List of wars involving the Netherlands

This is a list of wars involving the Kingdom of the Netherlands and its predecessor states since proclaiming its independence in 1581.

For earlier wars, see List of wars in the Low Countries until 1560.

Dutch Republic United Provinces (1581–1795)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Dutch forces Dutch losses
Eighty Years' War
(1568–1648)
  United Provinces
  England
  France
  Spanish Empire Victory
Dutch–Portuguese War
(1601–1661)
  Dutch Republic
* Native allies
  Portugal
* Native allies
  Spanish Empire
* Dutch victory in Ghana, Malacca, Sri Lanka, Taiwan and Indonesia
* Portuguese victory in Brazil, Angola, East Africa and Macau
* Both sides claim victory in India
Dutch conquest of the Banda Islands
(1621)
  Dutch Republic Rebel forces of the Banda Islands Victory
  • Dutch forces occupy the Banda Islands.
Siege of Batavia
(1628–1629)
  Dutch Republic   Mataram Sultanate Victory
  • The Mataram siege repelled
Dutch pacification campaign on Formosa
(1635–1636)
  Dutch Republic Natives of Mattau, Bakloan, Soulang, Taccariang and Tevorang Victory
  • Increased Dutch area of control
Lamey Island Massacre
(1636)
  Dutch Republic Taiwanese militia Victory
Shimabara Rebellion
(1637-1638)
  Tokugawa shogunate
  Dutch Republic
Christian peasant and ronin rebels Victory
Kieft's War
(1643–1645)
  Dutch Republic Lenape warriors and Algonquian allies Dutch military victory
Dutch political failure
  • Because of the continuing threat by the Algonquians, numerous Dutch settlers returned to the Netherlands, and growth of the colony slowed.
Battle of Fehmarn (1644)   Sweden
  Dutch Republic
  Denmark-Norway Victory
Sinhalese–Portuguese War
(1538-1640)
  Kingdom of Sitawaka
  Kingdom of Kandy
  Dutch East India Company (from 1638)
  Portuguese Empire

  Kingdom of Kotte

Victory
Guo Huaiyi Rebellion
(1652)
  Dutch Republic
Taiwanese aborigines
Guo Huaiyi's peasant army Victory
First Anglo-Dutch War
(1652–1654)
  Dutch Republic   Commonwealth of England Defeat
Peach Tree War
(1655)
  Dutch Republic Susquehannock and allied tribes Defeat
  • Outlying Dutch settlements ordered to garrison at Fort Amsterdam
  • Staten Island abandoned but eventually retaken and equipped with better defenses.
Second Northern War
(1655–1660)
  Poland
(Poland-Lithuania)
  Denmark–Norway
  Habsburg Monarchy
  Russia (1656–58)
  Crimean Khanate
  Brandenburg-Prussia (1655–56, 1657–60)
  Dutch Republic
  Swedish Empire
  Brandenburg-Prussia (1656–57)
  Principality of Transylvania
  Ukrainian Cossacks (1657)[1]
  Grand Duchy of Lithuania
  Wallachia
  Moldavia
Victory
First Khoikhoi–Dutch Wars
(1659–1660)
  Dutch Republic Khoikhoi militia Victory
Esopus Wars
(1659–1663)
  Dutch settlers
  Iroquois Confederacy
Esopus tribe of Lenape Indians
Susquehannock and allied tribes
Victory
First Tondano War
(1661–1664)
  Dutch Republic Minahasan peoples Victory
Second Anglo-Dutch War
(1665–1667)
  Dutch Republic
  Denmark
  France
  England
  Bishopric of Münster
Victory
Third Anglo-Dutch War
(1672–1674)
  Dutch Republic
  Denmark-Norway
  England
  France
  Bishopric of Münster
  Electorate of Cologne
Victory
Second Khoikhoi–Dutch Wars
(1673–1677)
  Dutch Republic Khoikhoi militia Victory
Trunajaya rebellion
(1674–1680)
  Mataram Sultanate

  Dutch East India Company (VOC)

  • VOC's Indonesian allies
Rebel forces
Makassarese itinerant fighters

Rival claimants to Mataram throne (after 1677)

