Lluís Corominas

Lluís Maria Corominas i Díaz (born 14 February 1963) is a Catalan lawyer, politician and a former member of the Parliament of Catalonia. He is currently awaiting trial on charges of disobedience for his role in the Catalan declaration of independence.

Lluís Corominas
Flickr - Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya - Lluís M. Corominas, vicesecretaria General de Coordinació Institucional.jpg
Corominas in July 2010
First Vice-President
of the Parliament of Catalonia
In office
16 December 2010 – 2 October 2012
Preceded byHigini Clotas i Cierco
Succeeded byAnna Simó
In office
26 October 2015 – 25 July 2017
Preceded byAnna Simó
Succeeded byLluís Guinó i Subirós
Second Vice-President
of the Parliament of Catalonia
In office
30 September 2008 – 5 October 2010
Preceded byRamon Camp i Batalla
Succeeded byHigini Clotas i Cierco
In office
17 December 2012 – 4 August 2015
Preceded byHigini Clotas i Cierco
Succeeded byJosé María Espejo-Saavedra Conesa
Member of the Parliament of Catalonia
In office
5 December 2003 – 28 October 2017
ConstituencyBarcelona
Mayor of Castellar del Vallès
In office
29 September 1992 – 2 June 2004
Preceded byAlbert Antonell i Ribatallada
Succeeded byMontserrat Gatell Pérez
Member of Castellar del Vallès Municipal Council
In office
1991–2004
Personal details
Born
Lluís Maria Corominas i Díaz

(1963-02-14) 14 February 1963 (age 58)
Castellar del Vallès, Catalonia, Spain
Political partyCatalan European Democratic Party
Alma materAutonomous University of Barcelona
OccupationLawyer
Signature

Early lifeEdit

Corominas was born on 14 February 1963 in Castellar del Vallès, Catalonia.[1] He has a degree in law from the Autonomous University of Barcelona and a diploma in public administration management from ESADE.[2][3]

CareerEdit

Corominas has worked as a lawyer for more than ten years.[2]

Corominas contested the 1991 local elections as a Convergence and Union (CiU) electoral alliance candidate in Castellar del Vallès and was elected.[1] He was re-elected at the 1995, 1999 and 2003 local elections.[4][5][6][7] He was mayor of Castellar del Vallès between 1992 and 2004 and vice-president of Vallès Occidental County Council from 1996 to 2003.[2][3][8] Corominas was vice-president of Fons Català de Cooperació al Desenvolupament (Catalan Fund for Development Cooperation) and a national councillor of the Associació Catalana de Municipis (Catalan Association of Municipalities).[3][8] He has also been vice-president of the Board of Trustees of the Fundación Ramon Trias Fargas (Ramon Trias Fargas Foundation).[3]

Corominas was secretary of the Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (CDC) from 2000 to 2004.[1][3][8] He has been a member of the national executive committees of the CDC and Convergence and Union (CiU).[3]

Corominas contested the 2003 regional election as a CiU candidate in the Province of Barcelona and was elected to the Parliament of Catalonia.[9][10] He was re-elected at the 2006, 2010, 2012 and 2015 regional elections.[11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][excessive citations]

Corominas was elected Second Vice-President of the Parliament of Catalonia in September 2008, replacing Ramon Camp i Batalla.[19][20] He was elected First Vice-President of the Parliament of Catalonia in December 2010.[21][22] In December 2012 he was elected Second Vice-President of the Parliament of Catalonia.[23][24] He was elected First Vice-President of the Parliament of Catalonia in October 2015.[25][26] In July 2017 he became president of the Junts pel Sí group in parliament, replacing Jordi Turull.[27][28]

Catalan independence crisisEdit

In June 2017 President of Catalonia Carles Puigdemont announced that a referendum on Catalan independence would be held on 1 October 2017.[29][30] The Catalan Parliament passed legislation on 6 September 2017 authorising the referendum which would be binding and based on a simple majority without a minimum threshold.[31][32] The following day Constitutional Court of Spain suspended the legislation, blocking the referendum.[33][34] The Spanish government put into effect Operation Anubis in order to disrupt the organisation of the referendum and arrested Catalan government officials.[35][36] Despite this the referendum went ahead though it was boycotted by unionists and turnout was only 43%.[37][38] 92% of those who voted supported independence.[39][40] Around 900 people were injured as the Spanish police used violence to try to prevent voting in the referendum.[41][42][43]

On 27 October 2017 the Catalan Parliament declared independence in a vote boycotted by opposition MPs.[44][45] Almost immediately the Senate of Spain invoked article 155 of the constitution, dismissing Puigdemont and the Catalan government and imposing direct rule on Catalonia.[46][47] The following day Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy dissolved the Catalan Parliament and called for fresh regional elections on 21 December 2017.[48][49]

