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Spanish Attorney General

The Spanish Attorney General, officially, Attorney General of the State (Spanish: Fiscal General del Estado), is the head of the Prosecution Ministry (Ministerio Fiscal), the body with functional autonomy in the Judiciary,[1] that has constitutionally been entrusted with the promotion of the action of the justice in defense of the legality, protecting citizens rights and the public interest, and ensuring the independence of the courts and to seek the satisfaction of the social interest.

Attorney General of the State
Fiscal General del Estado
Spanish Judiciary Badge-Public Prosecutor.svg
María José Segarra.jpg
Incumbent
María José Segarra

since 29 June 2018
Public Prosecution Ministry
StyleThe Most Excellent
(formal)
Madam Attorney General (informal)
Member ofProsecution Ministry
Attorney General's Office
Reports toMinister of Justice
NominatorThe Government, after hearing the General Council of the Judiciary
AppointerThe King
Term length4 years
Constituting instrumentSpanish Constitution
Formation1978
First holderJuan Manuel Fanjul Sedeño
DeputyLieutenant Attorney of the Supreme Court
Salary 116,127 per year
Websitewww.fiscal.es

The Attorney General is appointed and dismissed by the King, at the proposal of the Government, after hearing the General Council of the Judiciary. The candidate also needs to appear before the Congress to evaluate its suitability but it does not need its approval. Therefore, for its appointment it needs the participation of the three powers of State. The candidate must be a Spanish jurists of recognized prestige and with more than fifteen years of effective exercise of their profession.[1]

The term of the Attorney General is 4 years and may not be renewed, except in cases in which the holder had held the position for a period of less than two years. He can not be removed from his position unless he requests it, for incurring any of the incompatibilities or prohibitions established in this Law, in case of disability or illness that disqualifies him for the position, for serious or repeated breach of his duties or when the Government that has proposed him finish its term.[2]

FunctionsEdit

According to the law of the Public Prosecution Ministry:[2][3]

  • To coordinate and direct Attorney General Office's action.
  • To ensure the independence of judges and courts.
  • To give orders and instructions to prosecutors according to its position as head of the Prosecution Ministry.
  • To propose to the Government the appointments for the different positions, following a report of the Prosecution Ministry's Council.
  • To propose to the Government promotions according to the reports of said Council.
  • To grant the licenses that are within your jurisdiction, according to the provisions of this Statute and its Regulations.
  • To report to the Government through the Ministry of Justice.
    • If the Prime Minister consider it necessary can go directly to it.
    • In exceptional cases, it can be called to report before the Council of Ministers.
  • To send reports annually to the Cortes Generales and the General Council of the Judiciary about his activity, evolution of criminality, crime prevention and the moreappropriate reforms for greater effectiveness of Justice.
  • To resolve the petitions in defense of the public interest by the Autonomous Communities.
  • To authorize or deny agreements between the autonomous communities and the different organs of the Prosecution Ministry.
  • To dissolve Prosecutors Associations when this ones incur in activities contrary to the law or that exceed the framework of the Statutes

Attorney General's OfficeEdit

The Office of the Attorney General is an assistant body of the Attorney General of the State. From him depends the following bodies:

  • The Prosecution Inspection
    • Performs inspection powers by permanent delegation of the Attorney General of the State, without prejudice to the functions of ordinary inspection of the Superior Prosecutions and the inspection functions of the Chief Prosecutors with respect to the Prosecutors who depend on them. Inside of the Prosecution Inspection there is a Permanent Section of Valuation to centralize the information on merit and capacity of the Prosecutors in order to give support to the Prosecution Ministry's Council when reporting discretionary appointments of the Prosecutor Career.
 
Attorney General Office's Headquarters
  • The Technical Secretariat
    • Through its studies, investigations and reports, it is a constant support body for the Attorney General, to exercise the superior leadership of the Public Prosecution Ministry, also carrying out the preparatory work for the Joint of Prosecutors. Collaborates in the planning of the training of the Prosecutors whose competence is attributed to the Center for Legal Studies and assumes the functions that in the field of international legal cooperation the law attributes to the Public Prosecution.
  • The Support Unit
    • Performs representation work and institutional relations with public authorities, as well as communication and attention to the citizen. It is responsible for the analysis and preparation of reports related to the organization and operation of the Public Prosecution Ministry in matters of statistics, information technology, personnel, material means, information and documentation. In general, it carries out functions of support and assistance to the Attorney General of the State, to the Prosecutors assigned to the Prosecution Ministry, to the Prosecution Ministry's Council and to the Joint of Prosecutors who do not correspond to the Inspection or to the Technical Secretariat.
  • The Special Prosecutors
    • Prosecutor for Violence against Women
    • Prosecutor for Environment and Urbanism
    • Prosecutor for the Protection and Reform of Minors
    • Prosecutor for Workplace Accidents
    • Prosecutor for Traffic Safety
    • Prosecutor for Immigration
    • Prosecutor for International Criminal Cooperation
    • Prosecutor for Computer Crimes