Victory
Nine Years' War
(1688–1697)
  Dutch Republic
  England
  Holy Roman Empire
  Spanish Empire
  Duchy of Savoy
  Swedish Empire (until 1691)
  Scotland
  France
  Jacobites
Siamese revolution of 1688
(1688)
  Phetracha and various Siamese lords
  Dutch Republic
  Prasat Thong dynasty
  Kingdom of France
Victory
War of the Spanish Succession
(1701–1714)
  Dutch Republic
  Austrian monarchy
  Prussia
  England (until 1707)
  Great Britain (from 1707)
  Holy Roman Empire
  Piedmont-Savoy
  Habsburg Spain
  Portugal
  France
  Spanish monarchy
  Bavaria (~1704)
  Cologne
  Mantua (~1708)
First Javanese War of Succession
(1704–1707)
  Dutch Republic   Mataram Sultanate Victory
Second Javanese War of Succession
(1719–1723)
  Dutch Republic
  Mataram Sultanate
Rebel Princes Victory
1740 Batavia massacre
(1740)
  Dutch Republic
Native Indonesians allies
Chinese Indonesian militia Military victory
Political failure
Travancore–Dutch War
(1741–1757)
  Dutch Republic
Kingdom of Cochin
 Kingdom of Travancore
  Maratha Empire
  Mysore
Military Stalemate
Dutch commercial victory
Java War (1741–43)
(1741–1743)
  Dutch Republic Joint army of Chinese and Javanese Victory
Battle of Penfui
(1749)
  Dutch Republic
Timorese allies
Topasses
Timorese allies
Victory
Cirebon War (1753-1773)   Dutch Republic
*   Dutch East India Company
  Cirebon Sultanate Victory
American Revolutionary War
(1775–1783)
  United States
  France
  Spain
  Netherlands

  Mysore
Oneida
Tuscarora
Watauga Association
Catawba
Lenape
Choctaw

  Great Britain
  Loyalists
  German Auxiliaries

  Iroquois
Onondaga
Mohawk
Cayuga
Seneca
  Cherokee

Victory
First Xhosa-Dutch War
(1779–1781)
  Dutch Republic Xhosa militia Victory
Fourth Anglo-Dutch War
(1780–1784)
  Dutch Republic
  Kingdom of France
  Great Britain Defeat
Second Anglo-Mysore War
(1780–1784)
  Kingdom of Mysore
  Kingdom of France
  Dutch Republic
  East India Company
  Great Britain
Stalemate
  • Status quo ante bellum
  • Treaty of Mangalore
Second Xhosa-Dutch War
(1789–1793)
  Dutch Republic Xhosa militia Victory
War of the First Coalition
(1792–1797)
  Holy Roman Empire
  Austria
  Prussia (until 1795)
  Great Britain
  French Royalists
  Spain (until 1795)
  Portugal
  Sardinia (until 1796)
  Naples and Sicily
Other Italian states
  Dutch Republic
  Kingdom of the French (until 1792)
  French Republic (from 1792)
  Spain (from 1796)
  Batavian Republic (from 1795)
  French satellite states
  Polish Legions (from 1797)
Regime change, Victory for the Batavian Republic

Batavian Republic Batavian Republic (1795–1806)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Dutch forces Dutch losses
War of the Second Coalition
(1799-1802)
  French Republic
  Spain
  Polish Legions
  Denmark–Norway

French client republics:

  Austria
  Russia
  Great Britain
  French Royalists
  Portugal
  Two Sicilies
  Ottoman Empire
Victory

Treaty of Amiens:

  • General French victory
  • Britain recognises the French Republic
  • Cape Colony returned to the Batavian Republic
  • British withdrawal from Egypt
  • French withdrawal from the Papal States
  • Trinidad and Tobago ceded from France
  • Ceylon ceded from the Batavian Republic
Third Xhosa-Dutch War
(1779–1781)
  Dutch Republic Xhosa militia
Khoikhoi militia
Stalemate
  • The Xhosa were allowed to stay in Zuurveld.
War of the Third Coalition
(1803-1806)
  French Empire
  Batavia
  Italy
  Etruria
  Spain
  Bavaria
  Württemberg
  Austrian Empire
  Russian Empire
  Naples and Sicily
  Portugal
  Great Britain
  Sweden
Victory

Treaty of Pressburg

Padri War
(1803-1838)
Adats
  Netherlands
Padris Victory

Netherlands Kingdom of Holland (1806–1810)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Dutch forces Dutch losses
Franco-Swedish War
(1805-1810)
  France
  Spanish Empire
  Holland
  Sweden
  United Kingdom
  Prussia
Victory
Ashanti–Fante War
(1806-1807)
  Ashanti Empire
  Batavian Republic
  Fante Confederacy Victory
War of the Fourth Coalition
(1806-1807)
  French Empire
French satellites:
  Prussia
  Russia
  United Kingdom
  Saxony[3]
  Sweden
  Sicily
Victory

Treaties of Tilsit

Second Tondano War
(1808-1809)
  Holland
Minahasan militia Victory
War of the Fifth Coalition
(1809)
  French Empire
French satellites:
  Austria
  Hungary
  Tyrol (in rebellion against Bavaria)
  United Kingdom
  Spain
  Sicily
  Sardinia
  Black Brunswickers
Victory

Treaty of Schönbrunn

Netherlands United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1839)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Dutch forces Dutch losses
Hundred Days
(1815)

