Otis Jackson Jr. (born October 24, 1973), known professionally as Madlib, is an American DJ, music producer, multi-instrumentalist, and rapper. One of the most prolific and critically acclaimed hip hop producers of the 2000s, he is widely known for his collaborations with MF DOOM (as Madvillain), J Dilla (as Jaylib), and Freddie Gibbs (as MadGibbs). Madlib has described himself as a "DJ first, producer second, and MC last."
|Birth name||Otis Jackson, Jr.|
|Also known as||Quasimoto, Yesterdays New Quintet, DJ Rels, Beat Konducta, The Loop Digga|
|Born||October 24, 1973|
Oxnard, California, U.S.
Otis Jackson, Jr. was born in Oxnard, California, to musician parents Otis Jackson, Sr. and Dora Sinesca Jackson. He sampled his first song at 11 years old, sourced from his father's collection. His younger brother is the producer and rapper Michael "Oh No" Jackson. His uncle is the jazz trumpeter Jon Faddis. He was raised in Oxnard, where he began his music career.
1993–1998: Early careerEdit
In the early 1990s, Madlib formed a loose-knit collective composed of rappers who worked with him in his Oxnard-based "Crate Diggas Palace" studio. This collective was composed primarily of his friends, and became known as CDP. Madlib's first commercially released music was production for the rap group Tha Alkaholiks in 1993. He went on to record music of his own with the group Lootpack. Their 12-inch EP Ill Psyche Move was released by Madlib's father in 1995 on a label also called Crate Diggas Palace. This record caught the attention of Peanut Butter Wolf, founder of the Stones Throw Records label, who signed the group in 1998.
1999–2009: Stones Throw RecordsEdit
Lootpack's 1999 debut album Soundpieces: Da Antidote ushered in a string of releases on Stones Throw centering on Madlib's production work which would continue for a decade. His first solo work, The Unseen, under the guise of Quasimoto, came in 2000. The album was met with critical acclaim and named by Spin as one of the top 20 albums of the year.
In 2001, Madlib moved away from hip hop music and began a series of releases from Yesterdays New Quintet, a jazz-based, hip hop and electronic-influenced quintet made up of alter-egos or fictional musicians played by Madlib. Over the next several years, through several record releases on Stones Throw and other labels, the growing number of pseudonyms and fictional players came to be known as Yesterdays Universe. Madlib was later invited to remix tracks from the Blue Note Records archive in 2003, which he released as Shades of Blue. In addition to the remixes, the album contained newly recorded interpretations of Blue Note originals, many of which were credited to members of Yesterdays New Quintet. Beginning with the 2007 album The Funky Side of Life by Yesterdays New Quintet spin-off group Sound Directions, the Yesterdays Universe also began incorporating additional session musicians who were not pseudonyms of Madlib.
Returning to hip hop music in 2003, Madlib announced two collaborative projects. He joined hip hop producer J Dilla in a duo known as Jaylib, which released Champion Sound. Madlib then collaborated with rapper MF DOOM, known together as Madvillain. Produced by using a Boss SP-303 and a turntable, their 2004 album Madvillainy was highly anticipated and well-received, topping many critics' year-end lists.
The 2005 Quasimoto album The Further Adventures of Lord Quas met with warm reception and continued the Quasimoto tradition of using vocal samples from Melvin Van Peebles, who is credited on the album liner notes as a collaborator. Throughout the rest of the decade Madlib continued to release jazz material simultaneously with his hip hop work: Perseverance with Percee P, Liberation with Talib Kweli, Sujinho with Ivan Conti of Azymuth, his own instrumental hip hop series Beat Konducta, In Search of Stoney Jackson with Strong Arm Steady, O. J. Simpson with Guilty Simpson, and production work for artists such as Erykah Badu and De La Soul.
2010–present: Madlib Invazion, Madlib Medicine ShowEdit
In 2010, Madlib announced his own imprint called Madlib Invazion, formed to release a music series called Madlib Medicine Show. The series would ultimately take over two years to complete, culminating with 13 album releases and several vinyl-only EPs spanning hip-hop, jazz, remixes, and multi-genre DJ mixtapes. The label has continued to release records outside of the original series. In 2011, Madlib composed the film score for the A Tribe Called Quest documentary film Beats, Rhymes & Life: The Travels of A Tribe Called Quest. Madlib also produced "Cadillacs" with Snoop Dogg for his mixtape That's My Work Volume 3, released on February 27, 2014.
