Lohardaga district

Lohardaga district is one of the twenty-four districts of the Indian state of Jharkhand. The district is named after the town of Lohardaga, the administrative headquarters of the district. The district was created from a portion of Ranchi district in 1983.[1]

Lohardaga district
Khakparta temple
Khakparta temple
Location of Lohardaga district in Jharkhand
Location of Lohardaga district in Jharkhand
Country India
StateJharkhand
DivisionSouth Chotanagpur
HeadquartersLohardaga
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesLohardaga (shared with Gumla district)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies1
Area
 • Total1,490.80 km2 (575.60 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total461,790
 • Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy68.29%
 • Sex ratio985
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Websitehttp://lohardaga.nic.in/

This district is surrounded by Latehar district in the north, Gumla district in south and west and Ranchi district in the east. The district is situated between 23°30' and 23°40' north latitudes and 84°40' and 84°50' east longitudes. The district covers an area of 1491 km².[2]

As of 2011, it is the least populous district of Jharkhand (out of 24).[3]

It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[4]

GeographyEdit

District has a number of small hill blocks covered with forests. The general slope of the district is from west to east. Latehar district and Gaya district are situated in the north of this district, Ranchi district in the east and Gumla district in the south-west.

Lohardaga district consists of two broad physiographic divisions – the hilly tract and the plateau region. The hilly tract extends over the western and north-western parts of the district. The high hill tops of this region are known as pat. The plateau region is a part of the Gumla Plateau, which lies in the southern portion of Chota Nagpur Plateau. Lohardaga and Bhandra CD blocks are entirely in the plateau region. Other administrative areas, such as Kisko, Senha and Kuru CD blocks are partly in the plateau region and partly in the hilly tract. [5]

The main rivers of the district are South Koel, Sankh, Nandni, Chaupat’s and Fulijhar etc. These are mainly rain fed rivers which dry up in the summer months. Some springs are also seen in the hilly tract of the district. Geologically the area in comprised with Archean Granites and Gneisses. In the uplands considerable thickness of late-rite of Pleistocene age is found in the Granite and Gneisses tracts. Alluvium of recent to sub-recent age is found in the river valleys.[1] The major part of the district is covered with Golden Alluvium, Red and Sandy and Red and Gravelly soils. Laterite and Red and Yellow soils are also found elsewhere in the district.

The most important mineral of the district is bauxite. Other minerals which are found in the district are feldspar, fire clay and china clay and have less economic importance.

The district enjoys a healthy and pleasant climate throughout the year. The annual average temperature is 23 °C and the district receives an annual average rainfall of 1000–1200 mm.[1]

EconomyEdit

The net sown area is only 55% of the total area of the district. Two blocks i.e. Kisko and Senha have large area under dense forest cover. The forest cover is around 32-35% of the total area of the district. The average land holding per household is 1.65 Ha. The per capita agriculture land is around 0.28 Ha. Net irrigated area is 13.4% of net sown area (0.8% by canals, 7% by wells, 2% by tanks & 3.6% by lift irrigation and others).

In 2006 the Indian government named Lohardaga one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[6] It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[6]

AdministrationEdit

Lohardaga district consists of 7 blocks. The following are the list of the blocks in Lohardaga district:

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
190195,816—    
1911111,925+1.57%
1921107,681−0.39%
1931126,456+1.62%
1941135,192+0.67%
1951150,184+1.06%
1961172,363+1.39%
1971201,422+1.57%
1981229,786+1.33%
1991288,886+2.32%
2001364,521+2.35%
2011461,790+2.39%
source:[7]
Religion in Lohardaga district
Religion Percent
Sarna
51.10%
Hinduism
24.19%
Islam
20.57%
Christianity
3.63%
Others
0.35%

According to the 2011 census, Lohardaga district has a population of 461,790,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Suriname.[8] This gives it a ranking of 549th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 310 inhabitants per square kilometre (800/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.67%.[3] Lohardaga has a sex ratio of 985 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 68.29%.[3] Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 3.3% while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 56.9% of total population. Other religions (mainly Sarna) are most practiced by 51.10%. Hindus are 24.34%, Islam is 20.57% and Christianity is 3.63%.

LanguagesEdit

Languages of Lohardaga district (2011)

  Kurukh (38.96%)
  Sadri (33.17%)
  Urdu (13.87%)
  Hindi (12.50%)
  Others (1.50%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 38.96% of the population in the district spoke Kurukh, 33.17% Sadri, 13.87% Urdu and 12.5% Hindi as their first language.[9]

Other languages spoken here includes Asuri, a Munda language spoken by approximately 17,000 people.[10]

Education and health servicesEdit

There are 318 primary schools, 68 middle schools, 20 High schools, 2 higher secondary schools and two degree colleges and one degree college for girls in the district. In this district, there is a district hospital, one referral hospital, five primary health sub-centres, ten additional primary health centres, seventy three health sub-centres.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "About District | Lohardaga | India". Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  2. ^ "Tourism | Lohardaga | India". Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  4. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 9: Physical features. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  7. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Suriname 491,989 July 2011 est.
  9. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  10. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Asuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 23°26′N 84°41′E / 23.433°N 84.683°E / 23.433; 84.683