On 30 October 2017 Spanish Attorney General José Manuel Maza laid charges of rebellion, sedition and misuse of public funds at the Supreme Court against Corominas and five other members of the Board of the Parliament of Catalonia (Ramona Barrufet, Carme Forcadell, Lluís Guinó, Joan Josep Nuet and Anna Simó).[50][51] Corominas was charged despite not being a member of the board at the time of the declaration of independence.[52] The charges carried maximum sentences of 30, 15 and 6 years in prison respectively.[53]

Corominas and the other members of the board appeared before Supreme Court judge Pablo Llarena on 9 November 2017. Nuet was released without any precautionary measures but the other five had to pay bail (€100,000 for Forcadell, €25,000 each for Barrufet, Corominas, Guinó and Simó), surrender their passport and present themselves at a court weekly.[54][55] The bail bonds were paid by the Catalan National Assembly.[56]

After a four-month judicial investigation into the referendum and declaration of independence Supreme Court judge Pablo Llarena issued a 70-page ruling on 23 March 2018 in which he ordered that 25 of the 28 Catalan politicians and activists under investigation be tried for rebellion, embezzlement or disobedience.[57][58] Corominas was charged with disobeying an order of the Constitutional Court (article 410 of the criminal code).[59]

A pre-trial hearing commenced on 18 December 2018 at the Supreme Court at which defence lawyers argued that the court was not competent to hear charges of rebellion or disobedience and that it should be heard at the High Court of Justice of Catalonia.[60][61] On 27 December 2018 the Supreme Court ruled that, although they were competent to hear all the charges, the six defendants charged only with disobedience (Barrufet, Mireia Boya, Corominas, Guinó, Nuet and Simó) would be tried at the High Court of Justice of Catalonia.[62][63]

Personal lifeEdit

Corominas is married and has two daughters.[8][64] He was a basketball player and has coached a women's basketball team in Castellar.[1][2]

Electoral historyEdit

Electoral history of Lluís Corominas
Election Constituency Party Alliance No. Result
1991 local Castellar del Vallès Democratic Convergence of Catalonia Convergence and Union Elected
1995 local Castellar del Vallès Democratic Convergence of Catalonia Convergence and Union Elected
1999 local[4][5] Castellar del Vallès Democratic Convergence of Catalonia Convergence and Union 1 Elected
2003 local[6][7] Castellar del Vallès Democratic Convergence of Catalonia Convergence and Union 1 Elected
2003 regional[9][10] Province of Barcelona Democratic Convergence of Catalonia Convergence and Union 9 Elected
2006 regional[11][12] Province of Barcelona Democratic Convergence of Catalonia Convergence and Union 6 Elected
2010 regional[13][14] Province of Barcelona Democratic Convergence of Catalonia Convergence and Union 11 Elected
2012 regional[15][16] Province of Barcelona Democratic Convergence of Catalonia Convergence and Union 13 Elected
2015 regional[17][18] Province of Barcelona Democratic Convergence of Catalonia Junts pel Sí 17 Elected