Freddie Gibbs and Madlib announced plans for a collaboration album late in 2011 with the release of an EP titled Thuggin, which was followed by a second EP titled Shame on June 22, 2012 and a third EP titled Deeper on September 24, 2013. The duo's full-length collaboration album Piñata was released on March 18, 2014 to widespread critical acclaim. The pair, later known as MadGibbs, released a follow-up album titled Bandana on June 28, 2019.
In a 2010 interview with LA Weekly, Madlib stated that Kanye West put five of his beats on hold for the album he was working on at the time. While none of the beats were used, Madlib did take part in the recording sessions for the album, which evolved from Good Ass Job to My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy. He was also rumored to be involved in West's collaboration album with Jay-Z entitled Watch the Throne, but ultimately was not. West was interviewed as part of the 2014 Stones Throw documentary film Our Vinyl Weighs A Ton, in which he opens up about working with Madlib and wanting more of his beats for future projects.
On January 18, 2016, West released the Madlib-produced "No More Parties in L.A." featuring Kendrick Lamar on SoundCloud as part of his GOOD Fridays series. According to reports, the track originated from the recording sessions for My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy in 2010. West also recited a few lines from the track in the Our Vinyl Weighs A Ton interview. "No More Parties in L.A." appears on his seventh album, which underwent several name changes: So Help Me God, SWISH, and Waves, before finally being released as The Life of Pablo on February 12, 2016. West also hinted at the possibility of future collaborations with Madlib via Twitter thanking him for sending over six beat CDs.
Following Mac Miller's death, Chicago producer Thelonious Martin claimed on February 20, 2019, that Mac Miller and Madlib were reportedly working on an album together, called MacLib. Madlib addressed this statement on March 19, 2019, stating that he had recorded an EP with Mac Miller between 2015 and 2017, but that there were no plans of releasing the EP. However, Madlib added during an interview on June 3, 2019, that if Mac Miller's estate gives him the right to, he will release the EP. On February 8, 2020, a MacLib song was leaked.
Musical style and influencesEdit
During an interview on Chrome Children, Madlib stated that his most significant musical influences include Miles Davis, Sun Ra, and David Axelrod. Some of his hip-hop influences are Large Professor, Marley Marl, Paul C, DJ Pooh, and Dr. Dre.
- Solo albums
- The Unseen (2000) (as Quasimoto)
- Shades of Blue (2003) (remix tracks from the Blue Note Records archive)
- Theme for a Broken Soul (2004) (as DJ Rels)
- The Further Adventures of Lord Quas (2005) (as Quasimoto)
- WLIB AM: King of the Wigflip (2008)
- Yessir Whatever (2013) (as Quasimoto)
- Piñata Beats (2014)
- Rock Konducta Part 1 & Part 2 (2014)
- The Beats (Our Vinyl Weighs a Ton Soundtrack) (2014)
- Bandana Beats (2020)
- Sound Ancestors (2021)
- Collaborative albums
- Soundpieces: Da Antidote (1999) (with Wildchild and DJ Romes, as Lootpack)
- Champion Sound (2003) (with J Dilla, as Jaylib)
- Madvillainy (2004) (with MF Doom, as Madvillain)
- Liberation (2007) (with Talib Kweli, as Liberation)
- Perseverance (2007) (with Percee P)
- Sujinho (2008) (with Ivan Conti, as Jackson Conti)
- Madvillainy 2: The Madlib Remix (2008) (with MF Doom, as Madvillain)
- O. J. Simpson (album) (2010) (with Guilty Simpson)
- In Search of Stoney Jackson (2010) (with Strong Arm Steady)
- Piñata (2014) (with Freddie Gibbs, as MadGibbs)
- Trouble Knows Me (2015) (with Hemlock Ernst)
- Bad Neighbor (2015) (with MED and Blu)
- Bandana (2019) (with Freddie Gibbs, as MadGibbs)
- The Professionals (2020) (with Oh No, as The Professionals)
- Pardon My French (2020) (with Karriem Riggins, as Jahari Massamba Unit)
- Aziri (2002).
