List of wars involving Italy

This is a list of wars involving the Italian Republic since the proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy on 17 March 1861, but does not include wars fought by the historic states of Italy. The result of these conflicts follows this legend:

  Italian victory
  Italian defeat
  Another result (e.g., a treaty or peace without a clear result, status quo ante bellum, result unknown or indecisive)
  Ongoing conflict

Ancient RomeEdit

Italian Wars of UnificationEdit

The Risorgimento movement emerged to unite Italy in the 19th century. Piedmont-Sardinia took the lead in a series of wars to liberate Italy from foreign control. Following three Wars of Italian Independence against the Habsburg Austrians in the north, the Expedition of the Thousand against the Spanish Bourbons in the south, and the Capture of Rome, the unification of the country was completed in 1871 when Rome was declared capital of Italy.

Start Finish Name of conflict Belligerents Outcome
Combatant 1 Combatant 2
1848 1849 First Italian War of Independence   Kingdom of Sardinia

Supported by:

  Austrian Empire
  Lombardy–Venetia

  Kingdom of Two Sicilies
  Papal States
  Grand Duchy of Tuscany
  French Republic
Austrian Victory
1859 1859 Second Italian War of Independence   French Empire
  Kingdom of Sardinia
Support:
  United Principalities
  Austrian Empire
  Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia
Italian Victory, Armistice of Villafranca (12 July 1859)
1866 1866 Third Italian War of Independence   Italy   Austrian Empire Austrian military Victory, Italian diplomatic Victory[1]:

Armistice of Cormons and Treaty of Vienna:

1870 1870 Capture of Rome   Italy   Papal States Italian Victory, Debellation of the Papal States.

Kingdom of ItalyEdit

Start Finish Name of conflict Belligerents Outcome
Combatant 1 Combatant 2
1885 1895 Italo-Ethiopian War of 1887–1889[2]   Italy   Ethiopia
  Mahdist Sudan
Italian Victory, establishment of Italian Eritrea.
1889 1920 Pacification of Somalia[3]   Italy Various rebels
Dervish State
Italian Victory, consolidation of Italian Somaliland.
1890 1894 Mahdist War   Italy   Mahdist Sudan Italian Victory
All Sudanese invasions repulsed
Italians take Kassala
1895 1896 First Italo-Ethiopian War   Italy   Ethiopia
  Russia
  France
Ethiopian Allied Victory, Treaty of Addis Ababa:
  • Ethiopia recognised as independent country by Italy.
  • Italy abrogates the Treaty of Wuchale.
1896 1925 Bīmāl revolt   Italy Bimaal Rebels Italian Victory
  • Suppression of the Bimaal revolt
1899 1901 Boxer Rebellion   United Kingdom

  Japan
  Russia
  France
  United States
  Germany
  Italy
  Austria-Hungary

 Righteous Harmony Society

  Manchu-China

Italian Allied Victory, Boxer Protocol:
1900 1920 Somaliland Campaign   Italy
  United Kingdom
  Dervish movement
  Ethiopian Empire
Italian-British Victory
  • Collapse of the Dervish state
1902 1903 Venezuelan naval blockade   United Kingdom
  Germany
  Italy
  Venezuela Inconclusive/Other Outcome
  • Venezuelan debt dispute resolved
1911 1912 Italo-Turkish War   Italy   Ottoman Empire Italian Victory:
1914 1918 World War I Allied Powers

  France
  British Empire

  Russia
  United States
  Italy
  Japan
  China
  Serbia
  Montenegro
  Romania
  Belgium
  Greece
  Portugal
  Brazil

Central Powers

  Germany
  Austria-Hungary
  Ottoman Empire
  Bulgaria

Italian Allied Victory:

Russia pulls out in 1917

  • Russian Civil War
    • Creation of the Soviet Union
      • Josef V. Stalin Rises to power

Creation of League of Nations

1918 1920 Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War

  White Movement
  British Empire

  United States
  France
  Italy
  Japan
  Czechoslovakia
  Greece
  Estonia
  Serbia
  Poland
  Romania
  China