List of Attorneys General of the StateEdit

Espectro político
  Royalist
  Independent
Status
  Denotes service as acting Attorneys General
No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Prime Minister(s)
  Felipe Gómez Acebo
(1800–?)
1 August 1843 12 December 1843 Joaquín María López
Salustiano Olózaga
Luis González Bravo
  Pedro Jiménez Navarro 12 December 1843 15 January 1845
Ramón María Narváez
  Joaquín Francisco Pacheco[note 1]
(1808–1865)
5 February 1847 28 March 1847 Carlos Martínez de Irujo y McKean
  Lorenzo Arrazola
(1795–1873)
16 April 1847 4 October 1847 Joaquín Francisco Pacheco
Florencio García Goyena
  Manuel Barrio Ayuso
(1788–1850)
4 October 1847 23 November 1850 Ramón María Narváez
Serafín María de Sotto
Ramón María Narváez
  José María Huet y Allier
(1804–1868)
10 January 1851 25 August 1854
Juan Bravo Murillo
Federico Roncali
Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea
Luis José Sartorius
Fernando Fernández de Córdova
Ángel de Saavedra
Baldomero Espartero
  Pedro Gómez de la Serna
(1806–1871)
25 August 1854 24 October 1856
Leopoldo O'Donnell
Ramón María Narváez
  Joaquín José Casaus
(1793–1885)
24 October 1856 1857
  Manuel Seijas Lozano
(1800–1868)
1857 26 March 1862
Francisco Armero Peñaranda
Francisco Javier Istúriz
Saturnino Calderón Collantes
Leopoldo O'Donnell
10º   Antonio Corzo y Granado 28 March 1862 17 July 1869
Manuel Pando Fernández de Pinedo
Lorenzo Arrazola
Alejandro Mon y Menéndez
Ramón María Narváez
Leopoldo O'Donnell
Luis González Bravo
José Gutiérrez de la Concha
Francisco Serrano
11º   Fernando Pérez de Rozas 23 July 1869 17 September 1869 Juan Bautista Topete
12º   Juan Manuel González Acevedo
(1806–1880)
17 September 1869 23 June 1870 Juan Prim
13º   Eugenio Díez 29 June 1870 10 December 1871 Juan Bautista Topete
Francisco Serrano
Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla
José Malcampo
14º   Pascual Bayarri García
(1812–1876)
15 January 1872 10 August 1872 Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
Francisco Serrano
15º   Eugenio Díez 10 August 1872 19 November 1873 Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla
Estanislao Figueras
Francisco Pi y Margall
Nicolás Salmerón
Emilio Castelar
16º   Ricardo Díaz de Rueda 2 May 1874 27 June 1874
Francisco Serrano
17º   Críspulo García y Gómez de la Serna 27 June 1874 28 February 1875
Juan Zavala de la Puente
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
18º   Saturnino Álvarez Bugallal
(1834–1885)
28 February 1875 13 July 1877
Joaquín Jovellar Soler
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
19º   Ricardo Alzugaray Yanguas
(–1878)
13 July 1877 3 October 1878
20º Salvador Albacete y Albert
(1827–1890)
23 October 1878 15 March 1879
Arsenio Martínez-Campos
21º   Antonio de Mena y Zorrilla
(1823–1895)
21 March 1879 16 February 1881
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
22º   Aureliano Linares Rivas
(1841–1903)
16 February 1881 18 May 1882
23º   Trinitario Ruiz Capdepón
(1836–1911)
7 July 1882 7 January 1884
José de Posada Herrera
24º   Santos Isasa y Valseca
(1831–1902)
22 January 1884 19 December 1885
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
25º   Manuel Colmeiro y Penido
(1818–1894)
15 February 1886 9 July 1890
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
26º   Juan de la Concha Castañeda
(1818–1903)
9 July 1890 27 November 1891
27º   Rafael Conde y Luque
(1835–1922)
27 November 1891 22 December 1892
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
28º   Eduardo Martínez del Campo y Acosta
(1840–1911)
23 December 1892 2 April 1894
29º   Juan de Aldana y Carvajal
Acting Attorney General
(1835–?)
3 April 1894 8 July 1895
