List of towns and cities in Scotland by population
This article is divided into two sections. The first section of this article ("Localities") contains a list of basic populated areas ordered by population. The second section of this article ("Settlements") is a list of populated urban areas, some of which are composed of more than one locality, and which may span across the boundaries of more than one council area.
All localities are either settlements, themselves, or contained within larger settlements. As of 2016, there are 655 localities in Scotland, of which 466 are also settlements. The remaining localities are contained within 53 settlements.
- As of mid-2016
- The definition as per National Records of Scotland does not always correspond to other definitions. For example, the adjoining East Renfrewshire localities of Busby, Clarkston, Netherlee, and Stamperland with a combined population 21,350 are each counted separately, despite normally being unified as Clarkston. The same occurs in nearby Giffnock and Thornliebank. The total population for this agglomeration across its six NRS localities is 37,720. Conversely, the distinct villages of Easthouses and Newtongrange in Midlothian are not listed at all, presumably included in the figure of adjoining Mayfield; however, the smaller village of Newbattle is listed. Also noteworthy is Viewpark, which appears to include Birkenshaw and Tannochside under a single North Lanarkshire locality in this data.
In Scotland, settlement refers to a "collection of contiguous high density postcodes bounded by low density postcodes whose population was 500 or more". For example the area of Ayr includes the adjoining localities of Ayr and Prestwick.[a] However, most settlements coincide to a single locality. The 44 settlements with a population over 15,000 are listed below.
- As of mid-2016
- The definition as per National Records of Scotland does not always correspond to other definitions. For example, the Greater Glasgow settlement under NRS stretches as far as Bowling, Kilbarchan and Newton Mearns due the continuous chain of populated postcodes, but does not encompass places as close as Bargeddie, Barrhead, Chryston, Erskine, Kirkintilloch or Uddingston due to small gaps in this chain. Similarly, Cleland, Gowkthrapple and Overtown are not included in the wider NRS 'Motherwell and Wishaw' settlement, while distinct towns such as Bellshill and Viewpark are included. If these gaps were counted, Greater Glasgow would go as far as Ferniegair, Wishaw, Neilston and Bishopton.
- Mayfield with Easthouses and Newtongrange
- "Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland, Mid-2016" (PDF). nrscotland.gov.uk/. National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- "Mid-2016 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
- "NRS – Background Information Settlements and Localities" (PDF). National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
- "Department of Constitutional Affairs". Retrieved 9 September 2009.
- "Perth wins Diamond Jubilee contest to be named seventh Scottish city". BBC News. 14 March 2012.