- Mugshot magazine, Vol 2, Issue 3, 2003
- Als, Hilton (February 1, 2016). "Madlib's Genealogy of Hip-Hop". The New Yorker. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
- Taylor, Ken. "Madlib Biography". Musician Biographies. Net Industries. Retrieved August 15, 2008.
- Oh No Talks About His Albums, Having Madlib as an Older Brother, Working with Alchemist & MF Doom – XXL. Xxlmag.com (June 27, 2012). Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
- "History of the Loop Digga". Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- "Spin Magazine: Year End Lists". Rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
- "Yesterdays New Quintet". Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- "Madvillain: Madvillainy (2004): Reviews". Metacritic.com. December 15, 2009. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
- "Mad Skills: Madlib in Scratch Magazine". www.stonesthrow.com.
Just these little box machines, like the (Roland SP) 606 and the (Boss SP) 303. I like the 606, 'cause it has a gang of effects on it. I like an MPC too, but these are so easy to just turn on and use... I like to move quickly, and these little boxes are easy to use. I can be up in my hotel room in a different city, and just hook up beats right there. I don't like to spend more than 10 minutes at a time on a beat. I get bored and have to move on to the next thing.
- "Quasimoto: The Further Adventures of Lord Quas (2005): Reviews". Metacritic.com. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
- "Madlib Medicine Show". Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- Rapaport, Michael, Beats, Rhymes & Life: The Travels of a Tribe Called Quest, Sony Pictures Classics
- Ortiz, Edwin (February 27, 2014). "Snoop Dogg Is Steady Cruising In "Cadillacs," with Madlib Riding Shotgun". Complex. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
- Weiss, Jeff (June 24, 2010). "The Madlib Mystique". LA Weekly. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
- Harling, Danielle (June 25, 2010). "Madlib Says Kanye West Requested Beats For "Good Ass Job"". HipHopDX. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
- Jacobs, A. (September 25, 2010). "Pete Rock and Q-Tip Production Confirmed On Jay-Z & Kanye West's "Watch The Throne"". HipHopDX. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
- Newman, Jason (May 28, 2014). "Kanye West Talks Dilla, Creating 'Wrong Music' in Stones Throw Doc". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
- "Kanye West – "No More Parties in L.A." feat. Kendrick Lamar, prod. by Madlib". Stones Throw Records. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
- Ortiz, Edwin (January 8, 2016). "Kanye West Recorded "No More Parties in LA" With Madlib During the 'My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy' Sessions". Complex. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
- Leight, Elias (January 22, 2016). "Kanye West Hints At More Madlib Collaborations". The Fader. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
- Donna-Claire Chesman (February 20, 2019). "Thelonious Martin Remembers Mac Miller (Interview)". DJBooth.net. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
- "Mac Miller & Madlib Reportedly Recorded An Album Together". Stereogum.com. February 21, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
- "Maclib". Rappcats.com. March 19, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
- "Freddie Gibbs & Madlib Discuss New Album 'Bandana,' Working With Pusha T & Killer Mike | Billboard". YouTube. June 3, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
- "YouTube". YouTube. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
- "Logic and Madlib form new duo MadGic and share first track 'Mars Only Pt.3'". NME. April 24, 2021. Retrieved April 30, 2021.
- Rugoff, Lazlo (December 14, 2020). "Madlib collaborates with Four Tet on new album, Sound Ancestors". The Vinyl Factory. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
- "Freddie Gibbs Confirms "Bandana" With Madlib Is Dropping In 2019". Freddie Gibbs. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- "Madlib – Official Discography". Stones Throw Records. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
- Blanning, Lisa (August 2009). "The crate mass experiment". The Wire. The Wire Magazine (306): 33. ISSN 0952-0686. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- Madlib, Talib Kweli (October 27, 2007). BET Rap City Interview With Madlib (Adobe Flash). Black Entertainment Television. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- Aziri, Jon (January 20, 2002). "Tight Lipped". Wax Poetics. Wax Poetics (1). ISSN 1537-8241. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- DiGenti, Brian (February 8, 2004). "Blunted on Beats". Wax Poetics. Wax Poetics (8). ISSN 1537-8241. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- Madlib, Eothen Alapatt (2002). Madlib – King of the Beats (Adobe Flash). São Paulo: Red Bull Music Academy. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- "Freddie Gibbs Confirms "Bandana" With Madlib Is Dropping In 2019". Freddie Gibbs. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
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