Lyman, Ukraine

Lyman (Ukrainian: Лиман, pronounced [ɫɪˈmɑn]), formerly Krasnyi Lyman (Ukrainian: Красний Лиман, 'Red Lyman') from 1925 to 2016,[1] is a city in the Donetsk region of Ukraine. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. Until 2016, it also served as the administrative center of Lyman Raion, though it was not a part of the raion. It still serves as the center of Lyman hromada.[2][3] Population is 20,469 (2021 est.)[4] down from 28,172 in 2001.

Lyman
Лиман
City
Railway station
Railway station
Flag of Lyman
Coat of arms of Lyman
Lyman is located in Donetsk Oblast
Lyman
Lyman
Lyman is located in Ukraine
Lyman
Lyman
Coordinates: 48°59′7″N 37°48′40″E / 48.98528°N 37.81111°E / 48.98528; 37.81111Coordinates: 48°59′7″N 37°48′40″E / 48.98528°N 37.81111°E / 48.98528; 37.81111
Country Ukraine
Oblast (Province) Donetsk
Raion (District)Flag of Kramatorsk raion.jpg Kramatorsk
HromadaLyman Urban
Population
 (2021)
 • Total20,469

HistoryEdit

Archaeologists have discovered Neolithic stone sculptures in the Lyman district and Scythian remains from the fourth and third centuries BCE. According to the Russian language Entsiklopedicheskii slovar (vol 34, page 687) in the seventeenth century, a fort was built there to defend the southern borders of Sloboda Ukraine from the attacks of the Crimean Tatars. It is first mentioned in documents of the mid-1600s. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Moscow tsar Peter I, Lyman was explicitly mentioned as one of the towns included to Azov Governorate.[5][6] The town was given the prefix Krasnyi (Red) in 1925 for ideological purposes by the Soviet regime.

In June 2014, the city was the scene of the battle of Krasnyi Lyman during the War in Donbas.[7] On 5 June the town returned to Ukrainian control.[8]

Following the 2015 law on decommunization the city returned to its original name Lyman, removing the prefix Krasnyi.[9] The change was approved by the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian parliament) on 4 February 2016.[9]

Lyman is an important railway junction. During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, Lyman was seized following a battle for the city by Russian troops on 27 May.[10][11] From 10 September, Ukrainian troops advanced to Lyman as part of the Ukrainian Kharkiv counteroffensive, and engaged Russian troops[12][13] in what has been called the Second Battle of Lyman. On 1 October, a Russian Defense Ministry spokesman announced that Russian and allied forces were withdrawing from the city, hours after Russian president Vladimir Putin had declared the city annexed by Russia.[14][15][16][17]

DemographicsEdit

As of the 2001 Ukrainian census:[18]

Ethnicity

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Rada de-communized Artemivsk as well as over hundred cities and villages" (in Ukrainian). Pravda.com.ua. 4 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Dovidnyk «Ukrayina. Administratyvno-terytorial'nyy ustriy». Donets'ka oblast'. 2. Naseleni punkty Donets'koyi oblasti. Mista oblasnoho znachennya (stanom na 01.06.2018)" Довідник «Україна. Адміністративно-територіальний устрій». Донецька область. 2. Населені пункти Донецької області. Міста обласного значення (станом на 01.06.2018) [Cataloque «Ukraine. Administrative-territorial structure». Donetsk Oblast. 2. Settlements of Donetsk Oblast. Cities of regional significance (as of 2018-06-01)] (RTF) (in Ukrainian). June 1, 2018. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  3. ^ "Lymans'ka hromada" Лиманська громада [Lyman Community]. Portal of United Territorial Communities of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). June 1, 2018. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  4. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  5. ^ "Указ об учреждении губерний и о росписании к ним городов" [Decree on the establishment of provinces and on the schedule of cities for them]. constitution.garant.ru.(in Russian)
  6. ^ Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (Archival department of the Administration of the Murmansk region. State Archive of the Murmansk region.) (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник [Administrative-territorial division of the Murmansk region (1920-1993). Directory]. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север". pp. 19–20.
  7. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Rebels take bases in Luhansk region". BBC News. 4 June 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  8. ^ We Can Win After All, The Ukrainian Week (6 August 2015)
  9. ^ a b Decommunisation continues: Rada renames several towns and villages, UNIAN (4 February 2016)
    "Rada de-communized Artemivsk as well as over hundred cities and villages" (in Ukrainian). Pravda.com.ua. 4 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  10. ^ "Ukraine war: Troops could quit Severodonetsk amid Russian advance - official". BBC News. 27 May 2022.
  11. ^ "Russia takes control of Lyman as assault on Donbas region continues". The Guardian. 28 May 2022.
  12. ^ "Ukraine Forces Retake Control of Key Russian Stronghold". VOA. Retrieved 2022-09-11.
  13. ^ Gatopoulos, Alex. "Analysis: Russia caught out by Ukraine's double offensive". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2022-09-11.
  14. ^ Давлетшина, Александра Ганга, Лейсан (2022-10-01). "Минобороны сообщило об отводе войск из Красного Лимана на более выгодные рубежи". Известия (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-10-02.
  15. ^ "Война в Украине: ВСУ зашли в Лиман, в Харьковской области нашли расстрелянную автоколонну" [War in Ukraine: Armed Forces of Ukraine entered the Liman, in the Kharkiv region they found a shot convoy]. BBC News (in Russian). 1 October 2022.
  16. ^ "Ukraine forces Russian troops out of city a day after Vladimir Putin's annexation". Sky News. Retrieved 2022-10-01.
  17. ^ "Ukraine war: Russian troops forced out of eastern town Lyman". BBC News. 2022-10-01. Retrieved 2022-10-01.
  18. ^ Національний склад та рідна мова населення Донецької області. Розподіл постійного населення за найбільш численними національностями та рідною мовою по міськрадах та районах [National composition and native language of the population of Donetsk region. Distribution of the permanent population by the most numerous nationalities and native language by city councils and districts] (in Ukrainian), archived from the original on 2012-02-07

External linksEdit