  Russian SFSR
  Far Eastern Republic
  Latvian SSR
  Ukrainian SSR
  Commune of Estonia
  Mongolian Communists

Bolshevik Victory:
1918 1923 Occupation of Constantinople   United Kingdom
  France
  Italy
  Ottoman Empire Temporary occupation
1919 1923 War of Independence   United Kingdom
  France
  Greece
  Armenia
  Georgia
  Ottoman Empire
  Italy
  Russia
Italian Allied Victory
1920 1920 Vlora War   Italy   Principality of Albania Armistice
  • Italy withdraws from Albania except in Saseno Island
1920 1920 Bloody Christmas   Italy   Italian Regency of Carnaro Italian Victory:
1923 1932 Pacification of Libya   Italy   Senussi Order Italian Victory:
  • Stabilization of Italian rule in Libya.
  • Ethnic cleansing of the Cyrenaican indigenous population.
  • Mass deaths of Cyrenaican indigenous civilians.
1924 1927 Pacification of Italian Somaliland   Italy Somali rebels Italian Victory:
  • All-out defeat of Somali rebels
  • The independent Majeerteen Sultanate is brutally suppressed in 1927, finalizing the Italian occupation of Somalia.
1924 1940 Italian conquest of the Horn of Africa   Italy   Sultanate of Hobyo

  Majeerteen Sultanate
  Ethiopian Empire
  British Empire

Italian Victory:
  • Italian conquest of the Horn of Africa.
1935 1936 Second Italo-Abyssinian War   Italy   Ethiopian Empire Italian Victory:
1936 1939 Spanish Civil War   Nationalist

  Italy
  Germany
  Portugal
Foreign volunteers

  Republican

  Foreign volunteers
  Soviet Union (1936–1938)
  Mexico

Italian Allied Victory
1939 1939 Invasion of Albania   Italy   Albania Italian Victory, Italian occupation of Albania.
1939 1945 World War II Axis Powers

  Germany
  Japan
  Italy (until 1943)
  Italian Social Republic
(from 23 Sep. 1943)
  Hungary
  Romania (until 1944)
  Bulgaria (until 1944)
  Slovakia
  Croatia
  Finland (until 1944)
  Thailand
  Manchukuo
  Mengjiang

Allied Powers

  United States
  Soviet Union
  United Kingdom
  China
  France
  Poland
  Canada
  Australia
  New Zealand
  India
  South Africa
  Yugoslavia
  Greece
  Denmark
  Norway
  Netherlands
  Belgium
  Luxembourg
  Czechoslovakia
  Brazil
  Mexico
  Ethiopia
  Italy (from 1943)
  Romania (from 1944)
  Bulgaria (from 1944)
  Finland (from 1944)

'United Nations' Allied victory:

Italian Republic (1946-present)Edit

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Combatant 1 Combatant 2
1982 1984 Multinational Force in Lebanon   Italy

  United States
  France
  United Kingdom

Islamic Jihad Organization
  Iran
  Syria
  Progressive Socialist Party
  Amal Movement
Syrian Allied Victory
1991 1991 Gulf War   Kuwait

  United States
  Saudi Arabia
  France
  Egypt
  Syria
  United Kingdom
  Italy
Other Allies

  Iraq Italian Allied Victory
  • Kuwait regains its independence
1992 1996 Bosnian War
(1992–1995)
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Croatia
  Belgium
  Canada
  Denmark
  France
  Germany
  Italy
  Luxembourg
  Netherlands
  Norway
  Portugal
  Spain
  Turkey
  United Kingdom
  United States
  Republika Srpska Italian Allied Victory
  • Dayton Accords
  • Internal partition of Bosnia and Herzegovina according to the Dayton Accords
  • Deployment of NATO-led IFOR to oversee the peace agreement
  • Massive civilian casualties for the Bosniak ethnic group
1992 1995 Somali Civil War   United States
  United Kingdom
  Italy
  Saudi Arabia
  Malaysia
  Pakistan
  Spain
  India
  Greece
  Germany
  France
  Canada
  Botswana
  Belgium
  Australia
  Various Somali factions UN withdrawal
  • UN withdrawal.
  • About 100,000 lives were saved by outside resistance.
  • Civil war is ongoing.
1997 1997 Albanian Civil War
(Operation Alba)
  Government of Sali Berisha

(Operation Alba)

(Operation Libelle)

(Operation Silver Wake)

  Rebels Italian Allied Victory

New Parliamentary Elections.