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
30º   Luciano Puga Blanco
(1842–1899)
8 July 1895 21 October 1897
Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
31º   Felipe Sánchez Román
(1850–1916)
21 October 1897 7 March 1899
Francisco Silvela
32º   Salvador Viada y Vilaseca
(1843–1904)
7 March 1899 25 June 1900
33º   José Díez Macuso
(1844–1916)
25 June 1900 11 March 1901
Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
34º   Juan Montilla y Adán
(1856–1903)
11 March 1901 19 March 1902
35º   Trinitario Ruiz Valarino
(1862–1945)
7 April 1902 6 December 1902
36º   Eugenio Silvela y Corral
(1866–1911)
27 July 1903 7 December 1903 Raimundo Fernández Villaverde
37º   Joan Maluquer
(1856–1940)
10 December 1903 28 June 1905 Antonio Maura
Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero
Raimundo Fernández Villaverde
Eugenio Montero Ríos
38º   Trinitario Ruiz Valarino
(1862–1945)
28 June 1905 28 January 1907
Segismundo Moret
José López Domínguez
Segismundo Moret
Antonio Aguilar y Correa
Antonio Maura
39º   Francisco Javier Ugarte Pagés
(1852–1919)
28 January 1907 30 October 1909
Segismundo Moret
40º   Trinitario Ruiz Valarino
(1862–1945)
30 October 1909 9 February 1910
41º   Javier Gómez de la Serna y Laguna
(1880–1922)
14 June 1910 14 November 1910 José Canalejas
42º   Buenaventura Muñoz Rodríguez
(1853–1925)
11 July 1911 27 July 1911
43º   Andrés Tornos y Alonso
(1854–1926)
15 September 1911 8 October 1912
44º   Manuel Portela
(1867–1952)
8 October 1912 17 March 1913
Manuel García Prieto
Álvaro de Figueroa
45º   Martín Rosales y Martel
Duke of Almodóvar del Valle
(1872–1931)
17 March 1913 19 June 1913
46º   José Parrés y Sobrino
(1865–1917)
19 June 1913 31 October 1913
Eduardo Dato
47º   Joan Maluquer
(1856–1940)
31 October 1913 17 July 1914
48º   Senén Canido y Pardo
(1847–1928)
17 July 1914 13 December 1915
Álvaro de Figueroa
49º   Andrés Avelino Montero Ríos y Villegas
(1875–1922)
13 December 1915 3 May 1917
Manuel García Prieto
50º   Carlos Cañal y Migolla
(1876–1938)
16 June 1917 14 November 1917
Eduardo Dato
Manuel García Prieto
51º   Víctor Covián y Junco
(1848–1927)
17 December 1917 6 March 1923
Antonio Maura
Manuel García Prieto
Álvaro de Figueroa
Antonio Maura
Joaquín Sánchez de Toca
Manuel Allendesalazar Muñoz
Eduardo Dato
Gabino Bugallal
Manuel Allendesalazar Muñoz
Antonio Maura
José Sánchez Guerra
Manuel García Prieto
52º   José Lladó Vallés
(1888–1933)
6 March 1923 21 September 1923
Miguel Primo de Rivera
53º   Galo Ponte y Escartín
(1867–1943)
30 June 1924 4 December 1925
54º   Diego María Crehuet del Amo
(1873–1956)
4 December 1925 4 January 1928
55º   José Oppelt García
(1862–1926)
4 January 1928 6 February 1930
Dámaso Berenguer
56º   Santiago Del Valle y Aldabalde
(1865–1940)
6 February 1930 16 December 1930
57º   Manuel Moreno y Fernández de Roa 16 December 1930 16 April 1931
Juan Bautista Aznar-Cabañas
58º   Ángel Galarza
(1891–1966)
16 April 1931 14 May 1931 Niceto Alcalá Zamora
59º   Francisco Javier Elola
(1877–1939)
14 May 1931 31 July 1931
60º   José Franchy y Roca
(1871–1944)
2 August 1931 24 December 1931
Manuel Azaña
61º   Gabriel Martínez de Aragón y Urbitzondo
(1865–1934)
24 December 1931 7 March 1933
62º   José Oriol Anguera de Sojo
(1879–1956)
10 May 1933 20 September 1933
63º   Antonio Marsá Bragado
(1877–1965)
20 September 1933 26 May 1934
Alejandro Lerroux
Diego Martínez Barrio
Alejandro Lerroux
Ricardo Samper
Alejandro Lerroux
64º   Lorenzo Gallardo González
(1880–1940)
26 May 1934 17 November 1935
Joaquín Chapaprieta
65º   Marcelino Valentín Gamazo
(1878–1936)
17 November 1935 27 December 1935
66º   Antonio Taboada Tundidor
(–1959)
