List of massacres of Turkish people

This is a list of massacres against ethnic Turks.

List edit

Name Date Present location Perpetrators Deaths
Persecution of Muslims during the Ottoman contraction 19th and early 20th centuries Former Ottoman territories Russian Empire, Tsardom of Bulgaria, France, Kingdom of Serbia, Kingdom of Greece, Kingdom of Montenegro, Armenia Up to 5.5 Million
Massacres of the Turkish population during the Russo-Turkish War April 1877–March 1878 Balkans and Caucasus Armies of the Russian Coalition, mainly Russian Army 250,000–600,000[1][2]
Deportation of the Meskhetian Turks 14–15 November 1944   Meskheti, Georgia NKVD 12,589–50,000
Buda massacre September 1686   Buda, Hungary Armies of the Holy League +3,000[3]
Navarino massacre[4] 19 August 1821   Pylos, Greece Greek revolutionaries 3,000
Tripolitsa massacre[5] 23 September 1821   Tripoli, Greece Greek revolutionaries 6,000–30,000[6][7]
Galați massacre 20 February 1821   Galați, Romania Greek revolutionaries 50–300[8]
Massacres of the Turkish population during the April Uprising April–May 1876   Bulgaria Bulgarian revolutionaries 200–1,000[9][10][11]
Harmanli massacre 16–17 January 1878   Harmanli, Bulgaria Russian Army 2,000[12]
Kızanlık massacres 1877-78   Kazanlak, Bulgaria Russian Army, Bulgarians 1,751[13]
Lasithi massacres 1897   Crete, Greece Christian mobs 850–1,000[14][15]
Sarakina massacre February 1897   Crete, Greece Christian mobs 104 (61 children, 23 women and 20 men)[16]
Sitia massacre February 1897   Sitia, Crete, Greece Christian mob 300[17]
Kissamos massacre February 1897   Kissamos, Crete, Greece Christian mob 23[17]
Kirchova massacre August 1903   Kichevo, North Macedonia Bulgarian revolutionaries 8[18]
Raionovo, Planitsa and Kukurtevo massacres Autumn 1912   Raionovo, Planitsa and Kukurtevo, Macedonia Bulgarian irregulars +700[19][20]
Cisr-i Mustafapaşa massacre October 1912   Svilengrad, Bulgaria Bulgarians 200[21]
Edeköy massacre 1912   Edeköy, Edirne, Turkey Greeks 1,659[22]
Serres massacre 1912   Serres, Greece Bulgarians 600[23]
Dedeagac massacre 1912   Dedeagac, Greece Armenians 20[23]
Bulgarian school massacre 1912   Chair quarter of Uskub, North Macedonia Serbians 18[23]
Ohrid massacre 1912   Ohrid, North Macedonia Serbians 500[24]
Strumica massacre 1912   Strumitsa, North Macedonia Greeks 3,000[23]
Petrovo massacre 1912   Petrovo Bulgarians "every living Turkish thing"[25]
Yaylacık massacre 1912  Yaylacık, close to Salonica Greeks 15[23]
Salonica massacre 1912   Salonica Greeks 27[25]
Derin Çatak massacre 1912   Malkara Bulgarians 11[26]
Avrethisar villages massacre 1912-1913   Kilkis Bulgarians 451[27]
Pravishte massacres 1912-1913   Pravishte Greeks 195[23]
Kaz massacre March 1913   Yukarı Kılıçlı Bulgarians 43[28]
Karasatı massacre June 1913   Karasatı, Keşan Bulgarians and Greeks 29[29]
Uzunköprü massacre July 1913   Uzunköprü Bulgarians 42[30][31]
Habibçe massacre July 1913   Lyubimets Bulgarians 20[31]
Greek landing at Smyrna 15 May 1919   İzmir Hellenic Army and local Greeks 400–600[32]
Yeşiloba massacre 11 June 1920   Yeşiloba, Adana French Armenian Legion 64–200[33]
Menemen massacre 17 June 1919   Menemen, İzmir Hellenic Army and local Greeks 200
Massacre in Erbeyli 20–21 June 1919   Erbeyli, Aydın Hellenic Army 72
Birecik massacre 11–24 February 1920   Birecik, Şanlıurfa French Army 280[34]
Massacre in Marash 1920   Marash French Army and French Armenian Legion 4,500[35][36]
Massacre in Aintab 1920-1921   Aintab French Army and French Armenian Legion 6,000-7,000[34][37]
Yalova Peninsula massacres[38] 1920–1921   Armutlu Peninsula Hellenic Army, local Christians and Circassians[39] 5,500–9,100[40][41]
Bilecik massacre[42] March–April 1921   Bilecik, Sögüt, Bozüyük Hellenic Army and local Greeks 208[43]
İzmit massacre[44] 24 June 1921   İzmit Hellenic Army 300[45][46]
Karatepe village massacre 14 February 1922   Karatepe, Köşk Hellenic Army 385[47]
Uşak massacre 1 September 1922   Uşak Hellenic Army and local Greeks 200[48]
Alaşehir massacre[49] 3–4 September 1922   Alaşehir, Manisa Hellenic Army 3,000[50]
Turgutlu massacre 4–6 September 1922   Turgutlu, Manisa Hellenic Army 1,000[50]
Salihli massacre 5 September 1922   Salihli, Manisa Hellenic Army +76[51]
Manisa massacre[52][circular reference] 6–7 September 1922   Manisa Hellenic Army and local Christians 4,355[53][50]
1924 Kirkuk massacre 4 May 1924   Kirkuk, Iraq Iraq Levies +200[54]
Suşiçe massacre April 1941   Sušica Kingdom of Bulgaria 7[55]
Blatec executions September 1944   Blatec Kingdom of Bulgaria 15[55]
Istibanje-Teranci massacres October 1944   Istibanja and Teranci Nazi Germany 17[55]
Gavurbağı massacre 12 July 1946   Kirkuk, Iraq Iraqi Police 20
1959 Kirkuk massacre 15 July 1959   Kirkuk, Iraq Kurdish soldiers 31-79[54]
Limassol massacre 13 February 1963   Limassol, Cyprus Greek Cypriots 16[56]
Bloody Christmas[57][58] 21–31 December 1963   Nicosia, Cyprus Greek Cypriots 364[59]
Massacre in Famagusta 11 May 1964   Famagusta, Cyprus Cypriot Police 10–17[60][61]
Massacre in Akrotiri and Dhekelia 13 May 1964   Akrotiri and Dhekelia Cypriot Police and local Cypriots 11[60][61]
Massacre in Kofinou 14–15 November 1967   Kofinou, Cyprus Greek Cypriots 26[62][56]
Massacre in Alaminos[63] 20 July 1974   Alaminos, Cyprus Cypriot National Guard 13–14[64][65]
Maratha, Santalaris and Aloda massacre 14 August 1974   Maratha, Santalaris and Aloda, Cyprus EOKA B 126[66][67]
Tochni massacre 15 August 1974   Taşkent, Cyprus EOKA B 84[60]
Fergana massacre 3–12 June 1989   Fergana valley, Uzbekistan Uzbek mobs 97[68]
Bulgarization of Turks in People's Republic of Bulgaria 1984-1989   Bulgaria Bulgarian army 300 to 1,500 (according to HRW)[69]
Altun Kupri massacre 28 March 1991   Altun Kupri, Iraq Iraqi Army 135[70]
Çewlik massacre 24 May 1993   Bingöl, Turkey Kurdistan Workers' Party 38
Başbağlar massacre 5 July 1993   Başbağlar, Turkey Kurdistan Workers' Party 33
Yavi massacre 25 October 1993   Erzurum, Turkey Kurdistan Workers' Party 33[71]
Erbil massacre 31 August 1996   Erbil Iraqi Armed Forces 48
Blue market massacre 13 March 1999   Istanbul, Turkey Kurdistan Workers' Party 13
Turkmen genocide by ISIL 2014-2017   Kirkuk, Saladin, Diyala, Erbil and Nineveh, Iraq ISIL 3,500[72]

