Catalan European Democratic Party
The Catalan European Democratic Party (Catalan: Partit Demòcrata Europeu Català, PDeCAT), also known as the Catalan Democratic Party (Catalan: Partit Demòcrata Català), is a Catalan nationalist and liberal political party in Spain that supports Catalan independence. The party was founded in Barcelona on 8–10 July 2016, as the successor to the Democratic Convergence of Catalonia.
|Vice President||Míriam Nogueras|
|Founded||8–10 July 2016|
|Preceded by||Democratic Convergence of Catalonia|
|Headquarters||C/ Provença, 339 |
|Youth wing||Joventut Nacionalista de Catalunya (JNC)|
|Membership||8,000 (July 2016)|
|National affiliation||Junts pel Sí (2016–2017)|
Junts per Catalunya (2017–present)
|European Parliament group||none|
|Parliament of Catalonia|
14 / 135
|Congress of Deputies (Catalan seats)|
4 / 47
|Spanish Senate (Catalan seats)|
4 / 24
Led by its president, Artur Mas, on 8 July 2016 Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (CDC by its Catalan acronym) held its last congress. During the congress, as planned, CDC's members agreed to form a new party, whose founding congress was held in the course of the same assembly, from 8 to 10 July. CDC's Mas retained the presidential role in the refounded party.
The reasoning behind the re-branding process often mentions the desire to disassociate the party from its corruption problems, including those of CDC's founder, Jordi Pujol, which occurred during its dominance of Catalan regional politics. Two names for the refounded party were initially floated: Més Catalunya and Catalans Convergents, but different party factions expressed their rejection of both proposals. On 9 July, three other proposals were presented: Junts per Catalunya, Partit Demòcrata Català and Partit Nacional Català. On 10 July the congress of the party opted for Partit Demòcrata Català, which obtained 871 votes against 657 for Partit Nacional Català (Catalan National Party).
However, the name itself Partit Demòcrata Català was suspended, since it was almost identical with that of an existing political party, which was a partner party of the former CDC within the then-current electoral alliance Junts pel Sí. The Ministry of the Interior announced the difficulty of registering the party with that name, being similar to Democrats of Catalonia, a fact that has already caused the inability to register in 2015 a political organisation with the name Partit Demòcrata de Catalunya. Antoni Castellà, Democrats of Catalonia spokesman, said in August that "if the PDC does not change its brand that will be a conflict within "Junts pel Sí", the Catalan coalition government formed by his party and CDC, among others. On 20 September the party announced that it would attempt to register the name Partit Demòcrata Europeu Català (Catalan European Democratic Party, PDECat), which also would conflict by presenting similarity with the Partit Català d'Europa recorded by Pasqual Maragall in July 1998; however, the party also registered the names Partit Nacional Català, Junts per Catalunya, Més-Catalunya and Pacte Democràtic Català in case the PDECat also be rejected by the Ministry of the Interior.
On 3 October 2016, the Ministry of the Interior announced that the name Partit Demòcrata Europeu Català had been officially registered on 29 September. That name was ratified by the party members in a ballot conducted on 21–22 October 2016.
On 27 October 2018, PDeCAT was expelled from the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE) at an extraordinary party council meeting.
- Gisbert, Josep (24/7/2016). «El nuevo PDC estrena dirección». La Vanguardia.
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "Catalonia/Spain". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 12 December 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
- "The Catalan independence referendum is a smokescreen for other issues". The Independent. October 1, 2017.
- "Catalan strike severs road links as secessionist leader regroups". Reuters. November 8, 2017.
- "Snap regional parliamentary elections". Center for Strategic and International Studies (Think Tank). December 21, 2017.
- "PDeCAT, the party that didn't grow up". ElNacional.cat. July 21, 2018.
- "Bye CDC, hi Catalan Democratic Party" (in Spanish). El Periódico de Catalunya. 2016-07-10.
- "Catalan Democratic Party, chosen name for their party to CDC". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 2016-07-10.
- Angel Smith, ed. (2017). Historical Dictionary of Spain. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 487. ISBN 978-1-5381-0883-3.
- "El Partit Demòcrata encumbra a Mas con el 95% de los votos". Retrieved 29 October 2018.
- "Mutiny within CDC forces to postpone the choosing of the new party's name" (in Spanish). El Periódico de Catalunya. 2016-07-08.
- "The three finalists for the new CDC: 'Junts per Catalunya', 'Partit Català Demòcrata' and 'National Partit Català'" (in Spanish). El Periódico de Catalunya. 2016-07-09.
- "El partido de Mas no podrá llamarse 'Partit Democràta Català' por confusión con otro". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 14 July 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
- "El PDC encalla también con el nuevo nombre propuesto". El Periódico (in Spanish). 20 September 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
- "CDC intenta ara de canviar el nom per 'Partit Demòcrata Europeu Català'". VilaWeb (in Catalan). 20 September 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
- "CDC ya tiene nuevo nombre: Partit Demòcrata Europeu Català (PDECat)". El Mundo (in Spanish). 3 October 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
- Ministry of the Interior (29 September 2016). "Registro de Partidos Políticos" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 October 2016.
- "Las bases de la antigua Convergència ratifican al PDECAT como el nuevo nombre del partido". Eldiario.es (in Spanish). 22 October 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- "On anniversary of Catalan independence bid, ALDE expels separatist party". 27 October 2018. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
- Bathgate, Rachel. "ALDE expels Puigdemont's party". www.catalannews.com. Retrieved 29 October 2018.