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Rusiñol, Pere (17 January 2000). "¿Quién es Lluís Maria Corominas?". El País (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain. Retrieved 16 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d "I. Sr. Lluís M. Corominas i Díaz: XI legislatura (26 d'octubre de 2015 - 28 d'octubre de 2017)" (in Catalan). Barcelona, Spain: Parliament of Catalonia. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Lluís Corominas, miembro del equipo de confianza de Mas". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Barcelona, Spain. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b "Administració Electoral: Junta Electoral de Zona de Sabadell". Butlletí Oficial de la Província de Barcelona (in Catalan). Vol. LXI no. 113. Barcelona, Spain: Diputació de Barcelona. 12 May 1999. p. 81. Retrieved 19 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ a b "Consulta de Resultados Electorales: Municipales / Junio 1999 - Mun. Castellar del Vallès" (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain: Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 19 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ a b "Administració Electoral: Junta Electoral de Zona de Sabadell". Butlletí Oficial de la Província de Barcelona (in Catalan). Barcelona, Spain: Diputació de Barcelona. 29 April 2003. p. 78. Retrieved 19 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ a b "Consulta de Resultados Electorales: Municipales / Mayo 2003 - Mun. Castellar del Vallès" (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain: Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 19 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ a b c d "Lluís M. Corominas deixa l'alcaldia de Castellar després de 12 anys en el càrrec" (in Catalan). Castellar del Vallès, Spain: Castellar del Vallès Municipal Council. 15 June 2004. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ a b "Administració de Justícia: Juntes Electorals". Diari Oficial de la Generalitat de Catalunya (in Catalan). No. 3988. Barcelona, Spain: Generalitat de Catalunya. 15 October 2003. p. 19857. Retrieved 12 June 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ a b "Eleccions al Parlament de Catalunya 2003: Candidats electes" (PDF) (in Catalan). Departament de Governació, Administracions Públiques i Habitatge, Generalitat de Catalunya. p. 1. Retrieved 7 June 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ a b "Administració de Justícia: Juntes Electorals". Diari Oficial de la Generalitat de Catalunya (in Catalan). No. 4730. Barcelona, Spain: Generalitat de Catalunya. 30 September 2006. p. 40764. Retrieved 12 June 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ a b "Eleccions al Parlament de Catalunya 2006: Candidats electes" (PDF) (in Catalan). Departament de Governació, Administracions Públiques i Habitatge, Generalitat de Catalunya. p. 1. Retrieved 6 June 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ a b "Administració de Justícia: Administració Electoral". Diari Oficial de la Generalitat de Catalunya (in Catalan). No. 5746. Barcelona, Spain: Generalitat de Catalunya. 2 November 2010. p. 80081. Retrieved 12 June 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ a b "Eleccions al Parlament de Catalunya 2010: Candidats electes" (PDF) (in Catalan). Departament de Governació, Administracions Públiques i Habitatge, Generalitat de Catalunya. p. 1. Retrieved 6 June 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ a b "Administració Electoral - Juntes Electorals Provincials". Diari Oficial de la Generalitat de Catalunya (in Catalan). Barcelona, Spain: Generalitat de Catalunya (6239): 51636. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ a b "Eleccions al Parlament de Catalunya 2012: Candidats electes" (PDF) (in Catalan). Departament de Governació, Administracions Públiques i Habitatge, Generalitat de Catalunya. p. 1. Retrieved 26 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ a b "Anuncis Diversos: Administració Electoral - Juntes Electorals Provincials". Diari Oficial de la Generalitat de Catalunya (in Catalan). Barcelona, Spain: Generalitat de Catalunya (6947): 10. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  18. ^ a b "Eleccions al Parlament de Catalunya 2015: Candidats electes" (PDF) (in Catalan). Departament de Governació, Administracions Públiques i Habitatge, Generalitat de Catalunya. p. 1. Retrieved 17 January 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  19. ^ "Lluís Corominas es el nou vicepresident segon del Parlament". Catalunya Press (in Catalan). Barcelona, Spain. 30 September 2008. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  20. ^ "El Parlament nomena Lluís Corominas vicepresident segon de la cambra en substitució de Ramon Camp". aldia.cat (in Catalan). Barcelona, Spain. Europa Press. 30 September 2008. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  21. ^ "El Parlament elige a Núria de Gispert presidenta de la cámara catalana". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Barcelona, Spain. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  22. ^ Blanchar, Clara (16 December 2010). "Núria de Gispert, primera presidenta del Parlamento catalán". El País (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  23. ^ Sallés, Quico (17 December 2012). "Qui és qui a la Mesa del Parlament". Nació Digital (in Catalan). Barcelona, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  24. ^ Rico, José; Julve, Rafa (17 December 2012). "Núria de Gispert, reelegida presidenta del Parlament". Diario de León (in Spanish). León, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  25. ^ Puente, Arturo (26 October 2015). "Carme Forcadell, elegida presidenta del Parlament con el 57% de los votos". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  26. ^ García, Luis B. (26 October 2015). "Carme Forcadell es elegida presidenta del Parlament de la XI legislatura". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Barcelona, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  27. ^ Sallés, Quico (17 July 2017). "Lluís Corominas, nuevo presidente de JxSí". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Barcelona, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  28. ^ Pruna, Gerard (17 July 2017). "Lluís Corominas presidirà Junts pel Sí i Lluís Guinó el substituirà a la mesa del Parlament". Ara (in Catalan). Barcelona, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  29. ^ Dowsett, Sonya (9 June 2017). "Catalonia calls October referendum on independence from Spain". Reuters. London, U.K. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  30. ^ "Tensions grow in Spain as Catalonia independence referendum confirmed". The Daily Telegraph. London, U.K. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  31. ^ "Catalonia's lawmakers give nod to independence referendum". Deutsche Welle. Bonn, Germany. 6 September 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  32. ^ Mortimer, Caroline (1 October 2017). "Catalan independence referendum: '844 injured in clashes with police', says regional government". The Independent. London, U.K. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  33. ^ "Spain's constitutional court suspends Catalan referendum law: court source". Reuters. London, U.K. 7 September 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  34. ^ Strange, Hannah (7 September 2017). "Spain's constitutional court suspends Catalan referendum law". The Daily Telegraph. London, U.K. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  35. ^ Jones, Sam; Burgen, Stephen (21 September 2017). "Spain crisis: 'stop this radicalism and disobedience,' PM tells Catalan leaders". The Guardian. London, U.K. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  36. ^ Castillo, Raquel; Edwards, Sam (20 September 2017). "Spanish police raid Catalan government to halt banned referendum". Reuters. London, U.K. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  37. ^ "Catalonia's bid for independence from Spain explained". BBC News. London, U.K. 22 December 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  38. ^ Jones, Sam; Burgen, Stephen (2 October 2017). "Catalan leader calls for mediation with Spain over independence". The Guardian. London, U.K. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  39. ^ "Catalan crisis: Spain's Rajoy vows to end 'separatist havoc'". BBC News. London, U.K. 12 November 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  40. ^ McGuinness, Alan (11 October 2017). "Spain calls emergency meeting after Catalonia declares independence". Sky News. London, U.K. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  41. ^ "Catalonia referendum: Madrid representative apologises for police violence during vote". ABC News. Sydney, Australia. Reuters. 6 October 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  42. ^ Child, David (3 October 2017). "Catalan vote: Claims of Spanish police brutality probed". Al Jazeera. Doah, Qatar. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  43. ^ "Catalan referendum: Catalonia has 'won right to statehood'". BBC News. London, U.K. 2 October 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  44. ^ "Catalans declare independence as Madrid imposes direct rule". BBC News. London, U.K. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  45. ^ "Catalonia declares independence as Spain prepares to impose direct rule". The Independent. London, U.K. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  46. ^ Jones, Sam; Burgen, Stephen; Graham-Harrison, Emma (28 October 2017). "Spain dissolves Catalan parliament and calls fresh elections". The Guardian. London, U.K. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  47. ^ Burgess, Sanya (27 October 2017). "Catalan votes for independence as Madrid approves direct rule". The National. Abu Dhabi, U.A.E. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  48. ^ "Catalonia independence: Rajoy dissolves Catalan parliament". BBC News. London, U.K. 28 October 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  49. ^ Smith-Spark, Laura; Rebaza, Claudia (28 October 2017). "Catalonia government dissolved after declaring independence from Spain". CNN. Atlanta, U.S.A. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  50. ^ "Charges of rebellion and sedition called for by Spain's attorney general against Puigdemont and other Catalan officials". The Local. Stockholm, Sweden. 1 November 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  51. ^ Pérez, Fernando J. (30 October 2017). "La acusación quiere que los imputados reintegren 6,2 millones al erario público". El País (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  52. ^ Serra, O. T. (30 October 2017). "Maza es querella per rebel·lió contra tot el Govern i els membres sobiranistes de la mesa del Parlament". Ara (in Catalan). Barcelona, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  53. ^ Baynes, Chris (30 October 2017). "Catalonia independence: Spanish state prosecutor says Catalan leaders will be charged with rebellion, sedition and misuse of public funds". The Independent. London, U.K. Retrieved 31 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  54. ^ Sánchez Ugart, Dani; Serra, O. T. (9 November 2017). "El jutge del Tribunal Suprem ordena presó eludible amb fiança de 150.000 euros per a Forcadell". Ara (in Catalan). Barcelona, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  55. ^ Parera, Beatriz (9 November 2017). "Cárcel para Forcadell: prisión bajo fianza de 150.000€ para la presidenta del Parlament". El Confidencial (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  56. ^ Piñol, Àngels (9 November 2017). "L'ANC pagarà les fiances de Forcadell i de la resta de membres de la Mesa". El País (in Catalan). Madrid, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  57. ^ "The Latest: Europe Arrest Warrants for 6 Catalan Separatists". The New York Times. New York, U.S.A. Associated Press. 23 March 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  58. ^ Jones, Sam (23 March 2018). "Spanish court remands Catalan presidential candidate in custody". The Guardian. London, U.K. Retrieved 31 March 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  59. ^ "Causa especial 2090/2017" (PDF) (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain: Supreme Court of Spain. 21 March 2018. pp. 68–69. Retrieved 31 March 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  60. ^ Guindal, Carlota (18 February 2018). "Las defensas de los líderes independentistas: "Se han retorcido los derechos de los acusados"". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Barcelona, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  61. ^ Liñán, Gemma (18 December 2018). ""The independence movement is on trial" say Catalan defence lawyers". El Nacional. Barcelona, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  62. ^ Rincón, Reyes (27 December 2018). "El Supremo divide en dos la causa contra los líderes del 'procés'". El País (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  63. ^ "Six defendants in referendum case transferred to lower court". Catalan News Agency. Barcelona, Spain. 27 December 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  64. ^ "Lluís Maria Corominas deixa l'alcaldia de Castellar del Vallès després de dotze anys". 3/24 (in Catalan). Barcelona, Spain. 15 June 2004. Retrieved 17 February 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)