See also edit

References edit

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  2. ^ Karpat, Kemal. Ouoman Population. pp. 72–5.
  3. ^ Jewish Budapest: Memories, Rites, History, by Kinga Frojimovics, Géza Komoróczy, 1999, p.504-505
  4. ^ William St. Clair, That Greece Might Still Be Free The Philhellenes in the War of Independence, Oxford University Press, London, 1972 p. 40 ISBN 0-19-215194-0
  5. ^ W. Alison, Phillips (1897). The War of Greek Independence, 1821 to 1833. London.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  6. ^ Bouboulina Museum, Spetses Greece (Publisher: Greek Island Spetses; Accessed: 2007-04-18) Archived 2011-08-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Cited by Hercules Millas, « History Textbooks in Greece and Turkey », History Workshop, n°31, 1991.
  8. ^ Ardeleanu, Constantin (January 2013). Military Aspects of the Greek War of Independence in the Romanian Principalities: The Battle of Galați (1821).
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  64. ^ Impact: International Fortnightly, Volumes 4-6: Fourteen Turkish Cypriots were murdered at the village of Alaminos on 20 July.
  65. ^ Massacre of Turks alleged (St. Petersburg Times, 29 July 1974)
  66. ^ List of Turkish Cypriot missing persons Archived 2011-09-15 at the Wayback Machine (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Cyprus) Retrieved on 18 July 2011.
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Bibliography edit

  • Anderson, Liam D.; Stansfield, Gareth R. V. (2009), Crisis in Kirkuk: The Ethnopolitics of Conflict and Compromise, University of Pennsylvania Press, ISBN 978-0-8122-4176-1