Live Nation Entertainment
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Live Nation Entertainment is an American global entertainment company, formed from the merger of Live Nation and Ticketmaster in 2010. It owns, leases, operates, has booking rights for and/or equity interests in a large number of U.S. entertainment venues.
|Traded as||NYSE: LYV|
S&P 400 Component
|Founded||January 25, 2010|
|Revenue||US$10.337 billion (2017)|
|US$91 million (2017)|
|US$-6 million (2017)|
|Total assets||US$7.504 billion (2017)|
|Total equity||US$1.181 billion (2017)|
|Owner||Liberty Media (34.2%)|
Number of employees
|~8,800 (December 2017)|
Live Nation Concerts
Front Line Management Group
Live Nation Network
Live Nation Merchandise
The merger initially received regulatory approval in Norway and Turkey in 2009. In October 2009, the United Kingdom's Competition Commission provisionally ruled against the merger. On December 22, 2009, the Competition Commission reversed its decision and cleared the proposed merger. The United States Justice Department approved the merger on January 25, 2010, with some conditions to which both parties agreed.
As part of the agreement with governments to merge, Ticketmaster had to sell its ownership in its self-ticketing company, Paciolan, and Live Nation Entertainment was placed under a 10-year court order prohibiting it from retaliating against venues that choose to accept competitors' ticket-selling contracts, and it "must allow venues that sign deals elsewhere to take consumer ticketing data with them".
In addition, the new company had to license a copy of its ticketing software to two companies—Anschutz Entertainment Group (AEG) and either Comcast Spectacor or another "suitable" company—so that both companies could compete "head-to-head" with Ticketmaster for venues' business. AEG was given the option after five years to buy the software, replacing it with something else, or partnering with another ticketing company.
The merger that formed the company was opposed by members of the United States Congress, business rivals, and the Computer & Communications Industry Association (CCIA), whose members include Google, Oracle, Microsoft, Yahoo, Intuit, and eBay.
Bruce Springsteen said the merger "would make the current ticket situation even worse for the fan than it is now would be Ticketmaster and Live Nation coming up with a single system, thereby returning us to a near monopoly situation in music ticketing".
Allegations of antitrust violationsEdit
In 2018, the United States Department of Justice launched an investigation following complaints that Live Nation had engaged in anti-competitive practices following the merger. AEG has alleged that Live Nation had pressured them into using Ticketmaster as a vender. If AEG had refused, they would have lost out on business. The allegations of antitrust violations have resulted in a re-examination of the merger between Ticketmaster and Live Nation. Much of the initial criticisms of the merger has been re-affirmed.
Radiohead stage collapseEdit
In June 2013, Live Nation, two other organizations and an engineer were charged with 13 charges under Ontario health and safety laws following the collapse of a stage at a Radiohead concert in 2012 that killed one crew member. Live Nation issued a statement denying any wrongdoing and vowing to "vigorously defend" itself. In September 2017, after several delays, the case was dropped under the Jordan ruling, which sets strict timelines on trials. On 30 November 2017, CBC reported that the chief coroner of Ontario, Dirk Huyer, will hold an inquest into Johnson's death.
Acquisitions and investmentsEdit
In October 2013, Live Nation completed its acquisition of Voodoo Music & Arts Experience, one of the leading music festivals in New Orleans.
In 2014, Live Nation announced the launch of the Maverick group – a management company led by artist manager Guy Oseary.
In August 2015, Live Nation announced it would form Live Nation Germany, which would be created in partnership with German promoter Marek Lieberberg. Live Nation Germany also has oversight over Live Nation events in Austria and Switzerland.
In March 2016, Live Nation expanded its presence in South Africa with the acquisition of Big Concerts International, the country's leading concert promoter.
In October 2016, Live Nation Entertainment bought AC Entertainment, a Knoxville Tennessee music company.
In February 2017, Live Nation Entertainment acquired a majority interest in Israeli promoter Blue Stone Entertainment.
