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Stenhousemuir (/ˌstɛnsˈmjʊər/; Scottish Gaelic: Featha Thaigh nan Clach) is a town in the Central Lowlands of Scotland. It lies within the Falkirk council area of Scotland. The town is 2.0 miles (3.2 km) north-northwest of Falkirk and directly adjoins to Larbert in the west, where the nearest rail access is located. The villages of Carron and Carronshore adjoin Stenhousemuir to the east but to a lesser extent. At the 2001 census it showed that it had a resident population of 10,351[2] but according to a 2009 estimate this has been revised to around 10,190 residents.[1]

Stenhousemuir
Larbert and Stenhousemuir from the air (geograph 5229642).jpg
Larbert and Stenhousemuir
Stenhousemuir is in the north of the Falkirk council area in the Central Belt of the Scottish mainland.
Stenhousemuir is in the north of the Falkirk council area in the Central Belt of the Scottish mainland.
Stenhousemuir
Location within the Falkirk council area
Area2.2 sq mi (5.7 km2)
Population10,190 [1](2009 est.)
• Density4,632/sq mi (1,788/km2)
OS grid referenceNS875831
• Edinburgh24.5 mi (39.4 km) ESE
• London347 mi (558 km) SSE
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLARBERT
Postcode districtFK5
Dialling code01324
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
EU ParliamentScotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
Websitefalkirk.gov.uk
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°01′41″N 3°48′22″W / 56.028°N 03.806°W / 56.028; -03.806Coordinates: 56°01′41″N 3°48′22″W / 56.028°N 03.806°W / 56.028; -03.806

In 2008, a £15 million town centre development scheme was completed and opened which provides a new civic square, a library and large retailing outlets for Stenhousemuir.[3]

HistoryEdit

 
Arthur's O'on from Gordon's book.

The "stone house" from which the village took its name was a Roman building on the north of the Carron River Valley known in later centuries as Arthur's O'on, i.e. King Arthur's oven. It is no longer to be seen, having been demolished to rebuild a dam on the River Carron by Sir Michael Bruce of Stenhouse in 1743.[4] The stones were swept away in a flood soon after. However, detailed drawings had been made in the 1720s and a replica was made in 1763 to serve as a dovecote on the roof of the stable block of Penicuik House in Midlothian, and this remains. The site of the original building has been localised to the garden of a modern house on a housing estate, apparently by the American academic Norma Lorre Goodrich (1917–2006).

Stenhousemuir became home to the "Falkirk Tryst" from 1785[4] - one of the largest gatherings of livestock farmers and buyers from all over Scotland and beyond. After the decline of the Tryst in Crieff, the Falkirk Tryst came to be held more frequently, on the second Tuesdays of August, September and October each year.[5] Thomas Gisbourne in his "Essay on Agriculture" described the Tryst in 1849 as "a scene to which Great Britain, perhaps even the whole world, does not afford a parallel".[6] The Trysts continued until the late 19th century.

The town was home to the McCowan’s toffee factory, established in 1922, who made both traditional toffee and also the Wham Bar.[7]

SportsEdit

 
Ochilview Park, home of Stenhousemuir

Stenhousemuir has a football team, who play at Ochilview Park and are currently in Scottish League One , a cricket club and a golf club. The Tryst Golf Club, built in 1885, has its clubhouse in Burnhead Road, which is arguably in Larbert.

The Cricket Club has been in existence since 1876 and has a very long and proud history with many successes in national club cricket. It has also produced a number of international player representing Scotland and had a number of notable cricket professionals playing for the club many of whom are noted internationalists for their respective countries also e.g. Abdul Qadir.

LandmarksEdit

Ochilview Park, McCowan's Toffee Factory (now demolished), Falkirk Tryst Golf Club and Stenhousemuir Cricket Club are all accessible via Tryst Road, a prominent stretch of road leading North out of the village. The street is so called because it was the site of the annual Tryst. On the anniversary of the Tryst in September each year, a travelling funfair comes to the site.

There are four churches in the village: nearer the centre of the village is Larbert East Church with its imposing tower, meanwhile one third of a mile to the east of the village centre on the aptly named Church Street is the Stenhouse and Carron church which is smaller but more distinctive architecturally, designed in 1897 by the firm of John James Burnet.[8] The village is home to a Salvation Army church and community centre housed in a modern building adjacent to Stenhousemuir Primary school. Further west along Main Street lies the Roman Catholic church of Our Lady of Lourdes and St Bernadette. Larbert West church sits just across the old boundary of Burnhead Road between Stenhousemuir and South Broomage.[9]

The shopping area of Stenhousemuir was renovated in 2008. A new library with community area, football pitch and new shops including a 40,000 sq Asda supermarket alongside relocation of a number of existing businesses. The shopping area now encompasses a local butcher, pharmacy, banks, food outlets, florists and small chain stores and there is now a Tim Horton’s .

Part of the regeneration resulted in construction of a new community centre and rebuild of the medical centre which provides additional NHS support services to the area. Further regeneration will see the replacement of the old police station with community housing with a new facade designed to reflect the original building.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Facts about Falkirk - Major Settlement Population (2009) (PDF). www.falkirk.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  2. ^ No 3 - 2001 Census Population of settlements and wards (PDF). www.falkirk.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 June 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  3. ^ Stenhousemuir - Falkirk. www.scottish-places.info. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Overview of Stenhousemuir". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
  5. ^ Haldane, A. R. B. (1997). The Drove Roads of Scotland. Birlinn. pp. 139–140. ISBN 1-874744-76-9.
  6. ^ Cited in Haldane, pages 240-1.
  7. ^ "Workers to learn Highland Toffee firm fate". 23 September 2011. Retrieved 27 December 2011.
  8. ^ "DSA Building/Design Report: McLaren Memorial church, hall and manse". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
  9. ^ "No. 16269". The Edinburgh Gazette. 2 October 1945. p. 336.

External linksEdit