1998 1999 Kosovo War   United States

  France
  Canada
  Denmark
  Germany
  Italy
  Kosovo Liberation Army

  FR Yugoslavia Italian Allied Victory
  • Kosovo occupied by Nato forces
  • Kosovo administered by UNMIK
2001 2001 2001 insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia   National Liberation Army
  NATO
  Republic of Macedonia

Supported by:
  Ukraine[6][7][8](main arms supply)
  Bulgaria (arms supply)
  FR Yugoslavia (arms supply)
  Russia (arm supply and Contractors)

Inconclusive/Other Outcome
  • Ohrid Agreement
  • Macedonian offensive stopped by NATO involvement
  • Ceasefire established
  • The majority of Albanian insurgents agree to disarm in exchange for greater ethnic rights
  • Low intensity resurgence since November 2001
2001 Present Afghanistan War   United States
  United Kingdom
  Italy
  Germany
  France
  Canada
  Australia
  Georgia
  Poland
  Romania
  Turkey
  Afghanistan
  Northern Alliance
  Taliban
  al-Qaeda
  Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
  HI-Gulbuddin
  Hezb-e Islami Khalis
  Haqqani network
  Lashkar-e-Taiba
  Jaish-e-Mohammed
  East Turkestan Islamic Movement
  Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
  Islamic Emirate of Waziristan
  Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi
  Islamic Jihad Union

  Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan

Ongoing
2003 2006 Iraq War   Multi-National Force – Iraq:

  United States
  United Kingdom
  Italy
  Australia
  Spain
  Netherlands
  Poland
  South Korea
  Ukraine
  Georgia
Other Allies
  Iraq after the fall of Saddam Hussein
  Iraqi Kurdistan

  Iraq under Saddam Hussein
  Islamic State of Iraq

Various insurgents

Italian Allied Victory
2011 2011 Libyan Intervention Many NATO   members acting under   UN mandate, including:

  United States
  France
  Denmark
  Italy
  Canada
and
  Anti-Gaddafi forces
  several Arab League states
  Sweden

  Pro-Gaddafi forces Italian Allied Victory

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://warfarehistorynetwork.com/2020/01/14/clawed-by-the-austrian-eagle-at-the-battle-of-custoza/
  2. ^ Indro Montanelli, Storia d'Italia, vol. 6 1861 - 1919, RCS Libri S.p.A., 2006
  3. ^ Pacification of Somalia.
  4. ^ "Statement by Deputy Press Secretary Larry Speakes". 23 September 1982.
  5. ^ "The Collapse of Lebanon's Army: U.S. Said to Ignore Factionalism". 11 March 1984.
  6. ^ Zerkalo Nedeli (28 February 2002). "Paper critical of Western call on Ukraine to stop selling arms to Macedonia". Free Republic. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
  7. ^ Carlotta Gall (23 July 2001). "Rebels Secure a Base in Macedonian Town". New York Times. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
  8. ^ Taras Kuzio (31 October 2001). "UKRAINE FORGES MILITARY ALLIANCE WITH MACEDONIA". The Jamestown. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
  9. ^ "Sectarian divisions change Baghdad's image". NBC News. 3 July 2006. Retrieved 18 February 2007.
  10. ^ "The JRTN Movement and Iraq's Next Insurgency | Combating Terrorism Center at West Point". Ctc.usma.edu. Archived from the original on 26 August 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  11. ^ "Al-Qaeda's Resurgence in Iraq: A Threat to U.S. Interests". U.S Department of State. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2010.