War of the Seventh Coalition

  United Kingdom
  Prussia
  Hanover
  German Confederation
  Austria
  Russia
  Sweden
  Netherlands
  Spain
  Portugal
  Sardinia
  Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
  Tuscany
  French Empire
  Kingdom of Naples
Victory

Treaty of Paris:

  • General French defeat
  • Restoration of the House of Bourbon
  • Abolition of the slave trade (all signatories)
  • ₣100,000,000 compensation from France
Bombardment of Algiers (1816)
  United Kingdom
  United Netherlands
  Regency of Algiers Victory
  • 3000 slaves freed.
First expedition to Palembang
(1819)
  Dutch Empire   Palembang Sultanate Defeat
Second expedition to Palembang
(1821)
  Dutch Empire   Palembang Sultanate Victory
Expedition to the West Coast of Borneo
(1823)
  Dutch Empire Chinese Indonesian rebels Victory
First Bone War
(1824)
  Dutch Empire Sulawesian militia Victory
Second Bone War
(1825)
  Dutch Empire Sulawesian militia Victory
Java War
(1825-1830)
  Dutch Empire
Pro-Dutch Javanese
Rebel forces of Prince Diponegoro
Chinese mercenaries
Victory
Belgian Revolution
(1830-1831)
  Dutch Empire   Belgian rebels
Supported by:
  France
Defeat
  • The main European powers recognized Belgium's de facto independence from the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Dutch expedition on the west coast of Sumatra
(1831)
  Dutch Empire   Aceh Sultanate Victory
First Sumatran expedition
(1832)
  United States
  Dutch Empire
Chiefdom of Kuala Batee Victory
Dutch–Ahanta War
(1837-1839)
  Dutch Empire Ahanta Kingdom Victory
  • Ahanta becomes a Dutch protectorate
Second Sumatran expedition
(1838)
  United States
  Dutch Empire
Chiefdom of Kuala Batee Victory

Netherlands Netherlands (1839–present)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Dutch forces Dutch losses
Dutch intervention in northern Bali
(1846)
  Dutch Empire Buleleng Victory
Dutch intervention in Bali
(1849-1850)
  Dutch Empire
Lombok
Buleleng
Jembrana
Klungkung
Victory
  • Dutch control of Northern Bali.
Palembang Highlands Expeditions
(1851–1859)
  Dutch Empire Forces of the Sultan of Palembang Victory
Expedition against the Chinese in Montrado
(1854-1855)
  Dutch Empire
Pro-Dutch Indonesians
Pro-Chinese Indonesian rebels
  China
Victory
Nias Expedition
(1855-1864)
  Dutch Empire Nias Victory
Dutch intervention in Bali
(1858)
  Dutch Empire Buleleng Regency rebels Victory
Banjarmasin War
(1859-1863)
  Dutch Empire Sultanate of Banjarmasin Victory
Shimonoseki Campaign
(1863-1864)
  Dutch Empire
  British Empire
  French Empire
  United States
  Chōshū Domain Victory
Pasoemah Expedition
(1864-1868)
  Dutch Empire South Sumatra Victory
Dutch Gold Coast expedition of 1869–70
(1869-1870)
  Dutch Empire Local rulers Victory
  • Dutch Gold Coast sold to Britain in 1872
Aceh War
(1873-1904)
  Dutch Empire   Aceh Sultanate
  Acehnese religious ulama
Thai and Chinese mercenaries
Victory
Batak War
(1878-1907)
  Dutch Empire Batak Kingdom Victory
Mandor rebellion
(1884-1885)
  Dutch Empire   Lanfang Republic
Dayak and Chinese Indonesian militia
Victory
Jambi uprising
(1885)
  Dutch Empire Jambi Victory
Edi Expedition
(1890)
  Dutch Empire Aceh militia Victory
Dutch intervention in Lombok and Karangasem
(1894)
  Dutch Empire
Eastern Sasak
Lombok Mataram
Western Sasak
Victory
Pedir Expedition
(1897-1898)
  Dutch Empire Aceh militia Victory
Siege of the International Legations
(1900)
  British Empire
  United States
  France
  Russia
  Germany
  Italy
  Austria-Hungary
  Japan
  Belgium
  Dutch Empire
  Spain
  Qing Dynasty
  Yìhéquán
Victory
Kerinci Expedition
(1903)
  Dutch Empire Kerinci Victory
South Sulawesi expedition
(1904-1905)
  Dutch Empire Bone
Luwu
Wajo
Victory
Dutch intervention in Bali (1906)
(1906)
  Dutch Empire Badung
Tabanan
Klungkung
Victory
  • Dutch control of southern Bali.
Dutch–Venezuelan crisis of 1908
(1908)
  Dutch Empire   Venezuela Victory
Dutch intervention in Bali (1908)
(1908)
  Dutch Empire Balinese rebels Victory
World War II
(1940–1945)
  Soviet Union
  United States
  United Kingdom
  China
  France
  Poland
  Canada
  Australia
  New Zealand
  India
  South Africa
  Yugoslavia
  Greece
  Denmark
  Norway
  Netherlands
  Belgium
  Luxembourg
  Czechoslovakia
  Brazil
  Mexico
  Ethiopia
  Germany
  Japan
  Italy
  Hungary
  Romania
  Bulgaria
  Finland
  Thailand
  Manchukuo
  Mengjiang
  Croatia
  Slovakia
Victory
Indonesian National Revolution
(1940–1949)
  Dutch Empire   Indonesia

