy 2: The Box". Stones Throw Records. July 23, 2008. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
- Patrin, Nate. "Madvillain: Madvillainy 2 Album Review". Pitchfork. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- "Reviews for Madvillainy by Madvillain". Metacritic. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- "Madvillain: Madvillainy". Alternative Press (191): 110. June 2004.
- Hermes, Will (March 19, 2004). "Madvillainy". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 14, 2009.
- "Madvillain: Madvillainy". Mojo (127): 114. June 2004.
- "Madvillain: Madvillainy". Q (216): 116. July 2004.
- Caramanica, Jon (May 13, 2004). "Madvillain: Madvillainy". Rolling Stone (948): 74.
- Henderson, Eric (December 17, 2004). "Madvillain: Madvillainy". Slant Magazine. Retrieved November 14, 2009.
- Christgau, Robert (August 24, 2004). "Consumer Guide: Looking Past Differences". The Village Voice. Retrieved November 14, 2009.
- Clarke, Khari (12 April 2014). "Is It True?: Doom Says Madvillainy Sequel is 'Just About Done'". The Source. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- Rosen, Jody (May 2004). "Madvillain: Madvillainy". Blender (26): 127. Archived from the original on August 18, 2004. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
- Fields, Kiah (23 March 2016). "Today in Hip Hop History: Madvillain Drops Madvillainy 12 Years Ago". The Source. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- Segal, David (13 June 2004). "HERE &". The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- Sanneh, Kelefa (7 April 2004). "HIP-HOP REVIEW; That Man in a Mask, With Labyrinthine Rhymes to Cast". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 28 May 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- "Top 50 Albums of 2004". Pitchfork. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- "A look back at the best albums of the year:". Prefixmag. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
- Umile, Dominic. "Best Music of 2004". PopMatters. Archived from the original on 9 January 2005. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- Patrin, Nate (January 2005). "40 Best Albums of the Year". Spin. p. 66. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- Pemberton, Rollie. "The Top 40 Albums of 2004". Stylus Magazine. Archived from the original on 16 January 2005. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- "Pazz & Jop 2004". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on 10 February 2005. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- "2004 Rewind". The Wire. No. 251. January 2005. p. 74. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- "Editors' Choice". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 14 February 2005. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- Oliver, Matt. "The Top 100 Albums Of Clash's Lifetime: 50-41". Clash. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- Diver, Mike. "Top Ten - Hip-Hop Albums". Clash. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- "The 100 Best Albums Streaming On Spotify Right Now". Complex. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- "The 100 Best Albums of The Complex Decade: 71. Madvillain, Madvillainy (2004)". Complex. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
- Ahmed, Insanul; Martin, Andrew; Isenberg, Daniel; Drake, David; Baker, Ernest; Moore, Jacob; Nostro, Lauren. "25 Rap Albums From the Past Decade That Deserve Classic Status". Complex. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- "The best music of the decade". 2009-11-19. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
- Beatnick, Mr. "The 100 Best Albums of the 2000s". Fact. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- Piyevsky, Alex; Twells, John; Raw, Son; Rascobeamer, Jeff; Geng (25 February 2015). "The 100 best indie hip-hop records of all time". Fact. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- Hughes, Terrance (2009-12-22). "Top 10 Hip-Hop Albums Of The Decade". Heavy.com. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- "The 100 Best Albums of the Aughts | Feature | Slant Magazine". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 2017-01-11.
- "The Top 50 Albums: 2000-2005 - Article - Stylus Magazine". www.stylusmagazine.com. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
- "The 100 Best Albums of the 2000s". FACT Magazine: Music News, New Music. Retrieved 2017-01-11.
- "1000 albums to hear before you die". The Guardian. 20 November 2007. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- "HipHopDX's Top 10 Albums Of The '00s". HipHopDX. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- "The 30 Best Underground Hip Hop Albums Since 2000". HipHopDX. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- "40 Greatest One-Album Wonders". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
- "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". NME. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- "Staff Lists: The Top 100 Albums of 2000-04". Pitchfork. 7 February 2005. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- "Staff Lists: The Top 200 Albums of the 2000s: 50-21 | Features". Pitchfork. 2009-10-01. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
- "Favorite 100 Albums of 2000-2009: 20-01". Tiny Mix Tapes. Retrieved 2017-07-09.
- "Hip-Hop's Best Albums of the Decade - Rhapsody: The Mix". 2012-09-24. Archived from the original on 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2017-03-11.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Aspray, Benjamin. "The 100 Best Albums of the 2000s: 60-41". PopMatters. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- "A Q Celebration... 476 Modern Classics". Q. No. 361. June 2016. p. 67.
- Jenkins, Craig (11 May 2015). "The 300 Best Albums Of The Past 30 Years (1985-2014)". Spin. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- Unterberger, Andrew (1 July 2016). "The 50 Best Hip-Hop Debut Albums Since 'Reasonable Doubt'". Spin. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- Cober-Lake, Justin. "The Top 50 Albums: 2000-2005". Stylus Magazine. Archived from the original on 6 March 2005. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- Bassil, Ryan. "Ten Shit Hot Albums by Artists Who Only Ever Made One". Noisey. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Steiner, B.J. "Happy Birthday, Madlib!". XXL. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Nostro, Lauren. "Danny Brown's 25 Favorite Albums". Complex. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Josephs, Brian. "Kirk Knight Is Ready to Captain This Starship". Noisey. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- "The 50 Best Albums of 2012". Complex. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Phili, Stelios (11 March 2015). "Cashmere Cat on 10 Songs That Blow His Mind". GQ. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Anderson, Errol. "The Really Wild Show: Jungle Interviewed". Clash. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Grisham, Tyler. "Cults". Pitchfork. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Colothan, Scott. "Thom Yorke Lists His Favourite New Sounds". Gigwise. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Weiss, Jeff. "Earl Sweatshirt, Captain Murphy and the Enduring Influence of the Madvillain". Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Ortiz, Edwin. "Mos Def Praises MF Doom, Compares Against Lil Wayne". HipHopDX. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Towers, Andrea. "See the newest additions to Marvel's hip-hop variant covers". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Minsker, Evan. "Marvel Comics Pay Homage to Hip-Hop Albums With Variant Covers". Pitchfork. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Lynch, Joe. "Marvel Debuts Lil B, MF Doom & GZA Inspired Comic Covers: Exclusive". Billboard. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Madvillainy (liner notes). Madvillain. Los Angeles, California: Stones Throw Records. 2004. STH2065.CS1 maint: others (link)
- "Madvillain - Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- "Independent Albums, the week of April 10, 2004". Billboard. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- "Heatseekers Albums, the week of April 10, 2004". Billboard. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- "Top 200 Albums, the week of September 27, 2014". Billboard. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- "Top Catalog Albums, the week of September 27, 2014". Billboard. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- "Top Vinyl Albums, the week of September 27, 2014". Billboard. Retrieved 17 August 2016.