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Shirley Scott (March 14, 1934 – March 10, 2002) was an American jazz organist.

Shirley Scott
Shirley Scott.jpg
Background information
Born(1934-03-14)March 14, 1934
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
DiedMarch 10, 2002(2002-03-10) (aged 67)
GenresJazz, hard bop, soul jazz
Occupation(s)Musician, educator
InstrumentsOrgan, piano
Years active1955–1995
LabelsPrestige, Impulse!, Cadet, Strata-East, Muse, Candid
Associated actsEddie "Lockjaw" Davis, Stanley Turrentine, Al Grey, Jimmy Forrest

Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Scott studied trumpet and piano in school. As a performer in the 1950s, she played the Hammond B-3 organ. Her recordings with Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis included the hit "In the Kitchen". Influenced by gospel and blues, she played soul jazz in the 1960s with Stanley Turrentine, who became her husband during the same decade; the couple divorced in 1971.[1]

Although organ trios declined in popularity during the 1970s, they resurged in the 1980s and she recorded again. In the 1990s, she recorded as pianist in a trio and performed at venues in Philadelphia.[2] She was also a jazz educator.

Scott won an $8 million settlement in 2000 against American Home Products, the manufacturers of the diet drug fen-phen. She died of heart failure in 2002.[2][3]

On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Shirley Scott among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire.[4]



As leaderEdit

As sidewomanEdit

With Stanley Turrentine

With Mildred Anderson

With Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis

With Jimmy Forrest

  • 1978: Heart of the Forrest (Palo Alto)

With Al Grey

  • 1977: Al Grey Jazz All Stars: Travelers Lounge Live (Travelers)
  • 1979: Al Grey/Jimmy Forrest Quintet: Live at Rick's (Aviva)

With Joe Newman

With Al Smith


  1. ^ "Stanley Turrentine". The Daily Telegraph. September 25, 2000. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
  2. ^ a b Henderson, Alex. "Shirley Scott". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  3. ^ 'Organ queen' Shirley Scott dies". March 13, 2002. New Pittsburgh Courier.
  4. ^ Rosen, Jody (25 June 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Shirley Scott | Album Discography | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 August 2018.

External linksEdit