27 December 1935 2 January 1936 Manuel Portela
67º   Manuel Iglesias Corral
(1901–1989)
3 January 1936 8 February 1936
68º   Alberto de Paz y Mateos
(1915–1967)
22 February 1936 28 August 1936 Manuel Azaña
Augusto Barcia Trelles
Santiago Casares Quiroga
69º   Jesús Vallés Fortuño
(1862–1970)
28 August 1936 12 December 1936 Diego Martínez Barrio
José Giral
70º   Eduardo Ortega y Gasset
(1882–1964)
12 December 1936 14 November 1937 Francisco Largo Caballero
71º   Leopoldo Garrido Cavero
(1893–1946)
26 December 1937 25 April 1939[note 2][4] Juan Negrín
72º   Blas Pérez González
(1896–1978)
10 November 1938 3 September 1942 Francisco Franco
73º   Ramón García del Valle y Salas
Acting Attorney General
(1881–1961)
3 September 1942 12 September 1945
74º   Manuel de la Plaza Navarro
(1886–1960)
12 September 1945 21 October 1955
75º   Ildefonso Alamillo Salgadoo
(1888–?)
21 October 1955 30 September 1965
76º   Fernando Herrero Tejedor
(1920–1975)
30 September 1965 21 March 1975
Luis Carrero Blanco
Torcuato Fernández-Miranda
Carlos Arias Navarro
77º   Antonio García Rodríguez-Acosta
(1921–2006)
21 March 1975 10 December 1976
Fernando de Santiago y Díaz
Adolfo Suárez
78º   Eleuterio González Zapatero
(1916–?)
12 December 1976 13 January 1978
79º   Juan Manuel Fanjul
(1914–1989)
13 January 1978 14 November 1980
79º   Juan Manuel Fanjul Sedeño
(1914–1989)
13 January 1978 14 November 1980 Adolfo Suarez
80º   José María Gil-Albert
(1925–2007)
14 November 1980 15 December 1982
Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo
81º   Luis Antonio Burón Barba
(1918–1995)
16 December 1982 19 September 1986 Felipe González
82º   Javier Moscoso
(1934–)
19 September 1986 26 January 1990
83º   Leopoldo Torres Boursault
(1941–)
26 January 1990 10 April 1992
84º   Eligio Hernández
(1947–)
April 10, 1992 May 27, 1994
85º   Carlos Granados
(1944–)
3 June 1994 6 September 1996
86º   Juan Ortiz Úrculo
(1939–)
6 September 1996 16 May 1997 José María Aznar
87º   Jesús Cardenal Fernández
(1930–2018)
16 May 1997 22 April 2004
88º   Cándido Conde-Pumpido
(1949–)
22 April 2004 11 December 2011 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
89º   Eduardo Torres-Dulce
(1950–)
11 December 2011 19 December 2014 Mariano Rajoy
90º   Consuelo Madrigal
(1956–)
10 January 2015 4 November 2016
91º   José Manuel Maza
(1951–2017)
25 November 2016 18 November 2017
-
[note 3]
  Luis Navajas Ramos
Acting Attorney General
(1948–)
18 November 2017 11 December 2017
92º   Julián Sánchez Melgar
(1955–-)
11 December 2017 22 June 2018
93º   María José Segarra
(1963–)
29 June 2018 Incumbent Pedro Sánchez

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "BOE.es - Documento BOE-A-1982-837". www.boe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-06.
  2. ^ a b Law 50/1981, of December 30, which regulates the Organic Statute of the Prosecution Ministry.
  3. ^ Official page of the Attorney General Office
  4. ^ Mancha, periodicoclm.es | Periódico de Castilla-La. "Leopoldo Garrido Cavero: socialista conquense y fiscal de la República". periodicoclm.es | Periódico de Castilla-La Mancha (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-13.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ He held the position previously, at some point impossible to pinpoint exactly in 1843.
  2. ^ It is unknown until what time he held the position. In April 1939, the Franco government approved an order that definitively separated him from the career along with other magistrates.
  3. ^ The criteria used to give number to some and other acting attorneys is the time holding the office. Navajas Ramos, was barely a month, while the others were more than a year in office.