In May 2018, Live Nation Entertainment acquired a majority stake in Brazil's Rock in Rio festival (including from previous stakeholder SFX Entertainment), with its founder Roberto Medina continuing to manage the festival's operations, and providing consulting to Live Nation.
In October 2018, Live Nation Entertainment acquired a majority stake in Emporium Presents, one of the leading independent concert promoters throughout the United States with a growing presence in Canada. 
- "Live Nation Entertainment, Inc. 2017 Annual Report (Form 10-K)". sec.gov. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. February 2018.
- "Live Nation Entertainment, Inc". Retrieved 2016-10-18.
- Jr, Bill Pascrell. "Everyone's worst fears about the Live Nation-Ticketmaster merger have come true". latimes.com. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- "Ticketmaster and Live Nation Welcome Competition Commission Ruling on Merger" (PDF) (Press release). Ticketmaster Entertainment. December 22, 2009.
- Van Buskirk, Eliot (October 12, 2009). "Live Nation/Ticketmaster Merger Faces Obstacles Here and Abroad". Wired. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
- Chmielewski, Dawn C. and Fritz, Ben and Lewis, Randy (January 26, 2010). "Ticketmaster-Live Nation merger gets Justice Department's approval". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 26, 2010.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Nakashima, Ryan (January 25, 2010). "Live Nation, Ticketmaster merge after approval". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved January 26, 2010.[dead link]
- "Live Nation and Ticketmaster Entertainment Merger Receives U.S. Department of Justice Clearance" (Press release). Live Nation and Ticketmaster Entertainment via CNN. January 25, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Van Buskirk, Eliot (January 25, 2010). "DOJ Approves Modified Ticketmaster, Live Nation Merger". Wired News. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- Nicholson, Chris V. (22 December 2009). "British Regulator Supports Live Nation-Ticketmaster Merger" – via NYTimes.com.
- Branch Jr., Alfred (January 19, 2010). "Ticketmaster / Live Nation merger: 25,000 contact DOJ to oppose the deal". TicketNews. Archived from the original on January 22, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "Bruce Springsteen "Furious" At Ticketmaster, Rails Against Live Nation Merger". Rolling Stone. February 4, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
- Live Nation Rules Music Ticketing, Some Say With Threats
- "'I feel so let down by Canada': Radiohead and drum tech's parents demand answers in his Toronto death". CBC News. Retrieved 2017-11-30.
- "Live Nation, engineer charged in Radiohead stage collapse". CBC News. 7 June 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- Marc, Hogan (3 October 2016). "Waiting on Justice for the Radiohead Stage Collapse That Killed Scott Johnson | Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- "Electronic Daisy Chain". Spin. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- "Live Nation Teams With Insomniac Events in 'Creative Partnership'". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- "Live Nation Acquires Voodoo Music & Arts Experience in New Orleans". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-10-15.
- "Live Nation reshuffles management assets, launches the new Maverick". CMU. Retrieved 2018-10-15.
- "Live Nation Completes Deal for C3 Presents". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-10-28.
- "Live Nation Launches German Arm, Appoints Respected Promoter Marek Lieberberg to Lead". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-10-15.
- "Live Nation acquires leading South Africa concert promoter". BizJournals. Retrieved 2018-10-15.
- "Live Nation Adds Governors Ball to Its Music Festival Lineup". NYTimes. Retrieved 2018-10-15.
- "Live Nation buys AC Entertainment". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2016-11-16.
- "Live Nation acquires major stake in BottleRock festival". SF Chronicle. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- "Live Nation acquires majority stake in Israel's Bluestone Entertainment - Music Business Worldwide". Music Business Worldwide. 2017-02-07. Retrieved 2017-12-12.
- "Live Nation Acquires Rock in Rio Festival". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
- "Live Nation Acquires Rock in Rio Festival". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
- "Live Nation Acquires Rock in Rio Festival". Variety. 2018-05-02. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
- "Live Nation Acquires Emporium Presents". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-12-12.