  Japanese volunteers (from 1946)
Supported by:
  Soviet Union[4][5]

Indonesian political victory
Military stalemate
[6]
APRA coup d'état
(1950)
  Indonesia
  Netherlands
  Legion of Ratu Adil (APRA) Victory
Korean War
(1950–1953)
  South Korea
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Netherlands
  United Nations
  North Korea
  China
  Soviet Union
Ceasefire
  • Communist invasions of South Korea repelled
  • Subsequent UN invasion of North Korea repelled
  • Subsequent communist invasion of South Korea repelled
Operation Trikora
(1961–1962)
  Dutch Empire   Indonesia
Air and naval support by:
  Soviet Union
Indonesian political victory[7][8]
Dutch military victory
[9][7]
Gulf War
(1990–1991)
  Kuwait
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Saudi Arabia
  France
  Egypt
  Syria
  Netherlands
Other Allies
  Iraq Victory
  • Kuwait regains its independence
Bosnian War
(1992–1995)
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Netherlands
  France
  Canada
  Denmark
  Germany
  Italy
  Republika Srpska Victory
  • Dayton Accords
  • Internal partition of Bosnia and Herzegovina according to the Dayton Accords
  • Deployment of NATO-led IFOR to oversee the peace agreement
  • Massive civilian casualties for the Bosniak ethnic group
Kosovo War
(1998–1999)
  Kosovo Liberation Army
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Netherlands
  France
  Canada
  Denmark
  Germany
  Italy
  FR Yugoslavia Victory
War in Afghanistan
(2001–present)[10]
  Afghanistan
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Canada
  Netherlands
  Germany
  Italy
  France
  Denmark
  Poland
  Romania
  Turkey
  Australia
  Spain
  ISAF
  Taliban
  al-Qaeda
  Haqqani network
  Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin
  United Tajik Opposition
  IMU
Other groups
Victory
Iraq War
(2003–2011)
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Iraq after the fall of Saddam Hussein
  Australia
  Poland
  Netherlands
  Denmark
  Iraqi Kurdistan
  Iraq under Saddam Hussein

Sunni insurgents


Shia insurgents

Victory
  • Fall of Ba'athist rule in Iraq
  • Occupation of southern Iraq
  • Dutch withdrawal in 2009, conflict ended in 2011
Operation Ocean Shield
(2009–December 15th 2016) [12]
Operation Atalanta
(2009–present)
  EU
  NATO
  Netherlands
  Somali Pirates Victory
Libyan Civil War
(2011)
  Anti-Gaddafi forces
  United States
  United Kingdom
  France
  Denmark
  Netherlands
  Italy
  Canada
  several Arab League states
  Sweden
  Libyan Arab Jamahiriya: Victory
Dutch military intervention against ISIL
(2014–2019)
  Netherlands   Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
  Boko Haram

  al-Nusra Front
  Khorasan


  Ahrar ash-Sham

Victory
Mali War
(2017–2019)
  Mali
  MINUSMA
  al-Qaeda Conflict ongoing
  • Dutch withdrawal 2019
EMASoH
(2020)
  EU
  France
  Netherlands
  Denmark
  Iran Ongoing
  • France led EU operations being conducted.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hrushevsky (2003), pp. 327ff.
  2. ^ Joined the Confederation of the Rhine on 11 December 1806.
  3. ^ Joined the Confederation of the Rhine on 11 December 1806.
  4. ^ Wies Platje, 297–299
  5. ^ J.D. Legge, 403
  6. ^ Friend, Theodore (2003). Indonesian Destinies. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. p. 35.
  7. ^ a b Platje, Wies (2001). "Dutch Sigint and the Conflict with Indonesia 1950–62". Intelligence and National Security. 16 (1): 285–312. doi:10.1080/714002840.
  8. ^ Soedjati Djiwandono, Konfrontasi Revisited, p. 135.
  9. ^ "Operation Trikora – Indonesia's Takeover of West New Guinea". Pathfinder: Air Power Development Centre Bulletin (150): 1–2. February 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
  10. ^ https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/pdf_2018_09/20180903_2018-09-RSM-Placemat.pdf
  11. ^ President Barack Obama Speaks With VICE News
  12. ^ https://www.nato.int